印欧根英语版/直译,#Pokorny,#美国德州大学配例词。分类21:

穿



☝↑ [11.01,天] 物理世界 Physical World
☝↑ [11.21] 地球,陆地 Earth, Land
4.er-: 地球 earth
g̑hðem-: 土,土,土,腐殖质 earth, ground, soil, humus
3.lendh-: 荒野、草原、开阔地 heath, steppe, open land
☝↑ [11.212] 地面,土壤 Ground, Soil
bhudh-m(e)n: 基础,基础,底部,基础 base, ground, bottom, fundament
g̑hðem-: 土,土,土,腐殖质 earth, ground, soil, humus
3.su̯el-: 脚底;地面 sole of foot; ground
☝↑ [11.213] 灰尘、粉末 Dust, Powder
1.dher-: 污垢、渣滓、某种沉积物 dirt, dreg, some type of deposit
2b.pel-: 粉,粉;粉,粉 dust, powder; meal, flour
☝↑ [11.214] 泥泞 Mud, Mire
1.meu-: 湿的,潮湿的;洗;脏的、泥的、泥泞的 wet, damp; to wash; dirt, mud, mire
2.pen-: 泥泞、沼泽、水;湿的 mud, fen, swamp, water; wet
3.u̯eis-: 流(走);渗出物、病毒、毒液 to flow (away); ooze, virus, poison
☝↑ [11.22] 山,山 Hill, Mountain
bhereg̑h-: 高,高贵;手推车,山 high, noble; barrow, mountain
1.kel-: 突出,高耸;小山 to project, tower up; hill
peli-s-: 掉下来了,石头 fell, rock
☝↑ [11.23] 平原,田野 Plain, Field
ag̑ro-s: 田地,英亩 field, acre
3.lendh-: 荒野、草原、开阔地 heath, steppe, open land
☝↑ [11.24] 戴尔,山谷 Dale, Valley
1.dhel-: 曲线;戴尔,空心 curve; dell, hollow
☝↑ [11.31] 水 Water
aku̯ā-: 水,水,河 aqua, water, river
9.au̯(e)-: 打湿、流、洒;水、河等。 to wet, flow, sprinkle; water, river, etc.
2.enebh- : nebh-: 潮湿,潮湿;云,光环;水 wet, damp; cloud, nimbus; water
lat-: 潮湿的;潮湿的 wet, damp; swamp
2.pen-: 泥泞、沼泽、水;湿的 mud, fen, swamp, water; wet
1.sal-: 盐,盐;微咸水 sal, salt; brackish water
u̯egu̯- : ū̆gu̯-: 潮湿,潮湿;弄湿,洒水,灌溉;牛 damp, moist; to wet, sprinkle, irrigate; ox
☝↑ [11.32] 海洋 Sea
mori: 只是,大海 mere, sea
☝↑ [11.33] 湖,池塘 Lake, Pond
laku-: (进水)湖、池、沟等。 (water in) lake, pond, ditch, etc.
☝↑ [11.35] 波浪,浪涌 Wave, Surge
bh(e)reu- : bh(e)rū̆-: 冲泡,煮沸,狂野 to brew, boil, surge, be wild
(s)poimno-: 泡沫、泡沫、喷雾 foam, spume, spray
☝↑ [11.36] 小溪,小溪,河流 Brook, Stream, River
aku̯ā-: 水,水,河 aqua, water, river
9.au̯(e)-: 打湿、流、洒;水、河等。 to wet, flow, sprinkle; water, river, etc.
1.ser-: 流,流 to flow, stream
☝↑ [11.41] 森林,森林 Woods, Forest
kaito-: 切特,森林,森林 chet, woods, forest
4.u̯el-: 毛,毛;草,世界,森林 wool, hair; grass, wold, forest
☝↑ [11.42] 树,橡树 Tree, Oak
2.aig-: 橡树 oak
apsā: 白杨树 aspen (tree)
bhāgó-s: 山毛榉(树) beech (tree)
deru-: 坚固的;树的,木头的 firm, solid; tree, wood
kos(e)lo-: 榛(树) hazel (tree)
*ōs: 灰烬(树) ash (tree)
perku̯u-s: 橡树 oak
ptel(e)i̯ā: (树木类型,如杨树/罂粟) (type of tree, e.g. poplar/popple)
u̯idhu-: 树,木头 tree, wood
☝↑ [11.43] 木头,木头 Wood, Timber
deru-: 坚固的;树的,木头的 firm, solid; tree, wood
u̯idhu-: 树,木头 tree, wood
☝↑ [11.44] 石头,石头 Rock, Stone
2.ak̑-: 尖锐的,锐利的,有棱角的;石头状的 sharp, acute, angular; stone
kaghlo-: 白垩、卵石 chalk, pebble
peli-s-: 掉下来了,石头 fell, rock
stāi-: 使凝结,压在一起;僵硬;石头 to condense, press together; stiff; stone
su̯elplo-s: 硫磺 sulphur
su̯elplo-s: 硫磺 sulphur
☝↑ [11.52] 太阳 Sun
1.dei-: 闪耀,闪耀;白天,太阳;上帝,神 to shine, glitter; day, sun; god, deity
sā́u̯el-: 太阳,太阳 Sol, sun
☝↑ [11.53] 月亮 Moon
mēnōt: 月;月 month; moon
☝↑ [11.54] 星星 Star
2.stē̆r-: 明星 star
☝↑ [11.56] 噪音,雷声 Noise, Thunder
2.ghrem-: 发牢骚;回响,雷声 to grumble; resound, thunder
1.(s)ten-: 发出嗡嗡声、呻吟声、雷声等。 to drone, groan, thunder, etc.
☝↑ [11.61] 轻 Light
ā̆ier-: 白天(白天),早晨 day(light), morning
☝↑ [11.62] 黑暗 Darkness
andho-: 瞎的,黑暗的,阴沉的 blind, dark, somber
skot-: 阴影,阴影,黑暗 shade, shadow, darkness
tem(ə)-: 黑暗的 dark
☝↑ [11.63] 阴影,阴影 Shade, Shadow
sk̑āi-: 暗淡地闪耀/闪烁;阴影 to shine/shimmer dully; shadow
skot-: 阴影,阴影,黑暗 shade, shadow, darkness
tem(ə)-: 黑暗的 dark
☝↑ [11.72] 风,微风 Wind, Breeze
k̑ēu̯ero-: 北(风) north (wind)
☝↑ [11.73] 云,泥巴 Cloud, Mirk
2.enebh- : nebh-: 潮湿,潮湿;云,光环;水 wet, damp; cloud, nimbus; water
☝↑ [11.74] 雾,雾,雾 Mist, Fog, Haze
2.sneudh-: 雾,雾 fog, mist
stag-: 滴滴,细雨,细雨 to drip, drizzle, trickle
☝↑ [11.75] 雨(n) Rain (n)
2.reg̑-: 潮湿;下雨 damp; rain
sei-: 滴水,受潮 to drip, be damp
☝↑ [11.76] 雪(n) Snow (n)
2.g̑hei- : g̑hi-: 雪;冬天 snow; winter
sneigu̯h-: 下雪;下雪 to snow; snow
☝↑ [11.77] 冰,霜 Ice, Frost
2.ei-s-: 冰,霜 ice, frost
1.kreu-: 生肉,浓的/凝固的血;冰,硬皮 raw flesh, thick/clotting blood; ice, crust
srīg-: 冷,霜冻 cold, frost
☝↑ [11.78] 天气 Weather
k̑sē̆-ro-: 干燥、干燥、明亮(指天气) dry, xeric, bright (of weather)
☝↑ [11.81] 火(n) Fire (n)
āt(e)r-: 火 fire
egnis : ognis: 火 fire
g(e)u-lo-: 灼热的煤 glowing coal
gu̯es-: 熄灭,熄灭 to quench, extinguish
peu̯ōr: 火 fire
☝↑ [11.83] 烟度(n) Smoke (n)
ked-: 抽烟 to smoke
keu̯əp- : ku̯ēp-: 煮、煮、烟 to boil, cook, smoke
(s)meukh-: 抽烟;抽烟 to smoke; smoke
☝↑ [11.84] 灰分 Ash(es)
2.ken-: 擦、刮、刮;灰烬 to rub, scrape, scratch off; ashes
☝↑ [11.85] 烧焦,烧焦 to Burn, Scorch
4.ā̆i-: 燃烧,闪耀 to burn, shine
ai-dh-: 燃烧,闪耀 to burn, shine
ā̆s-: 燃烧,发光;灰烬 to burn, glow; ash
bhleu-(k-): 燃烧 to burn
bhok-: 燃烧? to burn?
dāu-: 烧伤、伤害、折磨 to burn, injure, torment
dhegu̯h-: 燃烧 to burn
eus-: 燃烧 to burn
2.kenk-: 灼伤;干燥感:干渴、饥饿 to burn, hurt; dry feeling: thirst, hunger
3.ker(ə)-: 燃烧 to burn
2.k̑ēu- : k̑əu-: 燃烧,点燃(火) to burn, light (a fire)
lā[i]p-: 燃烧,闪耀 to burn, shine
preus-: 燃烧,冻结 to burn, freeze
1.smel-: 阴燃,慢慢燃烧 to smolder, burn slowly
2.su̯el-: 燃烧、阴燃、闷热 to burn, smolder, swelter
☝↑ [11.86] 点燃,点燃 to Light, Kindle
2.k̑ēu- : k̑əu-: 燃烧,点燃(火) to burn, light (a fire)
leuk-: 照亮,照亮;看见 to light, shine; see

☝↑ [12.01,人] 人类 Mankind
☝↑ [12.1] 人类 Human Being
eg̑-: 自我,我(代词) ego, I (pronoun)
1.i̯u-: 你(复数) you (plural)
manu-s: 人类,人类 man, human being
1.me-: 我(第一人称。sg。斜代词词干) me (1st pers. sg. oblique pronoun stem)
3.ne-: 我们 we
so(s): (名称。sg。指示词干:他,她) (nom. sg. demonstrative stem: he, she)
1.to-: 那个,他(neut。或非名称。指示茎) that, him (neut. or non-nom. demonstrative stem)
tū̆: 你,你 thou, you
1.u̯ē̆-: 我们两个(双重),我们(复数) we two (dual), we (plural)
☝↑ [12.21] 男人 Man
manu-s: 人类,人类 man, human being
1.ner(-t)-: 生命力;人 vital force; man
u̯ī̆ro-s: 伙计,勇士 man, warrior
☝↑ [12.22] 女人 Woman
gu̯ē̆nā: 妻子,王后,女人 wife, queen, woman
☝↑ [12.25] 男孩 Boy
maghos: 少女,年轻人 maiden, young person
meri̯o-: 青年男女 young man/woman
☝↑ [12.26] 女孩 Girl
maghos: 少女,年轻人 maiden, young person
meri̯o-: 青年男女 young man/woman
☝↑ [12.31] 丈夫 Husband
poti-s: 主人,丈夫,主人,主人,主人 host, husband, lord, master, owner
☝↑ [12.32] 妻子 Wife
gu̯ē̆nā: 妻子,王后,女人 wife, queen, woman
☝↑ [12.33] 结婚,结婚 to Wed, Marry
g̑em(e)-: 结婚 to marry
sneubh-: 求爱,结婚 to woo, marry
☝↑ [12.35] 父亲 Father
pap(p)a: 爸爸(儿语);食物,饭 papa (nursery word); food, meal
pətḗ(r): 父亲 father
tata-: 爸爸(儿歌) daddy (nursery word)
☝↑ [12.36] 母亲 Mother
am(m)a: 妈妈,阿玛(婴儿语) mama, amah (nursery word)
3.mā: 妈妈,妈妈(儿时的话) ma, mama (nursery words)
mātér-: 母亲 mother
nana: 娜娜(儿时词:(祖母)母亲等) nana (nursery word: (grand)mother, etc.)
☝↑ [12.37] 父级 Parent(s)
ā̆tos: 爸爸,妈妈(婴儿语) daddy, mommy (nursery word)
☝↑ [12.41] 儿子 Son
2.seu-: 生(孩子);儿子 to bear (a child); son
☝↑ [12.42] 女儿 Daughter
dhug(h)əter-: 女儿 daughter
☝↑ [12.44] 兄弟 Brother
bhrā́ter-: 兄弟,家人 brother, family member
☝↑ [12.45] 修女 Sister
su̯esor-: 姐妹 sister
☝↑ [12.46] 祖父 Grandfather
au̯o-s: 外祖父 maternal grandfather
☝↑ [12.47] 祖母 Grandmother
nana: 娜娜(儿时词:(祖母)母亲等) nana (nursery word: (grand)mother, etc.)
☝↑ [12.48] 孙子 Grandson
nepōt-: 侄子;孙子 nephew; grandchild
☝↑ [12.49] 孙女 Granddaughter
nepōt-: 侄子;孙子 nephew; grandchild
☝↑ [12.53] 侄子 Nephew
nepōt-: 侄子;孙子 nephew; grandchild
☝↑ [12.75] 孤儿 Orphan
orbho-: 软弱的,被遗弃的;奴隶,孤儿 weak, abandoned; slave, orphan
☝↑ [12.76] 寡妇 Widow
u̯eidh-: 分开,分开;寡妇 to divide, separate; widow
☝↑ [12.81] 亲属 Relative(s)
bhrā́ter-: 兄弟,家人 brother, family member

☝↑ [13.01,动] 动物 Animals
☝↑ [13.11] 动物 Animal
demə-: 驯服 to tame
2.gu̯ēb(h)-: 粘液的;青蛙的 slimy; frog
g̑hu̯ē̆r-: 野生动物 wild animal
2.k̑em-: 无角(通常有角)动物 hornless (normally horned) animal
k̑onkho-: 海螺、蛤蜊(壳)、贻贝 conch, clam(shell), mussel
mēlo-: 小动物 small animal
pōu- : pəu- : pū̆-: 小动物,小动物 few, small, little; young (of animals)
☝↑ [13.16] 放牧 to Pasture
pā- : pə-: 喂养、放牧、放牧 to feed, graze, pasture
☝↑ [13.2] 牛,牛 Cattle, Bovines
2.pek̑-: 去抓;费,牛 to fleece; fee, cattle
☝↑ [13.22] 牛,牛 Ox, Steer
gu̯ou-: 牛,牛,高卢人 cow, ox, gaur
u̯egu̯- : ū̆gu̯-: 潮湿,潮湿;弄湿,洒水,灌溉;牛 damp, moist; to wet, sprinkle, irrigate; ox
☝↑ [13.23] 奶牛 Cow
gu̯ou-: 牛,牛,高卢人 cow, ox, gaur
u̯ā̆kā: 奶牛 cow
☝↑ [13.25] 绵羊 Sheep
óu̯i-s: 母羊,绵羊 ewe, sheep
☝↑ [13.28] 母羊 Ewe
óu̯i-s: 母羊,绵羊 ewe, sheep
☝↑ [13.31] 猪 Swine
sū̆-s: 猪,猪,猪 pig, sow, swine
☝↑ [13.34] 母猪 Sow
sū̆-s: 猪,猪,猪 pig, sow, swine
☝↑ [13.35] 猪 Pig
gru-: 咕噜(指猪) to grunt (of pigs)
pork̑o-s: 猪,猪(let) porker, pig(let)
sū̆-s: 猪,猪,猪 pig, sow, swine
☝↑ [13.36] 山羊 Goat
bhū̆g̑o-s: 巴克,山羊 buck, goat
ghaido-: 山羊,孩子 goat, kid
☝↑ [13.37] 他是山羊 He-Goat
kapro-: 他是山羊 he-goat
☝↑ [13.41] 马(通用) Horse (generic)
ek̑u̯o-s: 马 horse
marko-: 母马,马 mare, horse
☝↑ [13.44] 母马 Mare
marko-: 母马,马 mare, horse
☝↑ [13.56] 鹅 Goose
gha gha: 咯咯叫(指鹅) to cackle, gaggle (of geese)
g̑han-s-: 鹅 goose
☝↑ [13.61] 狗 Dog
bau: bow wow(拟声词:狗叫) bow-wow (onomatopoeic: dog barking)
k̑u̯on-: 猎狗,狗 hound, dog
☝↑ [13.63] 老鼠 Mouse
mūs: 老鼠;肌肉 mouse; muscle
☝↑ [13.64] 鸟 Bird
ames-: 黑鸟:梅尔,乌塞尔 blackbird: merl, ousel
au̯ei-: 鸟类、鸟类 bird, avifauna
1.er-: 欧恩,老鹰 erne, eagle
2.sper(-g)-: (鸟类的一种,尤指麻雀) (type of bird, esp. sparrow)
(s)pī̆ko-: 啄木鸟(或其他大型鸟类) woodpecker (or other large bird)
(s)pingo-: 芬奇,麻雀 finch, sparrow
trozdos- : tr̥zdos-: 画眉,画眉 thrush, blackbird
☝↑ [13.65] 鱼(n) Fish (n)
k̑onkho-: 海螺、蛤蜊(壳)、贻贝 conch, clam(shell), mussel
meni-: 小鱼(或其他种类的鱼) minnow (or other type of fish)
peisk-: 鱼 fish
(s)ku̯alo-s: (大型鱼类的类型,如鲸鱼) (type of large fish, e.g. whale)
sp(h)elg̑h(en): 脾脏 milt; spleen
☝↑ [13.71] 狼 Wolf
u̯ai: 悲哀;狼 woe; wolf
u̯l̥ku̯os: 沃尔夫,洛博 wolf, lobo
☝↑ [13.73] 熊 Bear
ŕ̥k̑þo-s: 熊(动物) bear (animal)
☝↑ [13.76] 猴子 Monkey
abō(n): 猿猴,猴子 ape, monkey
☝↑ [13.81] 昆虫 Insect
blou-: 跳蚤 flea
deig̑h-: 搔痒,刺痛;滴答 to itch, prick; tick
lū̆s: 虱子 louse
1.math-: 蛾子,有害昆虫 moth, harmful insect
moru̯ī̆-: 摩尔,泥泞,蚂蚁 maur, mire, ant
u̯obhsā: 黄蜂 wasp
☝↑ [13.82] 蜜蜂 Bee
bhei-: 蜜蜂(昆虫) bee (insect)
u̯obhsā: 黄蜂 wasp
u̯okso-: 蜡 wax
☝↑ [13.83] 飞行(n) Fly (n)
2.mū-: 苍蝇,蚊虫,蠓,肌肉,蚊子 fly, gnat, midge, muscid, mosquito
☝↑ [13.84] 蠕虫 Worm
3a.u̯er-: 蠕虫 worm

☝↑ [14.01,身] 身体部位和功能 Body Parts & Functions
☝↑ [14.11] 身体 Body
gu̯heiə- : gu̯hī-: 静脉、肌腱、肌腱 vein, sinew, tendon
pl(e)u-mon-: 肺 lung
☝↑ [14.12] 皮,皮 Skin, Hide
deig̑h-: 搔痒,刺痛;滴答 to itch, prick; tick
4.der-: 割伤、剥皮、裂开、撕裂 to cut, skin, split, tear
elkos-: 脓肿,脓肿 boil, abscess
mak-: 皮,皮包 skin, leather bag
molko-: 皮包,皮包 pouch, leather bag
3b.pel-: 包,盖;布;掉下来,毛皮 to wrap, cover; cloth; fell, pelt
☝↑ [14.13] 肉体 Flesh
1.kreu-: 生肉,浓的/凝固的血;冰,硬皮 raw flesh, thick/clotting blood; ice, crust
mēmso-: 肉,肉 meat, flesh
☝↑ [14.14] 头发 Hair
1.gal-: 光秃秃的 bald, callow, naked
1.k̑er(s)-: 刚毛,硬毛 bristle, stiff hair
pi-lo-: 毛发,绒毛,绒毛 hair, pile, pilus
pleuk-: 絮状物、毛发、羽毛 floc, hair, feather
pleus-: 拔,拔;拔毛 to pluck, deplume, pull out; plucked hair/feathers
1.pū̆k-: 浓密的头发 thick-haired
4.u̯el-: 毛,毛;草,世界,森林 wool, hair; grass, wold, forest
☝↑ [14.142] 胡子 Beard
bhardhā: 胡须 beard
☝↑ [14.15] 血 Blood
gu̯heiə- : gu̯hī-: 静脉、肌腱、肌腱 vein, sinew, tendon
1.kreu-: 生肉,浓的/凝固的血;冰,硬皮 raw flesh, thick/clotting blood; ice, crust
☝↑ [14.16] 骨头 Bone
2.g̑enu-: 下巴、下巴(骨) chin, jaw(bone)
kau-l-: 洞,洞;骨 hole, hollow; bone
konəmo-: 胫骨 shinbone
kost-: 腿,骨头,科斯塔 leg, bone, costa
ost(h)-: 哦,骨头 os, bone
☝↑ [14.162] 肋骨 Rib
kost-: 腿,骨头,科斯塔 leg, bone, costa
☝↑ [14.17] 喇叭 Horn
1.k̑er-: 角,头,身体上部 horn, head, upper part of body
☝↑ [14.18] 尾巴 Tail
dumb-: 尾巴,阴茎 tail, penis
ers- : orsos: 尾巴;屁股,臀部,背部 tail; arse, rump, backside
☝↑ [14.19] 返回 Back
nōt-: 臀部,臀部,臀部 rump, nates, backside
☝↑ [14.2] 头部 Head
kap-ut: 头 head
1.k̑er-: 角,头,身体上部 horn, head, upper part of body
☝↑ [14.202] 颅骨 Skull
mregh-m(n)o-: 大脑,头骨 brain, skull
☝↑ [14.203] 大脑 Brain
moz-g-o-: 脑 brain
mregh-m(n)o-: 大脑,头骨 brain, skull
☝↑ [14.205] 前额 Forehead
ant-s: 前额,前额 brow, front, anterior
☝↑ [14.206] 眉毛 Eyebrow
1.bhrū-: 眉毛,眉毛 brow, eyebrow
☝↑ [14.207] 颚 Jaw
2.g̑enu-: 下巴、下巴(骨) chin, jaw(bone)
g̑ep(h)-: 下颚、下颚、嘴;吃 jaw, jowl, mouth; to eat
ghelunā: 下巴,吉尔 jaw, gill
☝↑ [14.209] 下巴 Chin
2.g̑enu-: 下巴、下巴(骨) chin, jaw(bone)
☝↑ [14.21] 眼睛 Eye
oku̯-: 看,看;看 to see, ogle; eye
☝↑ [14.22] 耳朵 Ear
2.ōus- : əus- : us-: 耳朵 ear
☝↑ [14.23] 鼻子 Nose
nas-: 鼻子 nose
☝↑ [14.24] 嘴 Mouth
g̑ep(h)-: 下颚、下颚、嘴;吃 jaw, jowl, mouth; to eat
1.ōus- : əus-: 哦,嘴 os, mouth
stomen-: 口腔,造口 mouth, stoma
☝↑ [14.25] 唇 Lip
bu-: 吻,巴斯 lip; kiss, buss
lē̆b-: 下垂;下垂 lip; to slump, hang down slackly
☝↑ [14.26] 舌头 Tongue
dn̥g̑hū: 舌头 tongue
☝↑ [14.27] 牙齿 Tooth
g̑embh-: 咬;咬牙 to bite; tooth
☝↑ [14.28] 颈部 Neck
1.ku̯el-: 转动;转动;转动脖子? to turn; wheel; neck?
mono-: 颈部;鬃毛 neck; mane
☝↑ [14.29] 喉部 Throat
1.gu̯er-: 吞咽;峭壁、峡谷、喉咙 to swallow; craw, gorge, throat
reu-smen-: 咀嚼,反刍;喉咙,瘤胃 to chew, ruminate; throat, rumen
☝↑ [14.3] 肩 Shoulder
om(e)so-s: 肩 shoulder
peg- : pog- : pōg-: 臀部、侧面、肩部 hip, side, shoulder
☝↑ [14.31] 手臂 Arm
bhāg̑hú-s: 肘,前臂 elbow, forearm
☝↑ [14.32] 肘部 Elbow
bhāg̑hú-s: 肘,前臂 elbow, forearm
8.el-: 弯曲;弯曲 to bend; elbow
☝↑ [14.33] 手 Hand
g̑hesor-: 手 hand
mə-r: 手 hand
pn̥ksti-: 拳头 fist
☝↑ [14.35] 腿 Leg
kost-: 腿,骨头,科斯塔 leg, bone, costa
2.lek- : lek-: 关节、腿、身体构件;弯曲、弯曲 joint, leg, body member; to bend, wind
2.lendh-: 臀部,腰部;肾脏 hip, loins; kidney
☝↑ [14.36] 膝盖 Knee
1.g̑enu-: 膝关节 knee, joint
3.kenk-: 脚跟、飞节、膝盖后部 heel, hock, back of knee
☝↑ [14.37] 脚 Foot
3.der-: 奔跑、绊倒、践踏、践踏 to run, trip, tread, tramp
kā̆pho-: 蹄 hoof
kok̑sā: 身体部位:脚、髋等。 body part: foot, coxa, etc.
2.pē̆d-: 脚 foot
1.peis-? : pis-: 碾磨,践踏 to grind, trample
persnā: 脚后跟 heel
3.su̯el-: 脚底;地面 sole of foot; ground
trem-: 颤抖,颤抖;跺脚,践踏 to shake, tremble; to stomp, trample
1.trep-: 绊倒、践踏、践踏 to trip, tread, trample
☝↑ [14.39] 钉子,爪 Nail, Claw
onogh- : ongh-: 爪(手指/脚趾)指甲 claw, (finger/toe) nail
☝↑ [14.393] 羽毛 Feather
1.gal-: 秃头,没毛,光着身子 bald, callow, naked
pleuk-: 絮状物、毛发、羽毛 floc, hair, feather
pleus-: 拔,拔;拔毛 to pluck, deplume, pull out; plucked hair/feathers
☝↑ [14.4] 前胸 Front of Chest
gu̯hren-: 隔膜;思想、灵魂 diaphragm; mind, soul
☝↑ [14.41] 女人的乳房 Breast of Woman
gu̯rendh-: 膨胀;乳房 to swell; breast
krū̆t-: 乳房,腹部;穹窿,突起 breast, belly; vault, protuberance
☝↑ [14.42] 动物乳房 Udder of Animals
ēudh-: 乳房 udder
☝↑ [14.43] 肚脐 Navel
1.enebh-: 肚脐 navel
☝↑ [14.44] 心脏 Heart
k̑ered- : k̑erd-: 心 heart
☝↑ [14.45] 肝脏 Liver
i̯ē̆ku̯-r̥(t-): 肝脏 liver
☝↑ [14.46] 肚子,肚子 Belly, Stomach
5.g̑her-: 大便 bowels
krū̆t-: 乳房,腹部;穹窿,突起 breast, belly; vault, protuberance
2.lendh-: 臀部,腰部;肾脏 hip, loins; kidney
sp(h)elg̑h(en): 脾脏 milt; spleen
udero-: 腹部,子宫 belly, uterus
☝↑ [14.47] 子宫 Womb
gu̯elbh-: 子宫;子宫;幼兽 womb, uterus; young animal
udero-: 腹部,子宫 belly, uterus
☝↑ [14.48] 鸡蛋 Egg
2.krek-: 鱼卵、鱼/蛙卵 roe, fish/frog spawn
ō(u̯)i̯-om: 卵,卵 egg, ovum
☝↑ [14.49] 睾丸 Testicle
org̑hi-: 睾丸 testicle
☝↑ [14.492] 阴茎 Penis
dumb-: 尾巴,阴茎 tail, penis
mut-o-s: 修剪、发育不良、割礼、残缺 trimmed, stunted, circumcised, mutilated
mut-o-s: 修剪、发育不良、割礼、残缺 trimmed, stunted, circumcised, mutilated
3.pes-: 阴茎 penis
☝↑ [14.51] 呼吸;呼吸 to Breathe; Breath
3.an(ə)-: 呼吸呼吸 to breathe, respire, animate
2.bhes-: 吹气,呼吸 to blow, breathe
k̑u̯es-: 气喘吁吁 to pant, puff, sigh, wheeze
pl(e)u-mon-: 肺 lung
pneu-: 喘气,呼吸 to pant, breathe
☝↑ [14.52] 张嘴打哈欠 to Gape, Yawn
2.g̑hē- : ghə-: 张嘴打哈欠 to gape, yawn
g̑hēu- : g̑hō(u)- : g̑həu-: 张嘴打哈欠 to gape, yawn
☝↑ [14.53] 咳嗽 to Cough
ku̯ās- : ku̯əs-: 咳嗽 to cough
☝↑ [14.55] 出汗,出汗 Sweat, Perspiration
2.su̯eid-: 出汗,出汗;出汗 to sweat, perspire; sweat
☝↑ [14.56] 吐痰 to Spit
(s)p(h)i̯ēu- : (s)pi̯ū-: 吐,吐,溅 to spit, spew, sputter
u̯em-: 吐,吐,吐,吐 to spit, spew, wamble, vomit
☝↑ [14.57] 呕吐 to Vomit
reu-b-: 打嗝、发烧、干呕、呕吐 to belch, eruct, retch, vomit
u̯em-: 吐,吐,吐,吐 to spit, spew, wamble, vomit
☝↑ [14.58] 咬 to Bite
bheid-: 咬,刺,刺,劈 to bite, prick, pierce, split
denk̑-: 咬 to bite
g̑embh-: 咬;咬牙 to bite; tooth
ghen-: 碾碎,撕开,啃成碎片 to grind, crack open, gnaw to pieces
2.rēd- : rōd- : rəd-: 啃,刮,刮 to gnaw, scrape, scratch
reu-smen-: 咀嚼,反刍;喉咙,瘤胃 to chew, ruminate; throat, rumen
☝↑ [14.59] 舔 to Lick
lab-: 舔、舔、咂(嘴唇)等。 to lap, lick, smack (the lips), etc.
leig̑h-: 舔 to lick
☝↑ [14.61] 睡觉;睡觉 to Sleep; Sleep
drē- : drə-: 睡觉 to sleep
1.su̯ep-: 睡觉 to sleep
☝↑ [14.63] 唤醒 to Wake
bheudh-: 觉醒,觉醒 to awaken, be aware
☝↑ [14.64] 放屁,放风 to Fart, Break Wind
perd-: 放屁,放风(大声) to fart, break wind (loudly)
☝↑ [14.65] 小便;小便 to Urinate; Urine
meig̑h-: 排尿 to micturate, urinate
☝↑ [14.66] 排泄排泄物;粪便,排泄物 to Void Excrement; Dung, Excrement
5.dher-: 排便;弄脏 to defecate; dirt
ghed-: 排便;洞,口 to defecate; hole, opening
kakka-: 咯咯,大便(托儿所词) to cack, defecate (nursery word)
sk̑er-(d-): 排便;粪便 to defecate; dung, excrement
8.(s)ter-: 粪,粪,脏水;腐烂,弄脏 dung, stercory, dirty water; to rot, befoul
☝↑ [14.72] 生育(指母亲) to Bear (of Mother)
1.g̑en-: 生育,生产,产生 to bear, produce, generate
2d.per-: 生育(孩子) to bear (a child)
pid-: 生孩子,小熊? to bear, give birth?
2.seu-: 生(孩子);儿子 to bear (a child); son
☝↑ [14.73] 怀孕的 Pregnant
2d.per-: 生育(孩子) to bear (a child)
6.ster-: 贫瘠,贫瘠,无果 barren, sterile, unfruitful
☝↑ [14.74] 生活;生活;生活 to Live; Living; Life
aiu̯-: 活力,生命力 vitality, life force
es-: 是,将来 is, to be
3.gu̯ei̯-: 为了生存,生存 to live, survive
☝↑ [14.75] 死;死;死 to Die; Dead; Death
3.dhē-: 消失,逝去 to disappear, pass away
2.dheu-: 死去,晕倒,消失 to die, faint, vanish
1.gu̯el-: 刺伤;痛苦、死亡、平息 to stab; pain, death, quell
2.leit(h)-: 去死吧,走开 to die, go away
4.mer-: 去死 to die
2.nāu- : nəu- : nū-: 死亡;尸体 death; corpse
nek̑-: 死亡、死亡、坏死;尸体 death, dying, necrosis; corpse
☝↑ [14.76] 杀人 to Kill
3.per-: 打,杀 to hit, kill
☝↑ [14.77] 尸体,尸体 Corpse, Body
1.krep-: 形式;尸体,尸体 form; corpse, body
2.nāu- : nəu- : nū-: 死亡;尸体 death; corpse
nek̑-: 死亡、死亡、坏死;尸体 death, dying, necrosis; corpse
☝↑ [14.81] 强大,强大,强大 Strong, Mighty, Powerful
1.bheidh-: 强迫;劝告、倾诉、鼓励 to force; advise, confide, encourage
bheu-: 生存;成长,繁荣 to be, exist; grow, prosper
2.deu-: 崇拜,崇敬;威严 to worship, venerate; mighty
gu̯ei̯ə-: 胜利,征服,强大 to prevail, overpower, be mighty
magh- : māgh-: 帮助,能够;力量,力量 to help, be able; might, power
4.mel-: 大的,强壮的 big, strong
1.ner(-t)-: 生命力;人 vital force; man
oid-: 膨胀;强壮 to swell; strong
pasto-: 坚固,快速,坚固 firm, fast, solid
1.(s)ter-: 僵硬、僵硬、坚实、僵硬等。 stark, stiff, solid, rigid, etc.
su̯ento-: 健康,活跃,健康,精力充沛 sound, active, healthy, vigorous
u̯al-: 要胜利,就要坚强 to prevail, be strong
u̯eg̑-: 新鲜,强壮 fresh, strong
3.u̯ei-: 渴望、追求、追求、接近;坚强、暴力 to wish, pursue, go for, reach towards; strong, violent
2.u̯eik-: 力量、能量(在战斗、胜利等中) force, energy (in battle, victory, etc.)
3.u̯erg̑-: 要丰富,就要坚强;要蜂拥,就要膨胀 to abound, be very strong; to swarm, swell
☝↑ [14.82] 虚弱,虚弱 Weak, Infirm
bheleu-: 打击,削弱;生病,虚弱 to hit, weaken; ill, weak
2.bhlēu- : bhləu- : bhlū-: 坏的,虚弱的,悲惨的 bad, weak, miserable
dhu̯ergh- : drugh-: 残废的,矮小的,矮小的 crippled, dwarf-like, low in stature
5.er-: 松散的,易碎的 loose, crumbly
2.lei-: 消散,消失;消瘦,虚弱 to dissipate, disappear; thin, weak
3.lē(i)-: 使衰弱,使落后;衰弱 to weaken, leave behind; feeble
1.lem-: 破碎,粉碎;跛足,脆弱 to break, crush to pieces; lame, fragile
orbho-: 软弱的,被遗弃的;奴隶,孤儿 weak, abandoned; slave, orphan
(s)lēg- : (s)ləg-: 虚弱,虚弱,慵懒 weak, feeble, languid
(s)leu-: 松弛、无力、松散地悬挂 slack, feeble, loosely hanging
u̯ōro-: 发疯;头晕,疲倦 madness; dizziness, weariness
☝↑ [14.83] 健康;健康 Well; Health
i̯ēk- : i̯ək-: 治愈 to heal
kai-lo-: 聪明,健壮,健康 bright; hale, whole, healthy
2.kal-: 英俊,美丽;健康 handsome, beautiful; healthy
sāno-s: 健康,正常? sane, healthy?
su̯ento-: 健康,活跃,健康,精力充沛 sound, active, healthy, vigorous
☝↑ [14.84] 生病;生病 Sick; Sickness
bheleu-: 打击,削弱;生病,虚弱 to hit, weaken; ill, weak
seug-: 悲伤、生病、悲伤、痛苦 sad, sick, grievous, afflicted
su̯ergh-: 生病;悲伤,关心 to be ill; to sorrow, care for
3.u̯eis-: 流(走);渗出物、病毒、毒液 to flow (away); ooze, virus, poison

☝↑ [15.01,吃] 食品和饮料 Food & Drink
☝↑ [15.11] 吃 to Eat
ed-: 吃 to eat
2.gel-: 暴饮暴食 to glut, devour, envelop
g̑ep(h)-: 下颚、下颚、嘴;吃 jaw, jowl, mouth; to eat
g(i̯)eu-: 咀嚼 to chew
gras- : grō̆s-: 啃,吃,吞 to gnaw, eat, devour
2.menth-: 咀嚼,进食 to chew, eat
1.su̯el(-k)-: 吃、喝、喝、咽 to eat, drink, swill, swallow
☝↑ [15.12] 食物 Food
pap(p)a: 爸爸(儿语);食物,饭 papa (nursery word); food, meal
☝↑ [15.13] 喝 to Drink
2.pō(i)- : pī-: 去围嘴,喝酒 to bib, drink
1.seu-: sop、汤、果汁、液体 sop, soup, juice, liquid
srebh-: 啜饮,啜饮,吞咽 to sip, slurp, swallow
1.su̯el(-k)-: 吃、喝、喝、咽 to eat, drink, swill, swallow
☝↑ [15.14] 饥饿(n) Hunger (n)
2.kenk-: 灼伤;干燥感:干渴、饥饿 to burn, hurt; dry feeling: thirst, hunger
☝↑ [15.15] 干渴(n) Thirst (n)
2.kenk-: 灼伤;干燥感:干渴、饥饿 to burn, hurt; dry feeling: thirst, hunger
ters-: 烤,干;渴 to toast, dry; thirst
☝↑ [15.16] 吮吸,吮吸 to Suck, Suckle
dhē(i)-: 吮吸,吮吸 to suck, suckle
☝↑ [15.17] 混合,混合 to Mix, Blend
1.i̯eu-: 混合,混合 to mix, mingle (of meal preparation)
mei-k̑-: 搅拌,捣碎,搅拌 to mix, mash, stir
☝↑ [15.21] 做饭 to Cook
6.bher-: 煮,烤,炸,烤 to cook, bake, fry, roast
k̑erə-: 做饭 to cook
keu̯əp- : ku̯ēp-: 煮、煮、烟 to boil, cook, smoke
peku̯-: 做饭 to cook
☝↑ [15.22] 煮沸 to Boil (trans
3.bhreus-: 沸腾、发出声音等。 to boil, sound, etc.
keu̯əp- : ku̯ēp-: 煮、煮、烟 to boil, cook, smoke
☝↑ [15.23] 烤,炸 to Roast, Fry
bhē-: 加热、烘烤、烘烤、油炸 to warm, bake, roast, fry
6.bher-: 煮,烤,炸,烤 to cook, bake, fry, roast
☝↑ [15.24] 烘烤 to Bake
6.bher-: 煮,烤,炸,烤 to cook, bake, fry, roast
☝↑ [15.26] 大麻 Pot
auqu̯(h)- : uqu̯(h)-: 锅 cooking pot
☝↑ [15.34] 水壶,水壶 Jug, Pitcher
gēu-: 弯曲、卷曲;杯子、容器 to bend, curl; cup, vessel
☝↑ [15.35] 杯子 Cup
gēu-: 弯曲、卷曲;杯子、容器 to bend, curl; cup, vessel
7.kel-: 杯、圣杯、高脚杯、烧杯 calix, chalice, goblet, beaker
☝↑ [15.41] 一顿饭 a Meal
pap(p)a: 爸爸(儿语);食物,饭 papa (nursery word); food, meal
☝↑ [15.54] 揉捏 to Knead
dheig̑h-: 要造,就要捏泥 to build, knead clay
mag̑-: 揉、压、划 to knead, press, stroke
men(ə)k-: 揉捏 to knead
☝↑ [15.55] 面粉、面粉 Meal, Flour
2b.pel-: 粉,粉;粉,粉 dust, powder; meal, flour
☝↑ [15.56] 磨磨 to Grind
dhreu-: 磨碎,粉碎 to grind, crumble
ghen-: 碾碎,撕开,啃成碎片 to grind, crack open, gnaw to pieces
1.mel-: 碾磨,研磨;精细,研磨 to mill, grind; fine, ground
1.peis-? : pis-: 碾磨,践踏 to grind, trample
☝↑ [15.61] 肉 Meat
mēmso-: 肉,肉 meat, flesh
☝↑ [15.66] 豆子 Bean
bhabhā: 豆 bean
☝↑ [15.68] 洋葱 Onion
kerem-: 洋葱或大蒜;灰(树) onion or garlic; ash (tree)
☝↑ [15.71] 水果 Fruit
bhrūg-: 水果;小溪,享受 fruit; to brook, enjoy
4.ker-: 樱桃 cherry
ōg-: 生长;果实、浆果 to grow; fruit, berry
☝↑ [15.72] 苹果 Apple
ā̆bel-: 苹果 apple
☝↑ [15.8] 浆果 Berry
moro-: 默里,桑椹,黑莓 murrey, mulberry, blackberry
ōg-: 生长;果实、浆果 to grow; fruit, berry
☝↑ [15.81] 盐 Salt
1.sal-: 盐,盐;微咸水 sal, salt; brackish water
☝↑ [15.84] 霍尼 Honey
médhu: 米德,亲爱的 mead, honey
meli-t: 蜂蜜 honey
☝↑ [15.86] 鲜奶 Milk
glag-: 牛奶 milk
pei̯(ə)-: 脂肪;牛奶 fat; milk
☝↑ [15.87] 牛奶 to Milk
dheugh-: 挤牛奶,按,摸 to milk, press, touch
mē̆lg̑-: 挤奶,拔毛,擦掉 to milk, pluck, wipe off
☝↑ [15.88] 奶酪 Cheese
sū-ro-: 酸的,苦的,咸的;奶酪 sour, bitter, salty; cheese
☝↑ [15.89] 黄油 Butter
reugh-m(e)n-: 喂,奶油? ream, cream?
selp-: 药膏、脂肪、黄油 salve, fat, butter
smeru-: 脂肪、油脂、污渍 fat, grease, smear
☝↑ [15.91] 米德 Mead
médhu: 米德,亲爱的 mead, honey
☝↑ [15.93] 啤酒 Beer
alu-: 苦的;啤酒、啤酒 bitter; ale, beer

☝↑ [16.01,穿] 服装与装饰 Clothing & Adornment
☝↑ [16.11] 穿衣服,穿衣服 to Clothe, Dress
bhoso-s: 光秃秃的 bare, naked
nogu̯-: 裸体,裸体 nude, naked
5.u̯es-: 穿,穿,穿 to dress, clothe, wear
☝↑ [16.12] 衣服,衣服 Clothes, Clothing
bhoso-s: 光秃秃的 bare, naked
1.gal-: 秃头,没毛,光着身子 bald, callow, naked
nogu̯-: 裸体,裸体 nude, naked
☝↑ [16.21] 布 Cloth
bhlō̆k-: 羊群、拖把、羊毛;布? flock, tow, wool; cloth?
pā̆n-: 窗格、面板、机织物 pane, panel, woven fabric
3b.pel-: 包,盖;布;掉下来,毛皮 to wrap, cover; cloth; fell, pelt
ruk(k)-: 纱线;织物 yarn; fabric
☝↑ [16.22] 羊毛 Wool
bhlō̆k-: 羊群、拖把、羊毛;布? flock, tow, wool; cloth?
2.pek̑-: 去抓;费,牛 to fleece; fee, cattle
4.u̯el-: 毛,毛;草,世界,森林 wool, hair; grass, wold, forest
☝↑ [16.23] 亚麻,亚麻 Flax, Linen
lī̆-no-: 亚麻,亚麻 flax, linen
☝↑ [16.29] 皮衣 Leather
letro-: 皮革 leather
molko-: 皮包,皮包 pouch, leather bag
☝↑ [16.31] 旋转 to Spin
(s)nē-: 旋转,把线拧在一起 to spin, twist threads together
☝↑ [16.33] 编织 to Weave
5.au̯-: 编结,编织 to plait, weave
plek̑-: 合股、打褶、编结、编织 to ply, pleach, plait, weave
rezg-: 编、织、风 to plait, weave, wind
1.u̯ebh-: 编结,编织,摇摆,来回移动 to plait, weave, waver, move back and forth
u̯eg-: 装订、编织 to bind, weave
☝↑ [16.35] 缝纫 to Sew
kagh- : kogh-: 缝纫、编结等。 to sew, plait, etc.
si̯ū-: 缝制 to sew
☝↑ [16.36] 针 Needle
bend-: 刺,针,尖突出 spike, needle, tip jutting out
☝↑ [16.38] 螺纹 Thread
ruk(k)-: 纱线;织物 yarn; fabric
☝↑ [16.39] 染色 to Dye
1.reg-: 染色 to dye
☝↑ [16.57] 腰带,腰带 Belt, Girdle
i̯ō[u]s- : i̯ūs-: 腰带;腰带 belt; to gird
☝↑ [16.73] 指环 Finger Ring
āno-: 环,环 ring, annulus
☝↑ [16.91] 梳子 Comb
kes-: 梳理、搔痒、搔痒 to comb, itch, scratch
☝↑ [16.92] 刷子 Brush
bhar- : bhor- : bhr̥-: 毛刺、胡茬;突出的东西 burr, stubble; something jutting out
1.krei-: 刷、划、碰 to brush, stroke, touch

☝↑ [17.01,住] 家具和住宅 Dwellings & Furniture
☝↑ [17.11] 活下去,住下去 to Live, Dwell
1.u̯es-: 为了生活,过夜 to live, stay overnight
☝↑ [17.12] 房子 House
dem-: 建造,木材;房屋,住所 to build, timber; house, domicile
1.sel-: 沙龙、居所 salon, dwelling place
1.(s)teg-: 甲板,茅草,盖;房子,屋顶 to deck, thatch, cover; house, roof
trē̆b-: 建筑、住宅 building, dwelling
u̯eik̑-: 房屋、村庄、定居点 house, village, settlement
☝↑ [17.122] 家 Home
1.k̑ei-: 躺着,躺着;露营,回家 to lie, recline; camp, home
kē̆t-: 房间、住所 room, dwelling place
☝↑ [17.21] 房间 Room
kē̆t-: 房间、住所 room, dwelling place
1.sel-: 沙龙、居所 salon, dwelling place
☝↑ [17.22] 门,门 Door, Gate
dhu̯ē̆r-: 门 door
☝↑ [17.23] 锁定(n) Lock (n)
bronk-: 锁上,关上 to lock, shut in
☝↑ [17.27] 墙 Wall
ghebh-el-: 山墙,头 gable, head
serk-: 篱笆;篱笆,编织物 to fence; hedge, plaited work
☝↑ [17.28] 屋顶 Roof
k̑rā̆po-: 屋顶 roof
krā[u]- : krəu- : krū̆-: 堆起来,堆在一起;堆;屋顶 to heap up, pile together; heap; roof
krū̆t-: 乳房,腹部;穹窿,突起 breast, belly; vault, protuberance
2.rebh-: 屋顶,茅草 to roof, thatch
1.(s)teg-: 甲板,茅草,盖;房子,屋顶 to deck, thatch, cover; house, roof
☝↑ [17.46] 蜡烛 Candle
u̯okso-: 蜡 wax

☝↑ [18.01,农] 农业与植被 Agriculture & Vegetation
☝↑ [18.12] 耕地 Field for Cultivation
ag̑ro-s: 田地,英亩 field, acre
☝↑ [18.21] 犁;犁 to Plow; Plow
ar(ə)-: 听着,犁头 to ear, plow
u̯ogu̯hni-s: 犁铧 plowshare
☝↑ [18.212] 沟(n) Furrow (n)
3.perk̑-: 挖开,挖出,撕开;挖沟 to open, dig out, rip up; furrow
selk-: 拉,拖;沟,沟 to pull, drag; sulcus, furrow
☝↑ [18.22] 挖掘,挖掘 to Dig, Delve
1.bhedh-: 挖、刺、穿、嵌 to dig, stab, pierce, embed
dhēigu̯- : dhōigu̯- : dhīgu̯-: 挖、种、刺、粘 to dig, plant, stab, stick
dhelbh-: 挖,挖,埋 to dig, delve, bury
dhembh-: 挖掘 to dig
2.ghrebh-: 挖,掘,掘,掘,刮 to dig, grub, grave, scratch
3.perk̑-: 挖开,挖出,撕开;挖沟 to open, dig out, rip up; furrow
2.reu-: 打开、撕开、挖出/撕开等。 to open, tear out, dig/rip up, etc.
7.u̯er-: 扎根,打开,撕碎 to root, open, tear up
☝↑ [18.31] 播种;播种 to Sow; Seed
2.sē(i)- : səi- : sī-: 播种、分发、传播、放倒 to sow, dispatch, disseminate, let fall
☝↑ [18.32] 割草,收割 to Mow, Reap
2.am-: 割草 to mow
2.mē-: 割草,收割 to mow, reap
☝↑ [18.41] 收成,收成 Crop, Harvest
es-en-: 夏天,收获的季节 summer, harvest time
6.ster-: 贫瘠,贫瘠,无果 barren, sterile, unfruitful
☝↑ [18.42] 谷物(普通,英国玉米) Grain (generic, British Corn)
g̑er-: 摩擦;腐烂;老化,成熟;谷粒 to rub; rotten; to age, ripen; grain
☝↑ [18.44] 大麦 Barley
bhares-: 大麦 barley
☝↑ [18.45] 黑麦 Rye
u̯rughi̯o-: 黑麦 rye
☝↑ [18.51] 草 Grass
k̑oləmo-s: 芦苇、茎、茎、秆 reed, stalk, stem, culm
4.u̯el-: 毛,毛;草,世界,森林 wool, hair; grass, wold, forest
☝↑ [18.53] 植物,草药 Plant, Herb
kerem-: 洋葱或大蒜;灰(树) onion or garlic; ash (tree)
rāp-: 油菜(植物)、萝卜 rape (plant), turnip
☝↑ [18.54] 根 Root
bol-: 球茎,块茎 bulb, tuber
mrk-: 更多,胡萝卜,可食用的根 more, carrot, edible root
u̯(e)rād-: 根、枝、枝 root, branch, twig
☝↑ [18.55] 分支机构 Branch
bend-: 刺,针,尖突出 spike, needle, tip jutting out
glōgh- : gləgh-: 倒刺,斯派克 barb, spike
g̑halg(h)-: 柔韧的细枝 flexible twig
1.g̑hasto-: 竿,竿,竿 pole, rod, gad; twig
gu̯es-: 树叶,树枝 leaves, branches
1.lēk- : lək-: 卷须 tendril; trap
1.(s)p(h)ē̆i- : (s)p(h)ī̆-: 尖利的棍子:尖刺、唾沫等。 sharp/pointed stick: spile, spit, etc.
stegh-: 棍子、茎秆、渣滓等。 stick, stalk, stang, etc.
(s)tei-: 尖的,尖的;尖的,式样的,触针 sharp, pointed; spike, style, stylus
7.(s)ter-n-: 刺,多刺茎 thorn, prickly stalk
u̯(e)rād-: 根、枝、枝 root, branch, twig
☝↑ [18.56] 叶子 Leaf
4.bhel-: 叶,箔,叶片;开花 leaf, foil, blade; bloom
gu̯es-: 树叶,树枝 leaves, branches
☝↑ [18.57] 花 Flower
bol-: 球茎,块茎 bulb, tuber
4.bhel-: 叶,箔,叶片;开花 leaf, foil, blade; bloom
☝↑ [18.6] 树(通用) Tree (generic)
apsā: 白杨树 aspen (tree)
1.gu̯et-: 树脂 resin
kerem-: 洋葱或大蒜;灰(树) onion or garlic; ash (tree)
kos(e)lo-: 榛(树) hazel (tree)
*ōs: 灰烬(树) ash (tree)
ptel(e)i̯ā: (树木类型,如杨树/罂粟) (type of tree, e.g. poplar/popple)
s(u̯)eku̯o-s: 树液、沥青、树脂 sap, pitch, resin
☝↑ [18.61] 橡木 Oak
2.aig-: 橡树 oak
3.gu̯el-: 橡子,瓦隆尼亚;橡树? acorn, valonia; oak?
perku̯u-s: 橡树 oak
☝↑ [18.62] 山毛榉 Beech
bhāgó-s: 山毛榉(树) beech (tree)
☝↑ [18.66] 橡子 Acorn
3.gu̯el-: 橡子,瓦隆尼亚;橡树? acorn, valonia; oak?

☝↑ [19.01,工] 物理行为与材料 Physical Acts & Materials
☝↑ [19.11] 做,做 to Do, Make
1.g̑en-: 生育,生产,产生 to bear, produce, generate
i̯ē- : i̯ə-: 做,扔,投射 to do, throw, project
1.ku̯er-: 做,做,形成 to do, make, form
1.mei-: 修理、修理、加固;撑杆 to mure, repair, strengthen; pole
pā̆k̑-: 修复,加强 to repair, strengthen
2.u̯erg̑-: 做,工作,有效率 to do, work, be effective
☝↑ [19.12] 工作,劳动 Work, Labor
4.ken-: 努力,努力 to strain, strive eagerly
☝↑ [19.13] 工作,辛劳 to Work, Toil
11.au̯ē-: 劳累,吃苦 to strain, take pains
derə-: 工作 to work
mō-: 劳累,自找麻烦 to strain, trouble oneself
1.op-: 工作、执行、操作、带来 to work, perform, operate, bring about
sen-: 准备工作 to prepare, work on
1.u̯er-: 捆绑、连接;奋斗 to bind, attach; strive
☝↑ [19.14] 弯曲 to Bend
2.ank-: 弯曲、弯曲、弯曲 to flex, bend, angle
arqu-: 弧形,拱形,弯曲的东西 arc, arch, something bent
2.bhedh-: 弯曲、弯曲、弯曲 to flex, bend, crook
3.bheug-: 弯腰,弯曲,弯曲 to bow, flex, bend, crook
8.el-: 弯曲;弯曲 to bend; elbow
gēu-: 弯曲、卷曲;杯子、容器 to bend, curl; cup, vessel
kam-er-: 弯曲,弯曲 to bend, curve
kam-p-: 弯曲 to bend
2.keu-: 弯曲 to bend
kleng-: 弯曲,风 to bend, wind
2.ku̯elp-: 曲线,拱顶 to curve, vault
2.lek- : lek-: 关节、腿、身体构件;弯曲、弯曲 joint, leg, body member; to bend, wind
lento-: 柔软、柔韧、柔韧 lithe, flexible, pliable
leud-: 俯身、俯身、俯身;弯曲、小等。 to lout, bend over, duck down; bent, little, etc.
1.leug-: 弯曲 to bend
prā-: 弯曲 to bend
(s)kamb-: 弯曲、弯曲、隆起 to bend, curve, hump
4.(s)kel-: 弯曲;弯曲 to bend; crooked
3.(s)ker-: 弯曲、弯曲、转弯 to bend, curve, turn
su̯ē̆(i)-: 弯曲、转动、摆动、旋转 to bend, turn, swing, swivel
su̯eng-: 弯曲、摆动、摆动 to bend, swing, swag
2.trep-: 低头,羞耻地转过身去 to bow the head, turn away in shame
1.u̯ei-: 弯曲,转动,吹风 to bend, turn, wind
4.u̯eik-: 弯曲,弯曲;交换,传递 to bend, curve; exchange, pass around
u̯e-n-g-: 弯曲 bent
u̯e-n-gh-: 弯曲 bent
3.u̯er-: 弯曲、转动、包裹 to bend, turn, wrap
3b.u̯er-: 弯曲、转动、弯曲 to bend, turn, warp
3c.u̯er-: 摇摆,弯腰 to sway, bend down
☝↑ [19.15] 折叠 to Fold
3a.pel-: 折叠 to fold
plek̑-: 合股、打褶、编结、编织 to ply, pleach, plait, weave
☝↑ [19.16] 绑定 to Bind
bhendh-: 捆绑 to tie, bind
ghedh-: 联合,联合,聚集,结交 to join, unite, gather, make a bond
1.kenk-: 绑起来,束腰 to bind, gird
4.leig-: 绑,绑,绑 to tie, bind, ligate
4.mei-: 捆绑 to tie, bind
2.mezg-: 装订、编织、打结、连接 to bind, knit, knot, attach
1.ned- : ned-: 结网,捆绑,连接,卷起,缠绕在一起 to net, bind, connect, roll up, twist together
reig-: 装配、捆扎、捆绑 to rig, tie, bind
3.sē(i)-: 捆绑、捆绑、捆绑 to bind, strap, tie
4.ser-: 插入、排列、拼凑 to insert, line up, put/bind together
snēu- : snū-: 转动、捆绑、连接;捆扎、拉紧 to turn, bind, attach; band, sinew
u̯eg-: 装订、编织 to bind, weave
1.u̯er-: 捆绑、连接;奋斗 to bind, attach; strive
☝↑ [19.19] 绳索,绳索 Rope, Cord
gu̯heiə- : gu̯hī-: 静脉、肌腱、肌腱 vein, sinew, tendon
snēu- : snū-: 转动、捆绑、连接;捆扎、拉紧 to turn, bind, attach; band, sinew
2.streig-: 拉紧、僵硬、严格;扭动;绳子 taut, stiff, strict; to twist; rope
☝↑ [19.192] 结(n) Knot (n)
2.mezg-: 装订、编织、打结、连接 to bind, knit, knot, attach
1.ned- : ned-: 结网,捆绑,连接,卷起,缠绕在一起 to net, bind, connect, roll up, twist together
☝↑ [19.21] 打,打,打 to Hit, Strike, Beat
bak-: 棍子,棍子;打,钉 stick, staff; to hit, peg
bhāt- : bhət-: 击球,击球 to bat, hit
1.bhā̆u- : bhū̆-: 打,打 to hit, beat
bhei(ə)-: 击中 to hit
bheld-: 打,戳 to hit, poke
bheleu-: 打击,削弱;生病,虚弱 to hit, weaken; ill, weak
bhen-: 打,伤 to hit, wound
bhlag̑-: 打,鞭打,连枷 to hit, flog, flail
bhlīg̑- : *bhlēig-: 打击、打击、施加 to hit, strike, inflict
3.dhen-: 打、叮、推、刺 to hit, ding, push, thrust
2.gu̯hen(-ə)-: 打、打、挡 to hit, strike, fend
kāu-: 砍,砍,打 to hew, cut, hit
3.kel-: 打,砍,砍 to hit, hew, cut down
1.krek-: 击中 to hit
3.kreu-: 推,打,摔 to push, hit, break
3.per-: 打,杀 to hit, kill
pēu- : pəu- : pū̆-: 击中;尖锐 to hit; sharp
2.plāk-: 打,打,扔 to hit, beat, fling
(s)k(h)ai-: 铐,踢 to cuff, kick
slak-: 打,锤子 to hit, hammer
1.(s)teu-: 打,推,推 to hit, push, thrust
u̯en-: 打,伤 to hit, wound
1.u̯edh-: 打,推 to hit, push
☝↑ [19.22] 切割 to Cut
3.bher-: 用锋利的工具钻孔、切割、刮削 to bore, cut, scrape, use sharp tool
bheredh-: 切割;木板 to cut; board
bhrēi-: 用锋利的工具磨损、刺穿、切割 to fray, pierce, cut with sharp tool
1.bhrē̆u-: 打碎、切割、刺穿 to break, cut, pierce
4.der-: 割伤、剥皮、裂开、撕裂 to cut, skin, split, tear
gleubh-: 切割、劈开、削、切 to cut, cleave, pare, slice
2.g̑hel-: 切割? to cut?
2.g̑her-: 划伤,割伤,刮伤,刮伤 to gash, slit, scrape, scratch
kāu-: 砍,砍,打 to hew, cut, hit
3.kel-: 打,砍,砍 to hit, hew, cut down
k̑es-: 切割 to cut
laidh-: 割伤、伤害、伤害 to cut, hurt, injure
leup-: 提起、剥离、切断/折断等。 to lift, peel, cut/break off, etc.
1.mai-: 用锋利的工具残废、砍、割 to maim, hew, cut with sharp instrument
peuk̑-: 粉红色,刺伤,粘住 to pink, stab, stick
1.rei-: 割,割,割,割,割 to cut, reap, rive, tear, scratch
2.sē̆k-: 切割、剖切、解剖 to cut, section, dissect
skē̆i-: 切割、切割、切割、分离 to cut, skive, exscind, separate
1.(s)kel-: 削减,减半 to cut, halve
2.(s)kē̆p-: 用锋利的工具切割、刮胡子、劈开 to cut, shave, split with sharp tool
4.(s)ker-: 剪、剪、划、划 to cut, shear, score, scribe
1.(s)p(h)el-: 切割、劈开、剥落、撕开;木板 to cut, split, spall, tear off; board
(s)plei-: 切割,分裂 to cut, split
4.su̯er-: 割、刺、刺 to cut, prick, pierce
1.tem-: 切割 to cut
tu̯erk̑-: 切割 to cut
☝↑ [19.23] 刀(工具) Knife (tool)
1.bhedh-: 挖、刺、穿、嵌 to dig, stab, pierce, embed
dhēigu̯- : dhōigu̯- : dhīgu̯-: 挖、种、刺、粘 to dig, plant, stab, stick
geid-: 刺;小猫,搔痒 to stab; kittle, tickle
1.gu̯el-: 刺伤;痛苦、死亡、平息 to stab; pain, death, quell
2.kel-: 捅、粘、刺 to stab, stick, sting
k̑ent-: 刺伤,粘住 to stab, stick
peuk̑-: 粉红色,刺伤,粘住 to pink, stab, stick
☝↑ [19.25] 斧头 Ax
agu̯(e)sī: 斧头 axe
☝↑ [19.26] 打破 to Break
bheg-: 砰,摔,砸 to bang, break, smash
1.bhreg̑-: 打破 to break
bhrenk-: 带来 to bring
1.bhrē̆u-: 打碎、切割、刺穿 to break, cut, pierce
2.bhreu-s-: 擦伤,摔成碎片 to bruise, break to pieces
3.kreu-: 推,打,摔 to push, hit, break
1.lem-: 破碎,粉碎;跛足,脆弱 to break, crush to pieces; lame, fragile
leug̑-: 打破 to break
leup-: 提起、剥离、切断/折断等。 to lift, peel, cut/break off, etc.
☝↑ [19.27] 分裂 to Split
bheid-: 咬,刺,刺,劈 to bite, prick, pierce, split
3.del-: 分裂,分裂 to split, divide
4.der-: 割伤、剥皮、裂开、撕裂 to cut, skin, split, tear
(s)k(h)ed-: 粉碎,粉碎,粉碎 to crush, shatter, split to pieces
2.(s)kē̆p-: 用锋利的工具切割、刮胡子、劈开 to cut, shave, split with sharp tool
1.(s)p(h)el-: 切割、劈开、剥落、撕开;木板 to cut, split, spall, tear off; board
(s)plei-: 切割,分裂 to cut, split
u̯eidh-: 分开,分开;寡妇 to divide, separate; widow
☝↑ [19.28] 撕裂 to Tear
2.dek̑- : dok̑-: 撕碎,撕碎 to tear, rip to pieces
plēk̑-: 剥皮剥皮 to flay, peel, rip, tear off
1.rei-: 割,割,割,割,割 to cut, reap, rive, tear, scratch
rendh-: 撕碎,撕碎,撕碎 to rend, rip, tear to pieces
2.reu-: 打开、撕开、挖出/撕开等。 to open, tear out, dig/rip up, etc.
1.(s)p(h)el-: 切割、劈开、剥落、撕开;木板 to cut, split, spall, tear off; board
2.u̯ā-: (拉开)分开 (to pull) apart
8.u̯el-: 偷窃;伤害、撕裂、撕扯 to steal; to wound, tear, avulse
7.u̯er-: 扎根,打开,撕碎 to root, open, tear up
☝↑ [19.29] 剥皮剥皮 to Flay, Skin
2.lep-: 剥皮剥皮剥皮 to flay, peel, skin
leup-: 提起、剥离、切断/折断等。 to lift, peel, cut/break off, etc.
plēk̑-: 剥皮剥皮 to flay, peel, rip, tear off
(s)ken-(d-): 剥皮剥皮 to skin, flay, split off
☝↑ [19.31] 摩擦 to Rub
1.bhes-: 涂抹、涂抹、涂抹 to spread, smear, rub on
geid-: 刺;小猫,搔痒 to stab; kittle, tickle
g̑er-: 摩擦;腐烂;老化,成熟;谷粒 to rub; rotten; to age, ripen; grain
gerebh-: 刻,刮;写 to carve, scratch; write
gred- : grod-: 磨碎,刮擦 to grate, scratch
2.g̑her-: 划伤,割伤,刮伤,刮伤 to gash, slit, scrape, scratch
2.ghrebh-: 挖,掘,掘,掘,刮 to dig, grub, grave, scratch
ghrēi- : ghrəi- : ghrī-: 涂抹 to smear over
ghren-: 用力研磨、搓、划 to grind, rub, stroke hard
2.ghrēu- : ghrəu- : ghrū-: 碾碎,剧烈摩擦 to crush, rub sharply
kars-: 擦,刮 to rub, scratch
2.ken-: 擦、刮、刮;灰烬 to rub, scrape, scratch off; ashes
kes-: 梳理、搔痒、搔痒 to comb, itch, scratch
1.leip-: 涂抹(用脂肪)、粘住 to smear (with fat), stick
mag̑-: 揉、压、划 to knead, press, stroke
2.mai-: 弄脏,弄脏 to smudge, stain
5.mer-: 擦,擦;打包,抢劫 to rub, wipe; pack, rob
ongu̯-: 涂油 to anoint
2.rēd- : rōd- : rəd-: 啃,刮,刮 to gnaw, scrape, scratch
1.rei-: 割,割,割,割,割 to cut, reap, rive, tear, scratch
smē-: 擦、抹 to rub, smear
3.ter-: 打孔、钻孔、摩擦、脱粒 to bore, drill, rub, thresh
☝↑ [19.32] 伸展 to Stretch
3.bhel-: 生长、扩散、膨胀、膨胀 to grow, spread, swell, inflate
1.pet-: 伸展(尤指手臂) to stretch out (esp. arms)
reig̑-: 伸手,伸展 to reach, stretch out
2.stel-: 扩大,扩大,扩大;扩大 to dilate, broaden, stretch out; broad
temp-: 伸展,伸展 to span, stretch, extend
1.ten-: 伸展,伸展 to span, stretch, extend
1.tenk-: 伸展,伸展;拉动,伸展 to span, extend; pull, stretch
☝↑ [19.33] 画画,拉 to Draw, Pull
deuk-: 拖、拉、拖、拖 to tug, pull, drag, tow
dherāgh-: 拖,拉 to drag, pull
dhreg̑-: 拉 to pull
pleus-: 拔,拔;拔毛 to pluck, deplume, pull out; plucked hair/feathers
selk-: 拉,拖;沟,沟 to pull, drag; sulcus, furrow
2.sp(h)ei : sp(h)ī̆: 拉,拖 to pull, drag
1.(s)pen(-d)-: 拉,转 to pull, spin
1.tenk-: 伸展,伸展;拉动,伸展 to span, extend; pull, stretch
trāgh-: 拖拉、训练、拉动、移动 to drag, train, pull, move
2.u̯ā-: (拉开)分开 (to pull) apart
u̯ers-: 沿着地面拖动 to drag along the ground
u̯reg-: 拖、推、驱、推 to drag, push, drive, thrust
☝↑ [19.34] 散布 to Strew, Spread Out
1.bhes-: 涂抹、涂抹、涂抹 to spread, smear, rub on
1.plā-k- : plə-k-: 平的,宽的,宽的;展开的 flat, wide, broad; spread out
plā̆t-: 平的,宽的,宽的;展开的 flat, wide, broad; spread out
2.sē(i)- : səi- : sī-: 播种、分发、传播、放倒 to sow, dispatch, disseminate, let fall
2.(s)p(h)er-: 播种、撒、撒、撒 to sow, strew, spread, scatter, sprinkle
*(s)p(h)ereg-: 急,急;撒,撒,散 to rush, hurry; strew, sprinkle, disperse
5.ster-: 散播,散布 to strew, scatter, spread out
☝↑ [19.342] 按 to Press
1.bhedh-: 挖、刺、穿、嵌 to dig, stab, pierce, embed
deph-: 用力,用力 to push, stamp, thrust
dhau-: 压迫,勒死 to press, strangle
dhēigu̯- : dhōigu̯- : dhīgu̯-: 挖、种、刺、粘 to dig, plant, stab, stick
1.dhengh-: 压,盖 to press, cover
dheugh-: 挤牛奶,按,摸 to milk, press, touch
geid-: 刺;小猫,搔痒 to stab; kittle, tickle
gen-: 捏、压等。 to pinch, press together, etc.
greut-: 压碎,压榨;凝乳 to crush, press; curd
1.gu̯el-: 刺伤;痛苦、死亡、平息 to stab; pain, death, quell
2.kel-: 捅、粘、刺 to stab, stick, sting
1.kem-: 挤,卷边,挤在一起 to squeeze, hem in, press together
1.ken-: 捏、压等。 to pinch, press, etc.
k̑ent-: 刺伤,粘住 to stab, stick
mag̑-: 揉、压、划 to knead, press, stroke
mei-k̑-: 搅拌,搅拌 to mix, mash, stir
peuk̑-: 粉红色,刺伤,粘住 to pink, stab, stick
(s)k(h)ed-: 粉碎,粉碎,粉碎 to crush, shatter, split to pieces
stāi-: 使凝结,压在一起;僵硬;石头 to condense, press together; stiff; stone
1.trenk-: 挤,挤,挤 to throng, push, press together
tr-eu-d-: 推、推、压、挤 to thrust, push, press, squash
tu̯eng̑h-: 刺痛、压迫、约束、接近 to twinge, oppress, constrain, close in
3e.u̯er-: 转动、按压、拧、勒死 to turn, press, wring, strangle
☝↑ [19.35] 倾注 to Pour
aus-: 舀(水);舀,舀 to draw (water); scoop, ladle
1.g̑heu-: 涌出,倾注,发现 to gush, pour, found
1.pel-: 倒,灌;满,全体;城镇? to pour, fill; full, plenary; town?
seiku̯-: 泼,倒 to spill, pour out
seip-: 筛,倒 to sift, pour out
selg̑-: 倾吐,释放,送出 to pour out, set free, send/throw away
spend-: 献奠酒 to offer a libation
☝↑ [19.36] 洗 to Wash
bhog-: 贝克,流水 beck, flowing water
lou-: 洗洗 to lave, wash
1.meu-: 湿的,潮湿的;洗;脏的、泥的、泥泞的 wet, damp; to wash; dirt, mud, mire
neigu̯-: 洗 to wash
2.tu̯ak-: 洗澡 to bathe
☝↑ [19.37] 扫 to Sweep
obhel-: 扫描;倍增 to sweep; multiply
su̯erbh-: 转弯、横扫、转弯 to turn, sweep, swerve
tāg-: 整理 to tidy up
☝↑ [19.422] 工具 Tool
3.bher-: 用锋利的工具 to bore, cut, scrape, use sharp tool
☝↑ [19.423] 使用 to Use
neu-d-: 抓住,利用 to grasp, make use of
☝↑ [19.44] 建造 to Build
dem-: 建造,木材;房屋,住所 to build, timber; house, domicile
dheig̑h-: 要造,就要捏泥 to build, knead clay
☝↑ [19.45] 砍 to Hew
3.kel-: 打,砍,砍 to hit, hew, cut down
☝↑ [19.46] 打孔 to Bore
(s)teig-: 刺,刺;尖锐 to stick, prick; sharp
3.ter-: 打孔、钻孔、摩擦、脱粒 to bore, drill, rub, thresh
☝↑ [19.49] 锤子(n) Hammer (n)
slak-: 打,锤子 to hit, hammer
☝↑ [19.5] 钉子,钉子 Nail, Peg
bend-: 刺,针,尖突出 spike, needle, tip jutting out
dheubh-: 销钉、楔子 peg, wedge
4.ei- : oi-: 杆子,木桩 pole, stake
keg-: 栓,手柄,(抓)钩 peg, handle, (grappling) hook
k̑eipo-: 木桩、木桩、尖木/石屑/块 peg, stake, sharp wood/stone chip/piece
☝↑ [19.51] 梁 Beam
5.bhel-: 梁、梁、椽 balk, beam, rafter
2.bhrū-: 梁、桥 beam, bridge
1.g̑hasto-: 竿,竿,竿 pole, rod, gad; twig
kred-: 横梁 beams
mazdo-s: 桅杆、杆 mast, pole
1.mei-: 修理、修理、加固;撑杆 to mure, repair, strengthen; pole
1.rek-: 伸出,竖立;撑杆 to project, tower up; pole
2.rēp-: 木桩,木桩,木桩 pole, stake, beam, rafter
1.(s)per-: 杆、梁、椽 pole, spar, rafter
steb(h)-: 树桩、柱子、柱子;支撑等。 stump, post, pillar; to support, etc.
2.(s)teg-: 桩、杆、梁 stake, pole, beam
stē̆ib(h)-: 棍子、柱子、木桩;硬的 stick, pole, stake; stiff
☝↑ [19.52] 董事会 Board
bheredh-: 切割;木板 to cut; board
2.sel-: 地坎、梁、板 sill, beam, board
sp(h)ē-: 长而平的木头 long flat piece of wood
1.(s)p(h)el-: 切割、劈开、剥落、撕开;木板 to cut, split, spall, tear off; board
☝↑ [19.66] 铜,青铜 Copper, Bronze
ai̯os-: 矿石、金属(铜、青铜、铁) ore, metal (copper, bronze, iron)
☝↑ [19.67] 铁 Iron
ai̯os-: 矿石、金属(铜、青铜、铁) ore, metal (copper, bronze, iron)
☝↑ [19.72] 成型 to Mold, Form
1.ku̯er-: 做,做,形成 to do, make, form
☝↑ [19.75] 编结 to Plait
5.au̯-: 编结,编织 to plait, weave
kagh- : kogh-: 缝纫、编结等。 to sew, plait, etc.
plek̑-: 合股、打褶、编结、编织 to ply, pleach, plait, weave
rezg-: 编、织、风 to plait, weave, wind
serk-: 篱笆;篱笆,编织物 to fence; hedge, plaited work
tek̑þ-: 编结 to plait
1.u̯ebh-: 编结,编织,摇摆,来回移动 to plait, weave, waver, move back and forth
☝↑ [19.81] 雕刻 to Carve
gerebh-: 刻,刮;写 to carve, scratch; write
2.smēi- : sməi- : smī̆-: 雕刻时,要用锋利的工具 to carve, work with sharp tool

☝↑ [20.01,行] 运动与运输 Motion & Transportation
☝↑ [20.11] 移动 to Move
1.eis-: 迅速/猛烈地移动 to move rapidly/violently
6.el-: 走,走,开车 to go, move, drive
3.er- : or- : r-: 移动,启动 to move, set in motion
kēi-: 移动,启动 to move, set in motion
kreu-t-: 摇动,明显地移动 to shake, move visibly
legu̯h-: 移动自如 to move easily
2.meu̯-: 移动,推开 to move, push away
2a.per-: 越过 to pass over/beyond
skeub-: 推,动,射,扔 to shove, move, shoot, throw
su̯em-: 游泳,动起来 to swim, move
trāgh-: 拖拉、训练、拉动、移动 to drag, train, pull, move
u̯eg̑h-: 移动、驾驶、搬运、运送 to move, drive, carry, convey
☝↑ [20.12] 转身 to Turn
3.ger-: 转,风,卷 to turn, wind, curl
kert-: 翻滚,转动,吹风 to roll, turn, wind
ku̯erp-: 转向,风 to turn, wind
1.ku̯el-: 转动;转动;转动脖子? to turn; wheel; neck?
3.(s)ker-: 弯曲、弯曲、转弯 to bend, curve, turn
(s)kerb(h)-: 转弯,转弯 to curve, turn
slenk-: 转向,风;爬行,滑翔 to turn, wind; creep, slink
2.(s)ner-: 转动、吹风等。 to turn, wind, etc.
snēu- : snū-: 转动、捆绑、连接;捆扎、拉紧 to turn, bind, attach; band, sinew
3.sper-: 转向,风 to turn, wind
su̯ē̆(i)-: 弯曲、转动、摆动、旋转 to bend, turn, swing, swivel
su̯erbh-: 转弯、横扫、转弯 to turn, sweep, swerve
terk-: 扭转,转动 to torque, turn
1.tu̯er- : tur-: 旋转,转身 to twirl, turn
1.u̯ei-: 弯曲,转动,吹风 to bend, turn, wind
u̯eip-: 转动、鞭打、摇摆、振动 to turn, whip, sway, vibrate
7.u̯el-: 转,风;转,滔滔不绝 to turn, wind; round, voluble
1.u̯endh-: 转身,风,温德 to turn, wind, wend
3.u̯er-: 弯曲、转动、包裹 to bend, turn, wrap
3b.u̯er-: 弯曲、转动、弯曲 to bend, turn, warp
3d.u̯er-: 转动,扳手 to turn, wrench
3e.u̯er-: 转动、按压、拧、勒死 to turn, press, wring, strangle
3h.u̯er-: 转,转,转 to turn, wind, invert
☝↑ [20.13] 转身 to Turn Around
3d.u̯er-: 转动,扳手 to turn, wrench
☝↑ [20.14] 缠绕,缠绕 to Wind, Wrap
ambhi: 周围,两边 around, at both sides
derbh-: 把风吹起来,放在一起 to wind, put together
2.gel-: 吞食,吞食 to glut, devour, envelop
3.ger-: 转,风,卷 to turn, wind, curl
3.k̑em-: 包裹、遮盖、隐藏 to wrap, cover, conceal
kert-: 翻滚,转动,吹风 to roll, turn, wind
kleng-: 弯曲,风 to bend, wind
ku̯erp-: 转向,风 to turn, wind
2.lek- : lek-: 关节、腿、身体构件;弯曲、弯曲 joint, leg, body member; to bend, wind
3b.pel-: 包,盖;布;掉下来,毛皮 to wrap, cover; cloth; fell, pelt
rezg-: 编、织、风 to plait, weave, wind
2.(s)keu-: 隐藏、包装、遮盖 to hide, wrap, cover
slenk-: 转向,风;爬行,滑翔 to turn, wind; creep, slink
2.(s)ner-: 转动、吹风等。 to turn, wind, etc.
3.sper-: 转向,转向 to turn, wind
1.u̯ei-: 弯曲,转动,吹风 to bend, turn, wind
7.u̯el-: 转,风;转,滔滔不绝 to turn, wind; round, voluble
1.u̯endh-: 转向,转向风 to turn, wind, wend
3h.u̯er-: 转,转,转 to turn, wind, invert
☝↑ [20.15] 翻滚 to Roll
kert-: 翻滚,转动,吹风 to roll, turn, wind
ret(h)-: 跑,滚,转 to run, roll, rotate
☝↑ [20.21] 上升 to Rise
2.bhreg̑-: 挺身而出 to stick up
1.men-: 升起,登上,塔 to rise, mount, tower
steigh-: 攀登,攀登;大步前进 to climb, ascend; stride, march
☝↑ [20.22] 举起,举起 to Lift, Raise
2.bhreg̑-: 挺身而出 to stick up
rem-: 休息;支撑 to rest; to support
skabh-: 支持 to support
steb(h)-: 树桩、柱子、柱子;支撑等。 stump, post, pillar; to support, etc.
1.tel-: 承载,搬运;称重,举起 to bear, carry; weigh, lift up
☝↑ [20.23] 倒下 to Fall
1.k̑ad-: 倒下 to fall
keid-: 倒下 to fall
1.ku̯elp-: 绊倒,屈膝;小跑 to stumble, buckle at the knees; to trot
2.pet-: 跌倒,跌倒 to fall, tumble down
phō̆l-: 倒下 to fall
sengu̯-: 下沉、下沉、坠落 to sink, sag, fall
stag-: 滴滴,细雨,细雨 to drip, drizzle, trickle
☝↑ [20.24] 放下 to Drop
3.der-: 奔跑、绊倒、践踏、践踏 to run, trip, tread, tramp
k̑enk-: 吊、摇、晃 to hang, sway, dangle
lē̆b-: 下垂;下垂 lip; to slump, hang down slackly
1.peis-? : pis-: 碾磨,践踏 to grind, trample
(s)leu-: 松弛、无力、松散地悬挂 slack, feeble, loosely hanging
(s)leup-: 懒散地悬挂 to hang slackly
trem-: 颤抖,颤抖;跺脚,践踏 to shake, tremble; to stomp, trample
1.trep-: 绊倒、践踏、践踏 to trip, tread, trample
☝↑ [20.25] 扔 to Throw
1.g̑hei-: 刺激,开车;投掷,伤害 to goad, drive; to throw, wound
2.gu̯el-: 流,滴;扔 to flow, drip down; throw
i̯ē- : i̯ə-: 做,扔,投射 to do, throw, project
2.plāk-: 打,打,扔 to hit, beat, fling
selg̑-: 倾吐,释放,送出 to pour out, set free, send/throw away
skeub-: 推,动,射,扔 to shove, move, shoot, throw
2.(s)keud-: 射击,投掷 to shoot, throw
smeit-: 扔 to throw
2.su̯ep-: 扔 to throw
☝↑ [20.26] 摇动 to Shake
3.aig-: 猛烈地摆动、振动、移动 to swing, vibrate, move violently
ergh-: 颤抖,颤抖 to shake, tremble
1.kret-: 摇动 to shake
kreu-t-: 摇动,明显地移动 to shake, move visibly
ku̯ēt-: 摇一摇,摇一摇 to shake, winnow
(s)kū̆t-: 颤抖 to shake, shudder
trem-: 颤抖,颤抖;跺脚,践踏 to shake, tremble; to stomp, trample
tres-: 颤抖,颤抖 to quiver, tremble
2.tu̯ei-: 摇动,兴奋,前后移动,闪烁 to shake, excite, move back and forth, shimmer
☝↑ [20.31] 煮沸 to Boil (intrans
2.bher-: 沸腾,膨胀,膨胀 to boil, swell, well up
bh(e)reu- : bh(e)rū̆-: 冲泡,煮沸,狂野 to brew, boil, surge, be wild
3.bhreus-: 沸腾、发出声音等。 to boil, sound, etc.
i̯es-: 沸腾,起泡 to boil, foam up
4.seu-: 去看,煮 to seethe, boil
☝↑ [20.32] 流动 to Flow
9.au̯(e)-: 打湿、流、洒;水、河等。 to wet, flow, sprinkle; water, river, etc.
bhleu-: 膨胀膨胀、膨胀、膨胀;流动 to bloat, swell, blow up; flow
bhog-: 贝克,流水 beck, flowing water
1.dhen-: 流动,奔跑 to flow, run
1.dheu-: 流动,奔跑 to flow, run
2.ere-s-: 流动 to flow
2.gu̯el-: 流,滴;扔 to flow, drip down; throw
pleu-: 逃,飞,跑;流,游 to flee, fly, run; flow, swim
sendhro-: 凝固的,凝固的;液体的,熔化的等。 clotted, coagulated; fluid, melted, etc.
1.ser-: 流,流 to flow, stream
1.seu-: sop、汤、果汁、液体 sop, soup, juice, liquid
snā-: 流动,游泳;潮湿 to flow, swim; damp
sreu-: 流,流 to stream, flow
stag-: 滴滴,细雨,细雨 to drip, drizzle, trickle
teku̯-: 流动,奔跑 to flow, run
3.u̯eis-: 流(走);渗出物、病毒、毒液 to flow (away); ooze, virus, poison
☝↑ [20.33] 下沉 to Sink
gu̯ā̆dh-: 潜水、下沉、沉没 to dive, sink, submerge
1.leg-: 漏、滴、滴、滴 to leak, drip, dribble, ooze out
1.mezg-: 跳水、跳水、沉浸 to dive, plunge, immerse
sengu̯-: 下沉、下沉、坠落 to sink, sag, fall
☝↑ [20.35] 游泳 to Swim
pleu-: 逃,飞,跑;流,游 to flee, fly, run; flow, swim
snā-: 流动,游泳;潮湿 to flow, swim; damp
su̯em-: 游泳,动起来 to swim, move
☝↑ [20.37] 飞 to Fly
pleu-: 逃,飞,跑;流,游 to flee, fly, run; flow, swim
☝↑ [20.38] 吹 to Blow
10.au̯(e)-: 发泄,吹气 to vent, blow
2.bhes-: 吹气,呼吸 to blow, breathe
2.bhlei-: 膨胀、爆裂、爆炸 to swell, burst, blow up
bhleu-: 膨胀膨胀、膨胀、膨胀;流动 to bloat, swell, blow up; flow
dhem-: 吹,像尘土一样飞来飞去 to blow, fly about like dust
4.dheu-: 像灰尘一样吹、散、飞。 to blow, dissipate, fly about like dust, etc.
dheu̯es-: 像灰尘一样吹、散、飞。 to blow, dissipate, fly about like dust, etc.
2.peis-: 吹,嘶嘶 to blow, fizz
1.pū̆-: 炸毁 to blow (up)
3.u̯ē-: 吹 to blow
☝↑ [20.41] 爬,爬 to Creep, Crawl
2.lēg̑h- : ləg̑h-: 爬;低 to crawl; low
1.rēp-: 爬,爬 to creep, crawl
serp-: 爬,爬 to creep, crawl
(s)keng-: 蹒跚;跛足,倾斜 to hobble; lame, slanted
slenk-: 转向,风;爬行,滑翔 to turn, wind; creep, slink
sneig-: 爬吧,蛇 to crawl, snake
☝↑ [20.42] 滑,滑 to Slip, Slide
3.lei-: 滑倒;滑倒 slimy; to slip, glide
2.meug-: 滑倒,滑倒;温顺 to slip, slide; meek
(s)leidh-: 滑;滑 to slide; slippery
sleub(h)-: 滑动,滑动 to slide, slip
(s)leug̑-: 滑动,滑动 to slide, slip
☝↑ [20.43] 跳,跳 to Jump, Leap
3.leig-: 跳,跳,抖 to hop, jump, tremble
1.mezg-: 跳水、跳水、沉浸 to dive, plunge, immerse
preu-: 跳,跳 to hop, jump
4.sel-: 跳,跳,跳,跳 to jump, leap, spring, exult
(s)kek-: 跳跃,弹跳,快速移动;摇动 to jump, spring, move quickly; shake
sp(h)erd(h)-: 冲刺;冲刺;奔跑 to rush, sprint, spring; running
sperg̑h-: 急,急,春,跳 to rush, hurry, spring, jump
☝↑ [20.45] 步行 to Walk
3.ā̆l-: 漫游,漫游;发疯/困惑 to roam, wander; be crazy/confused
3.der-: 奔跑、绊倒、践踏、践踏 to run, trip, tread, tramp
g̑hengh-: 迈步,大步,前进 to step, stride, march
ghredh-: 大步前进 to stride, march
pent-: 走,走,走,垫,踏;路,路 to go, walk, pad, tread; way, path
steigh-: 攀登,攀登;大步前进 to climb, ascend; stride, march
1.trep-: 绊倒、践踏、践踏 to trip, tread, trample
u̯ādh-: 去吧,韦德,大步走,前进 to go, wade, stride, march
☝↑ [20.46] 跑 to Run
bhegu̯-: 逃跑,逃跑 to flee, run away
3.der-: 奔跑、绊倒、践踏、践踏 to run, trip, tread, tramp
1.dhen-: 流动,奔跑 to flow, run
1.dheu-: 流动,奔跑 to flow, run
1.dhregh-: 跑 to run
2.k̑ers-: 跑吧,当然 to run, course
pleu-: 逃,飞,跑;流,游 to flee, fly, run; flow, swim
ret(h)-: 滚,转,跑 to run, roll, rotate
sp(h)erd(h)-: 冲刺;冲刺;奔跑 to rush, sprint, spring; running
teku̯-: 流动,奔跑 to flow, run
☝↑ [20.47] 外带 to Go
1.ei-: 离开,离开 to go, exit
6.el-: 走,走,开车 to go, move, drive
gu̯ā-: 来吧,去吧 to come, go
3.mei-: 去,去流浪 to go, wander
pent-: 走,走,走,垫,踏;路,路 to go, walk, pad, tread; way, path
reidh-: 骑,走(车上) to ride, go (in vehicle)
sent-: 发送,去,选择方向;感知 to send, go, choose direction; to sense
u̯ādh-: 去吧,韦德,大步走,前进 to go, wade, stride, march
☝↑ [20.48] 即将到来 to Come
gu̯ā-: 来吧,去吧 to come, go
☝↑ [20.49] 离开,离开 to Depart, Go Away
apo-: 离开,离开,远离 off, out of, away from
3.au-: 向下,远离 down, away from
3.dhē-: 消失,逝去 to disappear, pass away
2.lei-: 消散,消失;消瘦,虚弱 to dissipate, disappear; thin, weak
2.leit(h)-: 去死吧,走开 to die, go away
☝↑ [20.51] 逃跑 to Flee
1.bheug-: 逃,逃,逃 to flee, escape, seek refuge
☝↑ [20.52] 跟随 to Follow
1.seku̯-: 去赛格,跟着 to segue, follow
☝↑ [20.53] 追求 to Pursue
sāg-: 追踪,追踪,追踪 to seek, track, trail
3.u̯ei-: 渴望、追求、追求、接近;坚强、暴力 to wish, pursue, go for, reach towards; strong, violent
☝↑ [20.54] 超车 to Overtake
3.deu-: 传球,向前 to pass, move forward
2a.per-: 越过 to pass over/beyond
2b.per-: 乘船、渡船、运输、转运 to fare, ferry, transport, go/carry over
☝↑ [20.55] 到达,到达 to Reach, Arrive
enek̑-: 达到,获得 to reach, obtain
top-: 到达,停留;放置 to reach, stay; place
☝↑ [20.61] 承受,携带 to Bear, Carry
1.bher-: 携带,携带,携带 to bear, bring, carry
2b.per-: 乘船、渡船、运输、转运 to fare, ferry, transport, go/carry over
1.tel-: 承载,搬运;称重,举起 to bear, carry; weigh, lift up
u̯eg̑h-: 移动、驾驶、搬运、运送 to move, drive, carry, convey
☝↑ [20.62] 带来 to Bring
1.bher-: 携带,携带,携带 to bear, bring, carry
☝↑ [20.64] 领导 to Lead
ag̑-: 引导、驱使、煽动 to lead, drive, agitate
☝↑ [20.65] 开车 to Drive
ag̑-: 引导、驱使、煽动 to lead, drive, agitate
dhreibh-: 推动、推动、推动 to drive, push, thrust
6.el-: 走,走,开车 to go, move, drive
1.g̑hei-: 刺激,开车;投掷,伤害 to goad, drive; to throw, wound
5.kel-: 快速驾驶、迫使、加速、快速移动 to drive, compel, accelerate, move quickly
2a.pel-: 推动,推动,启动 to drive, propel, set in motion
u̯eg̑h-: 移动、驾驶、搬运、运送 to move, drive, carry, convey
u̯reg-: 拖、推、驱、推 to drag, push, drive, thrust
☝↑ [20.66] 骑马 to Ride
reidh-: 骑,走(车上) to ride, go (in vehicle)
☝↑ [20.67] 推,推 to Push, Shove
deph-: 推动、压印、推动 to push, stamp, thrust
3.dhen-: 打、叮、推、刺 to hit, ding, push, thrust
dhreibh-: 推动、推动、推动 to drive, push, thrust
3.kreu-: 推,打,摔 to push, hit, break
2.meu̯-: 移动,推开 to move, push away
2.neu-: 推(某人);点头 to push (someone); to nod
1.sp(h)er-: 仓促、推开、鲁莽行事等。 to rush, push away, act rashly, etc.
1.(s)teu-: 打,推,推 to hit, push, thrust
1.trenk-: 挤,挤,挤 to throng, push, press together
tr-eu-d-: 推、推、压、挤 to thrust, push, press, squash
1.u̯edh-: 打,推 to hit, push
u̯reg-: 拖、推、驱、推 to drag, push, drive, thrust
☝↑ [20.72] 路径 Path
keleu-: 漫游;路、路 to wander; way, path
pent-: 走,走,走,垫,踏;路,路 to go, walk, pad, tread; way, path
5.ter-: 通过、结束等。 through, over, etc.
☝↑ [20.74] 桥 Bridge
2.bhrū-: 梁、桥 beam, bridge
4.ter-: 越过、越过等。 to cross, get over, etc.
☝↑ [20.76] 车轮 Wheel
1.ku̯el-: 转动;转动;转动脖子? to turn; wheel; neck?
☝↑ [20.78] 轭 Yoke
2.i̯eu-: 把…绑在一起 to yoke, join, tie together
☝↑ [20.81] 船 Ship
1.nāus-: 船,船 boat, ship
☝↑ [20.83] 船 Boat
1.nāus-: 船,船 boat, ship
☝↑ [20.85] 桨 Oar
1.erə-: 划船;划桨 to row; oar
☝↑ [20.852] 划船 to Row
1.erə-: 划船;划桨 to row; oar
☝↑ [20.87] 桅杆 Mast
mazdo-s: 桅杆、杆 mast, pole

☝↑ [21.01,商] 占有与贸易 Possession & Trade
☝↑ [21.12] 拥有,拥有 to Own, Possess
ēik-: 拥有,拥有 to own, possess, be capable
kþē(i)-: 获得,获得,拥有 to gain, acquire, possess
4.rei- : rēi-: 东西,占有 thing, possession
se-: 自我,一 self, one
seg̑h-: 占有,坚持,坚持,克服;胜利 to possess, hold fast, persevere, overcome; victory
☝↑ [21.13] 接受 to Take
1.ap-: 拿,够,抓 to take, reach, grasp
dēg-: 拿,拿,包? to take, grab, pack?
1.dek̑-: 接受 to take
em-: 接受 to take
2.lē(i)-: 授予/获得占有权 to grant/acquire possession
1.nem-: 给尼姆,取,给,数,分 to nim, take, give, count, apportion
3.sel-: 抓住,抓住,抓住 to grab, seize, take
4.u̯er-: 找,拿 to find, take
☝↑ [21.14] 抓住,抓住,抓住 to Grasp, Seize, Take Hold of
1.am-: 抓住,抓住 to grab, seize
1.ap-: 拿,够,抓 to take, reach, grasp
dēg-: 拿,拿,包? to take, grab, pack?
dergh-: 抓住 to grasp
ghabh-: 抓住,抓住,抓住 to take, grab, seize
ghend-: 得到,抓住,抓住 to get, grasp, seize
4.g̑her-: 抓住,抓住,抓住 to grab, grip, seize
1.ghrebh-: 抓住,抓住 to grab, grasp
ghreib-: 抓住,抓住 to grip, grab
kap-: 抓住,抓住,抓住;拥有? to cop, grab, grasp; have?
1.lēk- : lək-: 卷须 tendril; trap
merk̑-: 抓住,抓住 to grab, seize
neu-d-: 抓住,利用 to grasp, make use of
rep-: 抓取,撕扯,狂妄 to grab, rip out, ravish
3.sel-: 抓住,抓住,抓住 to grab, seize, take
(s)lā̆gu̯-: 抓住,锁住,抓住 to grab, latch, seize
tag-: 抓住,抓住,触摸 to grip, seize, touch
2.tu̯er- : tur-: 抓住,抓住 to grab, hold
3e.u̯er-: 转动、按压、拧、勒死 to turn, press, wring, strangle
☝↑ [21.15] 保持 to Hold
2.dher-: 支撑,支撑 to hold, support
i̯em-: 配对,配对,击败,双生;孪生 to hold, match, defeat, geminate; twin
1.pē̆d-: 存放;大缸、容器、容器 to hold; vat, vessel, container
seg̑h-: 占有,坚持,坚持,克服;胜利 to possess, hold fast, persevere, overcome; victory
2.tu̯er- : tur-: 抓住,抓住 to grab, hold
☝↑ [21.16] 得到,得到 to Get, Obtain
enek̑-: 达到,获得 to reach, obtain
kþē(i)-: 获得,获得,拥有 to gain, acquire, possess
lāu-: 获得(作为战利品),享受某物 to acquire (as booty), enjoy something
☝↑ [21.21] 给予 to Give
3.ai-: 给予 to give
dō- : də-: 给,捐 to give, donate
2.lē(i)-: 授予/获得占有权 to grant/acquire possession
1.nem-: 给尼姆,取,给,数,分 to nim, take, give, count, apportion
☝↑ [21.23] 恢复 to Restore
2.ad-: 修理,整理 to fix, put in order
i̯ēk- : i̯ək-: 治愈 to heal
☝↑ [21.24] 保存,保存,保持安全 to Save, Preserve, Keep Safe
areq-: 锁住、守卫、保护 to lock, guard, protect
bherg̑h-: 保存、隐藏、掩埋 to keep, hide, bury
kadh-: 守卫、掩护、保护 to guard, cover, protect
2.ser-: 服务、守卫、保护、庇护 to serve, guard, protect, shelter
5.u̯er-: 关闭、关闭、掩护;守卫、警告、拯救 to shut, close, cover; guard, warn, save
☝↑ [21.27] 毁灭 to Destroy
ol-(e-): 毁灭 to destroy
☝↑ [21.28] 伤害,伤害 to Harm, Injure, Damage
bhen-: 打,伤 to hit, wound
2.dhreugh-: 伤害,欺骗 to harm, deceive
1.g̑hei-: 刺激,开车;投掷,伤害 to goad, drive; to throw, wound
4.k̑er-: 伤害,伤害;毁坏,宠坏 to harm, injure; ruined, spoiled
laidh-: 割伤、伤害、伤害 to cut, hurt, injure
pē(i)-: 伤害、责骂、羞辱 to hurt, scold, shame
skēth-: 责骂、辱骂、伤害、损害 to scold, scathe, injure, damage
u̯en-: 打,伤 to hit, wound
8.u̯el-: 偷窃;伤害、撕裂、撕扯 to steal; to wound, tear, avulse
☝↑ [21.29] 糟蹋 to Spoil
g̑er-: 摩擦;腐烂;老化,成熟;谷粒 to rub; rotten; to age, ripen; grain
4.k̑er-: 伤害,伤害;毁坏,宠坏 to harm, injure; ruined, spoiled
1.leit-: 憎恶,憎恶,憎恶;侵犯 to loathe, detest, abhor; violate
2.pū̆- : peu̯ə-: 腐烂,发臭 to rot, stink
8.(s)ter-: 粪,粪,脏水;腐烂,弄脏 dung, stercory, dirty water; to rot, befoul
tā-: 融化,融化,腐烂,消散 to thaw, melt, decay, dissipate
☝↑ [21.32] 找到 to Find
4.u̯er-: 找,拿 to find, take
☝↑ [21.34] 释放 to Release
2.leu-: 解放、切断、分离 to free, cut off, separate
paus-: 释放,释放 to free, let loose
selg̑-: 倾吐,释放,送出 to pour out, set free, send/throw away
☝↑ [21.41] 财产 Property
4.rei- : rēi-: 东西,占有 thing, possession
☝↑ [21.52] 可怜的 Poor
eg-: 缺少(某物) lack (of something)
☝↑ [21.56] 偷 to Steal
3.ster-: 抢劫,偷窃 to rob, steal
8.u̯el-: 偷窃;伤害、撕裂、撕扯 to steal; to wound, tear, avulse
☝↑ [21.58] 抢劫;抢劫 to Rob; Robber
5.mer-: 擦,擦;打包,抢劫 to rub, wipe; pack, rob
3.ster-: 抢劫,偷窃 to rob, steal
☝↑ [21.63] 欠 to Owe
2.(s)kel-: 欠,有罪 to owe, be guilty
☝↑ [21.64] 债务 Debt
dhl̥gh-: 债务、罪恶感、责任 debt, guilt, duty
☝↑ [21.65] 支付 to Pay
ghel-tō: 付出代价,付出,值得 to cost, pay, be worth
☝↑ [21.66] 账户,清算 Account, Reckoning
1.del-: 说,数,算 to tell, count, calculate
1.nem-: 给尼姆,取,给,数,分 to nim, take, give, count, apportion
2.rē̆k-: 记录、计算、安排、准备 to reck, reckon, arrange, prepare
☝↑ [21.72] 成本、费用 Cost, Expense
ghel-tō: 付出代价,付出,值得 to cost, pay, be worth
☝↑ [21.79] 赚 to Earn
5.pel-: 赚,卖 to earn, sell
☝↑ [21.81] 购买 to Buy
8.u̯es-: 买卖,交换 to buy, sell, exchange
☝↑ [21.82] 出售 to Sell
5.pel-: 赚,卖 to earn, sell
2c.per-: 出售,传授 to sell, impart
8.u̯es-: 买卖,交换 to buy, sell, exchange
☝↑ [21.83] 交易 to Trade
2.mei-: 改变、变异、交换 to change, mutate, exchange
mei-gu̯-: 改变 to (ex)change
2.mei-t(h)-: 通勤 to commute, (ex)change
4.u̯eik-: 弯曲,弯曲;交换,传递 to bend, curve; exchange, pass around
8.u̯es-: 买卖,交换 to buy, sell, exchange

☝↑ [22.01,空] 空间关系 Spatial Relations
☝↑ [22.11] 地点 Place
top-: 到达,停留;放置 to reach, stay; place
☝↑ [22.12] 放置、放置、设置、放置 to Put, Place, Set, Lay
2.dhē-: 布置,布置,布置 to do, put, place, set
klā-: 装载、放置、堆起来、躺下 to lade, place, heap up, lay down
3.stel-: 放置,放置 to put, place
☝↑ [22.13] 坐 to Sit
ē̆s-: 坐 to sit
sed-: 坐,坐,坐 to sit, set, settle
☝↑ [22.14] 躺着,躺着 to Lie, Recline
1.k̑ei-: 躺着,躺着;露营,回家 to lie, recline; camp, home
k̑lei-: 倾斜、倾斜、倾斜 to lean, incline, tip (over)
legh-: 躺下,躺下,躺下 to lie, recline, set down
rem-: 休息;支撑 to rest; to support
☝↑ [22.15] 站起来 to Stand
g̑hers-: 僵硬,竖起,突出 to stiffen, bristle, stand out
stā- : stə-: 站起来 to stand
stāk-: 放置,站立 to place, stand
☝↑ [22.16] 留下来,等等,留下来 to Stay, Wait, Remain
5.men-: 停留,停留,静止 to stay, remain, stand still
top-: 到达,停留;放置 to reach, stay; place
1.u̯es-: 为了生活,过夜 to live, stay overnight
☝↑ [22.18] 离开,放弃 to Leave, Relinquish
1.g̑hē-: 缺少,空虚;离开,出去 to lack, be empty; leave, go out
3.lē(i)-: 使衰弱,使落后;衰弱 to weaken, leave behind; feeble
leiku̯-: 离开,放弃 to leave, relinquish
☝↑ [22.19] 安静(形容词) Quiet (adj)
2.erə-: 休息,安静 to rest, be still
ku̯ei̯ə-: 安详,安详 to rest comfortably; quiet, peaceful, tranquil
☝↑ [22.21] 收集,收集 to Gather, Collect
1.ger-: 填鸭、收集、拼凑 to cram, collect, put together
ghais-: 坚持,固定 to stick, be fixed to
krā[u]- : krəu- : krū̆-: 堆起来,堆在一起;堆;屋顶 to heap up, pile together; heap; roof
2.ku̯ei-: 收藏、收集、堆积 to stow, gather, pile up
leg̑-: 收集,收集 to gather, collect
les-: 租赁、收集、提取 to lease, collect, pick up
(s)keup-: 捆、束、群等。 sheaf, bunch, flock, etc.
stāi-: 把石头压在一起;把石头压在一起 to condense, press together; stiff; stone
3.u̯eik-: 为了发生,变得平等,走到一起 to happen, become equal, come together
☝↑ [22.22] 加入,团结 to Join, Unite
1.ger-: 填鸭、收集、拼凑 to cram, collect, put together
ghais-: 坚持,固定 to stick, be fixed to
ghedh-: 联合,联合,聚集,结交 to join, unite, gather, make a bond
2.i̯eu-: 把…绑在一起 to yoke, join, tie together
1.kem-: 挤,卷边,挤在一起 to squeeze, hem in, press together
kol(ē̆)i̯-: 胶 glue
1.ku̯e: (英语)和 (enclitic) and
5.mel-: 肢体;连接 limb; to join
nes-: 联合;隐藏 to unite; be concealed
2.sem-: 一个,一些,一起 one, some, together
sendhro-: 凝固的,凝固的;液体的,熔化的等。 clotted, coagulated; fluid, melted, etc.
4.ser-: 插入、排列、拼凑 to insert, line up, put/bind together
2.streig-: 拉紧、僵硬、严格;扭动;绳子 taut, stiff, strict; to twist; rope
strenk-: 紧绷的;绳索、绳子 tight, cramped; cord, string
☝↑ [22.23] 分开 to Separate
4.au-: 其他;那个(一) other; that (one)
2.leu-: 解放、切断、分离 to free, cut off, separate
seni-: 为自己;杂七杂八的,分开的 for oneself; sundry, separate
skē̆i-: 切割、切割、切割、分离 to cut, skive, exscind, separate
1.u̯eik-: 选择、过滤、整理 to choose, filter, sort out
1.u̯ī̆-: 分开,分开,分成两部分;两个 apart, separate from, in two; both
☝↑ [22.232] 分裂 to Divide
1.bhag-: 分配,分配 to divide, apportion
dā : də-: 分享,分享 to share, divide
3.del-: 分裂,分裂 to split, divide
gleubh-: 切割、劈开、削、切 to cut, cleave, pare, slice
☝↑ [22.24] 打开 to Open
ghed-: 排便;洞,口 to defecate; hole, opening
ghen-: 碾碎,撕开,啃成碎片 to grind, crack open, gnaw to pieces
3.perk̑-: 挖开,挖出,撕开;挖沟 to open, dig out, rip up; furrow
2.reu-: 打开、撕开、挖出/撕开等。 to open, tear out, dig/rip up, etc.
reu̯ə- : rū-: 使开阔,开阔;宽阔,宽敞 to ream, open; wide, roomy
7.u̯er-: 扎根,打开,撕碎 to root, open, tear up
☝↑ [22.25] 关闭,关闭 to Shut, Close
g̑herdh-: 围住,包围 to gird, enclose, encompass
2.sten-: 缩小,折边 to narrow, hem in
tu̯eng̑h-: 刺痛、压迫、约束、接近 to twinge, oppress, constrain, close in
5.u̯er-: 关闭、关闭、掩护;守卫、警告、拯救 to shut, close, cover; guard, warn, save
☝↑ [22.26] 覆盖 to Cover
1.dhengh-: 压,盖 to press, cover
3.k̑em-: 包裹、遮盖、隐藏 to wrap, cover, conceal
2.lā-: 隐藏,掩盖,隐藏 to be hidden, covered, latent
3b.pel-: 包,盖;布;掉下来,毛皮 to wrap, cover; cloth; fell, pelt
2.(s)keu-: 隐藏、包装、遮盖 to hide, wrap, cover
1.(s)teg-: 甲板,茅草,盖;房子,屋顶 to deck, thatch, cover; house, roof
1.u̯ā̆g-: 护套、盖、空心盖 sheath, cover, hollow lid
5.u̯er-: 关闭、关闭、掩护;守卫、警告、拯救 to shut, close, cover; guard, warn, save
☝↑ [22.27] 隐藏,隐藏 to Hide, Conceal
bherg̑h-: 保存、隐藏、掩埋 to keep, hide, bury
dhelbh-: 挖,挖,埋 to dig, delve, bury
4.k̑el-: 隐藏,隐藏 to hide, conceal
3.k̑em-: 包裹、遮盖、隐藏 to wrap, cover, conceal
2.lā-: 隐藏,掩盖,隐藏 to be hidden, covered, latent
nes-: 联合;隐藏 to unite; be concealed
2.(s)keu-: 包起来,藏起来 to hide, wrap, cover
teup-: 蹲下,隐藏自己 to crouch down, conceal oneself
☝↑ [22.31] 高 High
bhereg̑h-: 高,高贵;手推车,山 high, noble; barrow, mountain
er(ə)d-: 高;生长 high; to grow
1.rek-: 伸出,竖立;撑杆 to project, tower up; pole
upér: 上面,上面 over, above
1.u̯eis-: 成长,发芽 to grow, sprout
1.u̯eis-: 成长,发芽 to grow, sprout
2.u̯er-: 高地,高地;高地 highland, raised place; high, top
u̯erdh-: 生长;高 to grow; high
☝↑ [22.32] 低 Low
2.lēg̑h- : ləg̑h-: 爬;低 to crawl; low
2.ner-: 下面,下面 below, under
n̥dhos: 在下面 under
upo: 在(从)下面等。 under, (from) below, etc.
☝↑ [22.34] 底部 Bottom
bhudh-m(e)n: 基础,基础,底部,基础 base, ground, bottom, fundament
☝↑ [22.352] 点 Point
bhares-: 尖头、鬃毛、残茬(带共振峰) point, bristle, stubble (with formants)
☝↑ [22.353] 边缘 Edge
1.bherem-: 突出边缘;突出边缘 to stand out; brim, edge, hem
bhren-: 突出,突出;边缘,边缘 to bulge, stick out; edge, brink
leizd-: 边缘、流苏、下摆 edge, fringe, hem
mereg̑-: 行军、边界、边界、边界 march, edge, border, frontier
☝↑ [22.36] 侧面 Side
2.an-: 那边,另一边 there, other side
4.an-: 继续,沿着,在那边 on, along, over there
kom: 在,在,在,在,在,在旁边 at, by, cum, with, alongside
peg- : pog- : pōg-: 臀部、侧面、肩部 hip, side, shoulder
☝↑ [22.37] 中间 Middle
medhi-: 中间的 middle
☝↑ [22.43] 近(adj) Near (adj)
1.ad-: 在,由,到 at, by, to
1.en: 在里面 in
epi: 在epi附近- at, near, epi-
k̑o-: 这个;这里 this; here
2.me-: 通过,伴随,中间,周围 by, with, amidst, around
pos: 大约,围绕;旁边;前面 about, around; by, beside; in front of
☝↑ [22.44] 远(形容词) Far (adj)
eg̑hs: 从,出,前- from, out of, ex-
eti: 超出、超出等。 out, beyond, etc.
ū̆d-: 向外,向外,向上(向前) out, away, up(wards)
☝↑ [22.47] 北 North
k̑ēu̯ero-: 北(风) north (wind)
☝↑ [22.51] 形状,形状(n) Form, Shape (n)
engu̯-: 肿块、肿胀 bump, swelling
1.krep-: 形式;尸体,尸体 form; corpse, body
2.lē̆ig-: 形状、外观;相似的 form, appearance; like, similar
u̯ek-ti-: 惠特,东西 whit, thing
☝↑ [22.53] 成长 to Grow
2.al-: 生长,滋养,增强 to grow, nourish, enhance
au̯eg-: 扩大,增加,扩大 to augment, increase, magnify
baˣb-: 膨胀 to swell
bed-: 膨胀 to swell
2.b(e)u-: 沸腾,膨胀,膨胀 to boil, swell, puff up
3.bhel-: 生长、扩散、膨胀、膨胀 to grow, spread, swell, inflate
bhelg̑h-: 膨胀、膨胀、翻滚 to swell, bulge, billow
2.bher-: 沸腾,膨胀,膨胀 to boil, swell, well up
bheu-: 生存;成长,繁荣 to be, exist; grow, prosper
2.bhlei-: 膨胀、爆裂、爆炸 to swell, burst, blow up
bhleu-: 膨胀,膨胀 to bloat, swell, blow up; flow
1.bhreu-s-: 膨胀,发芽 to swell, sprout
er(ə)d-: 高;生长 high; to grow
g̑ēi-: 发芽 to sprout
ghrē- : ghrō- : ghrə-: 成长,变绿 to grow, become green
gu̯et-: 肿胀 的 swelling
2.k̑er-: 增长,增长 to grow, increase
1.k̑eu-: 膨胀 to swell
1.leudh-: 长大;自由;人 to grow up; free; people
ōg-: 生长;果实、浆果 to grow; fruit, berry
3.sp(h)ē(i)-: 发胖、发财、成功等。 to fatten, prosper, succeed, etc.
tāl-: 生长,变绿;栽种,发芽 to grow, turn green; plant, young sprout
tāl-: 生长,变绿;栽种,发芽 to grow, turn green; plant, young sprout
temp-: 伸展,伸展 to span, stretch, extend
1.ten-: 伸展,伸展 to span, stretch, extend
tēu-: 膨胀,膨胀 to swell, intumesce
1.u̯eis-: 成长,发芽 to grow, sprout
1.u̯eis-: 成长,发芽 to grow, sprout
u̯erdh-: 生长;高 to grow; high
3.u̯erg̑-: 要丰富,就要坚强;要蜂拥,就要膨胀 to abound, be very strong; to swarm, swell
☝↑ [22.54] 测量 to Measure
3.mē-: 测量 to measure
1.med-: 计量,分配;用药,提出建议 to mete, allot; medicate, give advice
☝↑ [22.55] 大,大,好 Big, Large, Great
gu̯retso-: 又大又厚,很恶心 big, thick, gross
4.mē-: 大的,重要的 big, important
meg̑(h)- : meg̑(h)-: 大的,多的,好的,大的,大的- big, much, great, major, mega-
4.mel-: 大的,强壮的 big, strong
☝↑ [22.56] 小,小 Small, Little
leud-: 俯身、俯身、俯身;弯曲、小等。 to lout, bend over, duck down; bent, little, etc.
5.mei-: 减少,减少;小,小 to lessen, diminish; small, minor
4.men-: 缩小;缩小 to diminish; small
mut-o-s: 修剪、发育不良、割礼、残缺 trimmed, stunted, circumcised, mutilated
mut-o-s: 修剪、发育不良、割礼、残缺 trimmed, stunted, circumcised, mutilated
pōu- : pəu- : pū̆-: 少,小,小;小(指动物) few, small, little; young (of animals)
☝↑ [22.57] 长 Long
5.del-: 长的 long
māk̑- : mək̑-: 细长的 long and slender
☝↑ [22.59] 短 Short
dhu̯ergh- : drugh-: 残废的,矮小的,矮小的 crippled, dwarf-like, low in stature
mreg̑hu-: 简短,简短 brief, short
mut-o-s: 修剪、发育不良、割礼、残缺 trimmed, stunted, circumcised, mutilated
mut-o-s: 修剪、发育不良、割礼、残缺 trimmed, stunted, circumcised, mutilated
☝↑ [22.61] 宽,宽 Wide, Broad
pelə-: 平的,平的,宽的,宽的 plane, flat, wide, broad
1.plā-k- : plə-k-: 平的,宽的,宽的;展开的 flat, wide, broad; spread out
plā̆t-: 平的,宽的,宽的;展开的 flat, wide, broad; spread out
reu̯ə- : rū-: 使开阔,开阔;宽阔,宽敞 to ream, open; wide, roomy
2.stel-: 扩大,扩大,扩大;扩大 to dilate, broaden, stretch out; broad
9.u̯er- : u̯eru-s: 宽,宽 wide, broad
☝↑ [22.62] 窄 Narrow
ang̑h-: 紧缩,狭窄,痛苦;紧缩 tight, narrow, anguished; to constrict
2.sten-: 缩小,折边 to narrow, hem in
☝↑ [22.63] 厚(尺寸) Thick (in Dimension)
dheb-: 肥,厚,重 fat, thick, heavy
gu̯retso-: 又大又厚,很恶心 big, thick, gross
tegu-: 厚的,肥的 thick, fat
☝↑ [22.64] 厚(密度) Thick (in Density)
2.dens-: 稠密的 dense
dheb-: 肥,厚,重 fat, thick, heavy
2.tenk-: 凝结,变稠,收缩;紧密,坚固 to clot, thicken, contract; tight, solid
☝↑ [22.65] 薄(尺寸) Thin (in Dimension)
2.lei-: 消散,消失;消瘦,虚弱 to dissipate, disappear; thin, weak
tenu-s: 薄的 thin
☝↑ [22.66] 薄(密度) Thin (in Density)
su̯omb(h)o-s: 多孔、海绵状、沼泽状 porous, spongy, swampy
☝↑ [22.67] 深 Deep
dheu-b-: 深的,空心的 deep, hollow
gu̯ā̆dh-: 潜水、下沉、沉没 to dive, sink, submerge
2.ner-: 下面,下面 below, under
n̥dhos: 在下面 under
☝↑ [22.71] 平的 Flat
2.dhen-: 平坦的手、地面等。 flat of hand, surface of land, etc.
lēp-: 平的 flat
pelə-: 平的,平的,宽的,宽的 plane, flat, wide, broad
1.plā-k- : plə-k-: 平的,宽的,宽的;展开的 flat, wide, broad; spread out
plā̆t-: 平的,宽的,宽的;展开的 flat, wide, broad; spread out
2.tel-: 平(板、地) flat (board, ground)
☝↑ [22.72] 空心,凹面 Hollow, Concave
1.dhel-: 曲线;戴尔,空心 curve; dell, hollow
dheu-b-: 深的,空心的 deep, hollow
kau-l-: 洞,洞;骨 hole, hollow; bone
☝↑ [22.74] 歪扭的 Crooked
dhu̯ergh- : drugh-: 残废的,矮小的,矮小的 crippled, dwarf-like, low in stature
leud-: 俯身、俯身、俯身;弯曲、小等。 to lout, bend over, duck down; bent, little, etc.
4.(s)kel-: 弯曲;弯曲 to bend; crooked
u̯e-n-g-: 弯曲 bent
u̯e-n-gh-: 弯曲 bent
☝↑ [22.75] 钩子,钩子 Hook, Crook
2.bhedh-: 弯曲、弯曲、弯曲 to flex, bend, crook
keg-: 栓,手柄,(抓)钩 peg, handle, (grappling) hook
klēu-: 钩子,钩子 hook, crook
☝↑ [22.76] 角,角 Angle, Corner
kan-tho-: 曲线、角度、角 curve, angle, corner
☝↑ [22.81] 圆形(adj) Round (adj)
au-lo-s : ēu-l-: 管子,管子,奥洛斯 tube, pipe, aulos
gag-: 圆的/块状的东西 something round/lumpy
1.gel-: 卷曲,形成球状;圆形 to curl, form into ball; round
7.u̯el-: 转,风;转,滔滔不绝 to turn, wind; round, voluble
☝↑ [22.82] 圆 Circle
ambhi: 周围,两边 around, at both sides
g̑herdh-: 围住,包围 to gird, enclose, encompass
2.me-: 通过,伴随,中间,周围 by, with, amidst, around
☝↑ [22.84] 线路 Line
ēl-: 线,带 line, strip
k̑erdho-: 排,排,群 line, row, herd
4.ster-: 线条,条纹,条纹,条纹 line, streak, strip, stripe
☝↑ [22.85] 孔 Hole
ghed-: 排便;洞,口 to defecate; hole, opening
☝↑ [22.91] 平等,相似 Equal, Alike
3.u̯eik-: 为了发生,变得平等,走到一起 to happen, become equal, come together
☝↑ [22.92] 相似的,相似的 Like, Similar
1.al-: 超越;其他,外星人 beyond; other, alien
4.au-: 其他;那个(一) other; that (one)
bhili-: 好,友好,和谐 good, friendly, harmonious
2.lē̆ig-: 形状、外观;相似的 form, appearance; like, similar
☝↑ [22.93] 改变 to Change
2.mei-: 改变、变异、交换 to change, mutate, exchange
mei-gu̯-: 改变 to (ex)change
2.mei-t(h)-: 通勤 to commute, (ex)change

☝↑ [23.01,算] 数量和数量 Quantity & Number
☝↑ [23.12] 数量 Number
dek̑m̥: 十年,十年 ten, decade
du̯ō(u): 两个,迪奥 two, duo
e-neu̯en: 九 nine
g̑héslo-: 一千,奇利德 thousand, chiliad
ku̯etu̯er-: 四,四 four, fourth
ok̑tō(u): 八,八度 eight, octad
penku̯e: 五,五 five, fifth
septm̥: 七 seven
su̯ek̑s: 六 six
☝↑ [23.13] 整体 Whole
bhasko-: 堆,束,束 heap, bundle, fascicle
solo-: 整体,保存良好,健康 whole, well-kept, salubrious
☝↑ [23.15] 很多很多 Much, Many
bhasko-: 堆,束,束 heap, bundle, fascicle
men(e)gh-: 很多,丰富,丰富,过多 many, copious, abundant, excessive
obhel-: 扫描;倍增 to sweep; multiply
su̯ek̑s: 六 six
3.u̯erg̑-: 要丰富,就要坚强;要蜂拥,就要膨胀 to abound, be very strong; to swarm, swell
☝↑ [23.18] 够了 Enough
sā-: 够了,饱了,够了 enough, satiate, sufficient
☝↑ [23.19] 人群,人群 Crowd, Multitude
k̑erdho-: 排,排,群 line, row, herd
3.u̯erg̑-: 要丰富,就要坚强;要蜂拥,就要膨胀 to abound, be very strong; to swarm, swell
☝↑ [23.21] 满的 Full
bhareku̯-: 闹剧,满满的 to farce, stuff full
1.pel-: 倒,灌;满,全体;城镇? to pour, fill; full, plenary; town?
☝↑ [23.22] 空的 Empty
eg-: 缺少(某物) lack (of something)
1.eu-: 缺乏,缺乏;空虚,空虚 to lack, want; empty, vacant
1.g̑hē-: 缺少,空虚;离开,出去 to lack, be empty; leave, go out
☝↑ [23.32] 一 One
3.e-: (指示粒子:1,this等) (demonstrative particle: one, this, etc.)
oi-no-: (指示粒子:1,this等) (demonstrative particle: one, this, etc.)
2.sem-: 一个,一些,一起 one, some, together
☝↑ [23.33] 只有一个人 Alone, Only
seni-: 为自己;杂七杂八的,分开的 for oneself; sundry, separate
☝↑ [23.41] 三 Three
trei-: 三,三人组 three, trio
☝↑ [23.48] 三人小组 Group of Three
trei-: 三,三人组 three, trio

☝↑ [24.01,时] 时间 Time
☝↑ [24.13] 新的 New
neu̯os: 新的 new
☝↑ [24.14] 年轻 Young
3.i̯eu-: 年轻的 young
3.ken-: 开始,出生,重生;年轻,新近 to begin, be born, come forth anew; young, recent
pōu- : pəu- : pū̆-: 少,小,小;小(指动物) few, small, little; young (of animals)
☝↑ [24.15] 旧的 Old
sen(o)-: 老的,老的,老的 old, senile, senior
☝↑ [24.18] 现在 Now
nū̆-: 现在 now
☝↑ [24.21] 快,快,快 Fast, Swift, Quick
1.eis-: 迅速/猛烈地移动 to move rapidly/violently
k̑ēi-bh-: 快,急,猛 fast, hasty, violent
k̑ēi-gh-: 快,急,猛 fast, hasty, violent
pei-m(i)-: 快,快,快,快 swift, quick, rapid, nimble
1.sp(h)er-: 仓促、推开、鲁莽行事等。 to rush, push away, act rashly, etc.
☝↑ [24.23] 快点,快点 to Hurry, Hasten
1.sp(h)er-: 仓促、推开、鲁莽行事等。 to rush, push away, act rashly, etc.
sp(h)erd(h)-: 冲刺;冲刺;奔跑 to rush, sprint, spring; running
*(s)p(h)ereg-: 急,急;撒,撒,散 to rush, hurry; strew, sprinkle, disperse
sperg̑h-: 急,急,春,跳 to rush, hurry, spring, jump
☝↑ [24.25] 开始;开始 to Begin; Beginning
3.ken-: 开始,出生,重生;年轻,新近 to begin, be born, come forth anew; young, recent
☝↑ [24.28] 停止 to Cease
2.erə-: 休息,安静 to rest, be still
gu̯es-: 熄灭,熄灭 to quench, extinguish
☝↑ [24.29] 就绪(adj) Ready (adj)
2.rē̆k-: 记录、计算、安排、准备 to reck, reckon, arrange, prepare
sen-: 准备工作 to prepare, work on
☝↑ [24.41] 天 Day
ā̆g̑her-: 白天,黎明 day, dawn
ā̆ier-: 白天(白天),早晨 day(light), morning
āmer-: 白天 day
1.dei-: 闪耀,闪耀;白天,太阳;上帝,神 to shine, glitter; day, sun; god, deity
☝↑ [24.42] 晚上 Night
neku̯-(t-): 夜 night
☝↑ [24.44] 早晨 Morning
ā̆ier-: 白天(白天),早晨 day(light), morning
☝↑ [24.46] 傍晚 Evening
u̯esperos: 晚安,晚安 vesper, evening
☝↑ [24.49] 昨天 Yesterday
g̑hði̯és: 昨天 yesterday
☝↑ [24.71] 月 Month
mēnōt: 月;月 month; moon
☝↑ [24.73] 年 Year
at-: 去;年,年 to go; year, annum
u̯et-: 年 year
☝↑ [24.74] 冬天 Winter
2.g̑hei- : g̑hi-: 雪;冬天 snow; winter
☝↑ [24.76] 夏天 Summer
es-en-: 夏天,收获的季节 summer, harvest time
3.sem-: 夏天 summer

☝↑ [25.01,感] 感觉 Sense Perception
☝↑ [25.11] 感知,感知;感知 to Sense, Perceive; Sense
sap-: 品味,悟性,感知 to taste, savvy, perceive
sent-: 发送,去,选择方向;感知 to send, go, choose direction; to sense
2.teu-: 注意、观察、倾听 to notice, observe, listen to
8.u̯er-: 注意,观察,注意,注意 to notice, observe, attend, be aware
☝↑ [25.21] 嗅 to Smell (subj)
bhrag-: 闻,闻 to scent, smell
neu-ks-: 嗅,嗅,嗅 to scent, smell, sniff
1.od-: 闻 to smell
☝↑ [25.22] 闻(obj) to Smell (obj)
bhrag-: 闻,闻 to scent, smell
neu-ks-: 嗅,嗅,嗅 to scent, smell, sniff
1.od-: 闻 to smell
smerd-: 臭 to stink
☝↑ [25.26] 臭,臭 Stinking, Bad Smelling
2.pū̆- : peu̯ə-: 腐烂,发臭 to rot, stink
smerd-: 臭 to stink
☝↑ [25.31] 品尝 to Taste (subj)
g̑eus-: 品尝,品尝,享受 to taste, degust, enjoy
sap-: 品味,悟性,感知 to taste, savvy, perceive
smeg(h)-: 拍,尝 to smack, taste
☝↑ [25.32] 品尝(obj) to Taste (obj)
g̑eus-: 品尝,品尝,享受 to taste, degust, enjoy
sap-: 品味,悟性,感知 to taste, savvy, perceive
smeg(h)-: 拍,尝 to smack, taste
☝↑ [25.35] 甜蜜的 Sweet
dl̥kú-: 太好了,太棒了 sweet, dulcet
su̯ād-: 甜蜜;享受某物 sweet; to enjoy something
☝↑ [25.36] 咸咸的 Salty
sū-ro-: 酸的,苦的,咸的;奶酪 sour, bitter, salty; cheese
☝↑ [25.37] 苦涩的 Bitter
alu-: 苦的;啤酒、啤酒 bitter; ale, beer
sū-ro-: 酸的,苦的,咸的;奶酪 sour, bitter, salty; cheese
☝↑ [25.38] 酸的,酸性的 Sour, Acidic
ku̯at(h)-: 发酵,变酸 to ferment, become sour
sū-ro-: 酸的,苦的,咸的;奶酪 sour, bitter, salty; cheese
☝↑ [25.41] 听 to Hear
1.keu-: 看,听,看,听,听 to see, hear, observe, hearken, attend to
1.k̑leu-: 听,听 to hear, listen
☝↑ [25.42] 听着,哈肯 to Listen, Harken
1.keu-: 看,听,看,听,听 to see, hear, observe, hearken, attend to
1.k̑leu-: 听,听 to hear, listen
1.ku̯ei(-t)-: 尊重地观察,注意 to observe with respect, pay attention to
2.teu-: 注意、观察、倾听 to notice, observe, listen to
☝↑ [25.44] 声音(n) Sound (n)
1.au-: 噢!(痛苦的感叹) ow! (exclamation of pain)
bau: bow wow(拟声词:狗叫) bow-wow (onomatopoeic: dog barking)
1.b(e)u-: (拟声:沉闷的噪音) (onomatopoeic: dull noise)
6.bhel-: 说话,铃,吼叫,回响 to speak, bell, bellow, resound
bhereg-: (拟声词:吠叫、哭泣、咆哮等) (onomatopoeic: to bark, cry, roar, etc.)
bhlē-: 嚎叫、哭泣、嚎叫 to bleat, weep, howl
3.bhreus-: 沸腾、发出声音等。 to boil, sound, etc.
3.dher-: (拟声词:对嗡嗡声、咆哮声、咕噜声等) (onomatopoeic: to drone, growl, purr, etc.)
dhu̯en-: 哼,雄蜂 to hum, drone
ehem: 啊哈!哦!(感叹) aha! oho! (exclamation)
2.ger-: (拟声词:啼叫、尖叫等) (onomatopoeic: to crow, shriek, etc.)
1.gher-: (拟声词:咆哮、嘎嘎声等) (onomatopoeic: to snarl, rattle, etc.)
kan-: 唱,唱,唱 to sing, chant, sound
2.kem-: 哼,嗡嗡,低吟 to hum, buzz, croon
1.ker-: (拟声:沙哑的声音) (onomatopoeic: hoarse sound)
kuku: (拟声词:to coo,buckoo) (onomatopoeic: to coo, cuckoo)
ku̯ak-: (拟声词:呱呱叫、呱呱叫) (onomatopoeic: to quack, croak)
2.k̑u̯ei-: 发出嘘声、叽叽喳喳声、吹口哨等。 to hiss, twitter, whistle, etc.
3.lēu-: (拟声词:吠叫、嚎叫等) (onomatopoeic: to bark, howl, etc.)
mormor-: 低语(低沉地) to murmur (dully)
1.mū̆-: (拟声词:对moo、hum等) (onomatopoeic: to moo, hum, etc.)
pī̆p(p)-: 偷看,吱吱 to peep, squeak
1.reu-: (拟声词:吼叫、溃、圆等) (onomatopoeic: to roar, rout, round, etc.)
1.(s)ner-: 咆哮,咆哮 to snarl, growl
1.(s)ten-: 发出嗡嗡声、呻吟声、雷声等。 to drone, groan, thunder, etc.
3.(s)treig-: 发出嘘声 to hiss
su̯en-: 发声,回响 to sound, resound
2.su̯er-: 嗡嗡声,嘶嘶声 to buzz, hiss
ul-: (拟声词:嚎叫,哀号) (onomatopoeic: to howl, ululate)
☝↑ [25.45] 大声的 Loud
6.bhel-: 说话,铃,吼叫,回响 to speak, bell, bellow, resound
bhlē-: 嚎叫、哭泣、嚎叫 to bleat, weep, howl
☝↑ [25.51] 去看 to See
dhei̯ə- : dhi̯ā- : dhī-: 看,看,展示 to look, see, show
1.keu-: 看,听,看,听,听 to see, hear, observe, hearken, attend to
leuk-: 照亮,照亮;看见 to light, shine; see
oku̯-: 看,看;看 to see, ogle; eye
2.seku̯-: 看,注意;显示,说,说,说 to see, notice; show, say, speak
2.u̯(e)id-: 看,看,机智,知道 to vide, see, wit, know
8.u̯er-: 注意,观察,注意,注意 to notice, observe, attend, be aware
☝↑ [25.52] 看 to Look
derk̑-: 看 to look
dhei̯ə- : dhi̯ā- : dhī-: 看,看,展示 to look, see, show
1.ku̯ei(-t)-: 尊重地观察,注意 to observe with respect, pay attention to
spek̑-: 监视、检查、监视 to watch, inspect, spy on
8.u̯er-: 注意,观察,注意,注意 to notice, observe, attend, be aware
☝↑ [25.55] 展示 to Show
deik̑-: 教书,表演 to teach, show
dhei̯ə- : dhi̯ā- : dhī-: 看,看,展示 to look, see, show
mendh-: 吸引注意力;活泼 to direct attention to; vivacious
2.seku̯-: 看,注意;显示,说,说,说 to see, notice; show, say, speak
☝↑ [25.56] 闪闪发光 to Shine, Glisten
4.ā̆i-: 燃烧,闪耀 to burn, shine
ai-dh-: 燃烧,闪耀 to burn, shine
au̯es-: 闪耀 to shine
1.bhā-: 闪闪发光 to shine, glisten
bheigu̯-: 闪耀,闪耀? to shine, glitter?
1.bhel-: 闪闪发光的白色 glittering white
bheleg-: 闪闪发光 to shine, glisten
5.bher-: 闪亮的;亮棕色的 shining; bright brown
bherəg̑-: 发光;明亮,白色 to shine; bright, white
bherək̑-: 闪耀,闪耀 to shine, glitter
1.bhlē̆i- : bhləi- : bhlī-: 闪耀,闪耀 to shine, glitter
bhlē̆ig̑-: 闪耀,闪耀 to shine, glitter
bhles-: 闪闪发光 to shine, glitter
1.dei-: 闪耀,闪耀;白天,太阳;上帝,神 to shine, glitter; day, sun; god, deity
g̑el-: 明亮;发光,快乐 bright; to shine, be joyful
1.g̑hel-: 发光,耀眼,发光;金色,黄色,明亮的颜色 to shine, glare, glow; gold, yellow, bright color
3.g̑her-: 发光发光 to beam, shine, shimmer
kand-: 发光,发光;明亮,明亮 to glow, shine; bright, candent
3.k̑uei-: 发光;白 to shine; white
lā[i]p-: 燃烧,闪耀 to burn, shine
leuk-: 照亮,照亮;看见 to light, shine; see
2.mer-: 闪烁,闪烁 to flicker, shimmer
2.nei-: 感动,激动;闪耀 to be moved, excited; to shine
sk̑āi-: 暗淡地闪耀/闪烁;阴影 to shine/shimmer dully; shadow
2.(s)p(h)el-: 闪耀,闪耀 to shine, glitter
sp(h)eng-: 闪耀,闪耀 to shine, glitter
1.su̯eid-: 闪闪发光 to shine, glisten
2.tu̯ei-: 摇动,兴奋,前后移动,闪烁 to shake, excite, move back and forth, shimmer
☝↑ [25.57] 明亮 Bright
5.bher-: 闪亮的;亮棕色的 shining; bright brown
bherəg̑-: 发光;明亮,白色 to shine; bright, white
3.ei-: 亮的;红的 bright; reddish
g̑el-: 明亮;发光,快乐 bright; to shine, be joyful
kai-lo-: 聪明,健壮,健康 bright; hale, whole, healthy
kand-: 发光,发光;明亮,明亮 to glow, shine; bright, candent
k̑sē̆-ro-: 干燥、干燥、明亮(指天气) dry, xeric, bright (of weather)
2.rei-: 斑点,斑点,鲜艳的杂色 spotted, speckled, brightly variegated
(s)kāi-: 明亮,明亮 bright, shining
☝↑ [25.61] 颜色 Color
1.peig-: 彩色的,有斑点的 colored, speckled
2.perk̑-: 斑点,斑点 spotted, speckled
2.rei-: 斑驳的,有斑点的 spotted, speckled, brightly variegated
☝↑ [25.62] 浅色 Light in Color
bhlē-u̯o-s: 浅色(蓝色、黄色) a light color (blue, yellow)
k̑as-: 灰色 gray
6.pel-: 灰色的,暗淡的颜色;苍白的 gray, dull color; pallor
2.sal-: 灰,脏,黄 gray, dirty, sallow
☝↑ [25.63] 深色的 Dark in Color
5.bher-: 闪亮的;亮棕色的 shining; bright brown
2.k̑ei-: (深色:棕色、灰色) (dark color: brown, gray)
6.mel-: 深色(黑色、肮脏等) dark color (black, dirty, etc.)
su̯ordo-s: 黑色,黑色;黑色/肮脏的颜色 black, swarthy; dark/dirty color
tem(ə)-: 黑暗的 dark
☝↑ [25.64] 白色 White
albho-: 白色,白化病 white, albino
ar(e)-g̑-: 白色,银色,闪闪发光 white, argent, glittering
1.bhel-: 闪闪发光的白色 glittering white
bherəg̑-: 发光;明亮,白色 to shine; bright, white
k̑as-: 灰色 gray
3.k̑uei-: 发光;白 to shine; white
6.pel-: 灰色的,暗淡的颜色;苍白的 gray, dull color; pallor
2.sal-: 灰,脏,黄 gray, dirty, sallow
☝↑ [25.65] 黑色 Black
ames-: 黑鸟:梅尔,乌塞尔 blackbird: merl, ousel
6.mel-: 深色(黑色、肮脏等) dark color (black, dirty, etc.)
su̯ordo-s: 黑色,黑色;黑色/肮脏的颜色 black, swarthy; dark/dirty color
☝↑ [25.66] 红色 Red
bhlendh-: 暗淡、苍白、金发、微红 dim, pale, blond, reddish
3.ei-: 亮的;红的 bright; reddish
1.el-: 红色,棕色 red, brown
reudh-: 红色 red
☝↑ [25.67] 蓝色 Blue
bhlē-u̯o-s: 浅色(蓝色、黄色) a light color (blue, yellow)
(s)lī- : sləi-: 青,蓝 livid, bluish
☝↑ [25.68] 绿色 Green
ghrē- : ghrō- : ghrə-: 成长,变绿 to grow, become green
☝↑ [25.69] 黄色的 Yellow
bhlendh-: 暗淡、苍白、金发、微红 dim, pale, blond, reddish
bhlē-u̯o-s: 浅色(蓝色、黄色) a light color (blue, yellow)
kenəkó-: 金色,蜂蜜色 golden, honey-colored
☝↑ [25.71] 触摸 to Touch
1.dhā̆bh-: 无语,惊讶;轻拍,触摸,影响 to be speechless, astonished; to dab, be touched, affected
dheugh-: 挤牛奶,按,摸 to milk, press, touch
1.krei-: 刷、划、碰 to brush, stroke, touch
tag-: 抓住,抓住,触摸 to grip, seize, touch
☝↑ [25.74] 坚硬的 Hard
bhares-: 尖头、鬃毛、残茬(带共振峰) point, bristle, stubble (with formants)
deru-: 坚固的;树的,木头的 firm, solid; tree, wood
dherebh-: 使变硬;凝结 to harden; coagulated
g̑hers-: 僵硬,竖起,突出 to stiffen, bristle, stand out
1.kal-: 硬的,无情的;起泡的 hard, callous; blister
3.kar-: 坚硬的 hard
1.k̑er(s)-: 刚毛,硬毛 bristle, stiff hair
stē̆ib(h)-: 棍子、柱子、木桩;硬的 stick, pole, stake; stiff
1.(s)ter-: 僵硬、僵硬、坚实、僵硬等。 stark, stiff, solid, rigid, etc.
2.streig-: 拉紧、僵硬、严格;扭动;绳子 taut, stiff, strict; to twist; rope
2.tenk-: 凝结,变稠,收缩;紧密,坚固 to clot, thicken, contract; tight, solid
☝↑ [25.75] 柔软的 Soft
7.mēi- : mōi- : mī-: 温和,柔和 mild, soft
su̯omb(h)o-s: 多孔、海绵状、沼泽状 porous, spongy, swampy
☝↑ [25.78] 锐利的 Sharp
2.ak̑-: 尖锐的,锐利的,有棱角的;石头状的 sharp, acute, angular; stone
bend-: 刺,针,尖突出 spike, needle, tip jutting out
bheid-: 咬,刺,刺,劈 to bite, prick, pierce, split
3.bher-: 用锋利的工具 to bore, cut, scrape, use sharp tool
glōgh- : gləgh-: 倒刺,斯派克 barb, spike
k̑ē(i)- : k̑ō(i)- : k̑ə(i)-: 磨砺磨砺 to hone, whet, sharpen
pēu- : pəu- : pū̆-: 击中;尖锐 to hit; sharp
1.(s)p(h)ē̆i- : (s)p(h)ī̆-: 尖利的棍子:尖刺、唾沫等。 sharp/pointed stick: spile, spit, etc.
(s)tei-: 尖的,尖的;尖的,式样的,触针 sharp, pointed; spike, style, stylus
(s)teig-: 刺,刺;尖锐 to stick, prick; sharp
7.(s)ter-n-: 刺,多刺茎 thorn, prickly stalk
☝↑ [25.81] 沉重,沉重 Heavy, Weighty
dheb-: 肥,厚,重 fat, thick, heavy
enos-: 责任、负担 onus, burden
2.gu̯er-: 严肃,沉重 grave, heavy
☝↑ [25.83] 潮湿,潮湿 Wet, Damp
2.enebh- : nebh-: 潮湿,潮湿;云,光环;水 wet, damp; cloud, nimbus; water
lat-: 潮湿的;潮湿的 wet, damp; swamp
mad-: 滴;湿;肥,有光泽,喂养良好 to drip; wet; fat, glossy, well-fed
mā-no-: 潮湿,潮湿 wet, damp
1.meu-: 湿的,潮湿的;洗;脏的、泥的、泥泞的 wet, damp; to wash; dirt, mud, mire
2.pen-: 泥泞、沼泽、水;湿的 mud, fen, swamp, water; wet
2.reg̑-: 潮湿;下雨 damp; rain
sei-: 滴水,受潮 to drip, be damp
snā-: 流动,游泳;潮湿 to flow, swim; damp
1.teng-: 灌篮,浸泡,弄湿 to dunk, soak, wet
u̯egu̯- : ū̆gu̯-: 潮湿,潮湿;弄湿,洒水,灌溉;牛 damp, moist; to wet, sprinkle, irrigate; ox
2.u̯elk-: 潮湿,潮湿 wet, damp
3.u̯es-: 浸湿;弄湿 to ooze, dampen; wet
☝↑ [25.84] 干燥,干燥 Dry, Arid
k̑sē̆-ro-: 干燥、干燥、明亮(指天气) dry, xeric, bright (of weather)
saus-: 干性,干性 sere, dry
3.(s)kel-: 干燥、干燥、干燥 to parch, dessicate, dry out
ters-: 烤,干;渴 to toast, dry; thirst
☝↑ [25.85] 热的,暖和的 Hot, Warm
gu̯her-: 热的,热的 warm, hot
3.kā̆i-: 热 heat
1.k̑el-: 冷的;热的,高热量的 cold; warm, caloric
tep-: 温暖,温热 to be warm, tepid
☝↑ [25.86] 冷,冷 Cold, Frigid
3.gel(ə)-: 冷,冷;冻住 cool, cold; to keel, freeze
1.k̑el-: 冷的;热的,高热量的 cold; warm, caloric
preus-: 燃烧,冻结 to burn, freeze
srīg-: 冷,霜冻 cold, frost
☝↑ [25.87] 纯净,干净 Pure, Clean
1.peu-: 过滤、清洁、净化、净化 to sift, clean, purge, purify
tāg-: 整理 to tidy up
☝↑ [25.88] 脏的,脏的 Dirty, Soiled
1.dher-: 污垢、渣滓、某种沉积物 dirt, dreg, some type of deposit
1.leu-: 污垢 dirt
6.mel-: 深色(黑色、肮脏等) dark color (black, dirty, etc.)
2.sal-: 灰,脏,黄 gray, dirty, sallow
8.(s)ter-: 粪,粪,脏水;腐烂,弄脏 dung, stercory, dirty water; to rot, befoul

☝↑ [26.01,情] 情感 Emotion
☝↑ [26.11] 灵魂,灵魂 Soul, Spirit
gu̯hren-: 隔膜;思想、灵魂 diaphragm; mind, soul
☝↑ [26.13] 激情 Passion
2.nei-: 感动,激动;闪耀 to be moved, excited; to shine
1.u̯āt-: 伍德,梵蒂冈,精神活跃 wood, vatic, mentally animated
☝↑ [26.14] 护理(n) Care (n)
kois-: 治疗、担心、照料 to cure, worry, care for
sep-: 尊敬、关心、关心 to honor, care for, concern oneself with
(s)mer-: 哀悼,回忆,想起,关心 to mourn, remember, think of, care for
su̯ergh-: 生病;悲伤,关心 to be ill; to sorrow, care for
☝↑ [26.15] 惊奇,惊讶 Wonder, Astonishment
1.dhā̆bh-: 无语,惊讶;轻拍,触摸,影响 to be speechless, astonished; to dab, be touched, affected
gheis-: 震惊、震惊、困惑 shocked, aghast, confused
☝↑ [26.16] 惊喜 Surprise
gheis-: 震惊、震惊、困惑 shocked, aghast, confused
☝↑ [26.17] 运气(好或坏) Fortune (Good or Bad)
2.mā-: 及时,及时 timely, opportune
☝↑ [26.18] 好运 Good Fortune
kob-: 为了健康,过得好,快乐/成功 to fit, fare well, be happy/successful
3.sp(h)ē(i)-: 发胖、发财、成功等。 to fatten, prosper, succeed, etc.
☝↑ [26.21] 为了取悦 to Please
4.bheug-: 享受 to enjoy
bhrūg-: 水果;小溪,享受 fruit; to brook, enjoy
g̑eus-: 品尝,品尝,享受 to taste, degust, enjoy
☝↑ [26.22] 欢乐 Joy
2.i̯ū̆: 嚎叫 yowl (exclamation of joy/wonder)
4.sel-: 跳,跳,跳,跳 to jump, leap, spring, exult
☝↑ [26.23] 高兴,高兴 Glad, Joyful
4.bheug-: 享受 to enjoy
bhrūg-: 水果;小溪,享受 fruit; to brook, enjoy
gāu-: 高兴,就高兴 to rejoice, be glad
g̑el-: 明亮;发光,快乐 bright; to shine, be joyful
ghleu-: 快乐,快乐,快乐 to be happy, joyful, gleeful
1.pek̑-: 为了快乐,使美丽 to be joyful, make pretty
su̯ād-: 甜蜜;享受某物 sweet; to enjoy something
☝↑ [26.24] 快乐;幸福 Happy; Happiness
ghleu-: 快乐,快乐,快乐 to be happy, joyful, gleeful
☝↑ [26.25] 笑,笑 to Laugh, Smile
1.(s)mei-: 微笑 to smile
☝↑ [26.26] 玩 to Play
leid-: 玩,开玩笑 to play, joke
☝↑ [26.27] 去爱;去爱 to Love; Love
leubh-: 去爱,喜欢,关心 to love, like, care for
1.u̯en-: 爱慕、崇敬、努力/渴望 to love, venerate, strive/wish for
☝↑ [26.28] 亲爱的 Dear
prāi-: 喜欢,感到友好 to like, feel friendly/well-disposed
☝↑ [26.29] 接吻 to Kiss
bu-: 吻,巴斯 lip; kiss, buss
ku-: 接吻 to kiss
☝↑ [26.31] 痛苦,痛苦 Pain, Suffering
1.aig-: 生病,生病;沮丧,沮丧 ill, sick; depressed, dispirited
1.gu̯el-: 刺伤;痛苦、死亡、平息 to stab; pain, death, quell
k̑ormo-: 伤害、痛苦、折磨、痛苦 harm, pain, torment, suffering
ku̯enth-: 忍受,忍受 to suffer, endure
sāi-: 疼痛;疼痛 pain, illness; sore
☝↑ [26.32] 悲伤,悲伤 Grief, Sorrow
seug-: 悲伤、生病、悲伤、痛苦 sad, sick, grievous, afflicted
su̯ergh-: 生病;悲伤,关心 to be ill; to sorrow, care for
☝↑ [26.36] 可悲的 Sad
agh-: 烦恼、恐惧、沮丧 to ail, fear, be depressed
1.aig-: 生病,生病;沮丧,沮丧 ill, sick; depressed, dispirited
2.bhlēu- : bhləu- : bhlū-: 坏的,虚弱的,悲惨的 bad, weak, miserable
seug-: 悲伤、生病、悲伤、痛苦 sad, sick, grievous, afflicted
☝↑ [26.37] 哭,哭 to Cry, Weep
bhlē-: 嚎叫、哭泣、嚎叫 to bleat, weep, howl
2.gal-: 打电话,哭 to call, cry
g̑ā̆r-: 哭吧,哭吧 to call, cry
ghel-: 喊,叫,哭 to yell, call, cry
u̯āb-: 呼唤、哭泣、哭泣、哀叹 to call, cry, weep, lament
u̯ā̆gh-: 哭泣、尖叫、嘶哑 to cry, shriek, sough
☝↑ [26.38] 撕裂(n) Tear (n)
dak̑ru-: 眼泪(从眼睛上) tear (from the eye)
☝↑ [26.39] 呻吟 to Groan
1.(s)ten-: 发出嗡嗡声、呻吟声、雷声等。 to drone, groan, thunder, etc.
☝↑ [26.41] 仇恨(n) Hate (n)
k̑ād- : k̑ədes- : k̑əd-s-: 憎恨、不快、不安 hate, displeasure, uneasiness
1.leit-: 憎恶,憎恶,憎恶;侵犯 to loathe, detest, abhor; violate
2.od-: 憎恨、厌恶、憎恨、厌恶 hatred, disgust, odium, aversion
2.peig̑-: 怀有敌意 to be hostile
☝↑ [26.42] 愤怒 Anger
i̯ā- : i̯ō-: 惩罚,生气,激动 to punish, be angry, excited
6.mer-: 生气、打扰、打扰等。 to anger, bother, disturb, etc.
rabh-: 愤怒,愤怒 to rage, be furious
3i.u̯er-: 咬紧牙关;愤怒,困惑 to clench the teeth; wroth, confused
☝↑ [26.43] 愤怒,愤怒 Rage, Fury
bh(e)reu- : bh(e)rū̆-: 冲泡,煮沸,狂野 to brew, boil, surge, be wild
rabh-: 愤怒,愤怒 to rage, be furious
☝↑ [26.45] 羞耻(n) Shame (n)
gang-: 嘲笑、蔑视 to mock, scorn
pē(i)-: 伤害、责骂、羞辱 to hurt, scold, shame
2.trep-: 低头,羞耻地转过身去 to bow the head, turn away in shame
☝↑ [26.46] 荣誉(n) Honor (n)
sep-: 尊敬、关心、关心 to honor, care for, concern oneself with
☝↑ [26.51] 敢于 to Dare
1.bheidh-: 强迫;劝告、倾诉、鼓励 to force; advise, confide, encourage
dhers-: 敢不敢,要大胆 to dare, be bold
2e.per-: 冒险,冒险,尝试;冒险,危险 to dare, risk, try; peril, danger
☝↑ [26.52] 勇敢,勇敢 Brave, Courageous
dhers-: 敢不敢,要大胆 to dare, be bold
☝↑ [26.53] 害怕,害怕 Fear, Fright
agh-: 烦恼、恐惧、沮丧 to ail, fear, be depressed
du̯ei-: 害怕 to fear
2.perg-: 害怕;害怕 fear; to frighten
☝↑ [26.54] 危险,危险 Peril, Danger
2e.per-: 冒险,冒险,尝试;冒险,危险 to dare, risk, try; peril, danger
☝↑ [26.61] 给威尔,希望 to Will, Wish
1.ais-: 希望、渴望、要求/寻找 to wish, desire, ask/search for
gu̯hedh-: 乞求,乞求,祈求 to ask, beg, wish for
kā-: 喜欢、希望、渴望 to like, wish, desire
las-: 贪婪的,贪婪的 greedy, covetous
5.mē-: 有意;意志坚强 to be intent; of strong will
2.op-: 选择、选择、意见、建议 to opt, choose, opine, suggest
3.u̯ei-: 渴望、追求、追求、接近;坚强、暴力 to wish, pursue, go for, reach towards; strong, violent
2.u̯el-: 意志、欲望、愿望、选择 to will, want, wish, choose
1.u̯en-: 爱慕、崇敬、努力/渴望 to love, venerate, strive/wish for
☝↑ [26.62] 渴望 to Desire
1.ais-: 希望、渴望、要求/寻找 to wish, desire, ask/search for
1.g̑her-: 渴望,渴望 to desire, yearn for
kā-: 喜欢、希望、渴望 to like, wish, desire
las-: 贪婪的,贪婪的 greedy, covetous
☝↑ [26.66] 真的 TRUE
11.u̯er-: 真诚的,真诚的;真诚的 to show friendship; true, very, veracious, trustworthy
☝↑ [26.67] 谎言,谎言 Lie, Falsehood
1.leugh-: 撒谎、撒谎、推诿 to lie, belie, prevaricate
2.mel-: 欺骗 to deceive
☝↑ [26.68] 欺骗 Deceit
kēl-: 欺骗,愚弄,迷惑 to deceive, dumbfound, enthrall
1.leugh-: 撒谎、撒谎、推诿 to lie, belie, prevaricate
2.mel-: 欺骗 to deceive
☝↑ [26.71] 很好 Good
1.ar-: 合身,合身 to fit, suit
bhā̆d-: 很好,更好 good, better
bhili-: 好,友好,和谐 good, friendly, harmonious
2.dhabh-: 修理,适合;适当 to fix, suit; proper
☝↑ [26.72] 坏的 Bad
2.bhlēu- : bhləu- : bhlū-: 坏的,虚弱的,悲惨的 bad, weak, miserable
dus-: 坏,坏,坏 bad, foul, evil
☝↑ [26.73] 右(adj) Right (adj)
1.reg̑-: 管理,使公正/正确;国王,统治 to regulate, make just/right; king, reign
☝↑ [26.75] 罪恶,不虔诚 Sin, Impiety
agos-: 罪,罪;错,污点 sin, guilt; fault, blemish
☝↑ [26.76] 过失,内疚 Fault, Guilt
agos-: 罪,罪;错,污点 sin, guilt; fault, blemish
dhl̥gh-: 债务、罪恶感、责任 debt, guilt, duty
2.(s)kel-: 欠,有罪 to owe, be guilty
☝↑ [26.77] 错误,错误 Error, Mistake
mendā: 缺陷、缺陷、错误 flaw, defect, mistake
☝↑ [26.78] 责备(n) Blame (n)
enos-: 责任、负担 onus, burden
gang-: 嘲笑、蔑视 to mock, scorn
☝↑ [26.79] 表扬(n) Praise (n)
eu̯egu̯h-: 正式地赞扬、崇拜、承认、正式地讲话 to praise, worship, avow, speak formally
4.gu̯er(ə)-: 赞扬、祝贺、提拔 to praise, congratulate, raise one
1.neu-: 召唤,赞美 to call, praise
☝↑ [26.81] 美丽的 Beautiful
2.kal-: 英俊,美丽;健康 handsome, beautiful; healthy
1.pek̑-: 美丽,使快乐 to be joyful, make pretty

☝↑ [27.01,想] 思想与思想 Mind & Thought
☝↑ [27.11] 头脑 Mind
gu̯hren-: 隔膜;思想、灵魂 diaphragm; mind, soul
3.men-: 思考;思想,精神活动 to think; mind, spiritual activity
☝↑ [27.13] 思考,反思 to Think, Reflect
3.men-: 思考;思想,精神活动 to think; mind, spiritual activity
(s)mer-: 哀悼,回忆,想起,关心 to mourn, remember, think of, care for
1.tong-: 思考,感受 to think, feel
☝↑ [27.14] 思考,发表意见 to Think, be of the Opinion
mei-no-: 观点、意见、意图 view, opinion, intention
☝↑ [27.16] 理解 to Understand
8.au̯-: 感知,理解,意识到 to perceive, understand, be aware of
2.peu-: 名声,探索,了解 to repute, explore, understand
☝↑ [27.17] 知道 to Know
8.au̯-: 感知,理解,意识到 to perceive, understand, be aware of
bheudh-: 觉醒,觉醒 to awaken, be aware
2.g̑en-: 肯,知道,认识 to ken, know, recognize
ghou̯(ē)-: 目瞪口呆,意识到,注意 to gawk, be aware of, pay attention to
2.u̯(e)id-: 看,看,机智,知道 to vide, see, wit, know
☝↑ [27.23] 疯了,疯了,疯了 Mad, Crazy, Insane
1.u̯āt-: 伍德,梵蒂冈,精神活跃 wood, vatic, mentally animated
u̯ōro-: 发疯;头晕,疲倦 madness; dizziness, weariness
☝↑ [27.24] 学习 to Learn
1.dens-: 学习;智力 to learn; mental power
leis-: 犁沟;学习 to furrow; learn
☝↑ [27.31] 记住 to Remember
(s)mer-: 哀悼,回忆,想起,关心 to mourn, remember, think of, care for
☝↑ [27.35] 模糊的 Obscure
3i.u̯er-: 咬紧牙关;愤怒,困惑 to clench the teeth; wroth, confused
☝↑ [27.38] 解释 to Explain
1.med-: 计量,分配;用药,提出建议 to mete, allot; medicate, give advice
☝↑ [27.41] 目的、意图 Purpose, Intention
5.mē-: 有意;意志坚强 to be intent; of strong will
mei-no-: 观点、意见、意图 view, opinion, intention
3.u̯ei-: 渴望、追求、追求、接近;坚强、暴力 to wish, pursue, go for, reach towards; strong, violent

☝↑ [28.01,说] 语言与音乐 Language & Music
☝↑ [28.11] 声音(n) Voice (n)
mormor-: 低语(低沉地) to murmur (dully)
☝↑ [28.12] 唱歌 to Sing
kan-: 唱,唱,唱 to sing, chant, sound
sengu̯h-: 唱歌 to sing
☝↑ [28.13] 大喊大叫 to Shout, Cry Out
4.gu̯er(ə)-: 赞扬、祝贺、提拔 to praise, congratulate, raise one
☝↑ [28.14] 各种叫声 Various Cries
2.ger-: (拟声词:啼叫、尖叫等) (onomatopoeic: to crow, shriek, etc.)
hā̆: (惊喜:哈!哦!) (surprise: ha! oh!)
ha ha!: (笑声) (laughter)
2.i̯ū̆: 嚎叫 yowl (exclamation of joy/wonder)
1.mū̆-: (拟声词:对moo、hum等) (onomatopoeic: to moo, hum, etc.)
pī̆p(p)-: 偷看,吱吱 to peep, squeak
1.reu-: (拟声词:吼叫、溃、圆等) (onomatopoeic: to roar, rout, round, etc.)
☝↑ [28.21] 说话,说话 to Speak, Talk
5.ai- : oi-: 誓言,重要的演讲 oath, significant speech
6.au̯-: 说话 to speak
baba-: 喋喋不休,喋喋不休,语无伦次 babble, babbling, unclear speech
2.bhā-: 说话 to speak
6.bhel-: 说话,铃,吼叫,回响 to speak, bell, bellow, resound
ēg̑-: 说,说 to say, speak
eu̯egu̯h-: 正式地赞扬、崇拜、承认、正式地讲话 to praise, worship, avow, speak formally
2.gu̯et-: 说话,说话 to speak, talk
i̯ek-: 说话 to speak
k̑ens-: 正式宣布、宣布、正式发言 to announce, proclaim, speak formally
1.meldh-: (对神)说礼节话 to utter ritual words (to deity)
ōr-: 打电话、讲话、谈话、演说 to call, speak, talk, orate
plab-: 叽叽喳喳、叽叽喳喳等。 to babble, prattle, etc.
2.seku̯-: 看,注意;显示,说,说,说 to see, notice; show, say, speak
(s)pel-: 大声说,强调地说 to speak aloud, tell with emphasis
1.su̯er-: 说话,发誓,回答 to speak, swear, answer
tolku̯-: 说话 to speak
u̯eku̯-: 发声、说话、唤起 to voice, speak, evoke
6.u̯er-: 说话要正式 to speak, talk formally
☝↑ [28.22] 说 to Say
ēg̑-: 说,说 to say, speak
2.ō: O(呼唤粒子) O (vocative particle)
2.seku̯-: 看,注意;显示,说,说,说 to see, notice; show, say, speak
☝↑ [28.23] 沉默 to be Silent
1.dhā̆bh-: 无语,惊讶;轻拍,触摸,影响 to be speechless, astonished; to dab, be touched, affected
tak-: 默契,沉默 to be tacit, silent
☝↑ [28.26] 字 Word
de-: 我指示的;这里 I-deictic; here
ghe-: (强调性的?)粒子) (enclitic (emphatic?) particle)
☝↑ [28.28] 姓名 Name
en(o)mn̥-: 名称 name
☝↑ [28.34] 否认 to Deny
1.nĕ: (负粒子:否等) (negative particle: no, etc.)
☝↑ [28.35] 请求,请求 to Ask, Request
gu̯hedh-: 乞求,乞求,祈求 to ask, beg, wish for
ku̯o-: (不定/疑问代词) (indefinite/interrogative pronoun)
4.perk̑-: 请求、请求/祈祷 to request, ask/pray for
☝↑ [28.37] 拒绝,禁止 to Refuse, Forbid
1.nĕ: (负粒子:否等) (negative particle: no, etc.)
☝↑ [28.41] 召唤,召唤 to Call, Summon
alā: 你好!(问候语) hello! (greeting)
2.gal-: 打电话,哭 to call, cry
g̑ā̆r-: 打电话,哭 to call, cry
g̑hau-: 打电话 to call
ghel-: 喊,叫,哭 to yell, call, cry
6.kel-: 打电话,哭 to call, cry
klēg-: 哭,喊,叫 to cry, shout, scream
1.neu-: 召唤,赞美 to call, praise
2.ō: O(呼唤粒子) O (vocative particle)
ōr-: 打电话、讲话、谈话、演说 to call, speak, talk, orate
u̯āb-: 呼唤、哭泣、哭泣、哀叹 to call, cry, weep, lament
☝↑ [28.51] 写作 to Write
gerebh-: 刻,刮;写 to carve, scratch; write

☝↑ [29.01,交] 社会关系 Social Relations
☝↑ [29.15] 城镇,城市 Town, City
1.pel-: 倒,灌;满,全体;城镇? to pour, fill; full, plenary; town?
☝↑ [29.21] 人民,民众 People, Populace
1.leudh-: 长大;自由;人 to grow up; free; people
☝↑ [29.32] 国王 King
1.reg̑-: 管理,使公正/正确;国王,统治 to regulate, make just/right; king, reign
☝↑ [29.36] 贵族,贵族 Noble, Nobleman
bhereg̑h-: 高,高贵;手推车,山 high, noble; barrow, mountain
☝↑ [29.41] 主人 Master
poti-s: 主人,丈夫,主人,主人,主人 host, husband, lord, master, owner
☝↑ [29.42] 奴隶 Slave
orbho-: 软弱的,被遗弃的;奴隶,孤儿 weak, abandoned; slave, orphan
☝↑ [29.44] 自由(调整) Free (adj)
2.leu-: 解放、切断、分离 to free, cut off, separate
1.leudh-: 长大;自由;人 to grow up; free; people
paus-: 释放,释放 to free, let loose
☝↑ [29.51] 朋友 Friend
bhili-: 好,友好,和谐 good, friendly, harmonious
prāi-: 喜欢,感到友好 to like, feel friendly/well-disposed
11.u̯er-: 表示友谊;真实、非常、真实、可靠 to show friendship; true, very, veracious, trustworthy
☝↑ [29.52] 敌人,敌人 Foe, Enemy
2.peig̑-: 怀有敌意 to be hostile
☝↑ [29.55] 陌生人 Stranger
1.al-: 超越;其他,外星人 beyond; other, alien
ghosti-s: 客人,陌生人 guest, stranger
☝↑ [29.56] 客人 Guest
ghosti-s: 客人,陌生人 guest, stranger
☝↑ [29.58] 帮助,帮助 to Help, Aid
2.k̑ak-: 为了帮助您,请启用 to help, enable
k̑elb-: 帮助 to help
magh- : māgh-: 帮助,能够;力量,力量 to help, be able; might, power
1.nā-: 要帮助,就要有用 to help, be useful
slougo-: 帮助,服务 help, service
☝↑ [29.61] 定制,使用 Custom, Usage
1.ar-: 合身,合身 to fit, suit
2.dhabh-: 修理,适合;适当 to fix, suit; proper
euk-: 使自己习惯,习惯 to accustom oneself, be used to
☝↑ [29.65] 见面 to Meet
alā: 你好!(问候语) hello! (greeting)
mōd- : məd-: 见面,接近 to meet, approach

☝↑ [30.01,战] 战争与狩猎 Warfare & Hunting
☝↑ [30.11] 战斗 to Fight
k̑at-: 战斗,斗争;战斗 to fight, struggle; battle
nēik- : nīk- : nik-: 责骂、打架、攻击 to rail, fight, assault
☝↑ [30.12] 战斗(n) Battle (n)
k̑at-: 战斗,斗争;战斗 to fight, struggle; battle
2.u̯eik-: 力量、能量(在战斗、胜利等中) force, energy (in battle, victory, etc.)
☝↑ [30.13] 战争 War
koro-s: 战争,军队,战士 war, army, warrior
☝↑ [30.132] 敌人(在战争中) Enemy (in War)
2.peig̑-: 怀有敌意 to be hostile
☝↑ [30.15] 军队 Army
koro-s: 战争,军队,战士 war, army, warrior
☝↑ [30.17] 士兵 Soldier
koro-s: 战争,军队,战士 war, army, warrior
u̯ī̆ro-s: 伙计,勇士 man, warrior
☝↑ [30.21] 武器,武器 Arms, Weapons
bak-: 棍子,棍子;打,钉 stick, staff; to hit, peg
☝↑ [30.25] 箭头 Arrow
g̑haiso-: 飞镖;棍子,棍子 dart; staff, stick
☝↑ [30.36] 塔楼 Tower
1.men-: 升起,登上,塔 to rise, mount, tower
☝↑ [30.41] 胜利 Victory
seg̑h-: 占有,坚持,坚持,克服;胜利 to possess, hold fast, persevere, overcome; victory
2.u̯eik-: 力量、能量(在战斗、胜利等中) force, energy (in battle, victory, etc.)
☝↑ [30.48] 战利品,战利品 Spoils, Booty
lāu-: 获得(作为战利品),享受某物 to acquire (as booty), enjoy something

☝↑ [31.01,律] 法律与判决 Law & Judgment
☝↑ [31.12] 普通法 General Law
i̯eu̯os-: 规则、权利、正义、法规 rule, right, justice, statute
☝↑ [31.25] 誓言 Oath
sak-: 牺牲、神圣化、缔结条约 to sacrifice, sanctify, make a treaty
u̯adh-: 誓言 pledge
☝↑ [31.37] 惩罚,惩罚 Penalty, Punishment
i̯ā- : i̯ō-: 惩罚,生气,激动 to punish, be angry, excited
☝↑ [31.44] 强奸,侵犯 Rape, Violation
rep-: 抓取,撕扯,狂妄 to grab, rip out, ravish

☝↑ [32.01,教] 宗教信仰 Religion & Beliefs
☝↑ [32.11] 宗教 Religion
dhēs-: (宗教用语) (used in religious terms)
☝↑ [32.12] 上帝 God
1.dei-: 闪耀,闪耀;白天,太阳;上帝,神 to shine, glitter; day, sun; god, deity
☝↑ [32.16] 敬拜 to Worship
2.deu-: 崇拜,崇敬;威严 to worship, venerate; mighty
eu̯egu̯h-: 正式地赞扬、崇拜、承认、正式地讲话 to praise, worship, avow, speak formally
☝↑ [32.19] 神圣的,神圣的 Holy, Sacred
sak-: 牺牲、神圣化、缔结条约 to sacrifice, sanctify, make a treaty
1.u̯āt-: 伍德,梵蒂冈,精神活跃 wood, vatic, mentally animated
☝↑ [32.35] 恶魔,恶魔 Demon, Evil Spirit
dus-: 坏,坏,坏 bad, foul, evil

◀♣
☝吃72 3003: ā̆bel-, ā̆bō̆l-, abel- 苹果 apple
     apple n. 圆形的,可食用的,通常是。红/黄柚子round, edible, usu. red/yellow pome fruit
1253.ab(e)l-:摘掉苹果 Apple.
   dappled 有斑点的

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☝动76 3006: abō(n) 猿猴,猴子 ape, monkey
     ape    n. 猴子,猿猴monkey, simian

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☝空43 3007: 1. ad- 在,由,到 at, by, to
     ad-    pfx. 朝…的方向toward, in the direction of
    -ad    sfx. 去,往,近to, towards, near
     ado    n. 忙乱,麻烦bustle, trouble
     amount vb.intrans. 加起来to add up
     at    prep. 旁边,附近,旁边by, near, beside
paramount adj. 主要关注/重要of chief concern/importance
     atone 赎罪
     twit 笨蛋,傻瓜
     adjuvant adj.辅佐的 n.助理员
     aid    n.援助,救护;助手,辅助物vi.援助,救援
     till prep.直到,直到…为止,与until意思相同
     tiller n.耕者,农夫,(船的)舵柄

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☝商23 3008: 2. ad- 修理,整理 to fix, put in order
     till  prep/conj. 直到,朝向until, toward
     until prep/conj. 到,以前,直到to, before, up to
558.ant-:在先前 Front, forehead.

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☝行64, ☝行65 3011: ag̑- 引导、驱使、煽动 to lead, drive, agitate
     act    n. 契约;法令;矫饰deed; statute; affectation
     action n. 做事,做事deed, doing of a thing
     active adj. 活泼的,以运动为特征的lively, characterized by movement
     actor n. 实干家,行为人(如在游戏中扮演角色)doer, one who acts (e.g. part in play)
     actress n. 实干家,女性演员(例如,扮演角色)doer, female who acts (e.g. part in play)
     actual adj. 真实的,真实的;当前的real, true; current
     actuary n. 书记官长clerk, registrar
     agent n. 行为人;手段;代表doer; means; representative
     agile adj. 灵活,能够快速/轻松地移动nimble, able to move quickly/easily
     agitate vb. 使激动,扰乱,使激动to excite, disturb, give motion to
    -agogue n.sfx. 促进分泌/排出的物质substance promoting secretion/expulsion
     agony n. 折磨、痛苦、精神/身体上的剧烈疼痛torture, anguish, intense pain in mind/body
     aisle n. 座椅排之间的通道passage between seat rows
     ala    n. (,alae)机翼,翼状零件/结构wing, winglike part/structure
allege vb.trans. 无证据地断言/声明to assert/declare without proof
ambassador n. 公使,特别是外国政府代表official envoy, esp. foreign government representative
ambiguous adj. 可疑的,不清楚的,模棱两可的doubtful, unclear, equivocal
antagonize vb.trans. 反对,挑起敌意to act against, provoke hostility in
     assay n. 试验、试验、努力、尝试;仔细检查test, trial, effort, attempt; scrutiny
     axiom n. 共同的格言,公认的真理common maxim, well-accepted truth
     axi n. 某物旋转的线line about which something rotates
     axle  n. 轮子转动的轴shaft around which wheel turns
     axon  n. 神经细胞突起nerve-cell process
     cache n. 隐藏的东西,隐藏的地方hiding-place, something hidden
   cogent adj. 令人信服,令人信服compelling, convincing
embassy n. 大使官职/官邸official position/residence of ambassador
 essay  n. 努力;文学创作effort; literary composition
 exact  adj. 精确的precise
     examine vb.trans. 仔细测试/检查to test/inspect closely
  litigate vb. 进行法律辩论to wage legal contest
navigate vb. 在水/其他介质中航行to steer through water/other medium
protagonist n. 故事中的主角/同情角色leading/sympathetic role in story
retroactive adj. 在范围/效果上扩展到以前的时间extending in scope/effect to a prior time
     squat vb. 坐/蹲在地上to sit/crouch over ground
strategist n. 善于谋略的人one skilled in strategy
strategy n. 军事指挥艺术/科学art/science of military command
synagogue n. 犹太教堂Jewish congregation/house of worship
539.ag-1:干活抓夹 To drive, draw, move.
prodigal 挥霍的
     acting adj.代理的,起作用的,演戏的
     actionable adj.可控告的
     activate v.刺激,激活,使活跃,使行动
     activation n.激活;活化作用
     activator n.催化剂;活化剂;激活剂;触媒剂
     activity n.活动;活力;能动性;
     actuator n.激励者,电脑执行机构,电(电磁铁)螺线管,机促动器
counteract vt.抵消;中和;阻碍
 enact  vt.颁布,制定(法律);扮演
 enactment n.制定,颁布;通过;法令
hyperactive adj.活动过度的,极度活跃的,活动亢进的
hyperactivity n.活动过度,极度活跃
  inaction n.无行动,不活动,无为,怠惰,迟钝
  inactivate 使停止
  inactivation n.灭活,失活,钝化(作用),减化
  inactive a.不活动的,怠惰的
  inactivity n.不活动,迟钝
interact v.互相作用,互相影响
interaction n.交互作用
interactive adj.交互式的;相互作用的
 reactivate 重新激活,重新启动
     actuality n.现状;现实;事实
     actually adv.实际上;事实上
     actuarial adj.保险精算师的,保险精算的
     agency n.代理(处);代办处;[美](政府的)机关,厅
     agility n.敏捷;灵活;机敏
     agitated adj.激动的;焦虑的;表现不安的
     agitation n.激动;搅动;煽动;烦乱
allegation n.主张,断言;辩解
allegedly adv.依其申述,据说
ambiguity n.含糊;不明确;暧昧;模棱两可的话
unambiguous adj.不含糊的,明确的
 coagulation n.凝结,凝结物
 essayist n.小品作者,随笔作家,评论家
 exacting adj.严格的;苛求的;吃力的
 exactly adv.正确地,严密地
     examination n.考试,检查,细查
     examiner n.主考者
intransigence n.不妥协,不让步
     squatter n.蹲着的人 vi.涉水而过
transaction n.办理,处理;交易,事务;(pl.)会报,学报
variegated adj.杂色的,斑驳的,多样化的 v.成为杂色
     agonist n.主动肌,兴奋剂,激动剂,促效药
     agonizing adj.苦恼的,痛苦难忍的
antagonism 在比赛中对抗:n.对抗,对立,敌对,敌意
antagonist n.敌手
antagonistic a.敌对的,对抗性的
     axiomatic adj.<正>公理的,不证自明的,原则的,格言的
investigate v.调查,调查研究
investigation n.调查,研究
investigative adj.研究的,好研究的
investigator n.调查人
indefatigable 不知疲倦的
fatigue n./v.(使)疲劳
fatigued adj.疲乏的

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☝时41 3014: ā̆g̑her-, ā̆g̑hen-, ā̆g̑hes-, or ō̆g̑her etc. 白天,黎明 day, dawn
birthday n. 生日/周年纪念日day/anniversary of ones birth
     daily adj/adv. 每一天every day
     daisy n. 欧亚野花familiar wild Eurasian plant/flower
     dawn  n. 太阳光第一次出现在早晨sunlights first appearance in morning
     day    n. 太阳在夜晚之间发光的时间time of suns light between nights
midday n. 中午,中午noon, middle part of day
 today  adv/n. 今天(on/for) this day
540.agʰ-2:白天辰光 A day (considered as a span of time).
     day 名词day的复数形式. n. 时代; adv. 在白天

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☝情36, ☝情53 3015: agh- 烦恼、恐惧、沮丧 to ail, fear, be depressed
     ail    vb. 使痛苦/不健康to give/suffer pain/unhealth
     awe    n. 恐惧,深刻的/虔诚的恐惧dread, profound/reverent fear
1257.agʰ-1:敬畏 To be depressed, be afraid.
     ailing adj.生病的,境况不佳的
     ailment n.疾病(尤指微恙),不宁,不安
     awesome a.可怕的,表示敬畏的,精彩的

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☝情75, ☝情76 3018: agos- 罪,罪;错,污点 sin, guilt; fault, blemish
     ach n. 持续性疼痛persistent pain
1256.ag-es-:过错 Fault, guilt.

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☝天23, ☝农12 3020: ag̑ro-s 田地,英亩 field, acre
     acr n. 田地,大片土地field, large area of land
     agrarian adj. 田地/农民 fields/farmers
agriculture n. 农业/耕作工艺/科学craft/science of farming/cultivation
     agro- pfx. 田地,草地field(s), grass(es)
pilgrim n. 去圣地旅行的人one who journeys to holy place
agricultural adj.农业的,农艺的

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☝工25 3021: agu̯(e)sī, aksī 斧头 axe
     axe    n. 武器、刀具weapon, cutting tool

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☝商21 3025: 3. ai- 给予 to give
     diet  n. 吃的/开的食物/饮料food/drink eaten/prescribed
     etiology n. 原因,起源cause, origin
1260.ai-1:分配给 To give, allot.
     dietary adj.饮食的,饭食的,规定食物的n.规定饮食
     dieter n.(旨在减肥的)节食者,吃规定饮食的人
     dietitian n.[美]营养学家,营养学家

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☝天85, ☝感56 3027: 4. ā̆i- 燃烧,闪耀 to burn, shine
 anneal vb.trans. 加热、回火、增强to heat, temper, strengthen
     ember n. 灼热的煤/火中的碎片glowing coal/fragment from fire
1261.ai-2:燃烧 To burn.
     estuary n.河口,江口
     ether n.天空醚,大气
     ethereal adj.轻的,天上的,象空气的

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☝说21 3028: 5. ai- oi- 誓言,重要的演讲 oath, significant speech
     enigma n. 谜语,谜语riddle, puzzle
     enigmatic adj. 令人费解,像个谜puzzling, like an enigma
     oath  n. 呼求上帝为真理作证calling upon god to witness to truth claim
1311.oito-:宣誓 An oath.

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☝天85, ☝感56 3030: ai-dh-, i-dh-, nasalized i-n-dh- 燃烧,闪耀 to burn, shine
     estuary n. 海湾,海湾inlet, arm of the sea
1261.ai-2:燃烧 To burn.
 anneal 给金属退火
     ember n.灰烬,余烬
     ether n.天空醚,大气
     ethereal adj.轻的,天上的,象空气的

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☝天61, ☝时41, ☝时44 3031: ā̆ier-, ā̆ien- 白天(白天),早晨 day(light), morning
     early adv. 早期的early
     ere    prep/adv/co 之前before
     or    arch.prep/a 早;早before; early
570.ayer-:发亮早晨 Day, morning.

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☝情31, ☝情36 3033: 1. aig-, nasalized ing- 生病,生病;沮丧,沮丧 ill, sick; depressed, dispirited
     inkling n. 暗示、想法、概念、暗示hint, idea, notion, intimation

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☝天42, ☝农61 3034: 2. aig- 橡树 oak
     oak    n. 树木/木材类型type of tree/wood

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☝行26 3035: 3. aig- 猛烈地摆动、振动、移动 to swing, vibrate, move violently
     aegis n. 防护罩/电源protective shield/power
1262.aig-:羔羊 Goat.

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☝工66, ☝工67 3040: ai̯os- 矿石、金属(铜、青铜、铁) ore, metal (copper, bronze, iron)
     era    n. 年龄,(长)一段时间age, (long) period of time
     esteem n. 好意见good opinion
     estimate vb. 估价,猜测价值to appraise, guess value
     ore    n. 金属矿物metal-loaded mineral
571.ayes-:发亮黄铜 A metal, copper or bronze.
self-esteem n.自尊,自负,自大,自尊心

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☝情61, ☝情62 3042: 1. ais- 希望、渴望、要求/寻找 to wish, desire, ask/search for
     ask    vb. 请求,质问to request, question
544.ais-:渴望想要 To wish, desire.

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☝身74 3046: aiu̯-, ai̯u- 活力,生命力 vitality, life force
     age    n. 寿命、阶段/生命周期lifetime, stage/period of life
     aye    adv. 是的,真的;永远,永远,永远yes, indeed; ever, always, forever
     eternal adj. 永恒,永恒undying, everlasting
     eternity n. 时间的无限endlessness of time
     ever  adv. 永远,永远always, forever
     hygiene n. 个人清洁personal cleanliness
longevity n. 寿命,(长)寿命lifespan, (long) time to live
medieval adj. 中世纪 the Middle Ages
     nay    adv. 不,莱特。不是ay(e)no, lit. not ay(e)
   never adv. 点燃。从来没有lit. not ever
primeval adj. 最早,最原始,最古老earliest, original, most ancient
   utopia n. 理想/想象的地方ideal/imaginary place
545.aiw-:生命力量 Vital force, life, long life, eternity ;
     no ad.不是,不a.没有的;不允许n.不,拒绝
     every a.每一个的,每个的;每隔…的;全部的
     eon n.永世
     age adj.年老的,...岁的,老年人特有的
     ageing n.成熟,变老
     ageism n.对老年人的歧视
     ageless adj.不老的,永恒的
     aging n.老化,成熟的过程 v.使变老
underage n.缺乏,久缺 adj.未成年的,未到法定年龄的
     eternally adv.永恒地,常常,不绝地
     hygienic 卫生的
   utopian adj.乌托邦的;空想的;理想化的n.空想家;乌托邦的居民

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☝天44, ☝感78 3048: 2. ak̑-, ok̑- 尖锐的,锐利的,有棱角的;石头状的 sharp, acute, angular; stone
     acerbic adj. 酸味/酸味sour/acid in taste
     acetic adj. 醋、醋酸 vinegar, acetic acid
     acid  adj. 酸的,尖锐的,刺痛的味道sour, sharp, biting to the taste
     acidic adj. 酸,酸形成acid, acid-forming
     acne  n. 皮肤毛孔炎skin pore inflammation
     acrid adj. 味道/气味刺鼻sharp/pungent in taste/odor
     acrimony n. (言语)尖锐刺耳harsh/biting sharpness (of words)
     acro- pfx. 最高的,极端的topmost, extreme
     acrobat n. 表演体操特技的人one who performs gymnastic feats
     acronym n. 由名字的首字母组成的单词word formed by first letters of name
     acropolis n. 古希腊城市的上部防御工事upper fortified part of ancient Greek city
     acuity n. 敏锐,敏锐的洞察力sharpness, keenness of perception
     acumen n. 敏锐的洞察力keenness of perception
     acupuncture n. 人体穿刺学Chinese medical science of body puncture
     acute adj. 尖锐,严厉,有穿透力sharp, severe, penetrating
     eager adj.arch. 敏锐,敏锐keen, sharp
     ear    n. 谷类作物的果穗fruiting spike of a cereal
     edg n. 边缘、切割面或线条edge, cutting side or line
     egg    vb. 煽动行动to incite to action
     ester n. 有机酸/醇化合物organic acid/alcohol compound
 exacerbate vb. 使兴奋、点燃、加强to excite, enflame, intensify
mediocre adj. 中等的,低等的middling, inferior
     oxygen n. 氧气oxygen
paragon n. 卓越/完美典范model of excellence/perfection
vinegar n. 醋vinegar
546.ak-:尖酸刻薄 Sharp.
     hammer n.铁锤,槌,榔头v.锤击,敲打
     heaven n.天,天空,天堂;(Heaven)上帝,神
     scant adj. 谨慎,贫乏,不满/大/多 chary, meager, not full/large/plentiful
   shame n. 耻辱、耻辱、痛苦的情感:内疚 disgrace, dishonor, painful emotion guilt
     edging n.边饰,缘饰,边缘,流苏
     edg adj.刀口锐利的,急躁的,尖利的
     hammered 烂醉的
     hammering n.锤打,锤打的声音
     acrimonious adj.辛辣的,严厉的,刻薄的,剧烈的
     eagerly ad.热心地,急切地
     eagerness n.渴望,热心,热切
     acidification n.使发酸,酸化,成酸性,变酸
     acidify v.使酸化,使成酸,变酸
     acidity n.酸性,酸度,酸过多,胃酸过多
     oxygenation n.以氧气处理,氧化,增氧
   shameful 不体面的
   shameless adj.不知羞耻的

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☝天31, ☝天36 3052: aku̯ā-, more accurately əku̯ā, ēku̯- 水,水,河 aqua, water, river
     aqua- pfx. (,水-,水-)水water
     aqua  n. 水;水溶液water; aqueous solution
     aquarium n. 水生生物水池tank for aquatic creatures
     aquatic adj. (生长/生活在水上) (growing/living in/on) water
     aqueduct n. 输水管道water conduit
     aqueous adj. 水 water
     aquifer n. 产水土层layer of earth/stone/gravel yielding water
     gouache n. 油漆类型type of paint
     island n. 被水包围的陆地(比大陆小)land (smaller than continent) surrounded by water
   sewer n. 废水管道waste-water conduit
547.akʷ-ā-:割破果汁 Water.

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☝空92, ☝交55 3053: 1. al-, ol- 超越;其他,外星人 beyond; other, alien
 adultery n. 未婚配偶间的性行为sex between unmarried spouses
     albeit conj. 尽管even though
     alias adv. 化名/身份assumed name/identity
     alibi n. 去别处的借口excuse of having been elsewhere
     alien adj. 奇怪,外国的strange, foreign
     aliquot adj. re:数量的精确因子/除数 exact factor/divisor of quantity
     all    adj. 每,完成every, complete
     allele n. 一对基因中的一个one of a genetic pair
     alligator n. 鳄鳄,嘴短而宽,无毛crocodilian with short broad untapered snout
     allo- pfx. 其他other
     also  adv. 同样,还有too, likewise, as well, in addition
     alter vb. 改变to change
     alternate adj. 关于:轮流发生/相继发生 occurring/succeeding by turns
     although conj. 尽管,虽然even though, while
     altruism n. 关心他人利益concern for others interests
     as    adv/conj. 所以,像;什么时候,什么时候so, like; when, while
     else  adv. 否则otherwise
     hoopla n. 喧哗,骚动hubbub, commotion
     lariat n. 有套索的用来抓牛的绳子rope with noose for catching cattle
parallel adj. 在同一平面上没有交叉点lying on same plane without intersection
     ulterior adj. 进一步的further
     ultimate adj. 最后,最后,最远,最伟大last, final, furthest, greatest
     ultra- pfx. 超越,强烈beyond, intense
     utterance n. 说什么/说什么what is said/uttered
548.al-1:高超 Beyond.
     alarm n.惊恐;警报(器)vt.惊动,惊吓;向…报警
     alert a.机警的,警觉的;机灵的vt.使…警觉
     other a.另外的,其他的n./pron.另一个人(或事)
hidalgo
     allegory 另有所指的公开讲话:n.寓言。源自古希腊人在集市上发表讽喻性演讲的做法。
 another adj/pron. 另一个 one other
     leg n. 用于支撑/行走的动物肢体 animal limb used for support/walking
     ultimately ad.最后,最终,基本上
     alteration n.改变
     altercation n.争论,口角
     alternately adv.交替地;轮流地
     alternation n.交替,轮流,间隔,交替工作,更迭,变换
     alternative n.二选一;供选择的东西;取舍a.二选一的
     altruistic adj.利他的,无私心的
 adulterer n.奸夫,通奸者
 adulterous adj.通奸的,不贞的
     otherness n.相异,不同,另一物
parallelism 相似性
unparalleled a.无比的,空前的

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☝空53 3054: 2. al- 生长,滋养,增强 to grow, nourish, enhance
 abolish vb.trans. 取消、取消、取消to annul, cancel, do away with
 adolescent n. 青少年(通常为11-15岁)young teenager (typically 11-15 years)
     adult adj. 成年人grown person
     alderman n. 英语管理员English administrator
     alimony n. 货币津贴monetary allowance
     alt    adj/n. ()高音音阶以上第一个八度音阶() 1st octave above treble staff
     altitude n. 离地高度height above ground
     alto  n. 第二高音域second highest voice/musical range
     alumnus n. 大学毕业生graduate of a school or college
 coalesce vb.intrans. 合并,融合to merge, fuse
     elder adj/n. 老年人(人)older (person)
     eldest adj/n. 最年长(人)oldest (person)
     enhance vb.trans. 增加,加强to augment, intensify
 exalt  vb. 荣升高位to raise on high with honor
     haughty adj. 轻蔑地骄傲disdainfully proud
     old    adj. 老的,古老的aged, ancient
 proletarian n. 属于下层阶级的belonging to the lower class
 proliferate vb. 迅速增长to grow/multiply rapidly
 prolific adj. 肥沃,丰富fertile, abundant
549.al-3:培养 To grow, nourish.
     althea
     enhancement n.增进,增加,放大
     enhancer n.增加者,加强者,提高者,增强子
 exalted adj.尊贵的,高位的,兴奋的,高尚的
 adolescence n.青春期
     adulthood n.成人期
     alumni n.pl.男毕业生,男校友
 coalition n.联合;结合,合并
 abolition n.废除,废止
 abolitionist n.废除主义者,废奴主义者
 proletariat n.(古罗马社会中的)最下层阶级,工人阶级,尤指无产阶级
 proliferation n.增殖,扩散;分芽繁殖

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☝行45 3055: 3. ā̆l- 漫游,漫游;发疯/困惑 to roam, wander; be crazy/confused
     exile n. 勒克,放逐wrack, banishment
1265.al-2:漫游 To wander.

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☝说41, ☝交65 3059: alā 你好!(问候语) hello! (greeting)
     hello interj. (打招呼的表情)(expression of greeting)

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☝感64 3061: albho- 白色,白化病 white, albino
     albino adj/n. (有机体)缺乏遗传色素(organism) lacking genetic pigment
     album n. 空白笔记本;唱片blank notebook; musical record
     auburn adj. 金黄色,淡黄色;红棕色blond, flaxen; reddish-brown
     elf    n. (,精灵,精灵)精灵,精灵,因纽伯斯sprite, fairy, incubus

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☝吃93, ☝感37 3068: alu-, alu-d-, alu-t- 苦的;啤酒、啤酒 bitter; ale, beer
     ale    n. 麦芽/啤酒花发酵饮料drink fermented from malt/hops
     alum  n. 硫酸铝用作止血剂/催吐剂/收敛剂aluminum sulfate used as styptic/emetic/astringent
     aluminum n. 浅银色金属元素light silvery metallic element
552.alu-:巫魔醉酒 In words related to sorcery, magic, possession, and intoxication.

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☝行14, ☝空82 3069: ambhi, m̥bhi 周围,两边 around, at both sides
     alley n. 窄后街narrow backstreet
     ambi- pfx. 周围,两边around, on both sides
     ambient adj. 四面环绕encompassing, surrounding on all sides
     ambiguous adj. 不清楚的、可疑的、模棱两可的unclear, doubtful, equivocal
     ambivalence n. 同时吸引/排斥simultaneous attraction/repulsion
     amble vb.intrans. 散步、闲逛、慢走to stroll, saunter, walk slowly
     ambulance n. 伤者救治车vehicle for treating the injured
     ambulatory adj. 步行 walking
     amphi- pfx. 周围,两边around, on both sides
     amphibian n. 两栖生物amphibious organism
     amphibious adj. 水陆兼备adapted to both land and water
     amphitheater n. 椭圆形/圆形空间/建筑/舞台俯瞰舞台/平台oval/circular space/building/arena overlooking stage/platform
     be-    pfx. [分词标记][participial marker]
     both  adj/pron. 两个,一个又一个two, one and another
     by    prep. 在,通过,旁边/附近at, through, next/near to
     ombudsman n. 调查投诉和调解和解的人one who investigates complaints and mediates settlements
preamble n. 开场白opening statement
     umlaut n. 元音变化change of vowel sound
553.ambʰi:两边附近 Around.
     but conj.但是prep.除...以外ad.只,才,仅仅

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☝商14 3070: 1. am-, mē- 抓住,抓住 to grab, seize
     ample adj. 很好,很大great, large
amplify vb. 延伸、扩大、充实to extend, enlarge, make ample
     amplitude n. 充实、充裕的状态/质量fullness, state/quality of being ample

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☝农32 3071: 2. am-, mē- 割草 to mow
     mow    n. 堆干草;储存干草的谷仓区heap/pile of hay; barn area storing same

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☝时41 3072: āmer-, āmōr, āmr̥ 白天 day
 ephemeral adj. 短暂的,暂时的fleeting, temporary
1270.āmer-:白天亮光 Day.
 ephemera n.生命极短促之物,蜉蝣,生命极短暂之物,蜉蝣( ephemeron的名词复数 )

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☝动64, ☝感65 3073: ames-, or omes- 黑鸟:梅尔,乌塞尔 blackbird: merl, ousel
     merle n. 黑鸟blackbird
1271.ams-:黑光黑鸟 Black ; blackbird (original color meaning found
     Merlot n.墨尔乐(法国酿酒用葡萄品种名); 墨尔乐红葡萄酒

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☝人36 3075: am(m)a, amī̆ 妈妈,阿玛(婴儿语) mama, amah (nursery word)
     amateur n. 业余爱好者,非专业人士hobbyist, non-professional
     amicable adj. 友好的friendly
     amigo n. 朋友friend
     amour n. 情人lover
     aunt  n. 叔叔的妻子,父母的妹妹uncles wife, parents sister
 enem n. 反对者,反对者opponent, opposition
  inimical adj. 反对,敌对opposed, hostile
paramour n. 非法情人illicit lover
1268.am-:爱妈士 Various nursery words.
     amiable 可以友好的:adj.和蔼的,亲切的
     amiably adv.和蔼可亲地,亲切地
     amicably adv.友善地
     amateurish adj.外行的,不熟练的
     enmity n.敌意,憎恨

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☝空36 3077: 2. an- 那边,另一边 there, other side
 another adj/pron. 另一个one other
     other adj. 第二个,不同的,两个/更多个中的一个second, different, one of two/more
548.al-1:高超 Beyond.

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☝身51 3078: 3. an(ə)- 呼吸呼吸 to breathe, respire, animate
     anemone n. 风花:多年生草本植物,花大windflower: perennial herb with large flowers
     animal n. 野兽,非植物beast, non-plant
     animate adj. 活着,拥有生命alive, possessing life
     animosity n. 敌意enmity
     animus n. 思想、性格mind, disposition
equanimity n. 压力下的镇定composure under stress
 unanimous adj. 同心同德of one mind
555.anə-:口鼻呼吸 To breathe.
     animated adj.活生生的;活泼的;愉快的
     animation n.动画,动漫,激励,生气,活泼
     animator n.动画片绘制者
  inanimate adj.无生命的;无生气的
 unanimity n.同意,全体一致

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☝空36 3079: 4. an-, anu, anō, nō 继续,沿着,在那边 on, along, over there
     ana-  pfx. 向上,向前,向后up, along, back
     ana    adv. 等量的equal quantity of each
     on    prep. 关于;关于upon, along; regarding
554.an-1:现在明处 On.
     acknowledge vt.承认;接受;告知(信件等的)收到;答谢
     alike a.同样的,相像的ad.一样地;同程度地 
     aloft ad.在高处,在上,在空中
     amiss adj.有毛病的,出差错的 adv.错误的
     anlage n. 基础,为后续发展奠定基础rudiment, foundation for subsequent development
     onslaught n.冲击

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☝天62 3082: andho- 瞎的,黑暗的,阴沉的 blind, dark, somber
     somber adj. 黑暗,阴沉dark, gloomy
     umbrella n. 雨伞rainguard; parasol
     sombrero 墨西哥宽边帽

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☝空62 3085: ang̑h- 紧缩,狭窄,痛苦;紧缩 tight, narrow, anguished; to constrict
     anger n. 愤怒、怨恨、强烈的不快wrath, resentment, strong displeasure
     angina n. 炎性窒息病inflammatory suffocative illness
     angry adj. 愤怒的,感到生气的wrathful, feeling/showing anger
     angst n. 恐惧、恐惧、忧虑、焦虑fear, dread, worry, anxiety
     anguish n. 极度的精神/身体疼痛extreme mental/bodily pain
     anguished adj. 痛苦地in anguish
     anxious adj. 担心,紧张worried, nervous
     angrily adv.愤怒地
     echino- pfx. ()刺,海胆() prickle, sea urchin

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☝工14 3089: 2. ank-, ang- 弯曲、弯曲、弯曲 to flex, bend, angle
     anchor n. 锚(锚链船稳定器)anchor (fluked boat stabilizer)
     ankle n. 脚腿关节joint between foot and leg
1280.ank-:弯角勾锚 To bend.
     England n.英格兰
     angled adj.成一定角度放置的,以迎合某种观点而提出的,有角度的
     angler n.钓鱼者
     angling n.钓鱼,钓鱼术
     angular adj.角的,有角的,生硬的,笨拙的,瘦削的

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☝穿73 3090: āno- 环,环 ring, annulus
     anus  n. 屁眼butthole

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☝身205 3094: ant-s 额,前,前 brow, front, anterior
advance vb. 前进to go forward
 advantage n. 利益benefit
     ancient adj. 过去的,非常古老的of yore, exceeding old
     ante- pfx. 之前before
     ante  n. 初始赌注/赌注initial bet/stake
     anterior adj. 向前地forward
     anti- pfx. 反对,反对against, contra
     antidote n. 解毒药remedy to effects of poison
     antique adj. 古老,非常古老ancient, very old
     antithesis n. 思想的修辞对比rhetorical contrast of ideas
    -end  sfx. 海角cape
     end    n. 结果;终结,终结result; terminus, finality
     until prep/conj. 到,以前,直到to, before, up to
     unt prep. 到,直到to, until
     vanguard n. 领队,前线leader, forefront
558.ant-:在先前 Front, forehead.
     along ad.向前;和...一起,一同prep.沿着,顺着
     till prep/conj. 直到,朝向 until, toward
     ended v. 结束,终止
     ending n.结尾,结局
     endless a.无止境的,无穷的
 unending a.不断的,不断重复的
     anteriorly adv.先前地,居先地
advanced a.超前的,先进的;高级的;开明的;前进的
advancement n.进步,前进
 advantageous adj.有利的;有益的
disadvantage n.不利条件,缺点
disadvantaged adj.贫穷的,处于不利地位的
     antiquated adj.陈旧的
     antiquity n.高龄;古物;古代的遗物

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☝商13, ☝商14 3096: 1. ap-, more accurately əp- ēp- 拿,够,抓 to take, reach, grasp
 adept  n. 能干,熟练able, skilled
     apex  n. 顶部,顶点,最高点top, vertex, highest point
     apt    adj. 合适,合适fit, proper
     aptitude n. 适应性、能力、学习能力aptness, ability, learning capacity
     artillery n. 导弹武器missile arms
     attitude n. 观点,处置view, disposition
 couple n. 配对,支撑pair, brace
 couplet n. 连续两行诗行的单位unit of 2 successive verse lines
  inept  adj. 笨拙、不幸、不恰当clumsy, hapless, not apt
     lariat n. 有套索的用来抓牛的绳子rope with noose for catching cattle
1283.ap-1:去拿 To take, reach.
 coupling n.联结,接合,耦合
     apical adj.顶上的,顶点的,根尖
     aptly ad.适当地,适宜地,巧妙地
1284.ap-2:水库? Water.

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☝行49 3102: apo-, pō̆, ap-u, pu 离开,离开,远离 off, out of, away from
     ab-    pfx. 关,从off, from
     abrupt adj. 中断broken off
     aft    adv. 向后,向后,向后back, astern, toward rear
     after adv. 下列的following
     aftermath n. 未刈割茬地,第二茬作物rowen, unplowed stubble field, 2nd-growth crop
   apo pfx. 远离away from
 apposite adj. 恰当、中肯、恰当apt, pertinent, appropriate
 apposition n. 对面/相邻/并排放置placing opposite/adjacent/side-by-side
     awkward adj. 不自然,不舒服unnatural, uncomfortable
component n. 件,构件piece, member
composite adj. 由零件制成made of parts
composition n. 拖拉机、工作、工作tract, work, opus
compost n. 有机肥料organic fertilizer
compound adj. 由零件制成made of parts
 deposit vb. 放置,储存to place, store
dispose vb. 摆脱to get rid of
     ebb    n. 潮汐向海流动tides seaward flow
 exponent n. expounder,翻译expounder, interpreter
 expose vb. 揭露to bring to light
 expound vb. 阐述to elaborate, set forth
 impose vb. 通过权威建立to establish by authority
juxtaposition n. 并排放置物体的行为/实例act/instance of placing objects side-by-side
     of    prep. 来自、关于、属于from, regarding, belonging to
     off    adv. 离开,离开from, away
 oppose vb.trans. 反抗,反对to defy, stand against
     pastiche n. 艺术/文学大杂烩artistic/literary hodgepodge
     position n. 位置,站立place, standing
     positive adj. 真的,肯定的real, affirmative
     post- pfx. 之后after
     pos n. 值班,车站watch, station
     posterior adj. 后方的rear
     postmortem adj. 死后发生的occurring after death
     postpartum adj. 产后不久 period shortly after childbirth
     postprandial adj. 餐后/晚餐后after meal/dinner
     postscript n. 附于已填妥的信件/文章/书后的注释note(s) appended to completed letter/article/book
     posture n. 轴承bearing
preposition n. 介词短语头head of prepositional phrase
preposterous adj. 荒谬,前所未闻absurd, unheard-of
propose vb. 建议to suggest
provost n. 学术行政官员academic administrative official
     punt  vb. 与银行作对to play against the bank
suppose vb. 想象;想象to imagine; to ween
     pogrom 大屠杀,集体迫害
     puny adj.小的,弱的,微不足道的
compose v.组成,构成;(of)由…组成;创作(诗歌等)
juxtapose vt.并列;并置
     posterity n. 后代,后代 offspring, future generations
     awkwardness n.笨拙,粗劣,难为情,尴尬
composed 精神未崩溃的:adj.镇静的;沉着的
composer n.作家,作曲家
compositional a.合成的,组成的.n.作文,作曲,合成物
composure n.镇静;沉着
decompose v.分解,腐烂
decomposition n.分解,腐烂,变质
 depositor n.寄托者,存款人
disposable adj.可任意处理的;可自由使用的;用完即弃的
disposal n.处理,处置;布置,安排
disposed adj.有…倾向的;打算做…的;有某种健康状态的
disposition n.处置;性情;部署;倾向
predispose v.(使)易罹患,(使)预先偏向于
predisposition n.倾向;素质;易染病体质
 exponential n.指数.a.指数的,幂数的
 exponentially adv.以指数方式
 exposed adj.暴露的,暴露于风雨中的,无掩蔽的
 exposure n.暴露,揭露;方向;陈列;遗弃;照射量
 imposing adj.壮观的;威风的;(仪表)堂堂的;给人深刻印象的
 imposition n.征收;强加;欺骗;不公平的负担
     pos n.姿势,姿态v.造成,提出,摆姿势,佯装
 opponent n.对手,反对者,敌手a.对立的,对抗的
 opposed adj.反对的,敌对的
 opposition n.反对,相反
     positional adj.位置的,地位的,按位
     positioning n.配置,布置,定位
     positively adv.肯定地;明确地;断然地
     positivism 实证主义,实证论
     positivist n.实证哲学家,实证主义者
     positivity n.积极性
     postural 姿势的
proposal n.提议,建议;求婚
proposition n.命题;提议;主题;议题vt.向…提议;向…求欢
presuppose v.预示
presupposition 假定,假设
supposed adj.假定的,假像的
supposedly ad.推测地,大概
supposition n.假定;推测;想像;见解
transposable adj.可换位的,有换位可能的
transposition n.调换,变换,移项,转位,扭绞,换位

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☝天42, ☝农6 3103: apsā 白杨树 aspen (tree)
     asp    n. 杨树科树种tree in poplar family
     aspen adj/n. ()asp() asp
1286.apsā-:山杨树 Aspen.

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☝情71, ☝交61 3104: 1. ar-, thematic (a)re-, heavy-base arə-, rē-, and i-base (a)rī̆-, rēi- 合身,合身 to fit, suit
 adorn  vb.trans. 装饰,装饰to deck, strew with ornaments
  alarm  n. 警告,恐慌warning, panic
     aristocracy n. 最佳规则rule of the best
     arithmetic n. 数学、数字科学mathematics, science of numbers
     arm    n. 上肢upper limb
     armada n. 舰队fleet
     armadillo n. 夜间活动的小壳哺乳动物small shelled nocturnal mammal
     armoire n. 大胸large chest
     armor n. 防御性身体覆盖物defensive bodily covering
     arm n. 有组织的大型武装人员团体large organized body of armed personnel
     art    n. 聪明才智,创造力,表演技巧ingenuity, creativity, performance skill
     arthro- pfx. 共同的joint
     article n. 散文写作类型item; type of prose composition
     artisan n. 工匠craftsman
     artist n. 擅长创作艺术的人one skilled in creative art(s)
 coordination n. 和谐运动harmonious movement
disarm vb. 剥去武器to strip of weapons
   dread vb. 畏惧,敬畏to fear, stand in awe of
     harmony n. 一致concord
     hatred n. 仇恨,极度蔑视hate, extreme contempt
     hundred nbr.card. 100100.0
  inert  adj. 静止,闲置,不变still, idle, unchanging
  inertia n. 不适改变/运动indisposition to change/motion
  inordinate adj. 过分的,不正常的immoderate, out of order
     kindred n. 祖先、遗产ancestry, heritage
logarithm n. 十的幂power of ten
     ordain vb. 供奉to consecrate
     order n. 等级、等级、结构rank, class, structure
     ordinal adj. 指定序列号 specified serial order
     ordinance n. 法律、法规law, regulation
     ordinary adj. 普通的,平凡的normal, commonplace
     ornament n. 装饰decoration
     ornate adj. 装饰,装饰adorned, decked out
primordial adj. 原始的,非常古老的original, extremely ancient
     rat n. 速度speed
     ratio n. 数字分数/比例numeric fraction/proportion
     ration n. dole,测量部分dole, measured portion
     read  vb. (读)分析字母的意思to parse meanings of letters
     reason n. 认知,智力cognition, intellect
     rhyme n. 词尾回音echo at end of word
     riddle n. 隐语cryptic saying
     rit n. 宗教活动religious practice
     ritual adj. 仪式 rite(s)
subordinate adj. 较小的,主题的,服务的lesser, subject, serving
560.ar-:安装调配 To fit together.
  alarming adj.使人惊动的,令人担忧的
  alarmingly adv.让人担忧地
  alarmist n.杞人忧天者 a.危言耸听的
     armament n.武器,军备
     armed adj.带武器的,带扶手的,有防卫的
     armored adj.披甲的,装甲的
disarmament n.裁军
disarming 使消气的
     forearm n.前臂 vt.准备战斗,预先武装,准备
 rearmament n.重整军备,改良装备
 unarmed adj.徒手的,非武装的
     harmonic adj.谐和的,和声的,融洽的 n.谐波,和声,谐函数
     harmonious a.和谐的,和睦的
     harmonization n.和谐,协调,相称,配和声
     harmonize v.协调
     artistic a.艺术(家)的,美术(家)的;善于艺术创作的
     artistically ad.艺术地,在艺术上
     artistry n.艺术性,工艺,艺术技巧,艺术效果,艺术工作
     art adj.装作爱好艺术的
aristocrat n.贵族
aristocratic a.贵族政治的,贵族的

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☝农21 3109: ar(ə)- 听着,犁头 to ear, plow
     arable adj. 可耕,可耕plowable, tillable
     ear    vb. 犁地to plow, till (the ground)
1287.arə-:犁地弓形 To plow.

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☝感64 3113: ar(e)-g̑-, arg̑-?, r̥g̑i- 白色,银色,闪闪发光 white, argent, glittering
     arginine n. 结晶碱性氨基酸crystalline basic amino acid
     argue vb. 宣布,争论to declare, dispute
561.arg-:闪亮白银 To shine ; white ; the shining or white metal, silver.
     arguable adj.可辩论的,可论证的
     arguably adv.可论证地,正如可提出证据加以证明的那样
     argument n.争论(吵),辩论;理由;论证
     argumentative adj.好辩的,争论的

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☝商24 3114: areq- 锁住、守卫、保护 to lock, guard, protect
     arcane adj. 深奥的esoteric
     ark    n. (神圣的)箱子、箱子、保险箱;神圣的船(holy) chest, box, coffer; sacred boat
 coerce vb.trans. 以威胁迫使to compel by threat
 exercise n. 发挥作用use, bringing into play
     orc    n. 托尔金的大妖精:霍比特人,指环王large goblin in Tolkien: The Hobbit, The Lord of the Rings
1288.ark-:掌控把握 To hold, contain, guard.
 coercion n.强制;强迫;高压政治;威压
 coercive adj.强制的;胁迫的;高压的
1291.aryo-:雅利安掌控 Self-designation of the Inda-Iranians.

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☝工14 3117: arqu- 弧形,拱形,弯曲的东西 arc, arch, something bent
     arc    n. 曲线curve
     arcade n. 拱顶建筑arched roofed (part of) building
     arch  n. 曲线边缘框curved liminal frame
     archer n. 弓箭手bowman
     arrow n. 来自船头的导弹missile from bow
1290.arku-:掌控弓箭 Bow and arrow ( uncertain which, perhaps both
     archery n.箭术

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☝天85 3121: ā̆s-, based on it azd-, azg(h)- 燃烧,发光;灰烬 to burn, glow; ash
     ardent adj. 热情、热情passionate, impassioned
     ardor n. 热情、热情、热情fire, zeal, passion
     arid  adj. 持续干燥persistently dry
     arson n. 焚烧财产罪crime of burning property
     ash    n. 火烧残留物fire-leavings
     azalea n. 开花灌木flowering shrub
562.as-:燃烧发光 To burn, glow.
potassium n.钾
     Ara   

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☝时73 3123: at- 去;年,年 to go; year, annum
     annals n.pl. 历史,编年史history, chronicles
     anniversary n. 每年一次的重大事件annual recurrence of date marking notable event
     annual adj. 每年的yearly
     annuity n. 年度支出额annual payment
millennium n. 1000年期1000-year period
perennial adj. 永恒的,光明的。多年来everlasting, lit. through years
     annually adv.每年,一年一次
millennial adj.一千年的,千福年的
perennially adv.经常出现地,长期地,持久地,永久地
superannuation 退休金,养老金

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☝天81 3124: āt(e)r- 火 fire
     atrium n. 房屋/建筑物中央/入口central/entry room of house/building
     atrocious adj. 可怕的,可怕的horrible, egregiously bad
564.āter-:发火光者 Fire.
     atrocity n.残暴,暴行,凶恶

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☝人37 3127: ā̆tos, atta 爸爸,妈妈(婴儿语) daddy, mommy (nursery word)
     tawdry adj/n. 廉价华而不实cheap and gaudy (finery)

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☝感44 3128: 1. au- 噢!(痛苦的感叹) ow! (exclamation of pain)
     ow    interj. 哎哟!(痛苦的感叹)ouch! (exclamation of pain)

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☝行49 3130: 3. au-, au̯e, u̯ē̆- 向下,远离 down, away from
     avatar n. 印度教神的化身incarnation of Hindu deity
1297.au-2:离开 Off, away.
     negotiate v.商订;谈判,洽谈,交涉

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☝空23, ☝空92 3131: 4. au-, u- u̯ē̆-, u̯o- 其他;那个(一) other; that (one)
     auto- pfx. 自己,自己self, by itself
     auto  n. 汽车,汽车car, automobile
     automobile n. 四轮汽车乘用车4-wheel automotive passenger vehicle
     automotive adj. 自行式self-propelled
     eke    adv. 也also
1299.aug-2:发光 To shine.

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☝穿33, ☝工75 3132: 5. au̯-, au̯ē- 编织,编织 to plait, weave
     weed  n. 布,衣服,(丧服)cloth, clothing, (mourning) garment

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☝说21 3133: 6. au̯-, au̯ed- 说话 to speak
comedy n. 幽默戏剧humorous theatrical drama
melody n. 和谐;有音乐秩序的声音tunefulness; sounds ordered musically
     ode    n. 抒情诗类型type of lyric poem
parody n. 文学模仿literary imitation
tragedy n. 崇高堕落的故事tale of sublime downfall
493.wed-2:讲话唱诵 To speak.
     comedian n.喜剧演员;滑稽人物
     comic a.喜剧的,滑稽的n.连环漫画杂志;喜剧演员
     comical adj.滑稽的,好笑的
     comically adv.滑稽地,诙谐地,可笑地
melodious 悦耳的
     tragic adj.悲惨的,悲剧的 n.(文艺作品或生活中的)悲剧因素,悲剧风格
     tragically adv.悲剧地,悲惨地

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☝想16, ☝想17 3135: 8. au̯-, au̯ēi- 感知,理解,意识到 to perceive, understand, be aware of
   aesthetic adj. 艺术,关于:美artistic, beauty
 anesthesia n. 无感觉loss of sensation
     audible adj. (能够被)听到(capable of being) heard
     audience n. 听证行为/听证状态act/state of hearing
     audio- pfx. 听力hearing
     audit n. 听觉,观众hearing, audience
     audition n. 力量/听觉power/sense of hearing
     auditor n. 倾听者one who hears/listens
     auditorium n. 听众坐的地方place where listeners sit
     auditory adj. 听力 hearing
     obedient adj. 服从命令/约束submissive to command/restraint
     obey  vb. 听,听;服,服to harken, listen to; serve, be subject to
565.au-4:感知听音 To perceive.
  inaudible adj.听不见的,不可闻的
   aesthetically ad.有审美能力地
   aesthetics n.美学,美的哲学
 anesthetic n.(使局部或全身失去知觉的)麻醉剂,麻醉药 adj.感觉缺失的,麻木的,麻醉的
disobedience n.不服从;违反,违抗
disobedient adj.不服从的,不顺从的,违抗的,反抗的
     obedience n.顺从;服从;遵守
     obediently adv.服从地,顺从地,忠顺地

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☝天31, ☝天36, ☝行32 3136: 9. au̯(e)-, au̯ed-, au̯er- 打湿、流、洒;水、河等。 to wet, flow, sprinkle; water, river, etc.
 abound vb.intrans. 大量出现to be present in great quantity/large numbers
 abundant adj. 丰富,丰富plentiful, abounding with
 anhydrous adj. 无水的,尤指结晶水free from water, esp. water of crystallization
     diuretic adj. 倾向于增加尿流量的tending to increase flow of urine
     hydraulic adj. 水/液体 water/liquid
     hydro- pfx. 水,液体water, liquid
  inundate vb.trans. 泛滥,淹没to overflow, cover with flood
     nutria n. 南美水生啮齿动物coypu: South American aquatic rodent
     otter n. 与水貂/鼬鼠有关的水生食鱼哺乳动物aquatic fish-eating mammal related to minks/weasels
redundant adj. 多余的,超出必要的/正常的superfluous, exceeding what is necessary/normal
surround vb.trans. 包围,包围to encompass, enclose on all sides
     undulate adj. 有波状的表面/边缘/标记的having wavy surface/margin/markings
     urethra n. 膀胱尿管canal carrying urine from bladder
     -uria n.sfx. 尿中有(特定物质)presence of (specified substance) in urine
     urine n. 脊椎动物主要的液体排泄物chief fluid excretory product of vertebrates
     vodka n. 未老化、无色的中性蒸馏酒unaged, colorless neutral spirit distilled liquor
     wash  n. 洗涤的行为;泥沼、沼泽、被海水/河流冲刷的地面act of washing; bog, marsh, ground washed by sea/river
     water n. 像雨一样从云中落下的液体liquid that falls from clouds as rain
     wet    vb. (湿)弄湿,用水覆盖/浸泡to make wet, cover/soak with water
     whiskey n. 从发酵的谷物中蒸馏出来的酒alcoholic liquor distilled from fermented grain
     winter n. 秋春湿寒季节wet cold season between autumn/spring
492.wed-1:雨水哗哗 Water ; wet.
     underwater a.水下的,在水中生长的
     watered adj.洒有水的,掺水的,<美>加虚股的,面值增加而实值未按比例增加的 v.给…水喝( water的过去式和过去分
     watery a.(似)水的,潮湿的
 unwashed adj.没有洗的,不清洁的,无知的
     washable adj.可洗的,耐洗的,(织物上的油漆、墨水等)可洗掉的 n.可洗的布料(或衣服)
     washer n.洗衣人,垫圈,洗衣机,洗碗机
     washing n.洗涤,洗涤物,冲走的东西 adj.洗涤用的,洗涤的
midwinter 仲冬
     wintering 越冬
     winters n. 冬,冬天,冬季
     wintry adj.冬天的,冬天似的,寒冷的,风雪交加的
 abundance n.丰富,充裕
 abundantly ad.大量地,丰富地
redundancy n.冗余,重复
surrounding n.围绕物,环境.a.周围的
surroundings n.周围的事物,环境
     hydrophobic adj.狂犬病的,恐水病的,患恐水病的,不易被水沾湿的

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☝行38 3137: 10. au̯(e)-, au̯ē(i)-, u̯ē- 发泄,吹气 to vent, blow
     vent  vb.trans. 提供出口/通道to provide outlet/passage
     ventilate vb.trans. 自由地/公开地揭露、讨论/检查/调查to expose, discuss/examine/investigate freely/openly
     weather n. 大气状态(w.r.t.热/冷、平静/风暴、潮湿/干燥)state of atmosphere (w.r.t. heat/cold, calm/storm, wetness/dryness)
     wind  n. 自然运动的空气air in natural motion
490.wē-:风吹呜呼 To blow.
     window n.窗,窗口
     wing  n.翅,翅膀;翼,机翼;派别vt.装以翼
nirvana 涅槃
     ventilation n.通风,通风设备
     ventilator n.通风设备,空调机
     ventilatory adj.通风的,通气的
     ventral 腹部的
     weathered 风化的
     weathering n.侵蚀,风化,雨蚀
 unwind vt.展开,放松,伸直
     winding n.绕,缠,绕组,线圈
     windy adj.多风的,有风的
     winged adj.有翼的,迅速的,飞行的,翼受伤的
     winger 边锋队员
     wings 名词wing的复数形式. n. 飞行章;女童军戴的一种翼形章;翼

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☝工13 3138: 11. au̯ē-, (u̯e-d(h)-?) 劳累,吃苦 to strain, take pains
     athlete n. 公共游戏奖品争夺者contender for prize in public games

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☝空53 3139: au̯eg-, u̯ōg-, aug-, ug- 扩大,增加,扩大 to augment, increase, magnify
     auction n. 向出价最高者出售公共财产public property sale to highest bidder
     augment vb. 扩大,增加to enlarge, increase
     author n. 作家、作曲家writer, composer
     authority n. 专家,原作者;引证,证词expert, original author; citation, testimony
     authorize vb. 以法律效力批准、授权、投资to sanction, empower, invest with legal force
     auxiliary adj. 帮助、提供/提供帮助aiding, offering/providing help
     auxin n. 能促进植物生长的有机物质organic substance able to promote plant growth
     eke    vb.trans. 增加,延长to increase, lengthen
  inaugurate vb.trans. 首先,就职to begin, induct into office
     nickname n. 描述性短名称/标签descriptive short name/tag
     waist n. 臀部和腹部之间的身体区域body region between hips and belly
     wax    vb.intrans. 增长(大/强),增加to grow (large/strong), increase
566.aug-1:升高增加 To increase.
     auctioneer n.拍卖商vt.拍卖
     augmentation n.扩大,增大,增加物,<音>主题延长
     augmented adj.增音的,扩张的
     authorial adj.著者的
     authors n. 作者;创造者;著作家;发起人
     authorship n.作者的身份,著述业,(思想等的)原创作者,根源
     authoritarian n.独裁主义的;权力主义的n.权力主义者;独裁主义者
     authoritarianism n.权力主义,独裁主义
     authoritative adj.当局的;有权威的;命令式的
     authorization n.授权,认可;批准,委任
  inauguration 就职典礼;开始,开创;开幕式

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☝动64 3140: au̯ei-, əu̯ei-? 鸟类、鸟类 bird, avifauna
     avian adj. 鸟类 birds
     aviary n. 禁鸟处place for confining birds
     aviation n. 重于空气的飞机操作heavier-than-air aircraft operation
     osprey n. 食鱼鹰fish-eating hawk
568.awi-:翱翔鹄鸟 Bird.
     ostrich n.鸵鸟
     cockney 伦敦东区的人
     egg    n.蛋;卵;卵形物
     oval  a.卵形的,椭圆形的n.卵形,椭圆形
     ovary 产卵场所:n.卵巢,子房
     ovum  卵子
   caviar n.鱼子酱
     fauna n. 动物,动物生活 animal(s), animal life
     aviator n.飞行员
     auspices n.由...主办及赞助
     ovarian adj.卵巢的;子房的
     ovulation n.排卵,产卵作用

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☝感56 3141: au̯es- 闪耀 to shine
     aurora n. 黎明;夜空中的拱门/光带dawn; arches/streamers of light in night sky
     eas adv/adj. 向东;东方eastward; the east
     eastern adj. 东方 the east
     eastward adv. 向东to/toward the east
     eo-    pfx. 最早的,最早的oldest, earliest
     eosin n. 红色荧光染料red fluorescent dye
     or    n. 纹章金/黄色heraldic gold/yellow color
     oriole n. 东半球雀鸟Old World passerine bird
1302.aus-2:金光闪 Gold.
     ore    n.矿石,矿砂
     eastwards adv.东方地,向东方地
1299.aug-2:发光 To shine.
     eke 节约使用
     auto n. 汽车,汽车 car, automobile
     automobile n. 四轮汽车乘用车 4-wheel automotive passenger vehicle
     automotive adj. 自行式 self-propelled

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☝吃26 3145: auqu̯(h)- uqu̯(h)-, probably also u̯equ̯(h)- 锅 cooking pot
     oven  n. 加热/烘烤室chamber used for heating/baking
1300.aukʷ-:灶锅 Cooking pot. OVEN,

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☝空81 3146: au-lo-s ēu-l- 管子,管子,奥洛斯 tube, pipe, aulos
     alveolus n. 小坑/洞small pit/cavity
     carol n. 古老的圆舞伴着歌声old round dance with song
     hydraulic adj. 水/液体 water/liquid
1301.aulo-:坑洞孔 Hole, cavity.

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☝人46 3147: au̯o-s 外祖父 maternal grandfather
     uncle n. 父母兄弟,姑姑丈夫parents brother, aunts husband
569.awo-:叔伯大爷 An adult male relative other than one's father.

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☝工35 3148: aus- 舀(水);舀,舀 to draw (water); scoop, ladle
 exhaust vb. 排空,完全放出to empty, draw off/let out completely
1303.aus-3:吸水排气 To draw water.
 exhausted adj.耗尽的,疲惫的
 exhaustion n.耗尽枯竭,疲惫,竭尽
 exhaustive adj.无遗漏的,彻底的,详尽的,无遗的

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☝空53 3149: baˣb-, bhaˣbh-, paˣp- 膨胀 to swell
     pap    n. 乳头,乳头teat, nipple

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☝说21 3150: baba- 喋喋不休,喋喋不休,语无伦次 babble, babbling, unclear speech
     babble n. 无意义的语音meaningless speech-like sounds
     babe  n. 宝贝baby
     baby  n. (,babie)婴儿,新生儿infant, new-born
     babysit vb.str.intr 照顾孩子to care for children

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☝工21, ☝战21 3153: bak- 棍子,棍子;打,钉 stick, staff; to hit, peg
     bacillus n. 需氧杆状菌aerobic rod-shaped bacterium
     bacterium n. (细菌)显微单细胞生物microscopic single-celled organism
     baguette n. 珠状,成型比星状小bead, molding smaller than astragal
     bail  n. 外观安全security for appearance
     bailey n. 城堡外墙outer wall of castle
     bailiff n. 治安官雇员,未成年法院官员sheriffs employee, minor court officer
 debacle n. 河冰剧烈破裂violent breakup of river ice
     pail  n. 水桶bucket
     peg    n. 插头,孔用销plug, pin for a hole

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☝动61, ☝感44 3161: bau bow wow(拟声词:狗叫) bow-wow (onomatopoeic: dog barking)
     boo    interj. (恐吓词)(scare-word)

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☝空53 3164: bed- 膨胀 to swell
     pat    n. (一块黄油)small lump (of butter)
002.bel-:霸王茂盛 Strong.

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☝穿36, ☝农55, ☝工5, ☝感78 3167: bend-, bṇd-no- 刺,针,尖突出 spike, needle, tip jutting out
     pen    vb.wk.trans (pent)关上/封闭在钢笔里to shut/enclose in pen
     pond  n. 比湖小的水体body of water smaller than lake
     pound n. 动物围栏enclosure for animals
610.bend-:弓背凸出 Protruding point.
     ponds n. 池塘

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☝感44 3168: 1. b(e)u-, bh(e)u- (拟声:沉闷的噪音) (onomatopoeic: dull noise)
     poke  vb. 刺,戳;刺,刺to jab, prod; stab, pierce

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☝空53 3169: 2. b(e)u-, bh(e)ū̆- 沸腾,膨胀,膨胀 to boil, swell, puff up
     big    adj. 厚的,大的,大的尺寸/力量的thick, large, of great size/force
     bill  n. 书面文件written document
     billet n. 注意,简短的信note, brief letter
     boast n. 吹牛,吹牛brag, act of boasting
     boil  n. 皮肤腺感染引起的局部肿胀localized swelling due to skin gland infection
     boule n. 梨状的人造蓝宝石pear-shaped mass of synthetic sapphire
     bow n. 保龄球用球ball used in bowling
     bucket n. 固体/液体圆形容器round vessel for solids/liquids
     buckle n. 锁扣,紧固件catch, fastener
     bud    n. 未发育苗undeveloped plant shoot
     budge vb. 移动,移动to shift, move
     bug    n. 昆虫insect
     bull  n. 用布拉封印的庄严的教皇书信solemn papal letter sealed by bulla
     bullet n. 小圆团块small round mass
     bulletin n. 简短权威公告brief authoritative public notice
     bullion n. 被认为是金属的金/银gold/silver considered as metal
     bully n. 罐装/腌制牛肉canned/pickled beef
     poach vb.trans. 在沸点以下的液体中烹调to cook in liquid just below boiling point
     pocket n. 钱包,衣服里的小包purse, small bag in clothing
     poke  n. 麻袋,袋子sack, bag
     pose  n. 卡他,头冷catarrh, head-cold
     pouch n. 小拉绳袋small drawstring bag
     pou vb. 闷闷不乐to show displeasure via sullen expression
     puck  n. 恶魔,恶魔demon, evil spirit
     puddle n. 一小滩脏水/泥水small pool of dirty/muddy water
     puff  vb. 阵风to blow in short gust
611.beu-:弯曲膨胀 to swell, bow, bag.
     boiler n.煮器(锅,壶的统称),汽锅,锅炉
     buggy a.多虫的.n.童车
     bug 名词bug的复数形式;<俚>发疯的;疯狂的;虫子;缺陷 adj. <俚>发疯的;疯狂的; n. 虫子;缺陷
   ebullient 热情的
     bubonic adj.(指鼠疫)腹股沟淋巴结炎的,腺鼠疫
     puffy adj.一阵阵吹的,气喘吁吁的,膨胀的,自大的,
     billing n.(节目单或戏院大门上的)演员表,(演员表上的)演员次序
     poacher n.偷猎者,侵入者
     budding adj.萌芽的,发育的,少壮的 n.发芽

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☝动81 3173: blou-, bhlou-?, plou- 跳蚤 flea
     flea  n. 适应跳跃的无翅吸血昆虫wingless bloodsucking insect adapted to leaping
675.plou-:跳蚤 Flea.

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☝农54, ☝农57 3174: bol- 球茎,块茎 bulb, tuber
     bolus n. 圆形团块,土块rounded mass, earthen lump
     bulb  n. 短茎基部生殖植株群reproductive plant mass on short stem base
     bulbous adj. 灯泡形状,re:灯泡bulb-shaped, bulb

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☝住23 3177: bronk- 锁上,关上 to lock, shut in
     prong n. 叉fork

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☝身25, ☝情29 3178: bu- 吻,巴斯 lip; kiss, buss
     buss  n. 吻kiss

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☝感56 3179: 1. bhā-, bhō-, bhə- 闪闪发光 to shine, glisten
     banner n. 工作人员挂布标示集合点staff-hung cloth marking rallying point
     beacon n. 信号火(通常在高处)signal fire (usually on a high place)
     beckon vb. 通过信号召唤to summon via signal
     berry n. 小果肉small pulpy fruit
     buoy  n. 浮动float
 emphasis n. 表达重要性的有力表达forcefulness in expression conveying importance
     fantasize vb. 幻想,想象,产生幻觉to fancy, imagine, hallucinate
     fantasy n. 幻觉hallucination
mulberry n. 有可食用的紫色浆果状果实的树tree with edible purple berrylike fruit
     pant  vb. 用力地快速/间歇地呼吸to breathe quickly/spasmodically in labored manner
    -phane n.sfx. 有一定质量的物质substance having certain quality
     phantom n. 幻影,感觉到但不真实的东西apparition, something sensed but insubstantial
     phase n. 循环状态state in a recurring cycle
     pheno- pfx. 可观测特性 observable characteristic
     phenomenon n. 可观察事实/事件observable fact/event
     phos- pfx. 光,光影light, luminous impression
     photo- pfx. 光,辐射能light, radiant energy
     photon n. 光量子/辐射能quantum of light/radiant energy
tiffany n. 一种薄纱a kind of sheer silk gauze
003.bʰā-1:发光照耀 To shine.
     phosphorus 带来光线的:n.磷,晨星
     buoyancy n.浮力,(物体在液体里的)浮性,(从失望、噩耗等中)恢复正常的能力,(价格、营业状况等的)维持力
     buoyant a.有浮力的,轻快的
     fantastic a.(fantastical)奇异的,幻想的,异想天开的
     fantastically adv.空想地,捕风捉影地
     pants n.裤子,短裤
underpants 内衣裤
     phased adj.定相的
     phasing n.定相,相位调整,变相
     phenomena n. 现象
 emphasize v.(emphasise)强调

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☝说21 3180: 2. bhā- 说话 to speak
   abandon vb.trans. 放弃,否认权利/利益to give up, disavow rights/interest
 affable adj. 友好、愉快、健谈friendly, pleasant, talkative
     anthem n. 响应/对唱赞美诗hymn sung responsively/antiphonally
     ban    n. 命令、法令、传票、公告order, decree, summons, proclamation
     banal adj. 陈腐,缺乏新鲜感/独创性trite, lacking freshness/originality
     bandit n. 歹徒,强盗outlaw, brigand
     banish vb.trans. 要求出国to require to leave country
     boon  n. 恩惠,恩惠favor, benefit
confess vb. 承认,承认to admit, acknowledge
contraband n. 非法/禁止交通illegal/prohibited traffic
 euphemism n. 代替冒犯性的表达subsitute for offensive expression
     fable n. 故事,虚构的叙述story, fictitious narrative
     fabliau n. 短小、粗俗、愤世嫉俗的诗歌故事short, coarse, cynical tale in verse
     fabulous adj. 传奇,寓言legendary, fable
     fado  n. 哀怨的葡萄牙民歌plaintive Portuguese folk song
     fairy n. 神话中的小魔法生物mythical small magic being
     fam n. 声誉,公众尊重reputation, public esteem
     famous adj. 广为人知widely known
     fat n. 命运,事情发生的原则destiny, principle by which things happen
     fay    adj. 被附体,被施了魔法possessed, enchanted
homophone n. 听上去像另一个词的意思word sounding like another but different in spelling/meaning
ineffable adj. 无法形容,无法言语表达indescribable, incapable of verbal expression
  infamous adj. 名声最差的having worst kind of reputation
  infant n. 幼年儿童child in earliest period of life
  infantry n. 训练有素的士兵装备/装备步行作战trained soldiers armed/equipped to fight on foot
    -phasia n.sfx. 言语障碍speech disorder
    -phone n.sfx. 声音sound
     phone n. 被认为仅仅是物理事件的语音speech sound considered as mere physical event
     phoneme n. 最小语言单位smallest unit of speech
     phonetic adj. 语音 sounds of speech
     phono- pfx. 声音;声音,言语sound; voice, speech
    -phony n.sfx. 声音sound
preface n. 感恩圣餐祈祷eucharistic prayer of thanksgiving
profess vb. 宣誓to take religious vows
prophet n. 神谕演说家divinely inspired speaker
symphony n. 声音的和谐consonance of sounds
004.bʰā-2:发声说话 To speak.
     bee n.蜂,蜜蜂;忙碌的人
     blame v.责备;怪,把…归咎于n.责任,过错;责备
     fated adj.命运已定的,宿命的,受命运支配的
     fateful a.重大的,命中注定的
ill-fated adj.走恶运的,注定要遭受罚的
  infancy n.初期;婴儿期;幼年
prophecy n.预言;预言书;预言能力
prophetic adj.预言的,预示的;先知的
     ban =banns.;名词ban的复数形式.;结婚预告 n. 结婚预告
     banality n.平常,乏味
   abandoned adj.被抛弃的,自甘堕落的,没有约束的,放荡的
   abandonment n.放弃
 defamation n.诽谤,中伤
 defamatory adj.诽谤的,中伤的
 euphemistic adj.委婉的
     phonetically adv.按照发音地,语音学上
     phonetics 语音学
     phonemic adj.音素的,音位的
 euphonious 好听的
symphonic adj.交响乐的
confession n.忏悔,告解;供认
confessional adj.自白的,忏悔的 n.(教堂中神甫听取忏悔的)忏悔室
confessor n.自白者,为信教而被迫害的教徒
self-confessed adj.自认的,自供的
profession n.职业,专业,表白,宣布
professional a.职业的,专门的n.自由职业者,专业人员
professionalism n.职业水准或特性,职业化
     blameless adj.无罪的,无可指责的,清白的,无可非议,无可责难

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☝吃66 3181: bhabhā 豆 bean
     bean  n. 豆科植物的可食用种子edible seed borne by legumes
005.bʰa-bʰā-:豆豆 Broad bean.

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☝情71 3182: bhā̆d- 很好,更好 good, better
     batten vb. 长胖to grow fat
     best  adj/adv.sup 出类拔萃excelling all others
     better adj/adv.com 超过一半more than half
     boot  n. 补偿,补偿;补偿redress, remedy, compensation; deliverance
     bat    n. 棍棒、棍棒、棍棒 staff, club, cudgel
     batter vb. 反复击球 to bat repeatedly
     battle n. 战斗,武装部队之间的遭遇 combat, encounter between armed forces
     betterment n.改好,改良,改进
     good  a.好的;善良的;擅长的;乖的n.好处;利益
     goodness n.善良,仁慈;(食物等)精华int.天哪
     booted adj.穿靴的
     boots n. 擦靴子的人;长筒靴;厚底短筒靴
     bat 动词bat的第三人称单数形式;名词bat的复数形式;蝙蝠;球棒或球拍;<俚>神经不正常的;怪异的;用棒击打;眨眼睛 n. 蝙蝠;球棒或球拍; adj. <俚>神经不正常的;怪异的; v. 用棒击打;眨眼睛
     battered adj.打扁了的,敲碎的
     batting n.拍打,(用在被中等的)棉花胎,棉套,棉絮

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☝空232 3183: 1. bhag- 分配,分配 to divide, apportion
esophagus n. 从咽到胃的肌管muscular tube leading from pharynx to stomach
     nebbish n. 胆小意志薄弱的人timid weak-willed person
     pagoda n. 远东塔作为寺庙/纪念物Far Eastern tower erected as temple/memorial
    -phage n.sfx. 吃东西的人one that eats
    -phagous adj.sfx. 进食 eating
007.bʰag-:分享掰开 To share out, apportion, also to get a share.
esophageal adj.食道的,食管的

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☝天42, ☝农62 3185: bhāgó-s 山毛榉(树) beech (tree)
     beech n. 灰色/白色光滑树皮硬木grey/white smooth-barked hardwood tree
     book  n. 书页装订在一起的书面作品written work with pages bound together
009.bʰāgo-:榉树发散 Beech tree.
     booking n.登记,预约
     bookish adj.书本上的,好学的,书呆子
     booklet n.小册子

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☝身31, ☝身32 3187: bhāg̑hú-s 肘,前臂 elbow, forearm
     bough n. 树枝tree branch
     bow    n. 船首部分forward part of ship
030.bʰeug-3:弯躬苯环 To bend ;; bent, pliable, or curved objects.

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☝穿92 3188: bhar- bhor- bhr̥- 毛刺、胡茬;突出的东西 burr, stubble; something jutting out
     brad  n. 细小头钉thin small-headed nail
     burr  n. 粗糙多刺种皮/信封rough prickly seed husk/envelope
612.bʰars-1:毛刺尖细 Projection, bristle, point.
     bas n. 可食用刺鳍鱼edible spiny-finned fish
     bristle n. 粗硬短发short stiff coarse hair
     fastidious adj. 轻蔑的scornful
612.bʰars-1:毛刺尖细 Projection, bristle, point.
     brad 平头钉
     burr n. 粗糙多刺种皮/信封 rough prickly seed husk/envelope
     bristling adj.竖立的
     bassist n.低音歌手,低音乐器的演奏者

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☝身142 3191: bhardhā 胡须 beard
     barb  n. 钩,刺hook, thorn
     barbel n. 欧洲淡水鱼European freshwater fish
     barber n. 理发师理发/梳头的人one who cuts/dresses hair
     beard n. 男人的下面部毛发mans lower facial hair
010.bʰardʰ-ā-:胡须发散 Beard.
     bearded adj.(男子)有胡须的,(植物)有芒的,(鱼钩等)有倒刺的,(编结针等)有钩的
     barbed adj.有刺的,具侧刺毛的,(话语)尖刻的,尖锐的,讽刺的

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☝算21 3192: bhareku̯-, or bhereku̯- 闹剧,满满的 to farce, stuff full
diaphragm n. 肌肉/结缔组织的身体分割body partition of muscle/connective tissue
     farce n. 肉馅、香馅forcemeat, savory stuffing
     frequent adj. 拥挤的;普通的,通常的thronged; common, usual
  infarct n. 循环阻塞引起的组织/器官坏死面积area of tissue/organ necrosis due to circulation obstruction
641.bʰrekʷ-:挤在一起 To cram together.
     frequency n.频率,周率
     frequently adv.常常,频繁地 n.经常地
  infrequent a.不频发的,不常见的,珍贵的
     farcical 闹剧的

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☝农44, ☝空352, ☝感74 3193: bhares- 大麦 barley
     barley n. 谷类牧草cereal grass
     barn  n. 农场建筑(用于动物/收获作物)farm building (for animals/harvested crops)
011.bʰars-2:大麦须芒 Barley.

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☝算13, ☝算15 3194: bhasko- 堆,束,束 heap, bundle, fascicle
     fajita n. 玉米饼腌/熟半身牛排marinated/cooked skirt steak in tortilla
     fascia n. 建筑平面水平带flat horizontal band on building
     fascicle n. 小捆small bundle
     fascinate vb. 施魔法、施魔法、施咒to enchant, bewitch, cast spells
     fascism n. 法西斯的原则principles held by Fascists
     fess  坦承
     fascinating adj.迷人的,醉人的,着魔的
     fascination n.魔力,魅力,迷恋

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☝工21 3196: bhāt- bhət- 击球,击球 to bat, hit
     bat    n. 棍棒、棍棒、棍棒staff, club, cudgel
     batten n. 窄木条narrow strip of wood
     batter vb. 反复击球to bat repeatedly
     battle n. 战斗,武装部队之间的遭遇combat, encounter between armed forces
006.bʰad-:更好 Good.

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☝工21 3197: 1. bhā̆u- bhū̆- 打,打 to hit, beat
   abut  vb. 沿边界接触to touch along border
     beat  vb.str.freq (打,打)反复打击to strike repeatedly
     beetle n. 木槌,重型木制捣打/锤击工具mallet, heavy wooden ramming/battering tool
     but n. 用头/角吹/推blow/push with head/horns
     button n. 小紧固旋钮/圆盘small fastening knob/disk
     buttress n. 稳定木/砌体结构stabilizing wood/masonry structure
halibut n. 海洋食用鱼(最大的比目鱼)marine food fish (largest flatfish)
     hobbit n. 托尔金的半身人:霍比特人,指环王halfling in Tolkien: The Hobbit, The Lord of the Rings
 rebut  vb. 击退,击退to repel, beat back
 refute vb.trans. 通过争论推翻to overthrow by argument
012.bʰau-:棒梆敲打 To strike.
     beater n.搅拌器,敲打者
     beating v.挫败 n.打,敲打
 unbeatable adj.打不垮的,不可摧毁的
 unbeaten adj.未被打过的
 rebuttal n.举反例,反驳,抗辩
irrefutable 无可辩驳的
 refutation n.驳斥

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☝吃23 3201: bhē-, bhō- 加热、烘烤、烘烤、油炸 to warm, bake, roast, fry
     bak vb. 用干热(尤指在烤箱中)准备to prepare using dry heat, esp. in oven
     bath  n. 清洗/浸泡(水中)部分/全部身体washing/soaking (in water) part/all of body
     bathe vb. 冲洗(通常指。温水/其他液体to wash in (usu. warm/hot) water/other liquid
614.bʰē-:热焙洗澡 To warm.
     bathing n.游泳,洗海水澡
     baker n.面包师,面包工人,[美](便携式)烘炉
     bakery n.面包店
     baking n.烘焙,一次烘焙的量

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☝农22, ☝工23, ☝工342 3203: 1. bhedh- 挖、刺、穿、嵌 to dig, stab, pierce, embed
     bed    n. 睡觉/躺卧用家具furniture for sleeping/reclining
 embed  vb. (嵌入)封闭,固定to enclose, set solidly
     fossa n. 解剖窝/洞anatomical pit/cavity
     fosse n. 护城河、沟渠moat, ditch
     fossil n. 过去地质时代动植物的踪迹trace of plant/animal of past geological age
615.bʰedʰ-:挖掘床窝 To dig.
     bedding n.被褥,(家畜)草垫,(建筑)基床
     bed abbr. bedrooms 卧室; n. 河床;(地下由黏土、岩石等构成的)地层;床;苗圃

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☝工14, ☝空75 3204: 2. bhedh- 弯曲、弯曲、弯曲 to flex, bend, crook
     bead  n. 祈祷prayer
     bid    vb.str. 敦促、恳求、邀请、恳求to urge, beseech, invite, entreat
211.gʷʰedʰ-:祷告 To ask, pray.

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☝工26 3205: bheg-, bheng- 砰,摔,砸 to bang, break, smash
     bang  vb. 撞,撞to bump, strike against
     bank  n. 小山、山脊;堆、丘hill, ridge; pile, mound
     banquet n. 盛宴great/ceremonious feast
     banquette n. 护栏/沟渠内的高架通道(ner)raised way inside parapet/trench for gun(ner)s
     bench n. 双人/双人以上长椅long seat for two/more persons
     bungle vb. 笨拙地/笨拙地行动/工作to act/work awkwardly/clumsily
616.bʰeg-:破产折断 To break.
     bankrupt a.破产的;彻底缺乏的vt.使破产n.破产者
     banger n.香肠,破旧的汽车,老爷车,(声音很响的)爆竹
     banker n.银行家;银行业者
     banking n.银行业

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☝行46 3207: bhegu̯- 逃跑,逃跑 to flee, run away
     claustrophobia n. 对封闭/狭窄空间的异常恐惧abnormal fear of closed/narrow spaces
     -phobe n.sfx. 害怕/厌恶(某物)的人one fearing/averse to (something)
     phobia n. 异常持续的非理性恐惧abnormal persistent irrational fear

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☝动82 3208: bhei- 蜜蜂(昆虫) bee (insect)
     bee    n. 群居昆虫:蜂蜜的制造者social insect: maker of honey

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☝身58, ☝工27, ☝感78 3209: bheid- 咬,刺,刺,劈 to bite, prick, pierce, split
   abet  vb.trans. 鼓动、鼓励to instigate, encourage
     bait  n. 用来引诱猎物的食物food used to entice prey
     beetle n. 有两对翅膀的昆虫insect with 2 pairs of wings
     bit    n. 少量食物morsel, small amount of food
     bit vb.str. (,咬,咬)用下颚/牙齿/类似器官抓住to seize with jaws/teeth/analogous organ
     bitter adj. 辛辣的/涩味的/难吃的acrid/astringent/disagreeable in taste
     boat  n. 用桨/桨/帆推动的小船small vessel propelled by oars/paddles/sail
     fission n. 分成几部分breaking/splitting into parts
     fissure n. 窄裂纹/开口(表示开裂)narrow crack/opening (indicating split)
     vent  n. 开缝的衣服slit in garment
     pizza n.比萨饼(一种涂有乳酪核番茄酱的意大利式有馅烘饼)
     pita n.(希腊和中东地区的)皮塔饼
     biting adj.刺痛的,尖锐的
     bitten vbl.咬
     bitty adj.片断的,细短的,支离破碎的
     bitterly adv.苦苦地,悲痛的,厉害的
     bitterness n.苦味,辛酸
     boater n.乘船者,硬草帽
     boating n.划船

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☝身81, ☝情51 3210: 1. bheidh- 强迫;劝告、倾诉、鼓励 to force; advise, confide, encourage
   abide vb.str/wk. (,住所)等待,等待to await, wait for
     abode n. 等等,等等wait, delay
 affidavit n. 书面宣誓声明sworn statement in writing
     bid vb. 等待,停留,继续to wait, tarry, continue in state/condition
confederate adj. 联盟,联合,联盟allied, united, in league
confidant n. 信任秘密的人信任秘密的人one with whom secrets are trusted
confide vb. 信任,信任to trust, have confidence in
confident adj. 信任,信任trustful, confiding
 defiance n. 不信任、怀疑;蔑视的行为mistrust, suspicion; act of defying
 defy    vb.trans. 挑战战斗to challenge to combat
diffident adj. 不信任distrustful
     faith n. 忠诚,忠于责任/人loyalty, allegiance to duty/person
     federal adj. 契约/条约 compact/treaty
     federation n. 联邦政府federal government
     fiance n. 订婚的男人man who is engaged to be married
     fidelity n. 忠实的faithful
     fiduciary adj. 信任/信心 trust/confidence
  infidel n. 非基督徒/反对基督教的人one who is not Christian/opposes Christianity
016.bʰeidʰ-:坚钉信赖 To trust, confide, persuade.
     fay adj. 被附体,被施了魔法possessed, enchanted
   abiding adj.持久的,永久的;不变的
confidence n.(in)信任;信心,自信;秘密,机密
confidential adj.机密的,表示信任的,获得信任的
confidentiality n.机密性
confidentially adv.秘密地,亲密地,十分信任地
self-confidence n.自信,自信心
self-confident adj.自信的,自持的
 defiant adj.挑衅的;目中无人的,蔑视的;挑战的
     federalism n.联邦制;联邦主义
     federally adv.同盟地,联邦地,联邦政府地,在联邦政府一级
confederacy 同盟
confederation n.联邦
     faithful a.守信的,忠实的,如实的,可靠的
     faithfully adv.忠诚地,如实地,切实遵守地
     faithfulness n.忠诚,正确,诚实,忠忱,忠心
interfaith adj.不同宗教信仰者(间)的,不同宗教团体(间)的
 unfaithful adj.不诚实的,不忠实的,不准确的
  infidelity n.无信仰,不信神;背信

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☝工21 3212: bhei(ə)-, bhī- 击中 to hit
     bill  n. 鸟嘴birds beak
     bone  n. 脊椎动物骨骼的坚硬部分hard part of skeleton of vertebrate
617.bʰeiə-:敲击账单 To strike.
     boneless adj.去骨的
     boney adj.多骨的,瘦骨嶙峋的
     bony a.多骨的,瘦骨嶙峋的

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☝感56 3213: bheigu̯- 闪耀,闪耀? to shine, glitter?

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☝感56, ☝感64 3214: 1. bhel-, Balto-Slavic also bhelə- 闪闪发光的白色 glittering white
     bald  adj. 光秃秃的,光秃秃的,没有头发/羽毛的bare, shorn, lacking hair/feathers
     beluga n. 鲸类cetacean
     pill  n.dial. 水池,(小潮汐)小溪pool, (small tidal) creek
     pool  n. 小而深的水体small deep body of water
017.bʰel-1:发光闪亮 To shine, flash, burn ; shining white and various bright colors.

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☝工32, ☝空53 3216: 3. bhel-, bhlē- 生长、扩散、膨胀、膨胀 to grow, spread, swell, inflate
     bal n. (货物)大捆large bundle (of goods)
     ball  n. 圆(ish)体/块round(ish) body/mass
     balloon n. 无孔充气袋,由轻质而坚韧的材料制成nonporous air-filled bag made of light but tough material
     ballot n. 秘密投票用小球small ball used for secret vote
     bladder n. 动物的膜囊,用作液体容器membranous sac in animal serving as liquid receptacle
     blase adj. 老于世故,疲惫不堪:快乐/兴奋sophisticated, jaded pleasure/excitement
     blast n. 狂风violent gust of air
     blather n. 胡说,愚蠢nonsense, foolishness
     blaze vb.trans. 宣布,公布to proclaim, make public/conspicuous
     blow  vb.str. (吹,吹)以速度/力量移动(空气)to move (air) with speed/force
     bold  adj. 无畏,临危不惧intrepid, fearless before danger
     boulder n. 圆形分离多磨损岩体rounded detached much-worn rock mass
     bowl  n. 盛装液体的凹形/半球形容器concave/hemispherical vessel for holding liquid
     bulk  n. 体积、震级volume, magnitude
     bull  n. 成年牛雄性动物adult male bovine animal
     bullock n. 阉牛,阉牛steer, castrated bull
conflate vb. 融合,融合,结合,汇集to fuse, meld, combine, bring together
 deflate vb. 失去空气to lose/remove air
     flavor n. 气味,香味odor, fragrance
     follicle n. 小解剖腔/深窄口凹陷small anatomical cavity/deep narrow-mouthed depression
     folly n. 缺乏远见/判断力/正常的谨慎lack of foresight/good sense/normal prudence
     fool  n. 缺乏判断力/谨慎的人one lacking in judgment/prudence
     ful vb.trans. 用湿/热/压使(毛布)收缩/变厚to shrink/thicken (woolen cloth) using moisture/heat/pressure
  inflate vb. 用空气/气体膨胀to swell/distend with air/gas
     phallus n. (符号/表示)男性性器官(symbol/representation of) male sexual organ
     souffle n. 用蛋黄或搅打过的蛋白做成的菜dish made of egg yolk or whipped egg whites
018.bʰel-2:吹鼓气球 To blow, swell ;
     boulevard n.<美>林荫大道
     bulwark n.壁垒,防波堤
     baleful adj. 致命的/有害的影响 deadly/pernicious in influence
     bowler n.玩滚球的人,玩球戏的人,(板球的)投手
     bowling n.保龄球
     bulky adj.大的,容量大的,体积大的
     bullish adj.似公牛的,看涨的,上扬的
     bollocks 胡说
     ballooning n.气球操纵,乘气球,鼓胀
     balloonist n.气球驾驶者
     boldly adv.大胆地,显眼地,冒
     boldness n.大胆,冒失,勇敢,魄力
     bawdy adj.低级下流的 n.粗话,下流作品
     follicular adj.小囊的,卵泡的,滤泡的
     foolish a.愚笨的,愚蠢的
     foolishness n.愚蠢,愚笨

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☝农56, ☝农57 3217: 4. bhel-, and bhlē-, bhlō-, bhlə- 叶,箔,叶片;开花 leaf, foil, blade; bloom
     blade n. 叶leaf
     bleed vb.str. 失血失血to lose/emit blood
     bless vb.wk.trans (祝福)通过宗教仪式/文字使神圣/神圣to hallow/consecrate by religious rite/word
     blood n. 脊椎动物静脉/动脉中循环的液体fluid circulating in veins/arteries of vertebrates
     bloom n. 花flower
     blossom n. 种子植物花flower of seed plant
     blow  vb.str.intr (吹,吹)开花,开花to flower, blossom
cauliflower n. 园林植物garden plant
     ferret n. 棉/丝/羊毛窄胶带narrow cotton/silk/wool tape
     floral adj. 植物/花卉 flora/flowers
     floret n. 小花small flower
     florid adj. 花团锦簇covered with flowers
     florist n. 卖花的人卖花的人one who sells flowers
    -florous adj.sfx. 有花的/有花的having/bearing flowers
     flour n. 细磨小麦粉finely ground wheat meal
     flourish vb. 茁壮成长to thrive, grow luxuriantly
     flower n. 开花,花序blossom, inflorescence
     foil  n. 植物叶plant leaf
     foliage n. 植物叶片质量mass of plant leaves
     folio n. 叶,尤指书/手稿的叶子leaf, esp. of book/manuscript
    -phyll n.sfx. 叶leaf
    -phyllous adj.sfx. 有叶/小叶/叶状部分的having leaves/leaflets/leaf-like parts
portfolio n. 便携式文件/图纸盒portable case for papers/drawings
019.bʰel-3:花开茂盛 To thrive, bloom.
     bloomed adj. 模糊的(无反射的)
     blooming adj.盛开的
     flowered adj.花开着的,用花装饰的
     flowering adj.开花的 n.开花,以花饰
     flowery adj.花的;华丽的;绚丽的;多花的
     bloodless adj.(手术,斗争等)不流血的,苍白的,冷酷的
     bloody a.流血的,血腥的
     bleeding n.出血,流血
     blessedly adv.幸福地,神圣地
     blessing n.祝福

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☝工51 3218: 5. bhel-, chiefly with suffixesbheləg̑-, bhelə-n-g̑-, bheleg̑-, bhl̥k̑- 梁、梁、椽 balk, beam, rafter
     balcony n. 从墙上突出的栏杆平台railed platform projecting from wall
     balk  n. 梁;河岸,未铺砌的地脊beam; bank, unplowed land ridge
     phalanx n. 全副武装的近距/纵队/纵队步兵heavily armed infantry in close/deep ranks/files
621.bʰelg-:木棒横梁 A plank, beam.
 debauchery 堕落

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☝感44, ☝感45, ☝说21 3219: 6. bhel- 说话,铃,吼叫,回响 to speak, bell, bellow, resound
     bawl  vb. 大喊大叫to yell, cry out loudly/unrestrained
     belch vb. 通过口排出胃里的气体to expel gas from stomach through mouth
     bell  n. 当卡住时会响/振动的空心金属装置hollow metallic device that rings/vibrates when stuck
     bellow vb. 大声吼叫(像公牛)to roar with deep sound (like a bull)
619.bʰel-4:哭叫敲钟 To cry out, yell.
     bellows 风箱
     bells 名词bell的复数形式.;排钟 n. 排钟

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☝工21 3221: bheld- 打,戳 to hit, poke
     bolt  n. 木/金属锁杆/销wood/metal locking bar/pin

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☝感56 3222: bheleg- 闪闪发光 to shine, glisten
     black adj. 非常黑暗extremely dark
     blacken vb. 变黑,变黑to darken, make black
     blacksmith n. 用锤子/铁砧塑造/锻造铁的人one who shapes/forges iron with hammer/anvil
     blank adj. 白色,无色white, colorless
     blanket n. 床罩用机织物woven fabric used as bed covering
     bleach vb. 去除颜色/污渍to remove color/stains
     bleak adj.obs/dia 苍白,苍白,苍白,没有颜色wan, pale, pallid, without color
     blink vb. 欺骗;闪烁;看/看/瞥to deceive (obs.); twinkle; look/glance/glimpse
conflagration n. 火fire
     flagrant adj. 发光,燃烧glowing, flaming
     flamboyant adj. 有使人联想到火焰的波浪形曲线having wavy curves suggesting flames
     flame n. 火的气态部分glowing gaseous part of fire
     flamingo n. 长颈/长腿水鸟aquatic bird with long neck/legs
     flammable adj. 易着火/快速燃烧subject to easy ignition/rapid burning
  inflame vb. 点燃,点燃to kindle, set on fire
017.bʰel-1:发光闪亮 To shine, flash, burn ; shining white and various bright colors.
     beluga 白鲟鱼
     blu a.蓝色的;青灰色的;沮丧的,阴郁的n.蓝色
     blaze n.火焰.vi.照耀,激发,燃烧
     blemish n.污点,缺点,瑕疵 vt.弄脏,玷污,损害
     blind a.盲的,瞎的;盲目的vt.使失明n.百叶窗
     blindfold n,眼罩,障眼物; vt.将...眼睛蒙起来,蒙骗 adj.看不清的,盲目的
     blend n.混合(物)v.混和,混杂
     blond adj.亚麻色的,金色的,浅色的,白肤金发碧眼的 n.肤色白皙的金发女人,白肤金发碧眼人
     blush vi.脸红,惭愧,变红,害臊,怕羞 n.脸红,红色,<古>一见,一瞥
     bald adj. 光秃秃的,光秃秃的,没有头发/羽毛的 bare, shorn, lacking hair/feathers
     pill n.dial. 水池,(小潮汐)小溪 pool, (small tidal) creek
     pool n. 小而深的水体 small deep body of water
     blitz n. 闪电战,空袭,密集的军事行动 blitzkrieg, air raid, intensive military campaign
     blonde adj. 淡黄色/金黄色/浅棕色 flaxen/golden/pale-brown in color
     blunder n. 错误,混乱 mistake, confusion
     blues n.抑郁,沮丧,忧郁布鲁斯歌曲(蓝调音乐)
     bluish a.带蓝色的
     blazing adj.炽烧的,闪耀的,强烈的
     blinding adj.使眩目的,使失去判断力的 n.碎石子
     blindly adv.盲目地,摸索地
     blindness n.失明,盲目,无知,轻率
     blender n.掺和器,搅拌机
     blankly adv.茫然地,完全地
     blackness n.黑色,黑人民族性,阴郁,邪恶
     flamboyantly adv.艳丽地、奢华地、绚丽地。
anti-inflammatory adj.& n.抗炎的(药)
     flaming adj.燃烧的;火红的;激昂的
  inflammation n.炎症,发炎,燃烧,发火
  inflammatory adj.煽动性的
     balding adj.成为秃头的
     baldness n.光秃,枯燥,率直,无芒性,秃发,秃病
     blinkered 目光狭窄的
     blinking adj.闪光的,一眨眼的
 unblinking adj.不眨眼的,坚定的,不动摇的

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☝身82, ☝身84, ☝工21 3223: bheleu- 打击,削弱;生病,虚弱 to hit, weaken; ill, weak
     bal n. 大祸;悲哀,悲哀great evil; woe, sorrow
     baleful adj. 致命的/有害的影响deadly/pernicious in influence

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☝空53 3224: bhelg̑h- 膨胀、膨胀、翻滚 to swell, bulge, billow
     bellows n. 膨胀/收缩、吸入/排出空气的工具/机器tool/machine to expand/contract, drawing in/expelling air
     belly n. 胃,腹部stomach, abdomen
     billow n. 波动wave
     bolster n. 长枕头/靠垫延伸至床的全宽long pillow/cushion extending full width of bed
     budget n. (皮革)包/袋/钱包(leather) pack/pouch/wallet
     bulge n. 船体内最低面积lowest area in ships inner hull
underbelly n.下腹部的,物体的下方,易受攻击的地带
     budgetary adj.预算的

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☝工21, ☝商28 3225: bhen- 打,伤 to hit, wound
     bane  n. 凶手,杀人犯,杀人犯killer, slayer, murderer
212.gʷʰen-:嘭嘭击打 To strike, kill.

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☝工16 3227: bhendh- 捆绑 to tie, bind
     band  n. 带、带、绳strip, belt, cord
     bandanna n. 大提花手帕large figured handkerchief
     bend  vb.wk. (,弯曲)到弯曲,弯曲,应变到张力to flex, curve, strain to tension
     bind  vb.str. (捆绑)系紧to secure by tying
     bond  n. 束缚,束缚/约束的东西fetter, thing that binds/restrains
     bund  n. 控制水流的堤坝embankment used to control water flow
     bundle n. 为便于搬运,将物品固定在一起items fastened together for handling convenience
ribbon n. 修边/针织用窄扁/管状机织物narrow flat/tubular woven fabric for trimming/knitting
     binder n.装订工,包扎者,包扎工具,[法律]临时契约
     binding n.装订,捆绑,捆绑物,粘合物
     banded 有带的,有条子的
     banding n.条带,(如按能力、价值、交税等)分类,染色体带,(凝胶剂等上的)分子聚集显带
disband v.解散,裁减
     bonded adj.有担保的,(债务)以债券作保证的,(材料)黏合的,(旅游公司等)通过保险单(游客)受保护的
     bonding n.黏结,连搭,焊,胶,粘接,结耦,焊,接合,压焊,砖石砌体砌合
     bundled 附随的

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☝行61, ☝行62 3229: 1. bher- 携带,携带,携带 to bear, bring, carry
 afferent adj. 传导/向内bearing/conducting inward
     barrow n. 手推车、手推车handcart, wheelbarrow
     bear  vb.str. 携带:支撑和移动to carry: support and move
     birth n. 从母亲的身体中出现新的个体emergence of new individual from body of mother
     birthday n. 生日/周年纪念日day/anniversary of ones birth
     bor n. 高突波前潮汐洪水tidal flood with high abrupt front
     bor adj. 因出生而存在的brought into existence by birth
     burden n. 装载,携带的东西load, something carried
     burly adj. 强壮,强壮strong, heavy, muscular
circumference n. 圆周长perimeter of circle
confer vb. 比较to compare
 defer  vb. 供决定to refer for decision
differ vb.intrans. 在形式/性质/特征上不同/不同to be unlike/distinct in form/nature/characteristics
 efferent adj. 从…向外传导conducting outward from
 euphoria n. 兴高采烈的感觉feeling of elation/well-being
    -fer  n.pfx. 有一件事one/thing that bears
     ferret n. 部分驯化的欧洲白化粪partially domesticated often albino European polecat
     fertile adj. 大量生产/结果producing/bearing fruit in large quantity
     fortuitous adj. 偶然发生的occurring by chance
     fortune n. 假设力量/人格化力量决定事件/问题hypothetical force/personified power determining events/issues
     furtive adj. 秘密的,秘密的surreptitious, done by stealth
  infer  vb. 从事实/前提中得出结论to derive as conclusion from facts/premises
metaphor n. 用来表示相似或相似的词/短语而不是另一个word/phrase used instead of another to suggest likeness/analogy
 offer  vb. 献祭,献祭作为崇拜/献身的行为to sacrifice, present as act of worship/devotion
 opprobrium n. 带来耻辱的东西something that brings disgrace
paraphernalia n. 已婚妇女控制的财产property controlled by married woman
periphery n. 圆周长/其他闭合曲线perimeter of circle/other closed curve
     pheromone n. 动物分泌的影响他人的化学物质chemical secreted by animal to influence others
    -phore n.pfx. 载体carrier
    -phoresis n.pfx. 传输transmission
phosphorus n. 磷光物质/体phosphorescent substance/body
prefer vb.trans. 晋升/晋升to promote/advance to rank/position
proffer vb. 提供、投标、提出接受to offer, tender, present for acceptance
 refer  vb. 在一般群体/范畴内考虑/分类/思考to regard/classify/think of within general group/category
suffer vb. 屈服,被迫忍受to submit to, be forced to endure
tocopherol n. 油性脂溶性酚类化合物oily fat-soluble phenolic compound
transfer vb. 运送,运送到另一个人/地方/情况to transport, convey to another person/place/situation
 unborn adj. 还没有出生not (yet) born
022.bʰer-1:抱负携带 To carry ; also to bear children.
     bring v.拿来,带来;产生,引起;使处于某种状态
     bearable adj.可忍受的,可容忍的,忍得住
     bearer n.送信人,搬运者
     bearing n.轴承;忍受;关系,影响;举止;方向
forebear n.祖先,祖宗
 unbearable adj.无法忍受的,承受不住的
 unbearably adv.不能忍受地,无法容忍地,慌
     burdensome a.繁重的,难以承担的,恼人的
 rebirth n.复活,新生
     brought vbl.带来,使得
     fertility n.多产,丰饶,肥沃,生育力
     fertilization n.肥沃,施肥,授精
     fertilize vt.使受精;使肥沃
     fertilizer n.(fertiliser)肥料
  infertile adj.不肥沃的;不毛的;不结果实的;不能生殖的
  infertility n.不肥沃,不毛,不育
conferee n.被授予(称号、学位)者,接受赐予者,参加商谈者,协商会出席者
conference n.(正式)会议;讨论,商谈
 deference n.顺从;尊重
 deferential adj.恭敬的;惯于顺从的
difference n.差别,差异,分歧
different a.差异的,差异的,不同的
differential adj.微分的 n.微分
differentially adv. 差别地;区别地
differentiate v.区分,区别
differentiation n.区别,分化,分异,衍进,求导数
differently ad.不同地,有差别地
indifference n.漠不关心;冷淡;不重视;中立
indifferent a.冷漠的,不关心的,不积极的
  inference n.推论,推理,推断;结论
 offering n.祭品,奉献物,捐赠物,出售物
preferable a.(to)更可取的,更好的
preferably ad.更好地,宁愿
preference n.(for,to)偏爱,喜爱;优惠;优先选择
preferential a.优先的,选择的
preferentially 医优先地
 referee 被委托者:n.裁判,调解人v.仲裁,当裁判
 reference n.提及,涉及;参考,参考书目;证明书(人)
 referential adj.指示的,有参考内容的,用作参考的
 referral n.参考,提及,被推荐的人
insufferable 难以忍受的
sufferer n.受害者
suffering n.苦楚,受难 adj.受苦的,患病的
transference n.移动,转送,转让
     fortunate a.幸运的,侥幸的
     fortunately ad.幸运地,幸亏
misfortune n.不幸;灾祸,灾难
 unfortunate a.不幸的
 unfortunately ad.不幸地,遗憾地
metaphoric 隐喻;象征
metaphorical adj.比喻性的,隐喻性的
metaphorically adv.比喻地,隐喻地
peripheral adj.外围的;次要的;(神经)末梢区域的n.外部设备
 reborn adj.再生的,更新的,复兴的

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☝行31, ☝空53 3230: 2. bher- 沸腾,膨胀,膨胀 to boil, swell, well up
     barmy adj. 充满泡沫/发酵full of froth/ferment
     breath n. 充满气味/香味的空气air charged with odor/fragrance
     breathe vb. 散发香味to emit aura/fragrance
     breeze n. 炼焦/木炭残渣residue from making coke/charcoal
     ferment n. 引起发酵的药剂(如酵母)agent (e.g. yeast) causing fermentation
     fervent adj. 发光,非常热glowing, very hot
     fervor n. 酷热intense heat
036.bʰreuə-:发热冒泡 To boil, bubble, effervesce, burn ; cooking and brewing.

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☝工22, ☝工422, ☝感78 3231: 3. bher- 用锋利的工具钻孔、切割、刮削 to bore, cut, scrape, use sharp tool
     bar    n. 工具,直金属/实木护栏barrier, straight solid wood/metal implement
     barrow n. 性成熟前阉割的公猪male hog castrated prior to sexual maturity
     bore  vb. 用旋转工具穿孔to pierce with rotary tool
     borer n. 旋转镗刀rotary tool for boring
624.bʰer-2:切片边沿 To cut, pierce, bore.
     Boris
     bored adj.无聊的,无趣的,烦人的,
     boredom n.厌倦,令人厌烦的事物
     boring n.钻(孔) adj.令人厌烦的
     perforation n.穿孔
     pharyngeal 咽的

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☝感56, ☝感57, ☝感63 3233: 5. bher- 闪亮的;亮棕色的 shining; bright brown
     bear  n. 大而重的哺乳动物,毛发长而蓬松large heavy mammal with long shaggy hair
     beaver n. 半宽尾水生啮齿动物large semiaquatic rodent with broad flat tail
     brown adj. 非常暗的暗红色very dull dark reddish color
     bruin n. 熊(大型哺乳动物)bear (large mammal)
     brunet adj. (有头发)深棕色的(with hair) of dark brown color
023.bʰer-3:棕熊海狸 Bright, brown.
     brownish adj.呈褐色的
     berserk 发怒

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☝吃21, ☝吃23, ☝吃24 3234: 6. bher- 煮,烤,炸,烤 to cook, bake, fry, roast
     frieze n. 耐用厚羊毛织物heavy durable course wool fabric
     fry    vb. 油炸to cook in fat
625.bʰer-4:火烤面包 To cook, bake.
     fried adj.油炸的,[美俚]喝醉了的
     fryer n.油炸(煎)锅,作油炸食品的人,可供油炸的食品(尤指嫩小鸡)

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☝工22, ☝工52 3236: bheredh-, bhṛdho- 切割;木板 to cut; board
     board n. 木板,锯材;边、边plank, piece of sawed lumber; edge, border
     border n. 外部/边缘/边界outer part/edge/boundary
smorgasbord n. 提供各种食物的午餐/自助晚餐luncheon/dinner buffet offering variety of foods
starboard n. 船舶右侧(向前看)right side of ship (looking forward)
626.bʰerdʰ-:切割 To cut.
     boarding n.寄膳宿,木板
overboard adv.自船上落下,在船外
     bordering 边界标志物,镶边加边

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☝感44 3237: bhereg- (拟声词:吠叫、哭泣、咆哮等) (onomatopoeic: to bark, cry, roar, etc.)
     bark  vb. 像狗一样发出短促的叫声to make short loud cry, like dog
628.bʰerg-:敲打噪音 To make noise.

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☝感56, ☝感57, ☝感64 3238: bherəg̑-, bhrēg̑- 发光;明亮,白色 to shine; bright, white
     birch n. 雌雄同株落叶乔木/灌木monoecious deciduous tree/shrub
     birk  n. 桦木birch
     bright adj. 发光、反射/辐射光shining, reflecting/radiating light
024.bʰerəg-:白亮白桦 To shine ; bright, white.
     brightly ad.明亮地,聪明地
     brightness n.光亮,明亮,聪明

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☝天22, ☝空31, ☝交36 3239: bhereg̑h-, bherg̑hos- 高,高贵;手推车,山 high, noble; barrow, mountain
     barrow n. 山,山;丘,坟hill, mountain; mound, tumulus
belfry n. 攻城塔siege tower
     borough n. 形成城镇的坚固的房屋群fortified group of houses forming town
     bourgeois n. 市民burgher
     brae  n. 山丘、山坡、高地hill, hillside, highland
     burg  n. 古堡,城墙borough, walled bourg, (ancient) fortress
     burgess n. 伯杰,英国自治区公民burgher, citizen of British borough
     burglar n. 小偷,入室行窃的人thief, one who commits burglary
comfort vb.trans. 鼓起勇气/给予希望to cheer, give strength/hope to
 effort n. 有意识地行使权力conscious exertion of power
 enforce vb.trans. 为了加强,给力于to strengthen, give force to
     force n. 施加/产生的力量/能量strength/energy exerted/brought to bear
     fort  n. 坚固/坚固的地方strong/fortified place
     forte adj/adv. 响亮,有力loud(ly), powerful(ly)
     fortify vb. 使强壮to make strong
     fortitude n. 力量strength
     fortress n. 据点,据点stronghold, fortified place
iceberg n. 从冰川上脱落的大型浮冰large floating ice mass detached from glacier
reinforce vb.trans. 为了加强,给to strengthen, give more force/effectiveness to
026.bʰergʰ-2:堡垒要塞 High ; with derivatives referring to hills and hill-forts.
     burglary v.入室行窃
 enforceable adj.可强行的,可强迫的,可实施的
 enforcement n.强制,实施,执行
 enforcer n.实施者,强制执行者
     forced adj.被迫的,强迫的,动用武力的
     forceful adj.强有力的;有说服力的;坚强的
     forcefully adv.强有力地
     forcible adj.强迫的,用暴力的,强有力的,有说服力的
     forcibly adv.强制地,用力,硬
     fortification n.设防;防御工事;加强;配方
comfortable a.舒适的,舒服的;感到舒适的,安逸的
comfortably ad.舒适地
comforter n.慰问者,安慰者,羊毛围巾
discomfort n.不便之处,不适
uncomfortable adj.不舒服的;不安的
uncomfortably adv.不舒适地,困难地
 effortless adj.不费力的,容易的
reinforcement n.增援,加强,加固,援军

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☝感56 3240: bherək̑-, bhrēk̑- 闪耀,闪耀 to shine, glitter
     brae  n. 山坡,尤指沿河hillside, esp. along river
     braid vb.trans. 把(三股或更多股)绞在一起to twist (three/more strands) together
     bream n. 欧洲淡水鲤鱼European freshwater cyprinid fish
     bridle n. 用来引导马的头套/缰绳/缰绳headstall/bit/reins with which horse is guided
627.bʰerək-:闪耀发光 To shine, glitter.
 unbridled adj.放肆的

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☝空353 3241: 1. bherem- 突出突出;边缘、边缘、下摆 to stand out; brim, edge, hem
     bramble n. 多刺灌木prickly shrubs
     brim  n. 杯/碗/凹陷边缘/边缘rim/edge of cup/bowl/depression
     broom n. 豆科灌木leguminous shrub
643.bʰrem-2:爆炸突出 To project ; a point, spike ; an edge.

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☝天35, ☝行31, ☝情43 3244: bh(e)reu- bh(e)rū̆- 冲泡,煮沸,狂野 to brew, boil, surge, be wild
     bourne n. 燃烧burn
     brandish vb.trans. 威胁地摇动/挥舞(武器)to shake/wave (weapon) menacingly
     brandy n. 白兰地酒brandywine
     brazier n. 盛着燃烧着的煤的锅pan to hold burning coals
     bread n. 烘焙食品:面粉/混合液体粉/起酥油/发酵剂baked food: flour/meal mixed with liquid/shortening/leavening
     breed vb.str. (繁殖)通过孵化/怀孕繁殖(后代)to reproduce (offspring) by hatching/gestation
     brew  n. 酿造饮料beverage made by brewing
     brimstone n. 硫黄sulfur
     broil n. 吵架,吵架brawl, rowdy argument
     brood n. (家族)动物幼崽(family of) animal young
     broth n. 鱼/肉/蔬菜/谷类食品烹调的液体stock, liquid in which fish/meat/vegetables/cereal grains were cooked
     burn  vb.wk. (燃烧)燃烧,点燃to blaze, set afire
 embroil vb.trans. 使混乱to throw into disorder/confusion
     imbroglio n. 混乱的质量confused mass
036.bʰreuə-:发热冒泡 To boil, bubble, effervesce, burn ; cooking and brewing.
     breeze n.微风;轻而易举的事vi.来去匆匆,急速走
     barmy 发疯的
     ferment n.发酵;酵素;动乱vi.发酵;动乱vt.使发酵;酝酿;使动乱
     fervent adj.热心的;强烈的;炽热的;热烈的
     fervor n.热情;热烈;热心;炽热。等于fervour
     breath n. 充满气味/香味的空气 air charged with odor/fragrance
     breathe vb. 散发香味 to emit aura/fragrance
     brewer n.啤酒制造者
     brewery n.酿酒厂
     broiler n.争吵者,酷热的日子
     breeder n.(动物)饲者,种畜
     breeding n.饲养,教养
     brawny adj.<非正>健壮的,肌肉发达的,严重肿胀的,顽强的
     breezy adj.有微风的,通风好的,活泼的,轻松愉快的
     fermentation n.发酵,激动,纷扰

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☝商24, ☝空27 3245: bherg̑h- 保存、隐藏、掩埋 to keep, hide, bury
     bargain n. 关于:交易的协议agreement transaction
     borrow vb. 接收,意图归还to receive with intention of returning same/equivalent
     burial n. 坟墓,坟墓tomb, grave
     bur vb.trans. 放置(好像)在地/海中to place (as if) in earth/sea
025.bʰergʰ-1:买入埋藏 To hide, protect.
     borrower n.借用人,剽窃者
     borrowing n.借款
     bargaining n.议价,讨价,商讨,商谈,交易,交涉

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☝工31, ☝工34 3247: 1. bhes- 涂抹、涂抹、涂抹 to spread, smear, rub on
   epsilon n. 希腊字母表中的第五个字母5th letter of Greek alphabet
     sand  n. 岩石崩解产生的松散粒状物质loose granular material produced by rock disintegration
     sandy adj. 颜色:砂 sand (in color/composition)
630.bʰes-1:揉搓 To rub.
     sander 磨砂机,打磨机
     sands 名词sand的复数形式. n. 沙漠

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☝身51, ☝行38 3248: 2. bhes- 吹气,呼吸 to blow, breathe
     psyche n. 灵魂,心灵soul, mind
     psychedelic adj. 幻觉性知觉扭曲 hallucinatory distortion of perception
     psychic adj. 心理原因,心理psychogenic, psyche
     psycho- pfx. 头脑,精神mind, mental
     psychology n. 心理行为/过程学science of mental behavior/processes
027.bʰes-2:噗噗呼吸 To breathe.
     psychological a.心理(上)的
     psychologically ad.精神上地,心理上地
     psychologist n.心理学家

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☝身81, ☝空53 3249: bheu-, bheu̯ə-, bhu̯ā-, bhu̯ē- bhō̆u- bhū- 生存;成长,繁荣 to be, exist; grow, prosper
     be    vb.anom. (过去)存在,具有相同的内涵to exist, have same connotation as
     beam  n. 建筑用的长而重的木材long piece of heavy timber used in construction
     bondage n. 维莱因任期/服务villein tenure/service
     boom  n. 用于延伸帆脚/便于系泊/装卸货物的桅杆spar used to extend foot of sail/facilitate mooring/handling of cargo
     booth n. 牲畜/现场工人临时住所temporary shelter for livestock/field workers
     bound adj. 准备好的ready
     bower n. 有吸引力的住所/休养地attractive dwelling/retreat
     build vb.wk. (建造)通过将材料连接成复合整体来建造、形成to construct, form by joining materials into composite whole
     bustle n. 嘈杂兴奋活动noisy excited activity
     bylaw n. 政府和事务管理组织采用的规则rule adopted by organization for government and regulation of affairs
     byre  n. 牛棚cow barn
     fiat  n. 命令创建command that creates
forebear n. 祖先,祖先forefather, ancestor
     future adj. (那)将是(that) which is to be
husband n. 已婚男子married man
     imp    n. 芽,芽,嫁接bud, shoot, graft
metaphysics n. 本体论/宇宙学/认识论哲学philosophy of ontology/cosmology/epistemology
neighbor n. 一个住的/靠近另一个的one living/located near another
neophyte n. proselyte,新皈依者proselyte, new convert
     phyletic adj. 系统发育phylogenetic
     phylogenetic adj. 系统发育 phylogeny
     phylogeny n. 遗传相关生物的进化evolution of genetically related organisms
     phylum n. 集团内血统line of descent within group
     physic vb.trans. 用药物治疗to treat with/administer medicine to
     physics n. 治疗疾病的艺术/实践art/practice of healing disease
     physio- pfx. 自然nature
     physique n. 身体化妆,指的是力量/结构/外表/体质bodily makeup, referring to strength/structure/appearance/constitution
    -phyte n.pfx. 具有(特定)栖息地/特征的植物plant having (certain) habitat/characteristic
     phyto- pfx. 植物plant
029.bʰeuə-:生长存在 To be, exist, grow.
     Bauhaus
     boundary n.分界线,边界
     boundless adj.无限的,无边无际的
  inbound 到达的,归航的
 rebound n.|v.回弹,反作用于
 unbounded adj.无限的,无边际的,极大的,无节制的 adv.无限地,极大地
     bustling adj.熙熙攘攘的,忙乱的
     builder n.建筑者,施工人员,营造商,增洁剂
     building n.建筑(物),房屋,大楼[同]structure
 rebuild v.重建,改造
     physical a.物质的;肉体的,身体的;自然科学的,物理的
     physicality 肉体性
     physically ad.身体上地,实际上,按照自然规律地
     physicist n.物理学家
     futurist n.未来主义者,未来派艺术家
     futuristic adj.未来派的
neighborhood n.(neighbourhood)邻居;四邻,街道
     boorish adj.粗野的,粗鲁的,笨拙的,乡巴佬的
     boomer n.生育高峰中出生的人
metaphysical adj玄学的,形而上学的,超自然的
     phylogenetically 动植物种类史的;系统发生的;动植物演化史的

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☝身63, ☝想17 3250: bheudh-, nasalized bhu-n-dh- 觉醒,觉醒 to awaken, be aware
     beadle n. 引导/维持秩序的小教区官员minor parish official who ushers/preserves order
     bid    vb.str. 告诉、提供、命令to tell, offer, command
     bod vb.trans. 预告,预告to foretell, announce beforehand
forbid vb.str.tran (,forbad(e),禁止)禁止,命令反对to prohibit, command against
verboten adj. 禁止,禁止forbidden, prohibited
028.bʰeudʰ-:悟佛觉醒 To be aware, to make aware.
 ombudsman n.调查官员舞弊情况的政府官员
     bodhisattva n. 不进入涅盘拯救他人的人being who refrains from entering nirvana to save others
     bidder n.出价人,投标人
     bidding n.命令,出价,邀请
forbidding adj.可怕的,令人难亲近的
forebode 预感
foreboding n.预感,先兆,预兆 adj.预感的,预兆的,不祥之兆的

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☝行51 3251: 1. bheug- 逃,逃,逃 to flee, escape, seek refuge
centrifugal adj. 在远离中心/轴的方向上前进/行动proceeding/acting in direction away from center/axis
    -fuge n.pfx. 驱车离开的东西something that drives away
     fugitive adj. 逃跑,打算逃跑running away, intending flight
     fugue n. 由连续的声音模仿主题的复调音乐polyphonic music with themes imitated by successive voices
 refuge n. 避难所/避险shelter/protection from danger/distress
631.bʰeug-1:排列舰队 To flee.

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☝工14 3253: 3. bheug-, bheugh- 弯腰,弯曲,弯曲 to bow, flex, bend, crook
     bagel n. 硬甜甜圈卷hard doughnut-shaped roll
     bee    n.obs. 金属环/扭矩metal ring/torque
     bog    n. 沼泽,湿软的地面marsh, wet spongy ground
     bow    n. 拱,弯,弯曲的东西arch, bend, something bent/curved
rainbow n. 雨/雾/喷雾以彩色弧线反射/折射太阳光线rain/mist/spray reflecting/refracting suns rays in colored arc
030.bʰeug-3:弯躬苯环 To bend ;; bent, pliable, or curved objects.
     bail n.保释,保证金,保证人 v.保释,舀水
     bough n. 树枝 tree branch
     bowed adj.弯如弓的,有弓的
     bower 树荫
     bowing n.运弓法,弓纬,凸肚形,卷边

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☝情21, ☝情23 3254: 4. bheug- 享受 to enjoy
 defunct adj. 结束了生命/存在的过程having finished course of life/existence
     function n. 职业、官方/专业职位occupation, official/professional position
perfunctory adj. 机械的,以常规/肤浅为特征的mechanical, characterized by routine/superficiality
632.bʰeug-2:享受快乐 To enjoy.
     functional a.功能的
     functionalism n.机能心理学,实用第一主义,机能主义
     functionalist n.机能主义者 adj.机能主义的
     functionality 功能性,泛函性
     functionally adv.机能上地,官能地

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☝空92, ☝情71, ☝交51 3256: bhili-, bhilo- 好,友好,和谐 good, friendly, harmonious
     philander vb. 调情,轻浮地做爱to flirt, make love frivolously
     -phile sfx.adj/n. 爱;爱人loving; lover
     philo- pfx. 热爱的,有亲和力的loving, having affinity for

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☝工21 3257: bhlag̑- 打,鞭打,连枷 to hit, flog, flail
     bat    n. 夜间飞行哺乳动物nocturnal flying mammal
     flail n. 脱粒机具threshing implement
     flog  vb.trans. 鞭打,鞭打to lash, beat with rod/whip
639.bʰragʰ-men-:形式礼仪 Form, ritual form.
     Brahmin

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☝感44, ☝感45, ☝情37 3259: bhlē- 嚎叫、哭泣、嚎叫 to bleat, weep, howl
     blare vb. 响亮to sound loud/strident
     feeble adj. 明显缺乏力量markedly lacking in strength
635.bʰlē-1:嚎叫 To howl.
     feebly adv.衰弱地,无力地

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☝感56 3262: 1. bhlē̆i- bhləi- bhlī- 闪耀,闪耀 to shine, glitter
     bliss n. 欢乐、喜悦、幸福joy, gladness, happiness
     blithe adj. 高兴,高兴,愉快,轻松glad, happy, pleasant, lighthearted

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☝行38, ☝空53 3263: 2. bhlei- 膨胀、爆裂、爆炸 to swell, burst, blow up
     blister n. 含水样液体的表皮肿胀epidermal swelling containing watery liquid
636.bʰlei-:吹气鼓胀 To blow, swell.
     blistering adj.酷热的,猛烈的,使起疱的,<口>可恶的 v.起水疱,起气泡,使受暴晒 n.涂料 起泡

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☝感56 3264: bhlē̆ig̑-, bhlīg̑- 闪耀,闪耀 to shine, glitter
     blitz n. 闪电战,空袭,密集的军事行动blitzkrieg, air raid, intensive military campaign
017.bʰel-1:发光闪亮 To shine, flash, burn ; shining white and various bright colors.

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☝感66, ☝感69 3266: bhlendh- 暗淡、苍白、金发、微红 dim, pale, blond, reddish
     blend vb.wk. (搅拌)混合to mix
     blind adj. 看不见,看不见sightless, unable to see
     blindfold vb.trans. 用围巾/绷带遮住眼睛to cover eyes with scarf/bandage
     blonde adj. 淡黄色/金黄色/浅棕色flaxen/golden/pale-brown in color
     blunder n. 错误,混乱mistake, confusion
017.bʰel-1:发光闪亮 To shine, flash, burn ; shining white and various bright colors.

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☝感56 3267: bhles- 闪耀,闪耀 to shine, glitter
     blaze n. 烈火intensely burning fire
     blemish vb.trans. 玷污,败坏to sully, spoil by flaw
017.bʰel-1:发光闪亮 To shine, flash, burn ; shining white and various bright colors.

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☝行32, ☝行38, ☝空53 3268: bhleu- 膨胀膨胀、膨胀、膨胀;流动 to bloat, swell, blow up; flow
 affluent adj. 丰富,流动丰富copious, flowing in abundance
     bloat adj. 浮肿,浮肿puffy, bloated
     bluster vb. 吼叫、重击、打雷、吵闹to roar, pound, thunder, be noisy
confluent adj. 流动/汇合flowing/coming together
 effluent n/adj. (某物)流出(something) flowing out
 efflux n. 流出物effluence
     fluctuate vb. 潮起潮落to ebb/flow in waves
     fluent adj. 流体,能够流动fluid, capable of flowing
     fluid adj. 易屈服于压力easily yielding to pressure
     fluoride n. 二元氟化合物binary fluorine compound
     flush n. 突流sudden flow
     flux  n. 从身体流出的液体flow of fluid from body
  influence n. 从恒星流出的,影响人的行为的空灵液体ethereal fluid flowing from stars, affecting actions of men
  influenza n. 急性传染性病毒病acute contagious viral disease
  influx n. 流入,流入inflow, flowing in
     phallus n. 阴茎penis
 reflux n. 退潮,回流ebb, back-flow
superfluous adj. 额外的,超出需要的/足够的extra, exceeding what is needed/sufficient
     bloated adj.浮肿的,发胀的,傲慢的
     fluctuation n.起伏,波动
     fluency n.流畅,流利
     fluidity n.流动性;流质;易变性
 affluence n.富裕;丰富;流入;汇聚
confluence n.汇合、汇流点;聚集
  influential a.有影响的;有权势的
     blustery adj.大风的,吵闹的

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☝身82, ☝情36, ☝情72 3270: 2. bhlēu- bhləu- bhlū- 坏的,虚弱的,悲惨的 bad, weak, miserable
     blot  n. 弱点/暴露点;暴露的游戏碎片weak/exposed point; exposed game piece

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☝天85 3271: bhleu-(k-) 燃烧 to burn
     blush n. 看,看,看;脸红look, glance, glimpse; reddening of face
017.bʰel-1:发光闪亮 To shine, flash, burn ; shining white and various bright colors.

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☝感62, ☝感67, ☝感69 3272: bhlē-u̯o-s 浅色(蓝色、黄色) a light color (blue, yellow)
     blu adj. 蓝色(短波可见光) color blue (short-wavelength visible light)
017.bʰel-1:发光闪亮 To shine, flash, burn ; shining white and various bright colors.

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☝工21 3275: bhlīg̑- *bhlēig- 打击、打击、施加 to hit, strike, inflict
 afflict vb.trans. 卑微,推翻to humble, overthrow
conflict n. 不同意disagreement
  inflict vb.trans. 击打给予to give by striking
profligate adj. 放荡的given to dissipation/licentiousness
637.bʰlīg-:冲击 To strike.
 affliction n.苦难;苦恼;折磨
conflicting adj.相矛盾的,冲突的

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☝穿21, ☝穿22 3276: bhlō̆k- 羊群、拖把、羊毛;布? flock, tow, wool; cloth?
     flock n. 一簇毛/棉纤维tuft of wool/cotton fiber

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☝工36, ☝行32 3278: bhog- 贝克,流水 beck, flowing water
     beck  n. 容忍brook

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☝天85 3281: bhok- 燃烧? to burn?
     focus n. 集中点point of concentration

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☝穿11, ☝穿12 3284: bhoso-s 光秃秃的 bare, naked
     bar adj. 裸体,无遮盖naked, without covering
     barefoot adj/adv. 不穿鞋,不穿鞋unshod, without footwear
     barely adv. 坦率地,公开地,以微薄的方式plainly, openly, in meager manner
033.bʰoso-:光秃空白 Naked.
     ballast n.压舱物,沙囊

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☝感21, ☝感22 3287: bhrag-, better bhrə-g- 闻,闻 to scent, smell
     flair n. 辨别力discriminating sense
     fragrance n. 甜味sweet odor
     fragrant adj. 以气味为特征marked by smell
638.bʰrag-:嗅探 To smell.

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☝人44, ☝人81 3288: bhrā́ter- 兄弟,家人 brother, family member
     boy    n. 男童male child
     brethren n.pl. 兄弟brothers
     brother n. 男同胞male sibling
     bully n. 惯于残忍/专横的人habitually cruel/overbearing person
     fraternal adj. 兄弟 brothers
     fraternity n. 帮会,兄弟会guild, brotherhood
     friar n. 乞讨团成员member of mendicant order
     pal    n. 合伙人partner
     brotherhood n.手足情谊,兄弟关系
     brotherly adj.兄弟的,兄弟般的,兄弟姐妹般的,情同手足的 adv.兄弟般地,友爱地,亲切地

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☝工26 3290: 1. bhreg̑- 打破 to break
     bracken n. 大型粗蕨large coarse fern
     brake n. 分离亚麻/大麻纤维的齿形机器/仪器toothed machine/instrument for separating out flax/hemp fiber
     brash n. 碎片的质量(如冰)mass of fragments (e.g. of ice)
     bray  vb. 发出驴叫声to utter cry characteristic of donkey
     breach n. 违法/违规/违规infraction/violation of law/standard/obligation
     break vb.str. 突然/猛烈地渲染成碎片to render in pieces suddenly/violently
 defray vb.trans. 付款to pay/provide for payment
diffraction n. 受棱镜效应等影响。prismatic effect on light by ruled surface etc.
     fractal n. 不规则自相似几何形状irregular self-similar geometric shape
     fraction n. 两个被除数的表示representation of two numbers divided
     fractious adj. 麻烦,难处理troublesome, refractory
     fracture n. 破裂,破裂break, rupture
     fragile adj. 脆弱,易破碎/毁坏frail, easily broken/destroyed
     fragment n. 部件脱落/断裂piece detached/broken off
     frail adj. 一败涂地eaily led into evil
  infringe vb. 挫败,挫败to frustrate, defeat
 refrain n. 合唱,节末经常重复出现的短语/诗句chorus, regularly recurring phrase/verse at end of stanza
suffrage n. 祈求,代祷supplication, intercessory prayer
035.bʰreg-:掰断揉碎 To break.
     breakage n.破坏,破损,破损量
     breaker n.断路器
     broke adj.一文不名的 vbl.break的过去式
 unbroken a.不间断的,(记录)未打破的
     fractional adj.数分数的,小数的,微小的,极小的,部分的,少量的,零碎的
     fractionally adv.部分地,略微地
     fractionation n.分别,分馏法
     fragility n.脆弱;易碎性;虚弱
     fragmentary adj.碎片的;不完全的;断断续续的
     fragmentation n.破碎;分裂;存储残片
     fragmented adj.成碎片的,片断的
  infraction n.违反,违背
  infringement n.侵犯;违反

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☝行21, ☝行22 3291: 2. bhreg̑- 挺身而出 to stick up
     bark  n. 坚硬的外部木质覆盖物tough exterior woody covering
628.bʰerg-:敲打噪音 To make noise.

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☝工22 3292: bhrēi-, bhrī̆- 用锋利的工具磨损、刺穿、切割 to fray, pierce, cut with sharp tool
     brine n. 盐水、盐水saltwater, saline solution
     debris n. 废墟,被摧毁/毁坏的东西的残骸ruins, remains of something destroyed/broken down
     fray  vb. 通过摩擦磨损(布边)to fret, wear (cloth edge) by rubbing
     fricative adj. 关于:通过声带狭窄的摩擦性呼吸通道 frictional passage of breath through narrowing in vocal tract
     friction n. (抵抗)移动一个物体与另一个物体接触(resistance to) moving one thing in contact with another
640.bʰreiə-:掰断切开 To cut, break.

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☝空353 3293: bhren- 突出,突出;边缘,边缘 to bulge, stick out; edge, brink
     brink n. (陡峭地方的)边缘edge/border (of steep place)

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☝工26 3295: bhrenk-, bhronk- 带来 to bring
     bring vb.str. (带)引导/携带/使接近(参照地)to lead/carry/cause to come toward (place of reference)

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☝工22, ☝工26 3300: 1. bhrē̆u-, bhrū̆- 打碎、切割、刺穿 to break, cut, pierce
     brittle adj. 容易破碎/破裂/折断easily broken/cracked/snapped
     brothel n. 妓院house of prostitution
645.bʰreu-:掰断切碎 To cut, break up.
     bruise n.瘀伤,擦伤 v.打伤,撞伤
     bruised 医青肿的,瘀紫的

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☝空53 3303: 1. bhreu-s- 膨胀,发芽 to swell, sprout
     breast n. 突起的哺乳动物产奶腺protuberant mammalian milk-producing gland
     brisket n. (肉)四足动物的胸部/下胸部(meat of) breast/lower chest of quadruped animal
     browse n. 嫩树/灌木嫩枝/嫩枝/叶子tender tree/shrub shoots/twigs/leaves
646.bʰreus-:膨胀浏览 To swell.
     browser n 浏览器,吃嫩叶的动物,浏览书本的人

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☝工26 3304: 2. bhreu-s- 擦伤,摔成碎片 to bruise, break to pieces
     bruise vb. 压碎、压碎;伤害、残废to crush, mangle; injure, disable
645.bʰreu-:掰断切碎 To cut, break up.
     brittle a.易碎的,脆弱的
     brothel n.妓院
     bruised 医青肿的,瘀紫的

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☝吃22, ☝行31, ☝感44 3305: 3. bhreus-, bhrū̆s- 沸腾、发出声音等。 to boil, sound, etc.
     brush n. 用于擦洗/清扫/喷漆的手柄上的鬃毛bristles in handle used for scrubbing/sweeping/painting

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☝身206 3307: 1. bhrū- 眉毛,眉毛 brow, eyebrow
     brow  n. 眉毛eyebrow
     front n. 最前面的部分foremost part
037.bʰrū-:眉鼻凸高 Eyebrow.

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☝工51, ☝行74 3308: 2. bhrū-, bhrēu- 梁、桥 beam, bridge
     bridge n. 跨越障碍/凹陷的结构承载道路structure carrying roadway over obstacle/depression
037.bʰrū-:眉鼻凸高 Eyebrow.

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☝吃71, ☝情21, ☝情23 3309: bhrūg- 水果;小溪,享受 fruit; to brook, enjoy
     brook vb. 使用,享受;忍受,容忍to use, enjoy; endure, tolerate
     frugal adj. 节约资源开支thrifty in resource expenditure
     fruit n. 植物生长产物product of plant growth
     fruition n. 享受,愉快的使用/拥有enjoyment, pleasurable use/possession
     fruitful a.多产的;果实累累的,富有成效的
     fruitless a.不结果实的,不成功的
     fruity adj.果味的,(酒)有葡萄味的,(声音)洪亮的

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☝天212, ☝空34 3311: bhudh-m(e)n 基础,基础,底部,基础 base, ground, bottom, fundament
     abyss n. 无底洞/海湾/旧宇宙起源的混乱bottomless pit/gulf/chaos of old cosmogonies
     bottom n. 底面,下表面underside, lower surface
     fond  adj. 愚蠢,愚蠢silly, foolish
     found vb.trans. 迈出施工的第一步to take first step(s) in construction
     founder vb. 残疾to become disabled
     fund  n. 供应,可用资源supply, available resources
     fundus n. 中空器官开口以下部分part below aperture of hollow organ
     profound adj. 有智力深度/洞察力having intellectual depth/insight
648.bʰudʰ-:铺底浇筑
     refund 流回来:v.退还,偿还,归还n.退款,偿还
     unfunded adj.未备基金的,没有经费的,暂时借入的,(公债)短期的
     profoundly ad.深深地,衷心地
     fondly adv.亲爱地,天真地,盲目轻信地,溺爱地,怜爱地,情柔地
     fondness n.喜爱,钟爱,溺爱
     bottomless adj.无底的,难解的

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☝动36 3312: bhū̆g̑o-s, familiar form bhukko-s 巴克,山羊 buck, goat
     buck  n. 雄性动物(特别是鹿)male animal (esp. deer)
     butcher n. 屠宰动物的人屠宰动物/给动物穿衣服的人one who slaughters animals/dresses their flesh
     springbok n. 小型南非棕色/白色跳跃羚羊small S African brown/white leaping gazelle
649.bʰugo-:公公雄起 Male animal of various kinds ; stag, ram, hegoat.

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☝空232 3314: dā də-, and dāi- dəi-, dī̆- 分享,分享 to share, divide
condemn vb.trans. 谴责,宣布错误to censure, declare wrong
     damage n. 伤害造成的损失/伤害loss/harm resulting from injury
     damn  vb. 谴责(惩罚),否认to condemn (to punishment), repudiate
     democracy n. 平民政府government by common people
     democratic adj. 主题:民主 democracy
     demography n. 人口统计研究statistical human population study
     demon n. 天才,伴随的力量/精神genius, attendant power/spirit
     demos n. 古希腊平民百姓populace, common people of ancient Greece
     dole  n. 分配的份额/份额/命运allotted share/portion/destiny
 endemic adj. 属于一个民族/国家的/土生土长的belonging/native to a people/country
epidemic adj. 同时影响许多人affecting many at once
  indemnify vb.trans. 防止丢失/损坏to secure against loss/damage
  indemnity n. 损失/伤害/损坏担保security against loss/hurt/damage
     ordeal n. 确定有罪/无罪的原始手段primitive means to determine guilt/innocence
pandemic adj. 广泛的,影响大部分人口widespread, affecting large fraction of population
     tap    n. (声音)轻可闻(sound of) light audible blow
     ted    vb. 散布to strew, spread out
     tid n. 时间、季节、时期time, season, period
     tim n. 某物存在/持续的时期period/duration when something exists/continues
     tip    vb. 轻触,轻触to tap, softly touch/push
     top    n. 顶峰,顶峰,顶峰,最高部分peak, crest, summit, highest part
093.dā-:开沟流时 To divide.
     tidings 消息,音讯
     Zeitgeist 时代精神
     Danube prop.n. 欧洲中南部河流 south-central European river
     Don prop.n. 苏格兰河 river in Scotland
     dem n.演示,民主党员,样本唱片
     democratically adv.民主地
     democratization n.民主化
     democratize vt.使民主化;使大众化vi.民主化;大众化
 undemocratic adj.不民主的,非民主的
     geodesic 测地线的(曲面上两点间距离最短的线)
     demonic adj.恶魔的,有魔力的
     demonize vt.使成为魔鬼
     tidal a.潮汐的,定时涨落的
overtime n.超时.a.超时的,加班的ad.加班
     timed 同步的,定时的,时控的
     timeless adj.永恒的
     timely a.及时的,适时的
     timer n.计时员,定时器
     times n.时期,次
     timing n.适时,时间选择,定时,调速
 untimely a.|ad.不适时的,不合时宜的.
     tap n. 熄灯号音;丧葬号音;龙头
 untapped a.塞子未开的,未开发的,未使用的
     tipped 镶齿的
     tipper 告密者,给小费者
     topless adj.无顶的,穿袒胸衣的,高得好像望不到顶的
     topmost adj.最高的,最上面的,十
     topped vt. 形成顶部
     topping adj.高耸的,杰出的,一流的 n.除顶部,修剪树稍,构成顶部的东西
     top adj. 最上等的,第一流的; n. (箱子)盖;上部;首位;顶

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☝情38 3316: dak̑ru- 眼泪(从眼睛上) tear (from the eye)
     tear  n. 泪腺分泌的液体(drop of) fluid secreted by lacrimal gland
107.der-2:剥皮流泪 To split, peel, flay ;; skin and leather.

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☝天85 3317: dāu-, dəu-, dū̆- 烧伤、伤害、折磨 to burn, injure, torment
     duel  n. 双人格斗two-person combat

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☝说26 3319: de-, do- 我指示的;这里 I-deictic; here
     de-    pfx. (do)相反(do) opposite of
     deflate vb. 失去空气to lose/remove air
     descend vb. 下移to move to lower place
     detente n. 缓和紧张关系easing of tensions/relations
     deteriorate vb. 削弱,使质量低劣to impair, make/become inferior in quality
tattoo n. 轻叩前响起呼叫:去宿舍call sounded before taps: go to quarters
     to    prep. (暗示移动)朝向人/地/物(suggesting movement) toward person/place/thing
     too    adv. 还有,还有also, besides
 unto    prep. 到,直到to, until
     deterioration n.变坏,退化,恶化
691.dē-:绑定 To bind.
     plasmodesma n. 连接植物细胞的细胞质链cytoplasm strand connecting plant cells

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☝商13, ☝商14 3321: dēg- 拿,拿,包? to take, grab, pack?
     mistake vb.str. 错误地选择to choose wrongly
     take  vb.str. 抓住、夺取、获得权力/控制权/占有权to grasp, seize, get power/control/possession of

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☝天52, ☝时41, ☝感56, ☝宗12 3322: 1. dei-, dei̯ə-, dī-, di̯ā- 闪耀,闪耀;白天,太阳;上帝,神 to shine, glitter; day, sun; god, deity
   adieu n. 再会farewell
 adjourn vb. 无限期地暂停to suspend indefinitely/until stated time
circadian adj. 周期约为1天 circa 1-day periodicity
     deity n. 神性、等级/神的本质/至高无上的存在divinity, rank/essential nature of god/supreme being
     dial  n. 日晷面face of sundial
     diary n. 日志,每天/每隔一段时间保存的事件/观察记录journal, record of events/observations kept daily/at frequent intervals
     diet  n. 王子/庄园的正式集会formal assembly of princes/estates
     diurnal adj. 每天重复recurring every day
     div n. 女主角prima donna
     divine adj. 直接来自神 directly from deity
     joss  n. 中国偶像/崇拜形象Chinese idol/cult image
     journal n. 当前交易记录record of current transactions
     journey n. 从一个地方到另一个地方的旅行/通道trip, travel/passage from place to place
     journeyman n. 每天工作的商人tradesman who works day-to-day
meridian n. 正午,正午midday, hour of noon
psychedelic adj. 幻觉性知觉扭曲 hallucinatory distortion of perception
139.dyeu-:光天化日神 To shine (and in many derivatives, sky, heaven, god ).
     jovial 欢乐的
     Jupiter 朱庇特,木星
dismal 坏日子:adj.忧郁,阴沉的,凄凉的n.低落的情绪
 sojourn 停留一日n.v.旅居,逗留
     divination n.预言
     divinity n.神;神性;神学
dismally adv.阴暗地,沉闷地
 adjournment n.休会,延期,休会期,休庭期

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☝动81, ☝身12 3324: deig̑h- 搔痒,刺痛;滴答 to itch, prick; tick
     tick  n. 吸血蛛形纲:温血脊椎动物的寄生虫blood-sucking arachnid: parasite of warm-blooded vertebrate
     tickle vb. 使高兴,使高兴to please, excite/stir up agreeably

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☝感55 3325: deik̑- 教书,表演 to teach, show
 abdicate vb. 正式地拒绝、放弃、放弃(主权权力)to reject, renounce, relinquish (sovereign power) formally
 addict vb.trans. 执著地/习惯性地投入/放弃(自己)于某事物to devote/surrender (self) to something obsessively/habitually
   avenge vb.trans. 为…报仇to take revenge for/on behalf of
condition n. 约定,协议履行的前提stipulation, premise on which fulfillment of agreement depends
contradict vb.trans. 在争论中反对to resist/oppose in argument
 dedicate adj. 献身的dedicated
     deictic adj. 直接显示/指出showing/pointing out directly
     deixis n. 词的作用:在上下文中指定所指function of word: specifying referent in context
     dictate vb. 开处方,权威地说话to prescribe, speak authoritatively
     diction n. 口头描述verbal description
     dictum n. 权威声明authoritative pronouncement
     digit n. 阿拉伯数字:0-9arabic numeral: 0-9
     discus n. 向远处投掷圆盘disk thrown for distance
     dish  n. 盛装食用食品的容器vessel containing food for consumption
     disk  n. 平圆石/金属板flat circular stone/metal plate
     ditto n. 上述/之前提到的事情thing mentioned above/previously
   edict n. 具有法律效力的官方公告official public proclamation having force of law
  index  n. 图书参考指南guide for facilitating book reference
  indicate vb.trans. 准确地指出to point out/to with exactness
  indict vb.trans. 控告,控告to accuse, charge with offense
     judge n. 评判者one who judges
 judicial adj. 判决/司法/司法行政 judgment/judiciary/administration of justice
juridical adj. 法官办公室/司法行政 office of judge/administration of justice
jurisdiction n. 适用/解释法律的权利/权力/权力right/power/authority to apply/interpret law
paradigm n. 图案,示例pattern, example
     preach vb. 布道to deliver a sermon
predicament n. 由谓词指定的状态/字符/分类status/character/classification assigned by predication
predicate n. 逻辑命题中肯定或否定主语的东西something affirmed/denied of subject in logical proposition
predict vb.trans. 预告to foretell/declare in advance
prejudice n. 因他人判断/行为造成的损害/伤害damage/injury resulting from judgment/action of another
 revenge n. 作为回报所造成的损害/伤害damage/injury inflicted in return
     teach vb. (被教导)显示,教导,使知道to show, instruct, cause to know
     toe    n. 脊椎动物脚上的末指terminal digit on vertebrates foot
     token n. 对外标志outward sign
     vendetta n. 血仇blood feud
verdict n. 陪审团的裁决finding/decision of jury
vindicate vb.trans. 报仇,释放,释放to avenge, deliver, set free
     policy n.政策,方针
     teacher n.教师(员),老(导)师
     teachers 名词teacher的复数形式. n. 教师(总称)
     teaching n.教学,[宗]教义,教导
     digital a.数字的;数位的;手指的n.数字
     digitally adv.数字
     digitize v.[计]将资料数字化
     dictation n.听写,口述;命令
     dictator n.独裁者,命令者
     dictatorial adj.独裁的,专制的,专横傲慢的
     dictatorship n.专政
 addicted adj.沉溺于某种嗜好中的
 addiction n.上瘾,沉溺;癖嗜
 addictive adj.上瘾的
conditional adj.有条件的,假定的n.条件句
conditionally adv.有条件地
conditioned adj.有条件的,习惯于…的
conditioner n.调节者,调节装置
conditioning n.[心]条件作用,训练
precondition n.前提 v.预处理
unconditional adj.无条件的,无限制的
contradiction n.反驳,否认;矛盾,不一致
contradictory adj.矛盾的;反对的;反驳的;抗辩的
  indictment n.起诉书,控告
interdiction 禁运,封锁
jurisdictional adj.司法的,司法权的,审判权的,管辖权的
predictability n.可预见性,可预言
predictable adj.可预言的
predictably ad.可预言地,不出所料地
prediction n.预报;预言
predictive adj.预言性的;成为前兆的
predictor n.预言者,预报器
 abdication n.退位,辞职,(权力、权利、要求、职责、责任等的)放弃
 dedicated adj.专用的,专注的,献身的
 dedication n.奉献;献身
     preacher n.传道者,牧师
predicative 作表语的,谓语的
  indexation 指数化
  indexed adj.编入索引的,被变址的,与生活指数(或物价指数)挂钩的
  indexing n. 索引
  indices n.index 的复数
  indication n.指出,指示;表明,暗示
  indicative adj.象征的;指示的;表示…的
  indicator n.指示器,压力计
     judgeship n.法官的地位
     judgment n.判断
     judgmental adj.审判的
misjudge v.判断错
 judiciary adj.司法的;法官的;法院的n.司法部;法官;司法制度
prejudiced adj.怀偏见的
prejudicial 有偏见的,有害的,不利的
vindication n.辩护;证明无罪
   avenger n.复仇者
paradigmatic adj.范例的,<语>词形变化(表)的
     diskette n.磁盘,磁碟

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☝商13 3326: 1. dek̑- 接受 to take
     dainty n. 好吃的东西something delicious to taste
     decent adj. 适当的appropriate
     decor n. 装饰decoration
     decorate vb.trans. 增加荣誉to add honor to
     decorous adj. 正确,以得体/品味好为特点correct, marked by propriety/good taste
     deign vb. 为自己的尊严着想to think something appropriate to ones dignity
     dexter adj. 右侧(右手) right (hand)
     dexterity n. 体力活动的优雅/准备grace/readiness in physical activity
     dextro- pfx. 右侧(右手) right (hand)
     dignity n. 尊贵的worthy/honored/esteemed state
     disciple n. 帮助学生传播教义的教师student who helps spread teachers doctrines
     discipline n. 指令instruction
disdain n. 轻蔑、轻蔑/厌恶的感觉scorn, feeling of contempt/aversion
     docile adj. 可教,易于指导teachable, easily instructed
     doctor n. 著名的神学家宣称教义是正确的eminent theologian declared sound expounder of doctrine
     doctrine n. 教学、教学teaching, instruction
     document n. 证据,证据proof, evidence
     dogma n. 作为既定观点的教义、信仰doctrine, belief held as established opinion
     dogmatic adj. 教条 dogma
  indignant adj. 愤怒 indignation
  indignation n. 因卑鄙/不公正/不值而生气anger due to meanness/injustice/unworthiness
orthodox adj. 符合官方教义的conforming to official doctrine
paradox n. 违背普遍信仰的信条tenet contrary to common belief
099.dek-1:接收有文 To take, accept.
     decency n.正派;体面;庄重;合乎礼仪;礼貌
  indecency 下流,猥亵
  indecent adj.粗鄙的,猥亵的,不适当的,不合适的,不礼貌的,不得体的
     doctoral adj.博士的
     doctorate n.博士头衔
postdoctoral 博士后的
     doctrinal adj.学说的,教义的;教诲的
  indoctrinate 教导,强行灌输
  indoctrination n.教化;教导
     documentary adj.记录的,文件的,纪实的n.纪录片
     documentation n.文件,证明文件,史实,文件编制
 undocumented adj.无正式文件的,无事实证明的
orthodoxy n.正统;正教;正统说法
unorthodox adj.非正统的,异教的,异端的
paradoxical adj.矛盾的;诡论的;似非而是的
paradoxically ad.相矛盾地,似非而是地,反常地
     decoration n.装饰(品)
     decorative adj.装饰性的,装潢用的
     decorator n.室内装潢师
     decorum n.礼仪;礼貌;端正;恪守礼仪
  indignity n.侮辱,轻蔑,有伤尊严,无礼举动
     dignified adj.庄严的;有尊严的;高贵的
disdainful adj.轻蔑的,蔑视的
     discipleship n.做弟子的身份(期间)
     disciplinary adj.训练的,训诫的,规律的
interdisciplinary 各学科间的
self-discipline n.自我训练,自我修养,自律

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☝工28 3327: 2. dek̑- dok̑-, dēk̑- 撕碎,撕碎 to tear, rip to pieces
     tack  n. 短而尖的钉子。宽平头short sharp nail, usu. with broad flat head
     tag    n. 碎布tatter, loose piece of cloth
     tail  n. 动物体尾部附属物appendage at rear end of animal body
693.dek-2:头发刘海 Referring to such things as a fringe, lock of hair,
     tailed adj.(通常构成复合词)有…(状)尾的
     tails n. 尾巴,尾状物,硬币背面,燕尾服; vi. 排成一列; vt. 给…装上尾巴,跟踪…,尾随…

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☝算12 3328: dek̑m̥, dek̑m̥-t, dek̑u- 十年,十年 ten, decade
     cent  n. 基本货币单位的百分之一1/100th of basic monetary unit
     centenary adj. 百年centennial
     centennial n. 100周年(庆祝)100th anniversary (celebration)
     centi- pfx. 一百hundred
     century n. 100组/套group/set of 100
     dean  n. 学院/大教堂分会负责人head of chapter of collegiate/cathedral church
     deca- pfx. 十ten
     decade n. 10人一组group/set of 10
     deci- pfx. 第十部分tenth part
     decimal adj. 以十为单位编号numbered/proceeding by tens
     decimate vb.trans. 每10个人选一个杀一个to select/kill every 10th man
     dime  n. 价值1/10美元的小银币small silver U.S. coin worth 1/10 dollar
     dinar n. 阿拉伯/大马士革金币Arab/Damascan gold coin
     dozen n. 十二(12)twelve (12)
eighteen nbr.card. 1818.0
fifteen nbr.card. 1515.0
fourteen nbr.card. 1414.0
     hecto- pfx. 一百hundred
     hundred nbr.card. 100100.0
nineteen nbr.card. 1919.0
     octogenarian n. 八十多岁的人person in his/her eighties
percent adv. 每一百个of each hundred
     sen    n. 分,货币单位cent, monetary unit
seventeen nbr.card. 1717.0
sixteen nbr.card. 1616.0
     ten    nbr.card. 1010.0
     tenfold adj. 数量的10倍10 times the number/quantity
     tenth nbr.ord. 第十10th
thirteen nbr.card. 1313.0
     tithe n. 宗教捐款的1/10部分1/10 part paid as religious contribution
100.dekm̥:双手十百 Ten.
     tenths n.第十(个)( tenth的名词复数 ),十分之一,第十的,第十个的,十分之一的
eighteenth num.第十八,十八分之一
fourteenth num.第十四 n.第十四,每月的第十四日,十四分之一 adj.第十四的,十四分之一的
nineteenth num.第十九
seventeenth num.第十七,十七分之一
sixteenth num.第十六,十六分之一
thirteenth adj.第十三的,十三分之一的 n.第十三,十三分之一
     deanery 主任牧师办公室
     hundredth num.第100个,百分之一,第一百号,第一百个 adj.第一百的,第一百个的
  bicentennial n.二百年,二百周年纪念

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☝商66 3329: 1. del- 说,数,算 to tell, count, calculate
     tal n. 谈话,谈话talk, discourse
     talk  vb. 用言语表达、表达/发表to utter, express/deliver in speech
     tall  adj. 勇敢的brave/courageous
     tell  vb. (被告知)清点,计数,列举to count, tally, enumerate
103.del-2:流传说 To recount, count.
 retell vt.重讲
     teller n.讲话的人,告诉的人
     telling adj.有效的,明显的,生动的
     tellingly adv. 有效地;显著地
 untold a.未说过的,未透露的
     tales n. 故事;谎言;补缺陪审员
     talkative adj.多话的,爱说话的,多嘴的
     talker n.健谈者,空谈者,讲话的人
     talking n.讲话,(表示对所说的事情感兴趣) 你这话说着了,提起,说到 adj.会说话的,讲话的,饶舌的,富于表情的 v.说( ta
     talky adj.说话过多的,多对话的

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☝工27, ☝空232 3331: 3. del-, dol-, delə- 分裂,分裂 to split, divide
     dol n. 悲伤,悲伤grief, sorrow
     tiller n. 茎,芽stalk, sprout
     tilt  vb. 使倾斜,使倾斜to incline, cause to slope

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☝空57 3333: 5. del- 长的 long
   along adv/prep. 在同一方向上,与长度平行in same direction, in line parallel with length
 belong vb.intrans. 合适/适当/有利to be suitable/appropriate/advantageous
   elongate vb. 延长长度to extend in length
     indulge vb. 给予自由选择to give free choice to
     length n. 对象的较长/最长尺寸longer/longest dimension of object
     ling  n. 鳕鱼科鱼类fish in cod family
     linger vb. 耽搁,慢走to tarry, be slow to leave
     long  adj. 延伸相当长的距离extending for significant distance
     longhorn n. 德克萨斯牛品种Texas cattle breed
     longitude n. 长度length
     lounge n. 公共候车室public waiting room
     lunge n. 突然向前推力/运动sudden forward thrust/movement
 oblong adj. 因伸长而偏离方形/圆形deviating from square/circular shape through elongation
prolong vb.trans. 要继续,就要延长时间to continue, lengthen in time
102.del-1:滴流长 Long.
     longevity n.长寿
     lengthen v.(使)延长,变长,加长
     lengths n. 长度,指距离或时间
     lengthy a.冗长的
     longer ad.|a.比较久(的)
     longest adj. 最长的
     longing n.渴望,热望,憧憬adj.渴望的
     longingly adj.渴望地,切望地
     longish adj.稍长的,略长的
     lingering adj.延迟的,逗留不去的
     longitudinal adj.经度的,纵向的
   elongation n.延长,延长线,<机>延伸率,<天>距(角)
prolongation n.延伸,延长部分,拓展
     lend  vt.借给,贷(款)
     lending n.出借,出租,贷款,出借物,出租物

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☝住12, ☝工44 3334: dem-, demə- 建造,木材;房屋,住所 to build, timber; house, domicile
     dam    n. 母本female parent
     dam n. 地位/地位/权威的女人woman of rank/station/authority
     danger n. 管辖权jurisdiction
     despot n. 拜占庭皇帝/王子Byzantine emperor/prince
     domain n. 土地绝对所有权absolute ownership of land
     dom n. 豪宅、豪宅mansion, stately building
     domestic adj. 家庭 household/family
     domicile n. 住宅、住所、个人/家庭住所house, abode, place of individual/family residence
     dominate vb. 统治to rule
     dominion n. 主权,最高权威sovereignty, supreme authority
     domino n. 宽松的带帽斗篷,化装舞会的一部分long loose hooded cloak, part of masquerade costume
     don    n. 西班牙贵族/绅士Spanish nobleman/gentleman
     duende n. 个人魅力/吸引力attraction by personal charm/magnetism
     dungeon n. 东戎(巨塔)donjon (massive tower)
predominate vb. 为了获胜,施加控制权/影响力to prevail, exert controlling power/influence
     timber n. (来自)生长的树木(wood from) growing trees
104.dem-:护城河围 House, household.
 Madame n. 夫人,女士
 Mademoiselle
     domestically ad.家庭式地,国内地
     domesticity n.家庭生活
     dangerous a.危险的,不安全的
 endanger vt.危及
 endangerment n.危害,受到危害
     domination n.控制,支配
predominance n.优势;卓越
     despotism n.专制,专制统治

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☝动11 3335: demə-, domə-, domə- 驯服 to tame
   adamant n. 石头被认为坚硬无比stone believed to be impenetrably hard
     daunt vb.trans. 恐吓,削弱勇气to intimidate, lessen courage
     diamond n. 晶体碳:已知最坚硬的物质crystalline carbon: hardest known substance
     doe    n. (雌性)鹿(female) deer
  indomitable adj. 不可征服,不能被征服unconquerable, incapable of being subdued
     tam adj. 驯养的,从原始的荒野状态减少的domesticated, reduced from native state of wildness
105.demə-:围城家驯 To constrain, force, especially to break in (horses).
 undaunted adj.大无畏的,勇敢的
   adamantly adv.坚决地,坚定不移地,坚强不屈地

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☝身58 3337: denk̑- 咬 to bite
     tang  n. 与刀柄相连的突出的刀柄/尖头/舌头(例如刀/剑上的)projecting shank/prong/tongue (e.g. on knife/sword) connected with handle
     tongs n.pl. 抓取装置:末端通过枢轴/铰链连接的部件grasping device: pieces joined at end by pivot/hinge
     tough adj. 质地坚固,柔软,不易碎strong/firm in texture, flexible, not brittle
     zinc  n. 晶体二价金属元素crystalline bivalent metallic element
     tangy adj.味道浓烈的,扑鼻的,有刺激性的
     toughen vt.使变坚韧,使变坚强,使变强硬,使变顽强 vi.变坚韧,变坚强,变强硬,变顽强

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☝想24 3338: 1. dens- 学习智力;智力 to learn; mental power
  didactic adj. 安装/准备教学fitted/intended to teach
696.dens-1:意念力 To use mental force.

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☝空64 3339: 2. dens- 稠密的 dense
condense vb. 使更密/更紧凑to make denser/more compact
     dense adj. 以紧凑/零件拥挤为特点marked by compactness/crowding together of parts
697.dens-2:稠密 Dense, thick.
     density n.密集,密度,浓度
condensate n.冷凝物
condensation n.冷凝;凝结;压缩
condensed adj.浓缩的;扼要的

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☝工342, ☝行67 3340: deph- 推动、压印、推动 to push, stamp, thrust
     diphtheria n. 急性发热性传染病acute febrile contagious desease
   illiterate adj. 不受约束,很少/没有受过教育unlettered, having little/no education
     letter n. 表示语音的书写/印刷符号written/printed symbol representing speech sound
     literal adj. 根据圣经的字母according with letter(s) of scripture
 obliterate vb.trans. 使不易辨认通过遮蔽/磨损使无法辨认to make undecipherable/imperceptible by obscuring/wearing away
     literary a.文学上的,文学的;精通文学的,从事写作的
   illiteracy n.缺乏读写能力,无知
     literacy n.有文化,有教养,有读写能力
     literate adj.受过教育的,会读写的n.学者
     literature n.文学,文学作品,文献,图书资料,印刷品
     lettering n.书写的文字,字体,刻出的字母
     literally ad.照字面意义,逐字地;确实
transliteration n.字译,音译,译音

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☝身37, ☝行24, ☝行45, ☝行46 3343: 3. der-, drā-, dreb-, drem-, dreu- 奔跑、绊倒、践踏、践踏 to run, trip, tread, tramp
    -drome n.sfx. 场地,(赛跑)球场,竞技场field, (race)course, arena
    -dromous adj.sfx. 跑步running
palindrome n. 前后拼写相同的文本text spelled the same backward/forward
teeter vb.intrans. 摇摇晃晃,摇摇欲坠to wobble, move unsteadily
     trade n. 路,经过的路way, path traversed
     tramp vb. 行走/踏/踏(尤指沉重地)to walk/tread/step (esp. heavily)
     trample vb. 反复流浪to tramp repeatedly
     trampoline n. 弹性帆布网/薄板由弹簧固定在框架中resilient canvas web/sheet held in frame by springs
     trap  n. 捕捉猎物/其他动物的陷阱/装置snare/device for taking game/other animals
     tread vb.str. (踩,踩)踩/走to step/walk on/over
     trip  vb. 轻快地跳过/跳舞/跳跃to skip/dance/caper with quick light steps
     troll n. 巨大的居住山丘/洞穴(日耳曼民间传说)giant inhabiting hills/caves (Teutonic folklore)
     trot  n. 中等速度的步态(四足动物的腿以对角方式成对移动)moderately fast gait (legs of quadruped move in diagonal pairs)
699.der-1:嘚走啊 Ass umed base of roots meaning to run, walk,
     trotter 快步马,猪蹄,猪脚
     trader n.商人
     trading n.贸易
 entrapment 诱人犯罪,钓鱼执法
     trapper n.捕兽者,捕捉器,设陷阱者
     trappings n.服饰,马饰
     traps 名词trap的复数形式. n. 随身携带物;随身行李
 retread 翻新,翻版

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☝身12, ☝工22, ☝工27 3344: 4. der-, heavy-base derə-, drē- 割伤、剥皮、裂开、撕裂 to cut, skin, split, tear
     dahl  n. 木豆;炖扁豆/豆类pigeon pea; stewed lentils/legumes
    -derm n.sfx. 皮肤,覆盖物skin, covering
    -derma n.sfx. 皮肤(病)skin (ailment)
     dermato- pfx. 皮肤 skin
epidermis n. 皮肤外层,上皮层outer, epithelial layer of skin
     tart  adj. 辛辣的,美味的pungent, agreeably sharp to taste
     tear  vb.str. (撕开,撕开)用力撕开,分开/撕开to rend, separate/pull apart by force
107.der-2:剥皮流泪 To split, peel, flay ;; skin and leather.
     tearful adj.含泪的
     tore vbl.tear的过去式

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☝行14 3345: derbh- 把风吹起来,放在一起 to wind, put together
     turf  n. 草根/植物根结合成厚垫层的上层土壤upper soil stratum bound by grass/plant roots into thick mat

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☝工13 3347: derə-, drā- 工作 to work
     drama n. 戏剧表演的剧本、诗歌/散文创作play, verse/prose composition for theatrical performance
     drastic adj. 行动迅速/猛烈acting rapidly/violently
701.derə-:忙碌不停 To work.
     dramatic a.戏剧的,戏剧性的;剧烈的
     dramatically ad.戏剧地,引人注目地
     dramatist n.剧作家,编剧
     dramatization n.编剧,改编成戏剧
     dramatize v.编写剧本,夸张
     drastically ad.大幅度地,彻底地

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☝商14 3348: dergh- 抓住 to grasp
     target n. 小圆盾buckler, small round shield

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☝感52 3349: derk̑- 看 to look
     dragon n. 巨蛇huge serpent
     drake n. 小型火炮small artillery piece
     rankle vb. 引起愤怒/痛苦/极度恼怒to cause anger/bitterness/deep irritation
     tarn  n. 小型内陆/山湖small inland/mountain lake
     tarragon n. 欧亚芳香草本植物aromatic Eurasian herb

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☝天42, ☝天43, ☝感74 3350: deru-, dō̆ru-, dr(e)u-, drou-, dreu̯ə- drū- 坚固的;树的,木头的 firm, solid; tree, wood
     dendro- pfx. 树型,re:树tree-like, tree(s)
     dour  adj. 严厉,严厉harsh, stern
     duress n. 强制约束forcible restraint/restriction
 endure vb. 为了持久,继续保持同样的状态to last, continue in same state
rhododendron n. 常绿灌木/乔木,花艳丽evergreen shrub/tree with showy flowers
     tar    n. 深棕色/黑色沥青粘性液体dark brown/black bituminous viscous liquid
     tra n. 敞口、低框、平底容器,用于存放/携带/展示物品open, low rimmed, flat-bottomed receptacle for holding/carrying/exhibiting articles
     tree  n. 多年生木本植物,主茎单伸长woody perennial plant with single elongated main stem
     trim  vb. 装饰用花边/丝带/装饰品装饰to adorn, embellish with lace/ribbons/ornaments
     trough n. 为家畜喂食/浇水的长而浅的V形容器long shallow V-shaped receptacle for feeding/watering domestic animals
     truce n. 停火、停战、停战cease-fire, armistice, suspension of fighting
     trust n. 对真理/力量/性格/能力的依赖reliance on truth/strength/character/ability
     truth n. 坚定,忠诚constancy, fidelity
     tryst n. 约会的协议(如情人之间的)agreement (e.g. between lovers) to meet
109.deru-:树干坚硬 To be firm, solid, steadfast ; hence specialized senses wood,tree
shelter n.掩蔽处;掩蔽,保护v.掩蔽,躲避,庇护
     treeless adj.无树木的
     truism 自明之理,老生常谈的道理
     truly ad.真正地,忠实地
     truthful adj.真实的,诚实的
     truthfully adv.诚实地
     truths n. 真实性;真理;真相;事实
 untrue adj.不真实的;不合标准的;不忠实的;不正当的
distrust n.|vt.不信任,怀疑
 entrust v.委托
mistrust n.|v.不信任,猜疑
     trustee n.托管人,保管人,理事
     trusteeship 受托人职责
     trusting adj.信任的,信赖的
     trusty adj.可信赖

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☝身81, ☝宗16 3353: 2. deu-, or dou- du- 崇拜,崇敬;威严 to worship, venerate; mighty
     beatify vb.trans. 使极度快乐to make supremely happy
     beau  n. 花花公子dandy
     beauty n. 可爱,使人愉悦的品质loveliness, quality that gives pleasure
     belle n. 受欢迎的漂亮女孩/女人popular attractive girl/woman
     bene- pfx. 很好,很有帮助good, helpful
     benefactor n. 送礼人做礼物/遗赠的人one who makes gift/bequest
     benefit n. 慈善行为act of kindness
     benevolent adj. 仁慈,善意 benevolence, good intentions
     bonanza n. 载金/银的大型/富矿脉large/rich ore vein carrying gold/silver
     bonbon n. 巧克力涂层糖果,软糖中心candy with chocolate coating, fondant center
     bonny adj. 好,漂亮,英俊fine, attractive, handsome
     bonus n. 超出通常/严格到期的东西something given, beyond what is usual/strictly due
     boon  adj. 温和,慷慨benign, bounteous
     bounty n. 慷慨,慷慨generosity, liberality in giving
     dynamic adj. 体力/能量 physical force/energy
     dynamite n. 硝化甘油强效炸药powerful explosive based on nitroglycerin
     dynasty n. 同一家族的君主继承succession of sovereigns from same line/family
 embellish vb.trans. 装饰,用装饰使美丽to decorate, make beautiful with ornamentation
     heriot n. 佃户死亡时应向地主缴纳的封建税/贡品feudal duty/tribute due to lord upon death of tenant
     tool  n. 手动使用/操作的工具、仪器(如锤子)implement, instrument (e.g. hammer) used/worked by hand
     tow    n. 亚麻/大麻/黄麻短纤维short broken fiber(s) of flax/hemp/jute
111.deu-2:做出动力 To do, perform, show favor, revere.
     bonhomie 欢快友好的感觉
     benign 长得好adj.良性的,和蔼的,亲切的
     belvedere n. 设计用于命令视图的结构structure designed to command view
     bountiful adj.慷慨的,宽大的
     beneficial a.(to)有利的,有益的
     benefited vt. 有益于,有助于
     benevolence n.仁慈,慈善
     beautiful a.美的,美丽的;出色的,完美的
     beautifully adv.美好地,漂亮地
 embellishment n.装饰,修饰,润色
     beatification n.受福,授福,列福式
     dynamical adj.动力(学)的,有力量的
     dynamically 计 动态的
     dynamics n.力学,动力学
     dynamism n.活力;动态;物力论;推动力;精神动力作用
     dynastic adj.朝代的,王朝的

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☝行54 3354: 3. deu-, deu̯ə-, du̯ā-, dū- 传球,向前 to pass, move forward
     deuterium n. 单中子氢同位素hydrogen isotope with one neutron
     deutero- pfx. 第二(2)second (2nd)
     durable adj. 能忍受的able to endure
     durance n. 监禁imprisonment
     duration n. 持续时间continuance in time
     during prep. 整个持续时间throughout duration of
     tir vb. 疲倦to become weary
110.deu-1:流软缺二 To lack, be wanting.
     tired a.疲劳的;厌倦的
     tireless adj.不疲劳的
     tiresome adj.无聊的,烦人的

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☝工33 3355: deuk- 拖、拉、拖、拖 to tug, pull, drag, tow
aqueduct n. 输水管道water conduit
conduct n. 向导,护卫guide, escort
 deduce vb.trans. 追踪to trace course of
 deduct vb.trans. 减去(从总数中减去)to subtract, take away (amount from total)
     doge  n. 威尼斯/热那亚首席治安官chief magistrate in Venice/Genoa
     ducal adj. 杜克(dom) duke(dom)
     duchess n. 公爵夫人/有公爵头衔的妇女wife of duke/woman holding ducal title
     duchy n. 公爵领地,公爵/公爵夫人的领地dukedom, territory of duke/duchess
     duc n. 身体的管/血管,尤指携带腺体分泌物的body tube/vessel, esp. carrying gland secretion
     duk n. 欧洲公国的君主统治者sovereign ruler of European duchy
   educate vb.trans. 为…提供教育to provide schooling for
  induce vb.trans. 通过说服/影响来领导/移动to lead/move by persuasion/influence
introduce vb.trans. 引入(尤指第一次)to lead/bring in, esp. for first time
produce vb. 展览、供观看/通知to exhibit, offer for view/notice
 redoubt n. 小型封闭临时防护工程small enclosed temporary defensive work
 reduce vb. 团结,团结to consolidate, draw together/cause to converge
 seduce vb. 劝服不服从to persuade to disobey
 seduction n. 引诱错误seducing to wrong
subduction n. 把一个压在另一个下面forcing one below another
subdue vb. 征服,征服,征服to conquer, vanquish, subjugate
     taut  adj. 拉紧,不松弛tightly drawn, not slack
     team  n. 种族,血统race, lineage
     tee    vb. 击球放置(高尔夫球)以击球to place (golf ball) for hitting/clubbing
     teem  vb. 生/生/生to produce/bring forth/give birth
     tie    n. 用来闭合/系紧/连接某物的线/带/线line/ribbon/cord used to close/fasten/unite something
     tow    vb.trans. 拖、拉/拉to haul, draw/pull behind
transducer n. 由不同的系统供电,2device, powered by system 1, supplying different power to system 2
     tug    vb. 用力拉to pull hard
viaduct n. 桥(在一系列窄拱上)bridge (on series of narrow arches)
     wanton adj. 不羁,无纪律unruly, undisciplined
     tower n.塔v.高耸
     towering adj.高耸的,杰出的,激烈的
     tier  n.层,排;行,列;等级vt.使层叠vi.成递升徘列
     teamster 卡车司机
     teeming adj.丰富的
 abduction n.诱拐,绑架;诱导
conducive adj.有益的;有助于…的
conduction n.(热、电等的)传导,导热,导电,传导率,传导性,电导
conductive 使容易发生的
conductivity n.传导性,传导率,电导率
conductor n.管理者;(汽车)售票员;领队,指挥;导体
misconduct vt.处理不当,干坏事 n.不正当的行为,明知故犯
semiconductor n.半导体
 deductive adj.推论的,演绎的
 deductible adj.可扣除的,可减免的
 deduction n.扣除,减除;推论;减除额
  inducement n.诱因,刺激物
  inducer n.引诱者
introduction n.(to)介绍;传入,引进;导言,导论,绪论
introductory adj.引导的,介绍的;开端的
counterproductive adj.反生产的,使达不到预期目标的
producer n.制片人,制作人,生产者,发生器
production n.生产,产品,作品,(研究)成果,总产量
productive a.生产(性)的,能产的,多产的
productivity n.生产率
irreducible 无法简化的
 reduction n.减小,减少,缩小
 reductionism 简化论的
 reductive 简化的
transduction n.换能,转换,变频,转导
   educated adj.受过教育的,有教养的
   education n.教育,培养,训练
   educational adj.教育的,有教育意义的
   educationally adv.用教育方法,教育地有关教育地,教育上地
   educator n.教育家;教育工作者;教师

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☝感35 3360: dl̥kú- 太好了,太棒了 sweet, dulcet
     dolce adj. 光滑,柔软smooth, soft
     glucose n. 各种形式的糖sugar, in various forms
728.dl̥k-u-:香甜 Sweet.
     licorice n.欧亚甘草,由欧亚甘草根熬成的精

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☝身26 3361: dn̥g̑hū, dn̥g̑hu̯ā 舌头 tongue
  bilingual adj. 两种语言 two tongues/languages
     language n. 社区使用声音/书面符号进行交流community use of vocal sounds/written symbols to communicate
     lingo n. 奇怪的/听不懂的言语/语言strange/incomprehensible speech/language
     lingua n. 舌,舌状器官tongue, tongue-like organ
     linguist n. 语言专家language specialist
     linguistic adj. 语言 language
     linguistics n. 语言研究study of language(s)
     tongue n. 下颚肉质活动感觉器官fleshy movable sensory organ of lower jaw
135.dn̥gʰū-:搭嘴舌言 Tongue.
     linguistically adv.语言学方面

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☝商21 3362: dō- də-, also dō-u- dəu- du- 给,捐 to give, donate
anecdote n. 有趣/有趣/传记性事件的短篇故事short story of amusing/interesting/biographical incident
antidote n. 解毒药remedy to effects of poison
 betray vb. 误入歧途to lead astray
condone vb.trans. 自动宽恕to pardon/overlook voluntarily
     dat n. 事件发生的日期/时间day/time when event occurs
     datum n. 作为推理/推理基础而给予/承认的东西something given/admitted as basis for reasoning/inference
     die    n. 一组骰子中的一个one among set of dice
     donate vb. 给予、贡献、制作礼物to give, contribute, make a gift
     donation n. 向慈善机构/机构捐赠的礼物/行为gift/action of giving to charity/institution
     donor n. 送礼者给予/捐赠/礼物的人one who gives/donates/presents
     dos n. 一次服用治疗剂量amount of therapeutic agent taken at one time
     dot    n. 嫁妆dowry
     dowager n. 持有已故丈夫的所有权/财产的寡妇widow holding title/property received from late husband
     dowry n. 嫁妆dower
   edition n. 出版文本(如书籍)的形式form in which text (e.g. book) is published
 endow  vb.trans. 提供嫁妆to furnish with dower
pardon vb.trans. 免于处罚to free from penalty
 render vb. 尝试,融化to try, melt down
 rent    n. 出租/出租的财产(如房屋);承租人定期向房东支付的款项property (e.g. house) rented/for rent; periodic sum paid to landlord by tenant
surrender vb. 屈服于他人的力量to yield to anothers power
     tradition n. 把习俗或信仰传给后代handing down of custom or belief to future generations
     traitor n. 背信弃义的人对责任/义务是错误的one who betrays trust, is false to duty/obligation
     treason n. 背信弃义背信弃义treachery, perfidy, betrayal of trust
     vend  vb. 出售,通过出售交换to sell, exchange via sale
136.dō-:给出 To give.
     add vt.加;增加(进);进一步说/写vi.(to)增添
perdition 堕入地狱
     dated adj.有日期的,陈旧的
     dating n.约会.v.约会
predate v.提早日期,居先
     dat n.(datum的复数)资料,数据
 addition n.加,加法;附加部分,增加(物)
 additional a.额外的,附加的,另外的
 additionally ad.另外,同时
 additive adj.附加的,加法的n.附加剂,附加物
 betrayal n.背叛;辜负;暴露
 rendering n.翻译,表演,(墙壁的)初涂,打底,(建筑物等)透视图 vt.致使,表演,打底(render的ing形式) vi.给予补偿
rendition n.表演,演唱,翻译
 rental n.租金额
 rentals n. 租费,租金额
 rented adj.租用的,租金的
 renter n.租贷人
     traditional adj.传统的,惯例的,口传的,传说的
     traditionalist n.传统主义者,因循守旧者
     traditionally ad.传统上,照惯例
vendor n.卖主,供应商;小贩;自动售货机
     dotted adj.有点的,星罗棋布的
 endowment n.捐赠;捐助;捐款;天资
     dosage n.剂量,用量
     dosed 剂量;一剂;一服;给 ... 服药
overdose n.配药量过多 vt.配药过量,使服药过量
anecdotal adj.轶事的;轶事一样的;多轶事的

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☝身61 3364: drē- drə-, extended dr-ē̆m- 睡觉 to sleep
     dormant adj. 图中,身穿盾徽,头枕前爪斜靠shown, on coat of arms, reclining with head on forepaws
     dormitory n. 睡觉的地方room for sleeping
729.drem-:睡梦 To sleep.

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☝身18, ☝身492 3366: dumb-, dumbh-? 尾巴,阴茎 tail, penis
     tap    n. 塞子,龙头bung, spigot
     tip    n. 终点,终点end, point

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☝情72, ☝宗35 3367: dus- 坏,坏,坏 bad, foul, evil
     dys-  pfx. 坏的,不正常的bad, abnormal
     dyslexia n. 识别/理解写作能力受损impaired ability to recognize/comprehend writing
     dysplasia n. 异常细胞/器官/组织生长/发育abnormal cell/organ/tissue growth/development

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☝情53 3368: du̯ei- 害怕 to fear
     dinosaur n. 已灭绝的爬行动物。恐怖的蜥蜴extinct reptile, lit. terrible lizard
     dir adj. 凄惨的,可怕的dismal, dreadful
731.dwei-:害怕 To fear.

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☝算12 3369: du̯ō(u) 两个,迪奥 two, duo
     balance n. 称重秤scale for weighing
 between adv/prep. 共同行动,共同行动by common action, in common to
     bi-    pfx. 两次,两次,两次two, twice, double
     binary adj. 两件事/部分 two things/parts
     bis    adv. 两次twice
combine vb. 紧密结合to bring closely together
     deuce n. 模具两点支承面face of die bearing two spots
     di-    pfx. 两次,两次,两次twice, double, twofold
     dia-  pfx. 穿过,穿过through, across
     dicho- pfx. 两人一组,分两部分in pairs, in 2 parts
     dimer n. 两个相同的分子结合在一起two identical molecules combined
     diplo- pfx. 双重的double
     diploid adj. 两倍,两倍double, twofold
     diploma n. 章程、官方/国家文件charter, official/state document
     double adj. 双重的,有双重关系/特性的dual, having twofold relation/character
     doublet n. 男式紧身夹克mans long close-fitting jacket
     doubt vb. 害怕to fear
     dual  adj. 2 two
     dubious adj. 模棱两可的,引起怀疑的equivocal, occasioning doubt
     duet  n. 两位表演者的作品composition for two performers
     duo pfx. 二two
     duo    n. 配对,二重唱pair, duet
     duplex adj. 两倍,两倍double, twofold
     duplicate adj. 两个相同/对应的零件/示例 two identical/corresponding parts/examples
     duplicity n. 双重性,双重的状态doubleness, state of being double
     dyad  n. 一对pair
     mistletoe n. 欧洲半寄生的绿色灌木European semiparasitic green shrub
 redoubtable adj. 可怕的,引起恐惧的formidable, causing fear/alarm
     twain adj. 二two
     twelfth nbr.ord. 第十二12th
     twelve nbr.card. 1212.0
     twenty nbr.card. 2020.0
     twice adv. 有两次on two occasions
     twi n. 小枝条/枝条small shoot/branch
     twilight n. 太阳下山时被大气折射/反射的光light refracted/reflected by atmosphere while sun is down
     twi adj. (出生)成对的(born) together as pair
     twine n. 两股或两股以上的强力绳strong string of two/more twisted strands
     twist vb. 把(股线/线/线)缠绕在一起to unite (strands/threads/wires) by winding one around another
     two    nbr.card. 22.0
     twofold adj. 双倍,数量/数量的2倍double, 2 times the number/quantity
138.dwo-:二两分开 Two.
     biscuit n.饼干,点心
     dozen n.一打,十二个
     doubtful a.可疑的,不确的,疑心的
     doubtfully adv.怀疑地,含糊地
     doubtless adv.无疑地;确定地;大概,多半adj.无疑的;确定的
 redoubt 掩体,堡垒
     twosome n.两人一起,一队,两人玩的游戏
     balanced adj.平稳的,安定的,和谐的
counterbalance vt.使平均,弥补.n.平衡量,平衡力
 imbalance n.不平衡,不均衡
 unbalanced adj.不均衡的,错乱的,不稳定的,收支不平衡的
     twister 旋风,龙卷风
 entwine v.缠住,盘绕,使缠绕
intertwine v.缠绕,纠缠,交织
combination n.结合,联合;化合;团体;组合数码
combinatorial adj.组合的
recombination n.再结合,再化合,复合
recombine vt.再结合,重组
     dualism n.二元论,二重性,二神教
     duality n.二元性
     doubly adv.加倍地,双倍地,两方面地,有双重原因造成,倍增
     duplication n.复制;副本;成倍
     duplicitous adj.搞两面派的

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☝感71, ☝情15, ☝说23 3370: 1. dhā̆bh-, nasalized dhamb(h)- 无语,惊讶;轻拍,触摸,影响 to be speechless, astonished; to dab, be touched, affected
     dab    vb. 轻拍,轻触to pat, touch softly

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☝情71, ☝交61 3371: 2. dhabh- 修理,适合;适当 to fix, suit; proper
     daft  adj. 愚蠢,愚蠢silly, foolish
     fabric n. 建筑物、构筑物building, structure
     fabricate vb.trans. 建造、制造to construct, manufacture
     forge n. 铁匠,加热/锻造金属的熔炉smithy, furnace where metal is heated/wrought
704.dʰabʰ-:编织整合 I dʰeigh-
     deft  a.敏捷熟练的,灵巧的
     fabrication n.制造,建造,装配,伪造物
     forgery n.伪造物,伪造罪,伪造

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☝工342 3374: dhau- 压迫,勒死 to press, strangle
     fauna n. 动物,动物生活animal(s), animal life

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☝空12 3376: 2. dhē- 做、放、放、设 to do, put, place, set
 abdomen n. 胸部和骨盆之间身体的一部分part of body between thorax and pelvis
     add    vb. 联合以增加尺寸/数量/数量to join/unite to increase in size/number/amount
 affair n. 商业/专业/公共业务commercial/professional/public business
 affect vb. 瞄准to aim at
 affection n. 适度的感觉/情绪moderate feeling/emotion
   aficionado n. 粉丝,热情的崇拜者/追随者fan, enthusiastic admirer/follower
amplify vb. 通过插图/阐明细节/仔细分析进行扩展to expand via illustration/clarifying detail/closer analysis
anathema n. 教会权威宣布的严正禁令/诅咒solemn ban/curse pronounced by ecclesiastical authority
antithesis n. 思想的修辞对比rhetorical contrast of ideas
     apothecary n. 制药商制药/卖药的人one who prepares/sells medicines
artifact n. 显示人类工艺/修改的物体object showing human workmanship/modification
artifice n. 诡计,诡计trick, artful stratagem
benefactor n. 送礼人做礼物/遗赠的人one who makes gift/bequest
benefit n. 慈善行为act of kindness
     bodega n. 小酒馆/杂货店small wineshop/grocery store
     boutique n. 小型零售店small retail shop
     chafe vb. 取暖to warm
     condiment n. 增加食物风味的东西something to enhance food flavor
confetti n. 小糖果little candies
counterfeit adj. 为欺骗而制造/伪造的仿制品imitation, made/forged to deceive
     dee n. 做了什么something done
     dee vb. 坚持,思考/判断to hold, come to think/judge
 defeat vb.trans. 毁灭to destroy
 defect n. 缺点,缺点shortcoming, imperfection
 deficient adj. 缺乏必要的品质/要素lacking necessary quality/element
difficulty n. 艰巨的、难以做的事something arduous, hard to do/make/carry out
discomfit vb.trans. 战败to defeat in battle
     do    vb.anom. 实施,实现to carry out, bring to pass
    -do n.sfx. 办公室,尊严office, dignity
     doom  n. 命运,判断fate, judgment
 edifice n. 建筑building
 effect n. 意图、结果、结果intent, result, outcome
 efficacious adj. 有能力产生预期效果的having power to produce desired effect
 efficient adj. 立即生效immediately effecting
epithet n. 描述伴随/代替名字的词/短语characterizing word/phrase accompanying/in place of name
     facade n. 建筑正面(特殊建筑)front of building (with special architecture)
     fac n. (人)头前部front part of (human) head
     facet n. 小平面(例如切割宝石)small planar surface (e.g. on cut gem)
     facial adj. 面部 face
    -facient adj.sfx. 制造,引起making, causing
     facies n. 某些情况下的面部外观/表情facial appearance/expression characteristic of some condition
     facile adj. 容易达到/完成easily attained/accomplished
     facilitate vb. 更容易些to make easier
     facsimile n. 精确副本exact copy
     fact  n. 做了什么thing done
    -faction n.sfx. #NAME?-fication, making
     faction n. 集团、自私/有争议的团体clique, selfish/contentious group
     factor n. 替别人做生意的人one who acts/transacts business for another
     factory n. 居民要素交易场所place where resident factors trade
     faculty n. 力量,能力power, ability
     family n. 家庭;家庭/机构的仆人household; servants of house/establishment
     fashion n. 某物的形状make/form of something
     feasible adj. 能够做的/执行的capable of being done/carried out
     feat  adj. 整洁,成为neat, becoming
     feature n. 形式/结构/外观form/structure/appearance
     feckless adj. 软弱无能weak, ineffectual
     fetish n. 被认为有魔力的物体object believed to have magical power
    -fic  adj.sfx. 制造,引起making, causing
forfeit n. 惩罚,失去的东西penalty, something lost
    -fy    vb.sfx. 使,形成to make, form into
     hacienda n. 庄园/种植园上的大房子large house on estate/plantation
hypothesis n. 为检验逻辑/经验结果而作的初步假设tentative assumption made to test logical/empirical consequences
  indeed adv. 当然,事实上,毫无疑问certainly, in fact, without doubt
  infect vb.trans. 污染被产生疾病的细菌/物质/细菌污染to contaminate with disease-producing germs/substance/bacteria
justify vb. 证明、证明/证明公正/正确/合理to vindicate, prove/show to be just/right/reasonable
malefactor n. 犯法者犯法律罪的人one who commits legal offense
malfeasance n. 不法行为wrongful conduct
manufacture n. 手工制作的东西something made by hand
modify  vb. 缓和,使不那么极端to moderate, make less extreme
mollify vb. 安抚,安抚to appease, soothe in temper/disposition
notify  vb.trans. 指出to point out
nullify vb.trans. 使空to make null
 office n. 政府部门授予的特殊职责/职责/职位special charge/duty/position conferred by government authority
orifice n. 孔、口/类似开口hole, mouth/similar opening
parenthesis n. 扩大/解释词/短语/句子amplifying/explanatory word/phrase/sentence
     perdition n. 彻底毁灭utter destruction
perfect adj. 专家,精通expert, proficient
     pontiff n. 教皇;主教、教皇pontifex; bishop, pope
prefect n. 高级官员/治安官high official/magistrate
proficient adj. 熟练,在艺术/知识/职业方面有很高的水平adept, well advanced in art/knowledge/occupation
profit n. 收获,有价值的回报gain, valuable return
prosthesis n. 替换缺失身体部位的人工装置artificial device replacing missing body part
qualify vb. 修改,从一般形式减少到特殊/限制形式to modify, reduce from general to particular/restricted form
rarefy  vb. 使变薄/多孔/密度降低to make thin/porous/less dense
rectify vb.trans. 纠正,纠正to remedy, set right
 refectory n. (寺院)食堂(monastery) dining hall
sacrifice n. 向神供奉贵重物品的行为act of offering to deity something precious
satisfy vb. 履行(合同)的条款to discharge, carry out terms of (contract)
suffice vb. 为了满足需要,就足够了to meet/satisfy need, be sufficient
sufficient adj. 足以满足形势/拟定目的的需要enough to meet needs of situation/proposed end
surface n. 物体上/外边界upper/exterior boundary of object
surfeit n. 供应过剩excess, overabundant supply
synthesis n. 零件/元素的组合/组合形成整体combination/composition of parts/elements to form whole
     theca n. 孢子盒,囊,蒴果spore case, sac, capsule
     thematic adj. 词干 word stem
     theme n. 话语主题/艺术表现subject/topic of discourse/artistic representation
     thesis n. 学术候选人维持/提出的职位/主张position/proposition maintained/advanced by scholastic candidate
     tick  n. 枕套或床垫套ticking, pillow- or mattress-case
114.dʰē-:做为放定 To set, put.
     bard 游吟诗人
 nefarious adj.邪恶的;穷凶极恶的;不法的
     ample adj. 很好,很大 great, large
     amplitude n. 充实、充裕的状态/质量 fullness, state/quality of being ample
misdeed n.罪行,犯罪
     did vbl.do的过去式
     doable adj.可做的,可行的
     does  v.做,有用,工作 conj.是,做,要
     doing n.做,干,行为,[复]活动,所作所为
overdo  vt.做得过分,过度,夸张,做作,使过火 vi.过火
 abdominal adj.腹部的,鱼有腹鳍的 n.腹肌(常用作复数)
     ensconce 安置
     factoid 仿真描述
 cofactor n.余因子,代数合取,余因数,辅因子
     factoring n.因子分解,因式分解
     fashionable a.流行的,时髦的
     fashioned adj.…式的,…风的
     fashioning n.精加工
 unfashionable adj.不流行的
     feasibility n.可行性,可能性
     featured adj.有…的面貌特征的,作为号召物的,作为特色的
     featureless adj.无特色的,平凡的
     featuring 特征;特色;特写;故事片;起重要作用;容貌;以 ... 为特色
 affected adj.受到影响的,受(疾病)侵袭的,假装的,做作的
 affecting adj.感人的,动人的
 affective adj.情感的;表达感情的
disaffected adj.抱不平的,有叛意的,不服的
disaffection n.不忠,(政治上)不满
unaffected adj.不受影响的;自然的;真挚的;不矫揉造作的
amplification n.放大(率);扩大;详述
     amplifier n.放大器,扩大器,扩音器
beneficiary n.受惠者,受益人
confection 做出来的东西:n.糖果,蜜饯;调制;糖膏(剂);精制工艺品
confectionery n.甜食
 defection n.背叛;缺点;变节;脱党
 defective 有缺陷的;不完美的n.有缺陷的人;不完全变化词
 defector 背叛者;逃兵;叛离者
 deficiency n.缺乏,不足;缺点,缺陷
 edification n.教导,启发,熏陶
 effective a.有效的,生效的;被实施的;给人深刻印象
 effectively ad.有效地,生效地
 effector n.受动器,感受器
 effects n. 效果;感受;个人财产;结果;动产,财物,家财
ineffective a.无效的,(指人)工作效率低的
 efficacy n.功效,效力
 efficiency n.效率;功效
 efficiently ad.有效地,能胜任地,效率高地
inefficiency n.无效率,无能,无效率事例
inefficient adj.无效率的,效率低的;无能的
forfeiture 没收
disinfectant n.消毒剂adj.消毒的
disinfection n.消毒,灭菌
  infected adj.(伤口)被感染的
  infection n.传染病,影响,
  infectious adj.传染的;传染性的;易传染的
  infective adj.会传染的,有传染性的,影响别人的,感染别人的
     justifiable adj.可辩解的,有道理的;可证明为正当的
     justifiably adv.无可非议地
justification n.认为有理,认为正当,理由,辩护,释罪
manufacturer n.制造业者,厂商
manufacturing n.制造业 adj.制造业的
imperfect a.有缺点的,未完成的.n.未完成体
imperfection n.不完整性,非理想性
imperfectly adv.有缺点地,有瑕疵地,没完地
perfection n.尽善尽美,完美
perfectionism n.十全十美主义,至善论
perfectionist n.十全十美主义者,[哲]至善论者
perfectly ad.理想地,完美地
proficiency n.(in)熟练,精通
nonprofit adj.非营利的
profitability n.收益性,利益率
profitable adj.有利可图的;赚钱的;有益的
profitably adv.有利地,有益地
profiteer vi.投机,牟求暴利 n.贸易 奸商,牟取暴利的人
unprofitable a.没有利润的,无益的
disqualification n.剥夺资格,失格,不合格,无资格
disqualify vt.取消…的资格
qualification n.资格,合格;限定,条件;合格证
     qualified adj.合格的;有资格的
     qualifier n.限定词,限定语;取得资格的人;修饰语
     unqualified adj.不合格的;无资格的;不胜任的;不受限制的;无条件的;绝对的
     rarefied 精妙高深的,阳春白雪的
sacrificial adj.牺牲的;献祭的
self-sacrifice n.自我牺牲,献身
insufficiency n.不充足,不足
insufficient adj.不足的
self-sufficiency n.自给自足
self-sufficient a.自给自足的
sufficiency n.足量,充足;自满
     faceless adj.姓名不祥的,不露面
     facing n.衣服等的贴边,饰面
resurface vt.重铺路面 vi.重新露面
surfacing n.使成平面,铺以面
 officer n.官员,办事员;工作人员;军官
 official n.官员,行政官员a.官方的,官方的,正式的
 officialdom 当官的人,官僚
 officially ad.职务上,正式
     facility n.灵巧,熟练;(pl.)设备,设施,便利条件
     facilitation n.简易化,助长
     facilitator n.促进者,帮助者,服务商
antithetical adj.正相反的,对立的,骈
     theses 名词thesis的复数形式. n. 论文;论题;论点;命题;提纲
hypotheses 名词hypothesis的复数形式. n. 臆断;假设
hypothesize v.假设,假定
hypothetical adj.假设的;爱猜想的
hypothetically adv.假设地,假想地
synthesize v.合成,综合
synthesizer n.综合者,[电子]合成器
     amply adv.充足地,详细地
     familial adj.家族的;家庭的;遗传的
     subfamily n.亚科

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☝身75, ☝行49 3377: 3. dhē-, dhə- 消失,逝去 to disappear, pass away
     daze  vb. 使昏迷、死亡、瘫痪to stun, deaden, benumb
     famine n. 普遍饥饿的持久时期enduring period of widespread hunger
     fatigue n. 疲倦、疲惫weariness, exhaustion

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☝空63, ☝空64, ☝感81 3378: dheb- 肥,厚,重 fat, thick, heavy
     dam    n. 阻挡水流的屏障barrier preventing water flow
     dapper adj. 整齐,整洁trim, neat

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☝天85 3380: dhegu̯h- 燃烧 to burn
     febrile adj. 发烧feverish
     fever n. 体温高(表示生病)high body temperature (indicating illness)
     foment vb.trans. 用温水/药水洗澡to bathe with warm water/medicated liquid
115.dʰegʷʰ-:烧热 To burn, warm.
     feverish adj.发热的;极度兴奋的

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☝吃16 3381: dhē(i)-, also dh-ei-? 吮吸,吮吸 to suck, suckle
 affiliate n. 关联人/组织affiliated person/organization
 effete adj. 不再生育no longer fertile
endothelium n. 中胚层上皮epithelium of mesoblastic origin
epithelium n. 覆盖动物体表/衬管/腔的膜细胞组织membranous cellular tissue covering free surface/lining tube/cavity of animal body
     fawn  n. 幼鹿young deer
     felicity n. 幸福的happy
     fellatio n. 阴茎口刺激oral stimulation of penis
     female n. 产卵/产仔的性行为sex that produces eggs/bears young
     feminine adj. 女性 female
     fennel n. 欧洲多年生草本植物perennial European herb
     fetal adj. 胎儿 fetus
     fetus n. 未出生/未出生脊椎动物unborn/unhatched vertebrate
     filial adj. 儿子/女儿 son/daughter
116.dʰē(i)-:吮吸咂嗒 To suck.
     femme
     hidalgo
     femininity n.温柔;柔弱性;女子本性
     feminization 女性化,雌性化,阴性化
     fecundity n.多产,富饶,肥沃,<动>产卵力
 affiliated adj.附属的,有关连的
 affiliation n.友好关系,从属关系,联盟,加入

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☝感51, ☝感52, ☝感55 3382: dhei̯ə- dhi̯ā- dhī- 看,看,展示 to look, see, show
     semantic adj. 语义学 semantics
     semantics n. 语言意义meaning in language
     semiotic adj. 符号学 semiotics
     theater n. 戏剧表演场所/建筑place/building for dramatic performances
707.dʰeiə-:看看 To see, look.
     semantically 计 语义地
     theatrical a.戏剧性的
     theatricality 戏剧性,夸张

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☝农22, ☝工23, ☝工342 3383: dhēigu̯- dhōigu̯- dhīgu̯- 挖、种、刺、粘 to dig, plant, stab, stick
 affix  vb.trans. 固定,固定to fasten, attach physically
     dig    vb.str. (,挖)挖洞,松土/翻土/移土to delve, loosen/turn up/remove earth
     dik n. 沟渠、人工水道ditch, artificial watercourse
     ditch n. 用于防御/排水/灌溉的狭长开挖long narrow excavation for defense/drainage/irrigation
     fix    vb. 使迅速/牢固/稳定to make fast/firm/stable
     fixate vb. 固定,使固定不变to fix, make fixed/unchanging
     fixture n. 使快速/稳固/稳定的行为/过程act/process of making fast/firm/stable
prefix n. 词素绑定/附加在词的开头morpheme bound/attached to beginning of word
suffix n. 词素与词尾相连morpheme bound/attached to end of word
128.dʰīgʷ-:打桩固定 To stick, fix.
     digger n.挖掘者,掘地兽
     fixative 定影剂
     fixed adj.固定的,确定的,准备好的,固执的,不易发挥的,[美口](在经济上)处境...的
     fixation n.固定;定位;定影
crucifixion n.苦痛的考验,受难,刑罚,被钉死在十字架

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☝吃54, ☝工44 3384: dheig̑h- 要造,就要捏泥 to build, knead clay
     dairy n. 存放/制作牛奶/黄油/奶酪的地方place where milk/butter/cheese is kept/made
     dough n. 面粉/其他配料混合物mixture of flour/other ingredients ready to knead/roll
 effigy n. 形象(尤指人的形象)image/representation, esp. of person
     faint adj. 懦弱的,缺乏勇气/精神的cowardly, lacking courage/spirit
     feign vb. 假象,假象to sham, represent by false appearance
     feint n. 诡计,假装的东西trick, something feigned
     fiction n. 假想的东西something feigned/invented by imagination
     figure n. 数字,数字符号numeral, number symbol
     figurine n. 小型雕刻/模制图形small carved/molded figure
     lad n. 女主人,女户主mistress, female head of household
paradise n. 伊甸园garden of Eden
     figurative adj.比喻的,具象的,造型的
     figured adj.以图形和数字表示的,华丽的
     figuring n.姓劻(光学玻璃冷加工)
configuration n.配置,结构,组态,外形
     fictional adj.虚构的,小说的
     fictitious adj.虚构的;假想的;编造的;假装的

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☝天24, ☝空72 3385: 1. dhel-, dholo- 曲线;戴尔,空心 curve; dell, hollow
     dale  n. 山谷,山谷vale, valley
     dell  n. 小山谷,幽谷small dale, secluded hollow
708.dʰel-:中空 A hollow.
     Neanderthal 尼安德特人的,守旧的

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☝农22, ☝空27 3388: dhelbh- 挖,挖,埋 to dig, delve, bury
     delve vb. 挖掘,挖洞,挖掘to dig, burrow, excavate

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☝行38 3391: dhem-, dhemə- 吹,像尘土一样飞来飞去 to blow, fly about like dust
     damp  n. 雾、潮湿、潮湿fog, moisture, humidity
     dank  adj. 潮湿,潮湿,潮湿damp, moist, humid
     dim    adj. 黑暗,无光,光线不好dark, unlit, poorly lit

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☝农22 3392: dhembh-, dhm̥bh- 挖掘 to dig
     epitaph n. 为纪念埋葬在那里的人而在坟墓/坟墓上题字inscription on/at tomb/grave in memory of one buried there
710.dʰembʰ-:埋葬 To bury.

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☝行32, ☝行46 3393: 1. dhen- 流动,奔跑 to flow, run
     font  n. 洗礼水盛器receptacle for baptismal water
     fountain n. 水泉从地里涌出water spring issuing from earth
711.dʰen-1:奔跑流动 To run, flow.

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☝空71 3394: 2. dhen- 平坦的手、地面等。 flat of hand, surface of land, etc.
     den    n. 野生(食肉)动物的巢穴lair of wild (predatory) animal

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☝工21, ☝行67 3395: 3. dhen- 打、叮、推、刺 to hit, ding, push, thrust
     ding  vb. 敲to knock
     dint  n. 打击,打击blow, stroke
     dump  vb. 击倒;击倒to let fall; beat, knock down

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☝工342, ☝空26 3396: 1. dhengh- 压,盖 to press, cover
     dung  n. 粪便manure, excrement
085.pneu-:流鼻呼吸 To breathe.

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☝天213, ☝感88 3398: 1. dher-, dherə- 污垢、渣滓、某种沉积物 dirt, dreg, some type of deposit
     dark  adj. (部分)没有光(partially) devoid of light
     drab  n. 暗灰色/棕色布dull gray/brown cloth
     drivel vb. 要做奴隶,从嘴里滴口水to slaver, dribble saliva from mouth
     trachea n. 肺通道主干main trunk of lung passageway
713.dʰer-1:浑浊黑暗 To make muddy ; darkness.
     tracheal adj.气管的,导管的,呼吸管的
     darken v.(使)变暗
     darkly adv.暗黑,呈黑色
     darkness n.黑暗,漆黑

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☝商15 3399: 2. dher-, dherə- 支撑,支撑 to hold, support
 affirm vb. 确认,验证to confirm, validate
confirm vb.trans. 加强,使坚定(er)to strengthen, make firm(er)
     dharma n. 法律/习惯被视为义务law/custom regarded as duty
     farm  n. 定期支付固定金额fixed sum payable at fixed intervals
     firm  adj. 牢固/牢固地固定到位securely/solidly fixed in place
     firmament n. 天堂,拱门/穹顶heavens, arch/vault of sky
  infirm adj. 活力低下/恶化 poor/deteriorated vitality
  infirmary n. 病人/体弱者治疗住宿lodging for treatment of sick/infirm
     throne n. 国王/王子/主教国主席chair of state of king/prince/bishop
118.dʰer-2:牢固 To hold firmly, support.
     farmer n.农民,农场主
     farming n.耕作,农业,农事,畜牧
     firmer 形容词firm的比较级. adj. 稳定的;坚固的
     firmness n.坚固,坚实,坚定,坚决
  infirmity 体弱,生病
 affirmation n.主张,肯定;断言
 affirmative adj.肯定的,(对正式辩论中的问题)表示赞成的,(态度,方法等)积极的,乐观的,怀有希望的 n.肯定语
confirmation n.证实,确认,批准
confirmatory adj.确定的,证实的
confirmed adj.证实的,惯常的,慢性的

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☝感44 3400: 3. dher-, dhereu-, dhrē̆n- (拟声词:对嗡嗡声、咆哮声、咕噜声等) (onomatopoeic: to drone, growl, purr, etc.)
     drone n. 雄(蜜)蜂:无刺,无蜜male (honey) bee: has no sting, gathers no honey
714.dʰer-3:嗡嗡 To drone, murmur, buzz.

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☝身66 3402: 5. dher-, dhrei-d- 排便;弄脏 to defecate; dirt
     dirt  n. 污秽、粪便、粪便filth, dung, excrement

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☝工33 3403: dherāgh- 拖,拉 to drag, pull
     draft n. 拉网行为act of drawing net
     drag  vb. 拖拉,缓慢/沉重地牵引to haul, draw slowly/heavily
     draw  vb. 拖拉,拖拉,拖拉,使连续移动to drag, haul, cause to move continuously
     dredge n. 船锚boat anchor
721.dʰragʰ-:画划 To draw, drag on t he ground.
     drawer n.抽屉
     drawing n.绘图,图样
     drew vbl.draw的过去式
     drafter n.起草者
overdraft n.透支,透支之款项

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☝感74 3405: dherebh- 使变硬;凝结 to harden; coagulated
     hypertrophy n. 细胞肿胀导致器官/组织体积增加swelling of cells causing organ/tissue volume increase

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☝情51, ☝情52 3408: dhers- 敢不敢,要大胆 to dare, be bold
     dar vb. 足够勇敢to be sufficiently courageous
     daring adj.大胆的
     daringly adv.大胆地,毅然地

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☝宗11 3409: dhēs-, dhəs- (宗教用语) (used in religious terms)
apotheosis n. 神化,提升到神圣的地位deification, elevation to divine status
   atheism n. 不相信神的存在disbelief in existence of deity
 enthusiasm n. 对圣灵启示的信仰belief in Holy Spirit revelations
     fair  n. 买方/卖方在特定地点/时间的聚会gathering of buyers/sellers at particular place/time
     fanatic adj. 以过分的热情、强烈的不加批判的奉献为特点marked by excessive enthusiasm, intense uncritical devotion
     feast n. 宴会,精致的饭菜。娱乐活动)banquet, elaborate meal (usu. with entertainment)
    -fest n.sfx. 节日festival
     festival adj. 节日,主题:盛宴festive, feast
     festive adj. 宴会/节日 feast/festival
     festoon n. 悬挂在两点之间的装饰链/装饰条decorative chain/strip suspended between two points
     fet n. 节日festival
     fiesta n. 节日festival
profane adj. 世俗的,与宗教/宗教目的无关的secular, not concerned with religion/religious purposes
120.dʰēs-:庆祝节日 Root of words in religious concepts.
     fest 
tiffany 丝纱罗;一种薄绸
     festivity n.欢庆,欢宴;庆典;欢乐
     fanatical adj.狂热的
     fanaticism n.狂热,盲信
profanity n.亵渎;不敬的言语
   atheist n.无神论者
 enthusiast 神灵附体的人n.狂热者,热心家
 enthusiastic adj.热情的,热心的,狂热的
 enthusiastically adv.热情地,热心地,狂热地

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☝行32, ☝行46 3410: 1. dheu- 流动,奔跑 to flow, run
     dew    n. 在冷表面凝结的水分moisture condensed on cool surfaces
121.dʰeu-2:流淌露水 To flow.

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☝身75 3411: 2. dheu-, dhu̯-ēi- 死去,晕倒,消失 to die, faint, vanish
     dead  adj. 死了,死了lifeless, having died
     death n. 生命终结,生命机能永久停止end of life, permanent cessation of vital function
     die    vb.intrans. 过期,结束物质生活to expire, end physical life
     dwindle vb. 缩小,缩小,减少to shrink, diminish, become less
122.dʰeu-3:流失死掉 To die.
     deadly a.致命的;势不两立的;极度的;必定的
     deathly adv.& adj.死一般的/地,让人想到死亡
     die 名词die的复数,动词die的第三人称单数
     dying adj.垂死的

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☝行38 3413: 4. dheu-, dheu̯ə-, presumably dhu̯ē-, compare suffixes dhu̯ē-k-, dhu̯ē̆-s- 像灰尘一样吹、散、飞。 to blow, dissipate, fly about like dust, etc.
     deaf  adj. 缺乏听觉lacking/deficient in sense of hearing
     deer  n. 反刍哺乳动物ruminant mammal
     dizzy adj. 愚蠢,愚蠢silly, foolish
     dock  n. 酸橙,粗糙的杂草植物sorrel, coarse weedy plant
     doldrums n. 沮丧/无精打采的咒语spell of despondence/listlessness
     dove  n. 鸽子的种类type of pigeon
     down  adv. 朝向/处于低位toward/in low physical position
     dull  adj. 愚蠢,思维迟钝stupid, mentally slow
     dumb  adj. 无言destitute of speech
     dun    adj. 暗灰色/棕色 dull drab dark-gray/brown color
     dune  n. 风积沙山/山脊wind-piled sand hill/ridge
     dusk  adj. 阴暗,暮色gloom, twilight
     dust  n. 细小的干燥粉尘颗粒fine dry pulverized dirt particles
     duvet n. 羽绒被/棉被down-stuffed quilt/comforter
     dwell vb.wk.intra (住在)住一段时间to remain for a while
     dye    n. 色调,颜色tint, color
     euthanasia n. 无痛处死painless putting to death
     fume  n. 气体、烟雾、蒸汽gas, smoke, vapor
     funeral adj/n. ()为死者举行的纪念活动() observances held for dead person
     funky adj. 有发霉/发霉的气味having moldy/musty smell
     perfume n. 香味sweet-smelling scent
     reindeer n. 北欧/亚洲/美洲的鹿deer of northern Europe/Asia/America
     steam n. 从受热物质中升起的蒸汽vapor rising from heated substance
     stew  n. 煮沸用具utensil used for boiling
     stove n. 燃烧燃料提供热量的固定/便携式设备fixed/portable apparatus burning fuel to provide heat
     tansy n. 复方草药composite herb
     thion- pfx. 硫黄sulfur
     thyme n. 一种薄荷草本植物,叶小而辛辣mint herb having small pungent aromatic leaves
     -thymia n.sfx. 精神/意志状况condition of mind/will
     town  n. 哈姆雷特,独特的集群/带有地名的房屋集合hamlet, distinct cluster/aggregation of houses with place-name
     typhus n. 人温病human febrile disease
     wilderness n. 未开垦的无人居住区uncultivated uninhabited tract/region of land
715.dʰeu-1:聋哑晕困 smoke, dust.
     doze vi.瞌睡,假寐 vt.打瞌睡度过 n.瞌睡
     dizziness n.头昏眼花
     dizzying adj.令人昏乱的,灿烂的
     dweller n.居住者,居民
     dwelling n.住处
     dusky adj.微暗的,朦胧的,忧郁的
     duster n.掸子,打扫灰尘的人,防尘长外衣
     dusting n.打扫,殴打,撒粉,除灰,敷粉
     dusty a.满是灰尘的,粉状的
     dully adv.迟钝地,沉闷地,呆滞地,乏味地
     steamer n.汽船,轮船
     deafen vt.使聋,使隔音,淹没 vi.变聋
     deafening adj.震耳欲聋的,极喧闹的 n.隔音,隔音装置 v.使…聋(deafen的ing形式)
     deafness n.聋,聋度
     funk n.怯懦,恐惧,臭味,恐怖 vt.畏缩,害怕,使闻到臭味 vi.惊恐,发出臭味

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☝空67, ☝空72 3414: dheu-b-, dheu-p- 深的,空心的 deep, hollow
     deep  adj. 从表面向下延伸extending far down from surface
     depth n. 水体深处deep place in body of water
     dimple n. 脸颊凹陷/凹陷depression/indentation in cheek
     dip    vb. 浸入/浸入(液体中)冷却/涂层/湿润to plunge/immerse (in liquid) to cool/coat/moisten
     div vb. 头朝下跳入水中to plunge headfirst into water
     dump  n. 深水充水孔deep water-filled hole
123.dʰeub-:流落深潜 Deep, hollow.
     deepen v.加深,深化
     deeply adv.深深地
     depths pl. 深处
     diver n.潜水者
     divers 种种的
     diving n.潜水,跳水

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☝工5 3415: dheubh-, dhubh- 销钉、楔子 peg, wedge
     dub    vb. 授予骑士身份to confer knighthood
716.dʰeubʰ-:楔子销钉 Wedge, peg, plug.

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☝行38 3416: dheu̯es-, dhu̯ē̆s-, dheus-, dhū̆s- 像灰尘一样吹、散、飞。 to blow, dissipate, fly about like dust, etc.
     doze  vb. 安睡to sleep lightly
715.dʰeu-1:聋哑晕困 smoke, dust.

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☝吃87, ☝工342, ☝感71 3417: dheugh- 挤牛奶,按,摸 to milk, press, touch
     doughty adj. 勇敢,能干valiant, able

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☝商64, ☝情76 3419: dhl̥gh- 债务、罪恶感、责任 debt, guilt, duty
     play  n. 轻快地使用/处理武器/仪器的行为act of briskly using/handling weapon/instrument
     pledge n. 动产作为债务/其他债务担保的承诺promise of chattel as security for debt/other obligation
     plight vb.trans. 宣誓,宣誓to engage, put/give in pledge
134.dlegʰ-:忙碌 To engage oneself.
  indulge v.纵容,沉溺
foreplay 前戏
interplay n.相互影响,相互作用
     player n.做游戏的人,比赛者,演员,演奏者,表演者
     players 运动员
     playful a.爱玩耍的,幽默的
     playfully adv.爱玩地,戏谑地
 replay vt.重新比赛,重新表演,重放 n.重赛
  indulgence n.放任
self-indulgence n.放纵,任性

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☝工33 3423: dhreg̑- 拉 to pull
     drink vb.str. (喝了,喝了)喝了,咽了下去to imbibe, swallow
     drown vb. 沉入水中窒息to suffocate by submersion
     drank vbl.drink的过去式
     drinker n.喝的人,酒徒
     drinking n.喝,喝酒

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☝行46 3424: 1. dhregh- 跑 to run
     truck n. 小轮small wheel
722.dʰregʰ-:跑动 To run.
     trucker n.卡车司机,卡车运输者
     trucking n.货车运输,货车运输业

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☝行65, ☝行67 3426: dhreibh- 推动、推动、推动 to drive, push, thrust
     drift n. 推动某物前进的行为/结果act/result of driving something along
     drive vb.str. (被驱动,被驱动)迅速移动,通过物理力量给予前进的运动to move rapidly, impart forward motion via physical force
     drove n. 一起运动的动物animals driven/moving together
     driver n.驾驶员
     driving n.操纵,驾驶 adj.推进的,强劲的,精力旺盛的
overdrive vt.驱使过度,虐待 [机]超速传动
     drifter n.漂流物,流浪者,漂网渔船

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☝吃56 3427: dhreu- 磨碎,粉碎 to grind, crumble
     dreary adj. 悲伤,悲伤sad, doleful
     drip  vb. 滴落to (allow to) fall in drops
     drizzle vb. 小雨to sprinkle, rain lightly/in small drops
     droop vb. 向下悬挂/倾斜to hang/incline downward
     drop  n. 以球形质量下落的流体量quantity of fluid falling in spherical mass
     drowsy adj.昏昏欲睡的,催眠的,(街、市等)沉寂的
     droplet n.小滴
     dripping n.滴,滴下,滴下物,油滴

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☝商28 3429: 2. dhreugh- 伤害,欺骗 to harm, deceive
     dream n. 在睡眠中所经历的欺骗性的形象、思想/情绪deceptive image, thought/emotion experienced during sleep
723.dʰreugʰ-:欺骗 To deceive.
     dreamer n.做梦的人,梦想家
     dreamily adv.梦幻般地,迷迷糊糊地,朦胧地
     dreamlike adj. 梦一般的;梦幻的
     dreamy adj.空幻的,梦想的,多梦的

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☝人42 3432: dhug(h)əter- 女儿 daughter
     daughter n. 女性(人类)儿童female (human) child
132.dʰugəter-:儿女 Daughter.

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☝感44 3433: dhu̯en-, dhun- 哼,雄蜂 to hum, drone
     din    n. 噪音/声音大loud noise/sound
725.dʰwen-:发噪音 To make noise.

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☝住22 3435: dhu̯ē̆r-, dhu̯ō̆r-, dhur-, dhu̯r̥- 门 door
     door  n. 打开/关闭入口的摆动/滑动屏障swinging/sliding barrier by which entry is opened/closed
     durbar n. 印度土著王子主持的法庭court held by native Indian prince
     foreclose vb. 去德巴,闭嘴to debar, shut out
     foreign adj. 位于地区/国家以外located outside area/country
     forensic adj. 用于法庭的/适合法庭的/属于法庭的used in/suitable to/belonging to court
     forest n. 林地tract of wooded land
     forum n. 古罗马城市用于司法/公共事务的公共/市场场所public/market-place of ancient Roman city used for judicial/public business
     thyroid adj. 关于:脊椎动物的大内分泌腺 large endocrine gland in craniate vertebrates
133.dʰwer-:门外论坛 Door, doorway (usually in plural).
     forfeit 做过界限:n.罚金;没收物;丧失的东西adj.因受罚而丧失的;被没收的,vt.(因犯罪、失职、违约等)丧失(权利、名
     doors 名词door的复数形式. n. 门
     foreigner n.外国人
 deforestation n.采伐森林,森林开伐
     forested adj.草木丛生的,被森林所覆盖的
     forester n.林务官,森林人
     forestry n.林产,森林地,林学
 afforestation 植树造林
     foreclosure n.丧失抵押品赎回权

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☝身82, ☝空59, ☝空74 3436: dhu̯ergh- drugh- 残废的,矮小的,矮小的 crippled, dwarf-like, low in stature
     dwarf n. (,矮人)异常/不典型的小个体abnormally/atypically small individual(s)

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☝算32 3439: 3. e-, ei-, i-, fem. ī- (指示粒子:1,this等) (demonstrative particle: one, this, etc.)
 beyond adv. 远一点,在远处farther, on/to far side
    -id    sfx. 继发性过敏性皮疹secondary allergic skin rash
     id    n. 自我/性欲产生的有机体能量来源source of organisms energy from which ego/libido are derived
     identical adj. 一模一样being the same
     identify vb. 确立身份to establish identity
     identity n. 不同情况下的性格相同sameness of character in different instances
     if    conj. 如果in the event that
     ilk    n. 类型,种类type, kind
     item  adv. 另外,还有also, in addition
     iterate vb.trans. 重复to repeat
 reiterate vb.trans. 重复做/说/重复to do/say again/repeatedly
     yea    adv. 对yes
     yet    adv. 另外,还有besides, in addition
     yon    adj. 在那边yonder
     yonder adv. 在较远的地方at/in a more/less distant place
475.i-:移异这伊 Pronominal stem.
     yes    ad.是[用于肯定句前],是的
     identically adv.同一地,相等地
     identifiable a.可辨认的
     identification n.识别,鉴别;证件;认同
     identifier n.检验人,标识符,鉴别器,编号,识别符
     iteration n.迭代;反复;重复
     iterative adj.重复的,反复的,迭代的 n.反复体
     itemize 列出清单

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☝吃11 3441: ed- 吃 to eat
 anodyne adj. 舒缓,减轻疼痛soothing, serving to assuage pain
     dandelion n. 一种欧亚植物,花大而亮黄色Eurasian plant with large bright-yellow flower
     dental adj. 主题:牙齿/牙科 teeth/dentistry
     denti- pfx. 牙齿/牙齿 tooth/teeth
     dentist n. 治疗牙齿和相关组织的人one who treats teeth and associated tissues
     eat    vb.str. (吃的,吃的)作为食物吞食、咀嚼和吞咽to ingest, chew, and swallow as food
     edible adj. 可食用,适于食用eatable, fit to be eaten
     etch  vb. 通过腐蚀性的酸性作用在金属/玻璃上绘制/书写to draw/write esp. on metal/glass by corrosive acidic action
     fret  vb.trans. 使烦恼,通过情绪紧张引起痛苦to vex, cause suffering via emotional strain
 obes adj. 肥胖,过度肥胖corpulent, excessively fat
    -odon n.sfx. 牙齿tooth
    -odont adj.sfx. 特定性质的牙齿 teeth of specified nature
     odonto- pfx. 牙齿tooth
     postprandial adj. 餐后/晚餐后after meal/dinner
     tooth n.str. (牙齿)脊椎动物下颚上用来咀嚼食物的坚硬的骨性附属物hard bony appendage(s) on vertebrates jaw used to masticate food
     trident adj. 有3个齿/点/过程having 3 teeth/points/processes
     tush  n. 牙,牙tusk, tooth
     tusk  n. 拉长的,大大扩大的牙齿,即使在闭合时也从口中突出elongated, greatly enlarged tooth projecting from mouth even when closed
     alfalfa n.[植]紫花苜蓿
     ate vbl.吃 [军] Automatic Test Equipment,自动试验设备
     eaten v. 吃;吃饭;喝
     eater n.吃的人,[常用以构成复合词]吃...的人,吃...的动物
     eatery n.[美]餐馆,食堂
     eating n.吃,食物 adj.食用的,可生食的
overeat vt.使吃过量 vi.吃得过多
     etching n.蚀刻版画
     fretted 回纹饰的
 obesity n.肥胖

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☝商52, ☝算22 3444: eg- 缺少(某物) lack (of something)
     indigent adj. 穷困潦倒needy, impoverished

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☝说21, ☝说22 3445: ēg̑-, ōg̑-, əg̑- 说,说 to say, speak
 adag n. (隐喻)表达共同观察的说法(metaphorical) saying embodying common observation
     prodigy n. 预兆、预兆、预兆omen, portent, portentous event
1255.ag-2:说话log To speak.
     prodigious a.巨大的,惊人的

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☝人1 3446: eg̑-, eg̑(h)om, eg̑ō 自我,我(代词) ego, I (pronoun)
     ego    n. 自我(对另一个人)self (vs. another)
587.eg:俺偶我 I.
     egoism 自我主义
     egotistical adj.自我本位的,任性的

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☝空44 3449: eg̑hs, eg̑hz 从,出,前- from, out of, ex-
     ec-    pfx. (,ek-)从,到from, out of
     ecto- pfx. 从,从from, out of
     estrange vb.trans. 从通常的环境/联系中除去to remove from usual environment/associations
     ex-    pfx. 外面,外面outside, out of
     ex    prep. 从,没有,离开from, without, out of
     exact adj. 精确的precise
     exemplary adj. 用作模式serving as pattern
     exergonic adj. 释放能量releasing energy
     exit  n. 离开舞台departure from stage
     exo pfx. 外面,外面outside, out of
     exodus n. 移民,大批移民emigration, mass departure
     exotic adj. 从另一个国家引进的introduced from another country
     exterior adj. 外部,外部outer, external
     external adj. 从外表上看 being perceived outwardly
     extra- pfx. 外面,外面beyond, outside
     extra adj. 超出了应有的/通常的/必要的more than due/usual/necessary
     extreme adj. 最高/最高学位 highest/greatest possible degree
     strange adj. 外星人,外国,re:另一个国家alien, foreign, another country
588.egʰs:逸弃气外 Out.
     estranged adj.疏远的,不和的
     estrangement n.疏远
     externality n.外在性,外形,外部事物,(经济学名词)外部效应
     externally ad.外部地,外面地
     strangely adv.奇怪地
strangeness n.奇怪,古怪,陌生,生疏
     extremely adv.极端地,非常地
     extremism n.极端的倾向,过激主义,极端论
     extremist n.极端主义者,过激分子 adj.极端主义(者)
     extremity n.极度,绝境
     eschatological adj.末世学的,来世论的

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☝天81 3450: egnis ognis 火 fire
     igneous adj. 火热,火/热fiery, fire/heat
     ignite vb. 受火/酷热to subject to fire/intense heat
1331.egni-:火药 Fire.
     ignition n.点火,点燃;着火,燃烧;点火开关,点火装置

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☝感44 3451: ehem, eheu, eho 啊哈!哦!(感叹) aha! oho! (exclamation)
     aha    interj. [感叹,例如发现][exclamation, e.g. of discovery]

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☝行47 3452: 1. ei- 离开,离开 to go, exit
     ambient adj. 四面环绕encompassing, surrounding on all sides
ambition n. 对地位/名望/权力的渴望desire for rank/fame/power
 anion  n. 电解质溶液中离子向阳极迁移ion migrating to anode in electrolyzed solution
cation n. 电解质溶液中离子向阴极迁移ion migrating to cathode in electrolyzed solution
circuit n. 环绕区域的圆线circular line encompassing area
commence vb. 开始,开始to begin, enter upon
concomitant adj. 伴随的,尤指附带的accompanying, esp. in incidental/subordinate way
     count n. 相当于英国伯爵的欧洲贵族European nobleman equivalent to English earl
     county n. 计数域domain of count
     errant adj. 旅行 traveling
 exit    n. 离开舞台departure from stage
     eyre  n. 周期电路periodic circuit
     hour  n. 每天的礼拜时间time for daily liturgical devotion
  initial adj. 初期,开始incipient, beginning
  initiate vb.trans. 首先,开始吧to start, set going
     ion    n. 带正负电荷的原子atom with positive/negative electric charge
     issue n. 收入来源的收益(如遗产)proceeds from revenue source (e.g. estate)
     itinerant adj. 到处旅行traveling place-to-place
     itinerary n. 旅行路线journeys route
     janitor n. 看门人doorkeeper
 obituary n. 死亡通知notice of persons death
perish vb. 死亡,毁灭to die, become ruined/destroyed
sedition n. 煽动反抗合法权力的inciting resistance to/insurrection against lawful authority
sudden  adj. 出人意料地来了/发生了coming/happening unexpectedly
     trance n. 麻木,不能工作stupor, inability to function
     transient adj. 短暂的,消失的short-lived, passing into/out of existence
transit n. 通过、通过/越过的行为/过程/实例passage, act/process/instance of passing through/over
transitive adj. 有/包含直接对象的having/containing direct object
viscount n. 英国贵族等级高于男爵/低于伯爵British peer ranking above baron/below earl
     year  n. 地球绕太阳公转周期(约365 1/4天)period of revolution of earth around sun (ca. 365 1/4 days)
590.ei-1:移走易变 To go.
     constable 马厩主管:n.治安官,巡警,警察
     ambience n.气氛,布景;周围环境
ambitious a.有抱负的,雄心勃勃的;有野心的
 reissue 再版,再发行
perishable 易腐的
perished 极冷的
seditious adj.煽动性的,参与煽动的
suddenly ad.突然地
transition n.过渡,转变
transitional a.变迁的,过渡期的
     ionic adj.离子的
     ionization n.离子化,电离,电离化
commencement n.开始,毕业典礼
  initialization n.设定初值,初始化
  initialize 初始化
  initially adv.最初,开头
  initiation n.启蒙,传授;开始;入会
  initiative a.创始的,起始的n.第一步,创始,主动精神
  initiator 发起人,创始人
concomitantly 医伴随地,并发地

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☝感57, ☝感66 3454: 3. ei- 亮的;红的 bright; reddish
     yew    n. 常绿灌木/肉质乔木,硬叶evergreen tree/shrub: stiff linear leaves, fleshy aril fruits
1332.ei-2:起火发光 Reddish, motley ; yellow.

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☝工5 3455: 4. ei- oi- 杆子,木桩 pole, stake
     oar    n. 划船用长而细的带刀片的杆long thin pole with blade for rowing

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☝商12 3458: ēik- 拥有,拥有,有能力 to own, possess, be capable
 fraught adj.arch. 货运freighted
 freight n. 货物运输费payment for transport of goods
     ought vb.aux. 在道义上有义务to be morally obliged
     owe    vb. 拥有,拥有to own, possess
     own    adj. 属于自己的belonging to self
542.aik-1:应该拥有 To be master of, possess.
     owing a.欠的,未付的
     owner n.物主,所有者
     ownership n.所有(权),所有制
 freighter n.货船,承运人

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☝行11, ☝时21 3459: 1. eis- 迅速/猛烈地移动 to move rapidly/violently
     estrogen n. 性激素促进女性发情(等)sex hormone promoting estrus (etc.) in female
     estrone n. 雌激素estrogenic hormone
     estrus n. 热,雌性哺乳动物能够受孕的周期性反复出现的状态heat, regularly recurrent state during which female mammal is able to conceive
     hierarchy n. (一群)有权的人(body of) persons with authority
     hiero- pfx. 神圣的,神圣的holy, sacred
     iron  n. 重磁韧性/可锻金属heavy magnetic ductile/malleable metal
591.eis-1:走起火热 In words denoting passion.
     irate adj.生气,发怒的
     ire    n.忿怒
     hieroglyphic n.象形文字,象形文字写成的文章
     hierarchical adj.按等级划分的,等级(制度)的,分层的
     hierarchically adv.分等级地,分级体系地
     ironing n.熨平衣服
     irons 名词iron的复数形式. n. 铁链;枷锁
     estrous adj.(雌性动物的)动情期的,求偶期的,有发情期特征的,(雌性动物的)性欲冲动的
     estrogenic adj.雌激素的,动情激素的

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☝天77 3460: 2. ei-s-, ei-n- 冰,霜 ice, frost
     ice    n. 冷冻水frozen water
1333.eis-2:冷若冰霜 Ice, frost.
     ice adj.冰冷的,装冰的,冰冻的
     icily 冷冰冰的
     icing n.糖衣,结冰
     icy    a.冰冷的,冷淡的

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☝动41 3461: ek̑u̯o-s 马 horse
     equestrian adj. 骑马 horseback riding
     equine adj. 马 horse
     hippocampus n. 侧脑室弯长脊curved elongated ridge in lateral ventricle of brain
     hippodrome n. 用于赛马/战车比赛的椭圆形体育场oval stadium for horse/chariot races
592.ekʷo-:马术平衡 Horse. Probably to be segmented *ekw-o-, a
     alfalfa n.[植]紫花苜蓿

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☝感66 3462: 1. el-, ol-, el- 红色,棕色 red, brown
     alder n. 白桦科有齿的乔木/灌木toothed-leaved tree/shrub in birch family
     elder n. 忍冬科乔木/灌木tree/shrub in honeysuckle family
     elk    n. 大鹿large deer
     elm    n. 大树:互生规定叶,小花无花瓣large tree: alternate stipulate leaves, small apetalous flowers
     lamb  n. 小绵羊baby sheep
1334.el-2:红棕生物 Red, brown (forming animal and tree names).
     lambing 产羔

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☝行11, ☝行47, ☝行65 3467: 6. el-, elə- lā-, el-eu-(dh-) 走,走,开车 to go, move, drive
     elastic adj. 变形后能够恢复尺寸/形状able to recover size/shape after deformation
1337.elə-:走出去 To go.
     elasticity n.弹性;弹力;灵活性
  inelastic adj.无弹性的,不能适应的, 生硬的,非弹性的

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☝身32, ☝工14 3469: 8. el-, elē̆i-, lē̆i-, olī̆nā 弯曲;弯曲 to bend; elbow
     elbow n. 臂关节joint of arm
     ell    n. 长度单位:45英寸unit of length: 45 inches
     limb  n. 手臂/腿,附件arm/leg, appendage
593.el-1:前臂 Elbow, forearm.

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☝空84 3470: ēl- 线,带 line, strip
     eel    n. 蛇形鱼snake-like type of fish
1335.el-3:长虫 Eel, worm, snakelike creature.

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☝身12 3474: elkos- 脓肿,脓肿 boil, abscess
     ulcer n. 皮肤/粘膜破裂break in skin/mucous membrane
1338.elk-es-:受伤 Wound.
     ulceration n.溃疡
     ulcerative adj.溃疡性的;引起溃疡的

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☝商13 3475: em- 接受 to take
 assume vb.trans. 接受,接受to receive, take up/in
consume vb. 摧毁,彻底消灭to destroy, do away with completely
 example n. 群体/类型的事实/项目/方面/事件代表fact/item/aspect/incident representative of group/type
 exemplify vb.trans. 举例说明to show/illustrate by example
 exempt adj. 分开;免除责任set apart; free/released from liability
impromptu adj. 即兴的,即兴的improvised, made/done (as if) on spur of moment
peremptory adj. 终止/排除诉讼权/辩论权/拖延ending/precluding right of action/debate/delay
preemption n. 优先购买权right to purchase before others
 premium n. 对特定行为的奖赏reward/recompense for particular act
presume vb. 敢于冒险,不请自来to dare, take upon self without leave/warrant
prompt adj. 准时、迅速/准备行动punctual, quick/ready to act
ransom  n. 赎回被俘者的付款(要求)payment (demanded) for redemption of captured person
redeem  vb.trans. 回购,回购to repurchase, buy back
redemption n. 回购buying back
 resume n. 总结,总结summary, summing up
   sample n. 样本,代表较大的整体/群体specimen, representative from larger whole/group
subsume vb.trans. 按一般原则分类to classify under general principle
   sumptuous adj. 奢华,华丽,昂贵lavish, splendid, expensive
     vintage n. 葡萄园季节葡萄/葡萄酒产量seasons grape/wine yield from vineyard
 exemplary adj.典范的;惩戒性的;可仿效的
 deem    v.认为,相信
redeemable 可兑换的
redeemer n.买回者,赎身者,救世主
redemptive 拯救的,救赎的
 exemption n.免除,豁免;免税
preempt v. 制止,以先买权取得,取代; n. 〔经〕优先占有
prompting n.促进,激励,提示
promptly ad.敏捷地,迅速地
   sampler n.采样器;取样器;样品检查员
   sampling 取样 v.取样
 assumed adj.假定的,假装的,装的
assumption n.假定,设想;采取;承担;推测;假装
unassuming adj.谦逊的,不装腔作势的
consumable adj.可消费的,会用尽的 n.消费品
consumer n.消费者,用户
consumerism n.用户至上主义,商品的消费和销售性服务
consuming adj.强烈的
consumption n.消费(量),消耗
presumably ad.推测起来,大概
presumption n.放肆,傲慢;推测
presumptive 假设的,推断的
presumptuous adj.专横的;放肆的;冒昧的
resumption n.恢复;重新开始;取回;重获;恢复硬币支付

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☝空43 3477: 1. en 在里面 in
     and    conj. 也also
   ben    adv. 在内部within
   beneath adv. 下方,在/至较低位置below, in/to lower position
dysentery n. 严重感染性腹泻伴粘液/血道severe infectious diarrhea with mucus/blood passage
     em-    vb.pfx. 进入/启动(如安置)be/go/put (with)in/on (e.g. emplace)
     en-    vb.pfx. 进入/接通(如登基)be/go/put (with)in/on (e.g. enthrone)
     endo- pfx. 在内部within
     enter vb. 进来to go/come in
     enteric adj. 肠道,消化道intestinal, enteron
     ento- pfx. 内,内,内inner, inside, within
     entrails n. 内脏guts, viscera
     entropy n. 封闭热力学系统无序度的度量measure of disorder in closed thermodynamic system
     esoteric adj. 为特别发起人设计/理解designed for/understood by specially initiated
     in-    pfx. (与)进入,进入,朝向(with)in, into, toward
     in    prep. 进去,里面,里面into, inside, within
     inn    n. 为旅行者提供住宿/娱乐的公共房屋public house for lodging/entertaining travelers
     inner adj.comp. 位于更远的situated farther in
     inter- pfx. 中间、中间、中间between, among, amidst
     interim n. 间隔,时间间隔interval, time intervening
     interior adj. 内在的,有限度的inner, lying/occurring/functioning within limits
     interloper n. 好管闲事的人、入侵者、侵略者meddler, intruder, encroacher
     intern adj. 内部的internal
     internal adj. 现有/位于范围内/表面existing/situated within limits/surface
     intestine adj. 内部的internal
     intima n. 器官最内层的外套innermost coat of organ
     intimate vb.trans. 宣布,宣布to declare, announce
     intra- pfx. 在内部within
     intro- pfx. 进入,进入in, into
inventory n. 明细表itemized list
     inverness n. 宽松束带披肩大衣loose belted coat with cape
     nether adj. 下部,位于下方lower, situated down/below
     underneath prep. 正下方,靠近下方directly below, close beneath
595.en:按摁印隐 In.
parenchyma n.实质,软组织,主质
parenthesis n.插入语,附带,插曲,圆括号
     introduce vt.介绍;引进,传入;提出(议案等)
     intrinsic adj.本质的,固有的
     industry n.工业,产业;勤劳,勤奋
     indigent adj.贫乏的,穷困的
     episode n.一段情节;片断;(连续剧的)一集
     innermost a.最里面的,内心的
     entrance n.入口,门口;进入;入学,入会
     entrant n.进入者,新到者,新工作者,新会员,大学新生,参加竞赛者
     entry n.进入,入口;通道;记载,条目
     internist n.[美]内科医师
     internment n.拘留
     internship n.<美>实习医师,实习医师期
     internalization n.成为主观,内在化
     internalize vt.使内在化
     internally ad.内部地,国内地
     intimacy n.亲密,隐私
     intimation n.暗示,正式宣告
     intestinal a.肠的

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☝身43 3480: 1. enebh-, embh-, ombh-, nō̆bh-, nēbh-?, m̥bh- 肚脐 navel
     nav n. 轮毂hub of wheel
     navel n. 脐带附着处腹部凹陷abdominal depression where umbilical cord is/was attached
     umbilical adj. 脐部 umbilicus
348.nobʰ-:中流脐带 Navel ; later also central knob, boss of a shield, hub of a wheel.

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☝天31, ☝天73, ☝感83 3481: 2. enebh- nebh-, embh-, m̥bh- 潮湿,潮湿;云,光环;水 wet, damp; cloud, nimbus; water
     nebula n. 角膜轻度混浊slight cloudy opacity of cornea
     nebulous adj. 多雾,多云foggy, cloudy
     nimbus n. 地球上的神/女神周围的夜云/蒸汽/大气luminous cloud/vapor/atmosphere around god/goddess on earth
334.nebʰ-:云天水 Cloud.

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☝行55, ☝商16 3482: enek̑-, nek̑-, enk̑-, n̥k̑- 达到,获得 to reach, obtain
   enough adj. 在范围/质量/数量上足以满足需求sufficient in scope/quality/quantity to satisfy need/demand
     near  adv/prep. 近,在;在,接近nigh, within; at, close to
     neighbor n. 一个住在附近one living/located nearby
     nigh  adj/adv/pre 接近,接近near(ly), close to
     oncology n. 肿瘤研究study of tumors
337.nek-3:肿瘤角凸 To reach, attain.
     oncologist 肿瘤学家
     nearly ad.差不多,几乎

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☝算12 3484: e-neu̯en, neu̯n̥, enu̯n̥ 九 nine
     nine  nbr.card. 99.0
     nineteen nbr.card. 1919.0
     ninety nbr.card. 9090.0
     ninth nbr.ord. 第九9th
     none  n. 日出后第九小时ninth hour from sunrise
     noon  n. 中午,中午midday, middle of day
346.newn̥:九数-1. Nine.

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☝空51 3485: engu̯-, n̥gu̯ḗn 肿块、肿胀 bump, swelling
     nephron n. 脊椎动物肾的单个排泄单位single excretory unit of vertebrate kidney
982.negʷʰ-ro-:肾 Kidney.

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☝说28 3487: en(o)mn̥-, (o)nomn̥, nōmn̥ 名称 name
acronym n. 由名字的首字母组成的单词word formed by first letters of name
 anonymous adj. 没有名字的having/giving no name
  binomial n. 用正负号连接的两个数学术语two mathematical terms connected by +/- sign
 eponym n. 为其命名的人person for whom thing is (supposedly) named
 eponymous adj. 同名 eponym
misnomer n. 法律文件中人的误称misnaming of person in legal document
     nam n. 人/物的特殊名称distinctive designation of person/thing
     nominal adj. re:单词/表达接受名词结构 word/expression taking noun construction
     nominate vb.trans. 命名,指定to name, designate
     noun  n. 指人/地/物的词word referring to person/place/thing
     onomastic adj. 姓名 name(s)
    -onym n.sfx. 名字,单词name, word
patronymic adj/n. ()父系祖先姓名() paternal ancestors name
pronoun n. 代替名词的短词short word used as substitute for noun
pseudonym n. 假名fictitious name
 renown n. 名声,广受赞誉fame, being widely acclaimed/highly honored
synonym n. 具有相同/相似含义的词word having same/similar meaning
synonymous adj. 具有相同/相似的意义having same/similar meaning
351.nō̆-mn̥:喊叫名称n. Name.
     moniker n.名字,绰号
     nominally adv.在名义上,表面地,应名儿
 denomination n.面额,面值,名称
 denominational adj.受教派控制的,教派所有的
     nomination n.任命,提名;提名权
 anonymity 没有名字:n.匿名,匿名者,无名之辈
 anonymously adv.不具名地,化名地

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☝感81, ☝情78 3488: enos-, or onos- 责任、负担 onus, burden
 exonerate vb.trans. 解除义务/责任to relieve of obligation/responsibility
     onerous adj. 累赘,麻烦burdensome, troublesome
     onus  n. 责备、负担、义务、令人讨厌的必要性blame, burden, obligation, disagreeable necessity
1340.en-es-:负担责任 Burden. ONEROUS, ONUS ;

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☝空43 3492: epi, opi, pi 在epi附近- at, near, epi-
     epi pfx. (向上)打开(up)on
     even  n. 傍晚evening
     evening n. 夜深了,白天结束了early night, close of day

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☝动64 3496: 1. er-, or- 欧恩,老鹰 erne, eagle
     ornithology n. 鸟类研究study of birds

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☝行11 3498: 3. er- or- r- 移动,启动 to move, set in motion
 abort  vb. 生出早产/死胎to bring forth premature/stillborn offspring
     are    vb.anom.2.s (你)是(thou) be
   arise vb.str.intr (起来,起来)起来,起来to rise, get up
     art    vb.anom.arc (你)是(thou) are
     derive vb. 接收,尤指从指定的来源to take/receive, esp. from specified source
   ear n. 贵族nobleman
     earnest n. 故意/严重精神状态intent/serious mental state
     hormone n. sap中循环的生物制品/体液刺激细胞活性biological product circulating in sap/body fluid stimulating cell activity
     orient n. 东部、东部地区the east, eastern lands/regions
     oriental adj. 东方,re:东方eastern, orient
     origin n. 出身,血统parentage, ancestry
     original adj. 首先,在所有其他人之前first, preceding all others
     raise vb. 使/帮助直立to cause/help to rise to upright position
 rear    vb. 建造,建造to construct, erect by building
     ris vb.str.intr (上升,上升)直立to assume upright position
     rival n. 努力达到/获得只有自己才能拥有的东西的人one striving to reach/obtain something that only one can possess
     roam  vb. 无路可走to wander, go without direction
     run    vb.str. (跑,跑)步行比步行速度快to move on foot faster than walking speed
597.er-1:动起来 To move, set in motion.
     earnestness n.认真,真挚,坚定,急切,一本正经的文风
disorient vt.使迷失方向,使迷惑,使不知所措
disorientation n.方向障碍,迷惑,失取向
     orientated v. 朝向;确定方向;使适应;面向
     orientation n.方向;定向;适应;情况介绍;向东方
     oriented adj.导向的,以…为方向的,定向的,定方向
     originate v.发源,发生,引起,创作
     origination n.发源,起始,鼻
     originator n.创作者,发起人,开山祖,起因
     originality n.独创性
     originally ad.最初,原先
 abortion n.流产,堕胎,失败,夭折,中止,早产
 abortive adj.失败的;流产的;堕胎的
     hormonal a.荷尔蒙的,激素的
     riser n.起床者,起义者,叛乱者
     rising adj.上升的,升起的,增大的,成长中的 adv.(年龄)接近,<美><口>(数量)多于 n.隆起,
   arising v. 呈现,出现,发生;起身;(由…)引起
     arose vbl.引发,激起,唤起
     raised adj.凸起的,浮雕的,有凸起花纹的,发酵的
     raising n.举,提高,高岗,高地,浮雕装饰

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☝天21 3499: 4. er-, er-t-, er-u̯- 地球 earth
     earth n. 我们的世界;土壤、土地、土地our world; soil, land, ground
     earthen adj. 用泥土做的made of earth-soil
598.er-2:大地生长 Earth, ground.
     earthling 地球人
     earthly adj.现世的,可能的,地球的,俗世的,
     earthy adj.土的,粗陋的,朴实的,现实的
 unearth v.掘出,揭露
 unearthly 怪异的

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☝身82 3500: 5. er-, erə-, thematic (e)r-ĕ- 松散的,易碎的 loose, crumbly
     hermit n. 隐士,离群索居的人recluse, one who leaves society/lives in solitude
     reticular adj. 网络,netnetlike, net
     retina n. 眼睛的感觉膜,与大脑相连sensory membrane of eye, connected to brain
1344.erə-2:分开 To separate.
     retinal adj.视网膜的

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☝行32 3508: 2. ere-s-, ers-, r̥s-, eres-, and rē̆s-, rō̆s- 流动 to flow
 aberrant adj. 异常,偏离正常/预期航向abnormal, deviating from proper/expected course
 aberration n. 偏离正常状态/道德标准的行为act of strayng from normal state/moral standard
     drosophila n. 双翅小苍蝇small two-winged fly
     err    vb.intrans. 迷路to stray
     errant adj. 漫游,旅行,寻求冒险roving, traveling, seeking adventure
     erratic adj. 游荡,没有固定的路线wandering, having no fixed course
     erroneous adj. 徘徊wandering
     error n. 错误、无知/轻率的行为/偏离规范的情况mistake, ignorant/imprudent act/condition deviating from norm
     irate adj. 愤怒,愤怒angry, wrathful
     ire    n. 愤怒,愤怒wrath, anger
     rac n. 奔跑的行为act of running
     rosemary n. 芳香的灌木薄荷fragrant shrubby mint
600.ers-1:运动态 To be in motion.
  biracial 双种族的
interracial adj.人种间的,人种混合的
multiracial adj.多民族的,多民族和睦相处的
     racer n.比赛者(包括人,动物,车辆等),[美][动]游蛇属
     racial a.种的,种族的
     racially adv.按人种地,人种上
     racing vi.竞赛,赛马,赛车,赛艇 n.竞赛
     racism n.种族主义,人种偏见,种族歧视
     racist n.种族主义者
     rac adj.保持原味的,活泼的,适于赛跑的,[美]猥亵的
     erratically adv.不规律地,不定地

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☝行85, ☝行852 3511: 1. erə-, rē-, er(e)- 划船;划桨 to row; oar
     row    vb. 用桨推动船to propel boat via oars
     rudder n. 船舶操纵机构:垂直于船尾的扁平木材/金属件boat steering mechanism: flat wood/metal piece attached upright to stern
599.erə-1:划船绕桨 To row.
     Russian a.|.n.俄罗斯(语)(的)

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☝空19, ☝时28 3512: 2. erə-, rē- 休息,安静 to rest, be still
     rest  n. 睡觉,休息sleep, repose
     unrest n. 混乱、不安/不安状态turmoil, disturbed/uneasy state

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☝空31, ☝空53 3513: er(ə)d-, (er(ə)d-), er(ə)dh- 高;生长 high; to grow
     arbor n. 树;阴凉的休息处tree; shady resting place
     arduous adj. 困难,困难,需要很大的努力hard, difficult, demanding great effort
1346.erədʰ-:高 High.

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☝行26 3514: ergh- 颤抖,颤抖 to shake, tremble
     orchestra n. 舞台前的合唱空间space for chorus fronting proscenium
     orchid n.兰花
     orchestral a.管弦乐的,管弦乐队的
     orchestrate v.编管弦乐曲
     orchestration n.管弦乐编曲,管弦乐作曲法

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☝身18 3516: ers- orsos 尾巴;屁股,臀部,背部 tail; arse, rump, backside
     ars n. 臀部,臀部,臀部rump, buttocks, backside
     ass    n. 驴;驴arse; donkey
squirrel n. 中小型啮齿动物small/medium-sized rodent
    -urous adj.sfx. #NAME?-tailed
581.ors-:臀部屁眼 Buttocks, backside.

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☝身74 3517: es- 是,将来 is, to be
 absent adj. 失踪,不在场/出席missing, not present/attending
     am    vb.anom.1/3 (是)存在,存在,成为to be, exist, become
     bodhisattva n. 不进入涅盘拯救他人的人being who refrains from entering nirvana to save others
     entity n. 存在,存在existence, being
     essence n. 永恒的与偶然的存在元素形成对比permanent as contrasted with accidental element of being
interest n. 所有权/权利right/title/legal share
 present adj. 现有/进行中now existing/in progress
     proud adj. 感到/表现出自豪感feeling/showing pride
represent vb. 在呈现之前,把它弄清楚to present, bring clearly before
schizont n. 分生孢子细胞的分裂分裂sporozoan cell segmented by schizogony
     sin    n. 冒犯上帝offense against God
     soothe vb. 证明/声明/证实事实to prove/declare/verify truth
 swastika n. 符号/装饰物:希腊十字架,臂端弯曲成同一直角symbol/ornament: Greek cross with arm ends bent at same right angle
     yes    adv. (表示同意/同意)(expressing assent/agreement)
     is v. 是
     improve v.改善,改进,增进;好转,进步
     are prep.是,在,公亩
     be    v.(就)是,等于;(存)在;到达,来到,发生
     being n.生物,生命,存在;
     was vbl.be的过去式
     were v. 是,在,有
     sinful adj.有罪的,罪孽深重的
     sinner n.罪人,不信神的人
     sin n. 愚蠢的事,可耻的事;罪恶,罪孽;过错,罪过;违背宗教[道德原则]的恶行; v. 犯罪,犯过错
 essential a.本质的,基本的;净化的n.本质;要素
 essentially adv.本质上,本来
     absence n.缺乏,不存在;缺席,不在场;缺席的时间
 absentee n.缺席者
 absenteeism n.旷工,旷课,在外地主经济制,(地主、业主的)长期在外
 absently adv.心不在焉地,茫然地
disinterest 无兴趣,客观
disinterested adj.无私的;公正的;冷漠的;廉洁的
interested adj.感兴趣的;有权益的;有成见的
interesting a.有趣的,引人入胜的
interestingly ad.有趣地
self-interest n.利己主义,私利
 presence n.出席,到场,存在,在
 presentable 像样的,体面的
 presentation n.介绍,陈述,提供,外观
 presenter n.提出者;推荐者;赠送者;任命者
 presently ad.一会儿,不久;现在,目前
misrepresent vt.误传,不如实地叙述(或说明) vi.说假话
misrepresentation n.误传
representation n.表示法,表现,陈述,代表
representational adj.代表性的,具象派的
representative n.代表,代理人a.(of)典型的,有代表性的
     eu-    pfx. 很好,很容易well, good, easily
602.e)su-:是成优秀 Good.
     swastika n.纳粹党所用的十字记号
     cushy 舒服的

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☝空13 3519: ē̆s- 坐 to sit
     khan  n. 亚洲商队(客栈)Asian caravansary (inn)

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☝农41, ☝时76 3520: es-en-, os-en- 夏天,收获的季节 summer, harvest time
     earn  vb.trans. 得到已完成的工作/提供的服务的回报to receive in return for work done/services rendered
1352.es-en-:秋收 Harvest, fall.
     earner n.赚钱的人,能盈利的东西
     earnings n.所得,收入
 unearned adj.不劳而获的,自然得到的,不相称的,不应得的

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☝空44 3524: eti 超出、超出等。 out, beyond, etc.
     eddy  n. 与主流相反的气流/水流air/water current moving contrary to main current
1354.eti-:鸭鸭 Above, beyond.

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☝算22 3528: 1. eu-, euə- u̯ā-, u̯ə- 缺乏,缺乏;空虚,空虚 to lack, want; empty, vacant
   avoid vb.trans. 使无效,驱逐to void, expel
 devastate vb.trans. 浪费to lay waste
 devoid adj. 穷困的,没有/没有使用的destitute, not having/using
   evacuate vb. 使空to make empty
     vacant adj. 免费,不占用free, not occupied
     vacate vb. 废止,使合法无效to annul, make legally void
     vacation n. 间歇(时间)intermission, (time of) respite
     vacuous adj. 空的empty
     vacuum n. 空间的空虚emptiness of space
     vain  adj. 闲置的,无用的,没有价值的idle, worthless, having no value
     vanish vb.intrans. 要消失,迅速离开视线to disappear, pass quickly from sight
     vanity n. 虚荣的东西something vain
     vast  adj. 巨大的,非常大的尺寸/范围enormous, very great in size/extent
     void  adj. 什么都没有containing nothing
     wan n. 减少,减少decrease, dwindling
     want  vb. 缺乏,没有拥有to lack, fail to possess
     waste adj. 荒凉、荒芜/无人居住desolate, being wild/uninhabited
604.euə-:无乌勿冇 To leave, abandon, give out, abandoned, lacking, empty.
     wanton adj.荒唐的,嬉戏的,繁茂的,肆意的,不道德的,不贞洁的 n.荡妇,水性杨花的女人 vi.嬉戏,闲荡,放肆 vt.挥霍
     wanting adj.欠缺的,没有的,不够格的 prep.缺,无
     vainly adv.徒劳地,不成功地,白费力地
     vaunted 被吹嘘的
     vacancy n.空缺,空白,空虚
     vacationer n.度假者,休假者
   avoidable adj.可避免的;可作为无效的;可回避的
   avoidance n.逃避;废止;职位空缺
unavoidable a.不可避免的
   evacuation n.疏散;撤离;排泄
     wastage n.消耗,废物,浪费(量),(冰、雪的)消融
     wasted adj.(常指因病而)憔悴的,疲惫不堪,徒劳的;无用的
     wasteful adj.浪费的,不经济的;奢侈的
     wasting adj.浪费的,消耗的 n.浪费,损耗,消瘦
 devastating adj.破坏性的,全然的
 devastatingly adv.破坏性地,讥讽地
 devastation n.毁坏,荒废
     vastness n.巨大,广阔

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☝身42 3532: ēudh-, ōudh-, ūdh- 乳房 udder
 exuberant adj. 兴高采烈joyously unrestrained/enthusiastic
605.euə-dʰ-r̥:突兀奶水 Udder.
 exuberance n.繁茂,丰富,充沛,充溢

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☝交61 3533: euk- 使自己习惯,习惯 to accustom oneself, be used to
     twig  vb. 注意,观察to notice, observe

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☝天85 3534: eus- 燃烧 to burn
     combustion n. 燃烧的行为/过程act/process of burning
     ember n. 灼热的煤/火中的碎片glowing coal/fragment from fire
     combust 开始燃烧
     combustible adj.易燃的,可燃的 n.易燃物,可燃物

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☝情79, ☝说21, ☝宗16 3535: eu̯egu̯h- 正式地赞扬、崇拜、承认、正式地讲话 to praise, worship, avow, speak formally
 devote vb.trans. 通过庄严的行为奉献to dedicate via solemn act
 devout adj. 致力于宗教/宗教职责/活动devoted to religion/religious duties/exercises
     vot n. 意愿/意见的正式表达formal expression of will/opinion
     votive adj. 献身/感恩/履行誓言offered/performed in devotion/gratitude/fulfillment of vow
     vow    n. 郑重承诺solemn promise/assertion
1214.wegʷʰ-:讲道庄重 To preach, speak solemnly.
     voter n.投票者
 devoted adj.献身的;忠诚的
 devotee n.信徒;爱好者
 devotion n.献身,奉献;忠诚;热爱
 devotional adj.虔诚的,祷告的;信仰的;献身的

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☝空81 3537: gag-, gōg- 圆的/块状的东西 something round/lumpy
     cake  n. 小圆扁面包small round flat bread

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☝身14, ☝身393, ☝穿12 3538: 1. gal- 秃头,没毛,光着身子 bald, callow, naked
     callow adj. 还没有足够的羽毛可以飞翔not yet with enough feathers to fly
768.gal-1:光秃光亮 Bald, naked.

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☝情37, ☝说41 3539: 2. gal- 打电话,哭 to call, cry
     call  vb. 大声喊叫to shout, speak in loud voice
     clack vb. 叽叽喳喳to clatter, prattle
     clatter vb. 发出卡嗒声to make rattling sound
     glasnost n. 直率w.r.t.社会问题/缺点candor w.r.t. social problems/shortcomings
163.gal-2:喊叫 To call, shout.
     caller n.呼叫者,传唤员,访客,召集员 adj.新鲜的
     calling n.职业,行业,邀请,点名,召集
 recall v.回忆,回想;撤消,收回

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☝情45, ☝情78 3542: gang- 嘲笑、蔑视 to mock, scorn
     kink  n. 突然大笑/咳嗽fit/paroxysm of laughing/coughing

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☝情37, ☝说41 3543: g̑ā̆r- 打电话,哭 to call, cry
     car n. 悲伤,痛苦在心里grief, suffering in mind
     charm n. 吟诵咒语chanting/reciting of magic spell
     garrulous adj. 健谈,喋喋不休talkative, chattering
     slogan n. 战争呐喊/集结词war cry/gathering word
     careful a.小心的,仔细的;细致的,精心的
     carefully adv.小心谨慎地,警惕地,仔细地,周密地
     careless a.粗心的,疏忽的,无忧无虑的
     carelessly ad.粗心地,疏忽地
     carelessness n.粗心大意,草率,快活,淡漠

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☝情23 3545: gāu- 高兴,就高兴 to rejoice, be glad
 enjoy  vb.trans. 使高兴/满意to take pleasure/satisfaction in
     gaudy n. 宴会、娱乐feast, entertainment
     joy    n. 喜悦,因成功/幸福/好运而引起的情感delight, emotion evoked by success/well-being/good fortune
 rejoice vb. 给欢乐,给欢乐to gladden, give joy
 enjoyable a.有趣的,愉快的
 enjoyment n.享受;乐趣;享有
     joyful adj.欢喜的;令人高兴的
     joyfully adv.喜悦地,高兴地,令人高兴地,欢欢喜喜
     joyous adj.令人高兴的;充满欢乐的(等于joyful)
overjoyed adj.狂喜的,极端高兴的

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☝空53 3550: g̑ēi-, g̑ī- 发芽 to sprout
     chink n. 小租金/裂缝/裂缝small rent/cleft/fissure
     kid    n. 小山羊young goat
     scion n. 开枪,小树枝shoot, twig
774.geiə-:发芽张开 To sprout, split, open.

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☝工23, ☝工31, ☝工342 3551: geid- 刺;小猫,搔痒 to stab; kittle, tickle
     titillate vb.trans. 挠痒痒to tickle
752.tit-:滴答答 To tickle.

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☝空81 3555: 1. gel- 卷曲,形成球状;圆形 to curl, form into ball; round
     calf  n. (,小牛)幼牛young bovine(s)
     child n. (,儿童)婴儿、青少年infant, young person
     clamber vb. 爬上去,爬上去to climb, scramble up
     clammy adj. 湿软粘的damp soft and sticky
     clasp n. 把东西连在一起的钩子/装置hook/device for holding things together
     claw  n. 动物脚趾上的锋利指甲sharp nail on toe of animal
     clay  n. 土性材料:潮湿的塑料,但烧后坚硬earthy material: plastic if moist but hard after firing
     cleave vb.str/wk. (丁香,克莱夫)粘,粘,粘to cling, stick, adhere
     clench vb. (握拳,握拳)to clasp, fasten, ball (the fist)
     cliff n. 悬崖、陡岩面/斜坡precipice, steep rock face/slope
     climb vb. 向上爬/向上倾斜to rise, go/slope upward
     cling vb.str. 抓住,粘住to hold, adhere
     cloth n. 柔韧织物pliable fabric
     clothes n.pl. 服装garments
     clothing n. 衣服clothes
     cloud n. 天空中翻滚的雾/雾/霾billowy fog/mist/haze in sky
     clout n. 碎布、布/皮革rag, piece of cloth/leather
     club  n. 粗棒,细棍heavy stick, tapering staff
     clutch vb. 用手/爪抓住to grasp/hold with hand/claws
     colt  n. 小马驹foal, young (male) horse
     gall  n. 因擦伤引起的皮肤疼痛flaw; skin sore due to chafing
     gliadin n. 谷物中的简单蛋白质simple protein found in grain
     globe n. 圆形的东西something round/spherical
     glu n. 具有粘附特性的蛋白质protein with adhesive properties
     gluten n. 面粉中的弹性蛋白赋予面团粘性elastic protein in flour giving dough cohesiveness
     kelp  n. (海草的灰烬)(ashes of) seaweed
811.glei-:黏土 Clay.
     global a.球形的;全球的,全世界的;全面的
     globalization n.全球化,全球性
     globally ad.世界上,全世界
     globular adj.球状的
     calves 名词calf的复数.;牛犊;小腿 n. 牛犊;小腿
     clawed 有爪的
     clutched v. 抓住,紧紧抓住;(因害怕或痛苦)突然抓住
     clinging adj.执着的,有粘性的
     clothe vt.给...穿衣,覆盖
     childhood n.幼年,童年
     childish adj.孩子气的,幼稚的
     childless a.无儿女的
     childlike adj.孩子似的,天真烂漫的
     children n. 孩子们,儿童,小孩
     clouded adj.乌云密布的,阴的,有暗影的
     cloudless adj.无云的
     cloudy a.多云的,阴(天)的;混浊的,模糊的

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☝吃11, ☝行14 3556: 2. gel-, and gu̯el- 暴饮暴食 to glut, devour, envelop
     glut  vb. 吃饱,吃饱to satiate, fill with food
     keel  n. 沿船/船底部中心的纵向板/木材longitudinal plate/timber along bottom center of boat/ship
825.gʷelə-3:吞咽 To swallow.

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☝感86 3557: 3. gel(ə)- 冷,冷;冻住 cool, cold; to keel, freeze
     chill n. 寒冷感sensation of coldness
     cold  adj. 温度明显低于标准值 temperature notably below norm
     cool  adj. 中度寒冷,缺乏热量moderately cold, lacking heat
     gelatin n. 动物组织煮沸后得到的粘性物质glutinous material obtained by boiling animal tissue
     glacial adj. 寒冷,极度寒冷frigid, extremely cold
     glacier n. 大冰体缓慢下山large ice body moving slowly downhill
     jelly n. 具有柔软弹性的食物food with soft elastic consistency
     keel  vb. 冷却to cool
165.gel-2:冷酷冻固 Cold ; to freeze.
     chilling adj.寒冷的,令人恐惧的,吓人的,使人心寒的,俚语顶呱呱的,呱呱叫的 v.冷却,(使)变冷
     chilly a.寒冷的
     coldly adv.冷淡地
     coldness n.冷,冷淡,冷酷,冷静
     coolant 冷却剂
     cooler n.冷却器
     coolly adv.沉着,自若
     coolness n.冷静,冷,凉爽

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☝感56, ☝感57, ☝情23 3558: g̑el-, g̑elə-, g̑lē-, also *gelēi- g̑(e)ləi- 明亮;发光,快乐 bright; to shine, be joyful
     clean adj. 无污垢/污染free from dirt/pollution
     cleanse vb. 使干净to make clean
775.gel-1:明亮 Bright.
     cleaner n.清洁工人,清洁器
     cleanliness n.洁癖,清洁
     cleanly ad.干净地,清洁地.a.爱清洁的
 unclean adj.肮脏的,不纯洁的, 猥亵的, 邪恶的
     cleanser n.清洁剂,使清洁的东西,擦亮粉

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☝身27, ☝身58 3563: g̑embh-, g̑m̥bh-, g̑ombhos 咬;咬牙 to bite; tooth
     cam    n. 使工件靠其边缘滑动的非圆滚子non-circular roller imparting motion to piece sliding against its edge
     chime n. 铃声装置apparatus for ringing bell(s)
     comb  n. 用来清洁/调整/限制头发的有齿器具toothed instrument used to clean/adjust/confine hair
     gem    n. 珠宝jewel
     gemma n. 芽,无性生殖植物体bud, asexual reproductive plant body
     unkempt adj. 不整洁,有灯光。未修饰not neat, lit. uncombed
166.gembʰ-:牙齿指甲尖 Tooth, nail.

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☝人33 3564: g̑em(e)- 结婚 to marry
     gamete n. 具有单倍体染色体组的成熟生殖细胞mature germ cell possessing haploid chromosome set
    -gamous adj.sfx. 婚姻 marriage
    -gamy n.sfx. 婚姻 marriage
167.gemə-:结婚生育鼓 To marry.

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☝工342 3565: gen- 捏、压等。 to pinch, press together, etc.
     knapsack n. 帆布/皮包/背带式手提箱canvas/leather bag/case strapped on back
     knead vb.trans. 用手工作/压成团to work/press into mass with hands
     knife n.str. (刀片)切割工具:附在手柄上的锋利刀片cutting tool(s): sharp blade(s) attached to handle(s)
     kni vb.wk. (编织)绑在一起,尤指用针to tie together, esp. using needles
     kno n. 肿块,圆形突起lump, rounded protuberance
     knock vb. 猛击to strike with sharp blow
     knoll n. 土墩,小圆山mound, small round hill
     kno n. 线/线/绳系在一起形成块状物/旋钮thread/string/rope tied to form lump/knob
     knuckle n. 关节处相邻骨末端形成的圆形突起rounded prominence formed by ends of adjacent bones at joint
     nub    n. 旋钮,突起,小肿块knob, protuberance, small lump
776.g(e)n-:卷曲握拳 To compress into a ball.
     gnarled adj.(树、树干、树枝)扭曲的,多瘤的,多节的,(手、手指)粗糙的
     knives n.pl.刀子
     knitting n.编织品,针织
     knocker 门环,乳房
     knotted adj.有节的,多节的,棘手的

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☝身72, ☝工11 3566: 1. g̑en-, g̑enə-, g̑nē-, g̑nō- 生育,生产,产生 to bear, produce, generate
benign  adj. 优雅,性情温和gracious, of gentle disposition
cognate adj. 血缘关系related by blood
congener n. 与另一种植物/动物同属的成员member of same genus as another plant/animal
congenial adj. 亲戚,有相同的品味/性质/性格kindred, having same tastes/nature/disposition
congenital adj. 出生时/出生日期existing at/dating from birth
 degenerate adj. 偏离了应有的质量departed from proper quality
dysgenic adj. 产生低于亲本的后代yielding offspring inferior to parent
endogenous adj. 从内部成长grown from within
 engender vb. 生,生to beget, procreate
 engine n. 机智;代理人;设备wile, ingenuity; agent; device
 eugenics n. 伦理学/遗传学:产生优等后代ethics/genetics producing superior offspring
    -gen  n.sfx. 制作人producer
     gender n. 性sex
     gen n. 传递遗传性状的部分种质part of germ plasm transmitting hereditary characters
     general adj. 涉及/适用于整体involving/applicable to whole
     generate vb.trans. 使存在to bring into existence
     generation n. 同系后代offspring at same stage of descent
     generic adj. 一般,整个小组/班级general, whole group/class
     generous adj. 高贵的highborn
     genesis n. 出生/起源/形成birth/origin/coming into being
     genial adj. 婚姻/世代 marriage/generation
    -genic adj.sfx. 这就产生了that generates
     genital adj. 生成的generative
     genius n. 随从精神/场所attendant spirit of person/place
     genocide n. 摧毁种族/文化/政治团体destruction of racial/cultural/political group
     genotype n. 模式种,遗传结构type species, genetic constitution
    -genous adj.sfx. 这就产生了that generates
     genre n. 分类,分类sort, kind
     gen n. 包含同一男性血统家庭的罗马氏族Roman clan embracing families of same male stock
     genteel adj. 时髦,有贵族气质stylish, having aristocratic quality
     gentile adj. 非犹太民族 non-Jewish peoples
     gentle adj. 社会地位高的家庭 family with high social status
     gentleman n. 出身高贵的人man of noble/gentle birth
     gentry n.obs. 适合出身温和的人的品质qualities appropriate to person of gentle birth
     genuine adj. 是的,实际上有名声/明显的性格/品质true, actually having reputed/apparent character/qualities
     genus n. 具有共同属性的类/组/种类class/group/kind characterized by common attribute(s)
    -geny n.sfx. 生产、发电production, generation
     germ  n. 能够发展成整体的一部分生物part of living substance able to develop into whole
     germane adj. 近亲closely akin
     germinate vb. 使发芽/发育to cause to sprout/develop
     gingerly adj/adv. 小心的/谨慎的;谨慎的/谨慎的careful/cautious; with care/delicacy
    -gony n.sfx. 产生、繁殖、出生方式generation, reproduction, manner of birth
heterogeneous adj. 混合的,由不同部分组成的mixed, consisting of dissimilar parts
indigenous adj. 在地区/环境中自然生产/生长/生活produced/growing/living naturally in region/environment
indigent adj. 穷困潦倒needy, impoverished
  ingenious adj. 显示/呼唤情报showing/calling for intelligence
  innate adj. 土生土长的,从出生就存在/属于个人的native, existing in/belonging to individual from birth
     jaunty adj. 文雅的genteel
     kin    n. 家族,有共同祖先的人clan, person(s) of common ancestry
     kind  adj. 爱,温柔,友好,深情loving, gentle, friendly, affectionate
     kindergarten n. 幼儿班/学校young childrens class/school
     kindred n. 亲属、亲属relative(s), related individual(s)
     king  n. 主要领土单位的男性君主male monarch of major territorial unit
malign  adj. 有害的、有害的、有害的/性质/影响的injurious, evil in effect/nature/influence
mankind n. 人类,所有人类human race, all human beings
     naive adj. 朴素的,朴素的以朴素的朴素为特点的ingenuous, artless, marked by unaffected simplicity
     nascent adj. 出生/出生 being born/brought forth
     natal adj. 本地人,出生native, birth
     nation n. 国籍nationality
     native adj. 先天的,天生的innate, inborn
     nature n. 本质、内在特征/基本构成essence, inherent character/basic constitution
     nee    adj. 用婚前姓辨认女性 identifying woman by maiden name
neonatal adj. 新生儿(人)婴儿 newborn (human) infant
neonate n. 新生儿newborn infant
pregnant adj. 妊娠的,含有未出生的幼体gravid, containing unborn young
progenitor n. 祖先,直系祖先forefather, ancestor in direct line
progeny n. 孩子、后代、后代children, offspring, descendants
     puny  adj. 弱小的,轻微的/在尺寸/力量/重要性上低劣的weak, slight/inferior in size/power/importance
 renaissance n. 欧洲中世纪与现代的过渡transition between medieval/modern times in Europe
wunderkind n. 神童child prodigy
168.genə-:肚生根亲 To give birth, beget ;
     genealogy n.宗谱;血统;家系;系谱学
     nada 
transgender 变性的,导装的
transgendered adj.变换性别的
     generality n.概论;普遍性;大部分
     generalization n.一般化,归纳,概括
     generalize vt.概括,推广,使一般化vi.形成概念
     generally ad.通常,普遍地
     generational adj.生育的,世代的
     generative adj.能生产的,有生产力的,生殖的
     generator n.发电机,发生器
 regenerate vt.使再生;革新vi.再生;革新adj.再生的;革新的
 regeneration n.再生,重生;重建
     generically adv.一般地
     generosity n.慷慨,大方;宽宏大量
 degeneracy n.堕落,退化,退步
 degeneration n.恶化
 degenerative adj.退步的,变质的,退化的
     genetic a.遗传(学)的n.[-s]遗传学
     genetically ad.遗传(基因)方面
     geneticist n.遗传学者
     genetics n.遗传学
transgene n.转基因
     immunologic 免疫学的
     immunological adj.免疫学的
     immunology 免疫学
     genealogical adj.宗谱的,系谱的,家系的
heterogeneity n.异质性,不均匀性,多相性
 engineer n.工程师
 engineering n.工程学
  ingenuity n.心灵手巧,独创性;精巧;精巧的装置。原本是ingenuous的衍生词,后来常被误解为ingenious的衍生词,故
disingenuous adj.无诚意的
     germination n.萌芽,发生,萌发,生芽,催芽
     gonadal 性腺生成障碍
     kinship n.血族关系,宗亲关系
     kingdom n.王国,领域
     kingship 君主身份
     kindly adj.和善的,温和的,好意的,爽快的 adv.温和地,亲切地
     kindness n.仁慈,亲切;好意;友好行为
 unkind adj.不仁慈的,刻薄的,无情的,不体谅的,不厚道的,不亲切的
 unkindly adv.不亲切地,不近人情地
     gentleness n.温和,和善,彬彬有礼,高贵
     gently ad.轻轻地,温柔地
     kindergartner n.幼儿园教师,幼儿园里的小孩
     ginger n.姜,生姜,有姜味,活泼,元气,精力,淡赤黄色(的)~
pregnancy n.怀孕;丰富,多产;意义深长
impregnable 坚不可催的
antenatal 产前的
postnatal adj.出生后的,后天
prenatal adj.出生以前的
internationalism n.国际主义,国际性
internationalist 国际主义者
internationalization n.国际化
internationally ad.国际性地,在国际间
multinational adj.多国的,跨国公司的,多民族的 n.多国籍公司,跨国公司
     national a.民族的,国家的,国立的
     nationalism n.民族主义,民族精神
     nationalist n.民族主义者
     nationalistic a.国家主义的,民族主义的
     nationality n.国籍,民族
     nationalization n.同化,国有化,民族化
     nationalize v.国有化
transnational adj.影响数国的,数国参与的,跨国的
     nativity 耶稣诞生,圣诞
     natural a.正常的;自然界的,天然的,天赋的,固有的
     naturalism n.自然主义
     naturalist n.自然主义者
     naturalistic a.自然的,自然主义的
     naturally adv.自然地
supernatural a.|n.超自然(的),神奇(的)
 unnatural a.不自然的,反常的
 unnaturally adv.违反习俗地,不自然地,勉强地,不近人情地
     gentlemanly adj.彬彬有礼的,绅士风度的,绅士派头的

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☝想17 3567: 2. g̑en-, g̑enə-, g̑nē-, g̑nō- 肯,知道,认识 to ken, know, recognize
 abnormal adj. 偏离标准/平均值deviating from norm/average
 acknowledge vb.trans. 承认/承认to own/admit knowledge of
     acquaint vb.trans. 使了解to cause to know personally
 annotate vb. 作批评性的/解释性的注释/评论to make/furnish critical/explanatory notes/comment
     can    vb.mod. 知道,理解,能够to know, understand, be able
     cognition n. 了解,包括意识/判断knowing, including awareness/judgment
     connoisseur n. 专家expert
connote vb.trans. 建议to suggest
     cunning adj. 展示技巧exhibiting skill
diagnosis n. 从迹象/症状中识别疾病的行为/艺术act/art of identifying disease from signs/symptoms
   enormous adj. 异常的,过度的abnormal, inordinate
    ignorant adj. 不知道,缺乏知识/教育not knowing, lacking knowledge/education
    ignore vb.trans. 拒绝注意to refuse to notice
     keen  adj. 聪明的,聪明的;锐利的,锐利的wise, clever; sharp, cutting
     ken    vb. 看,知道,感知to see, know, perceive
     know  vb.str. (知道,知道)直接感知to perceive directly
     knowledge n. 认定cognizance
     narrate vb.trans. 叙述,叙述细节to relate, recite details
     noble adj. 显赫的,有杰出品质的illustrious, possessing outstanding qualities
     norm  n. 型号、权威标准model, authoritative standard
     normal adj. 垂直的perpendicular
     not n. 歌曲,旋律song, melody
     notice n. 宣布、警告/暗示某事announcement, warning/intimation of something
     notion n. 包容的一般概念inclusive general concept
     notorious adj. 众所周知的generally known/talked of
prognosis n. 从常规病程/病例特点中预期康复的前景prospect of recovery anticipated from usual disease course/peculiarities of case
     quaint adj. 熟练,专家skilled, expert
 recognize vb.trans. 感知感知为先前已知的事物to perceive as something previously known
 reconnaissance n. 初步调查preliminary survey
202.gnō-:格物致知 To know.
     notify v.通知,告知,报告
     Norma
 acknowledgement n.承认,确认,致谢,鸣谢,收条,法承认书
 acknowledgment n.承认,承认书,感谢
     noticeable a.显而易见的,值得注意的,重要的
     noticeably ad.显著地,显然,引人注目地
     notification n.通知;通告;告示
     knew vbl.know的过去式
     knowing adj.会意的,心照不宣的,聪颖的,精明的,[贬]世故的,狡猾的
 unknowable adj.不能知道的,不可知的
 unknowingly adv.不知不觉地
 unknown a.不知道的,未知的
     knowledgeable a.知识渊博的,有见识的
self-knowledge 自知之明
     canned adj.罐装的,录音的,一稿数用的,喝醉了的
cannot conj.不能
     could v.aux.(口语)(表示许可或请求)可以...,行
     notional adj.概念的,想象的,[语]表意的,实义的
     notoriously ad.臭名昭著地,众所周知地
     acquaintance n.认识,相识,了解;相识的人,熟人
     acquainted adj.熟识的;知晓的;有知识的
     cognitive adj.认知的,认识的
     cognizant adj.已认知的,意识到的;司法审理的
 recognition n.认出,辨认;承认
 recognizable a.可辨认的,可认识的
 recognizably adv.可被认识地,可辨别地
    ignorance n.无知,愚昧;不知道
     nobility n.贵族;高贵;高尚
     nobly adv.高贵地,高尚地,勇敢地,贵族出身地
diagnose vt.诊断(疾病);判断(问题)
diagnostic adj.诊断的
prognostic adj.预兆的 n.预兆
prognosticator n.预言者,占卜者
     narration n.叙述,讲述;故事
     narrative a.叙述性的n.叙述
     narrator n.叙述者,解说员
     notable 值得标注的:adj.著名的,值得注意的n.名人,显要人物
     notably ad.显著地,著名地,尤其
     noted adj.著名的
 annotation n.注释
connotation n.内涵,隐含含义
 abnormality n.异常;畸形,变态
 abnormally adv.不正常地
     normalcy n.常态
     normality n.常态,规定浓度
     normalization n.正常化,标准化,规格化,常态化
     normalize vt.使正常化;使规格化,使标准化
     normally adv.正常地,通常地
   enormity n.巨大;暴行;极恶
     keenly ad.敏锐地,强烈地,热心地

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☝身36 3571: 1. g̑enu-, g̑neu- 膝关节 knee, joint
diagonal adj. 关于:多边形图形的两个不相邻顶点 two nonadjacent vertices of polygonal figure
    -gon  n.sfx. 有角/顶点的闭合图形closed figure having angles/vertices
     knee  n. (尤指人)腿中部的关节joint in middle part of (esp. human) leg
     kneel vb.wk.intra (,跪下)弯曲膝盖,摔倒/休息在膝盖上to bend knee, fall/rest on knee(s)
orthogonal adj. 相互垂直mutually perpendicular
169.genu-1:拐角结踝 Knee ; also angle.
diagonally ad.斜对地,对角地

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☝身16, ☝身207, ☝身209 3572: 2. g̑enu-, fem., g̑enədh- g̑onədh- 下巴、下巴(骨) chin, jaw(bone)
     chin  n. 面部下部,下唇以下,包括下颌lower portion of face, below lower lip, incl. lower jaw
     genial adj. chin chin
    -gnathous adj.sfx. 有下巴 having a jaw
170.genu-2:下巴颌 Jawbone, chin.

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☝身207, ☝身24, ☝吃11 3573: g̑ep(h)-, g̑ebh- 下颚、下颚、嘴;吃 jaw, jowl, mouth; to eat
     chaff n. 通过脱粒从种子中分离出的碎片/覆盖物debris/coverings separated from seed by threshing
777.gep(h)-:下巴嘴 Jaw, mouth.

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☝空21, ☝空22 3574: 1. ger-, gere- 填鸭、收集、拼凑 to cram, collect, put together
 aggregate adj. 通过单位/粒子的集合形成质量/体/量formed into mass/body/amount by collection of units/particles
   agora n. 集会、集市、聚集地assembly, marketplace, gathering place
allegory n. 通过象征性的虚构人物/行动表达真理/概括expression of truths/generalizations via symbolic fictional figures/actions
category n. 某物所属的一般类general class to which something belongs
congregate vb. 集合,集合to assemble, collect into group/crowd
     cram  vb. 要塞住,就得紧一点to jam, pack tight
   egregious adj. 尊贵的distinguished
     gregarious adj. 社交,与他人交往social, associating with others
 segregate vb. 使隔离、分开/分开to isolate, separate/set apart from others/general mass
171.ger-1:集聚归类 To gather.
allegorical adj.讽喻的;寓言的,寓意的
 aggregation n.聚合,聚集;聚集体,集合体
congregation n.集会;集合;圣会
congregational adj.(教堂)会众的,公理教会的
desegregation n.废除种族隔离
 segregation n.隔离,分离;种族隔离
 segregationist 隔离主义者
categorical adj.无条件的,绝对的,直接了当的(陈述、理论等)
categorically ad.断然地,明确地
categorization 编目方法,分门别类
categorize v.加以类别,分类

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☝感44, ☝说14 3575: 2. ger- (拟声词:啼叫、尖叫等) (onomatopoeic: to crow, shriek, etc.)
     crack vb. 在破裂时发出尖锐的爆炸声to make sharp explosive sound (as if) in breaking
     cranberry n. 鲜红色酸果bright red acid berry
     crane n. 高涉水鸟tall wading bird
     croon vb. 轰隆,吼叫to boom, bellow
     crow  vb.str/wk. (船员)发出像公鸡一样的尖叫声to make loud shrill sound like rooster
     cur    n. 杂种/劣等狗mongrel/inferior dog
     geranium n. 有没有刺的花的植物plant having flowers without spurs
     pedigree n. 记录家谱register recording ancestral line
174.gerə-2:老鸹哭叫 To cry hoarsely ; also the name of the crane.
     cracked adj.声音嘶哑的,破碎的,破裂的
     cracker n.饼干,爆竹,胡桃夹 n.解密高手
     cracking n.破裂,裂化

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☝行12, ☝行14 3576: 3. ger- 转,风,卷 to turn, wind, curl
     carp  vb.intrans. 怨声载道to find fault/complain querulously
     cart  n. 两轮运输2-wheeled transport
     cradle n. 婴儿床/婴儿床。在枢轴/摇杆上bed/cot for baby, usu. on pivots/rockers
     craft n. 艺术、技巧、灵巧art, skill, dexterity
     cramp n. 痉挛性疼痛不自主肌肉收缩spasmodic painful involuntary muscle contraction
     crank n. 传递/接收圆周运动的臂(与轴/轴端成直角)arm (at right angles to axle/shaft end) imparting/receiving circular motion
     creche n. 日间托儿所day nursery
     creek n. 小的入口/海湾,比海湾更窄,但向内陆延伸更远small inlet/bay, narrower but extending farther inland than cove
     creep vb.wk.intra (,爬行)身体俯卧/靠近地面移动to move with body prone/close to ground
     crib  n. 喂动物的马槽manger for feeding animals
     cringe vb.intrans. 收缩肌肉to contract/draw in ones muscles
     crinkle vb. 形成短弯to form short bends/angles
     cripple n. 跛足的/部分残废的人/动物lame/partly disabled person/animal
     crochet n. 用单针/钩针形成的联锁环缝interlocking looped stitches formed with single thread/hooked needle
     crock n. 厚陶罐thick earthenware pot/jar
     croft n. 邻近房屋的小型封闭场地small enclosed field adjoining house
     crook n. 具有弯曲/弯钩形状的工具implement having bent/hooked form
     crop  n. 膨大的突起:鸟喙,芽/草本顶部swollen protuberance: birds craw, sprout/top of herb
     croquet n. 用木槌/木球/柳条玩的草地游戏lawn game played with mallets/wooden balls/wickets
     crotch n. 叉形端杆pole with forked end
     crouch vb. 弯腰,四肢贴近身体to stoop with limbs close to body
     crumb n. 小面包/糕点碎片small bread/pastry fragment
     crumple vb. 弄皱、弯曲/挤压/挤压变形to rumple, bend/press/crush out of shape
     crutch n. 残疾人行走时通常安装在腋下的装置device typically fitting under armpit used by disabled in walking
     curl  vb. 成卷to form into coils/ringlets
 encroach vb.intrans. 秘密地/循序渐进地取得他人的权利/财产to take, by stealth/gradual steps, rights/possessions of another
     grape n. 多汁光滑的浆果juicy smooth-skinned berry
     grapple n. 登船前用来固定敌舰的铁爪工具iron-clawed instrument used to secure enemy vessel before boarding
     group n. 两个/多个图形形成单元two/more figures forming unit
778.g(e)r-2:抓爪勾团 Curving, crooked ; hypothetical Indo-Europe-
 lacrosse n.长曲棍球
     crafty adj.狡诈的,诡计多端的,善于骗人的
     creepy adj.爬行的,匍匐的,皮肤上有足爬似的
     crept vbl.creep 的过去式
     grouper n.鲶科鱼
     grouping n.分组
 regroup v.重组,重编
     cramped adj.狭促的,难辨的,难懂的
     crumbly adj.易碎的,脆的
     crumbs 天啦
     curling n.苏格兰的冰上掷石游戏,头发的卷曲,卷缩
     curly a.卷曲的,弯曲的,(木材)有皱状纹理的
 encroachment n.侵蚀,侵犯
     cranky adj.任性的,暴躁的,[航海]摇荡不稳的,怪僻的
     crooked adj.弯曲的;歪的;不正当的

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☝农42, ☝工31, ☝商29 3578: g̑er-, g̑erə-, g̑rē- 摩擦;腐烂;老化,成熟;谷粒 to rub; rotten; to age, ripen; grain
     carling n. 部分甲板框架part of ship deck framing
     churn n. 制作黄油的容器vessel for making butter
     corn  n. 谷粒,小而硬的种子grain, small hard seed
     filigree n. 精金/银/铜线装饰工程ornamental work of fine gold/silver/copper wire
     garner n. 粮仓granary
     garnet n. 半宝石:透明(红色)硅酸盐矿物semiprecious stone: more/less transparent (red) silicate mineral
     geriatric adj. 年龄/年龄 age/aging
     geronto- pfx. 老年old age
     grain n. 小粒硬种子small hard seed(s)
     gram  n. 豆科植物,尤指种子植物leguminous plant grown esp. for seed
     grange n. 粮仓,谷仓barn, granary
     grani- pfx. 谷物、种子grain, seeds
     granite n. 非常坚硬,明显结晶的火成岩very hard, visibly crystalline igneous rock
     granule n. 小颗粒small particle
     grenade n. 装有起爆药/爆破装药的容器container fitted with priming/bursting charges
     kernel n. 水果种子fruit seed
pomegranate n. 厚皮红色浆果,深红色果肉中有许多种子thick-skinned reddish berry with many seeds in crimson pulp
203.gr̥ə-no-:磙碾谷粒 Grain.
     corned adj.弄成细粒的,盐腌的
     corny adj.谷类的,乡下味的,粗野的,有鸡眼的
     grains 名词grain的复数形式. n. 谷物
     grainy adj.粒状的;木纹状的;多粒的;有纹理的

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☝工31, ☝工81, ☝说51 3579: gerebh- 刻,刮;写 to carve, scratch; write
anagram n. 从另一个单词/短语的字母转位拼写的单词/短语word/phrase spelled via letter transposition from another word/phrase
     carve vb. 小心/精确地切割to cut with care/precision
     crab  n. 宽体海生甲壳动物broadly built marine crustacean
     crawl vb. 爬行时,身体靠近地面缓慢移动to creep, move slowly with body close to ground
diagram n. 数学/科学用线条图line drawing for mathematical/scientific purposes
epigram n. 简洁地/尖锐地/讽刺地处理单一思想/事件的诗poem dealing concisely/pointedly/satirically with single thought/event
     glamour n. 咒语、魔法、幻觉、附魔spell, magic, illusion, enchantment
     graft vb. 使(接穗)与股票结合to cause (scion) to unite with stock
    -gram n.sfx. 绘图、书写、记录drawing, writing, record
     gram  n. 公制质量单位metric unit of mass
     grammar n. 语言中的词/句用法研究study of word/sentence use in language
     graph n. 绘画/书写的东西something drawn/written
    -grapher n.sfx. 写作的人one who writes
     graphic adj. 绘制/书写/雕刻drawn/written/engraved
     graphite n. 柔软的黑色有光泽的碳,用于铅笔等。soft black lustrous carbon used in pencils etc.
    -graphy n.sfx. 写作/陈述writing/representation
iconography n. 图片说明/其他视觉表现illustration by pictures/other visual representations
paragraph n. 书面作文中的一个或多个句子one/more sentences in written composition
program n. 公告public notice
topography n. 地图/图表上的位置/高程描述position/elevation depiction on maps/charts
172.gerbʰ-:抓挠刻划 To scratch.
     carving n.雕刻(品)
     crabby adj.执拗的,暴躁的
microgram 微克
     grammarian n.文法家,文法教师,文法学者
     grammatical adj.语法的,文法的;符合语法规则的
     grammatically adv.符合语法规则地
 ungrammatical adj.不符合语法的,违反语法规则的
     graphically adv.通过图表,生动地,轮廓分明地
     graphics n.制图学;制图法;图表算法
diagrammatic adj.图表的,概略的
programmer n.程序员
topographic adj.地志的,地形学上的
topographical adj.地志的,地形学的
     graphical adj.绘成图画似的,绘画的

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☝吃34, ☝吃35, ☝工14 3581: gēu-, gəu-, gū- 弯曲、卷曲;杯子、容器 to bend, curl; cup, vessel
     chicken n. 普通家禽common domestic fowl
     cove  n. 腔、腔、凹处chamber, cavity, recessed place
     cub    n. 幼小食肉哺乳动物young carnivorous mammal
     cup    n. 小碗形饮水器small bowl-shaped drinking vessel
     kyte  n. (风筝)肚子,胃,腹部belly, stomach, abdomen

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☝天81 3583: g(e)u-lo- 灼热的煤 glowing coal
     coal  n. 余烬,烧焦的木头,发光的碳ember, charred wood, glowing carbon
     collie n. 牧羊用的大型(品种)狗large (breed of) dog (bred) for sheep herding
     collier n. 木炭匠生产木炭的人one who produces charcoal

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☝感31, ☝感32, ☝情21 3584: g̑eus- 品尝,品尝,享受 to taste, degust, enjoy
     choice n. 选择,选择的行为selection, act of choosing
     choose vb.str. (,选择,选择)经过考虑后选择to select after consideration
disgust vb. 挑起厌恶/厌恶/厌恶to be offensive, provoke loathing/aversion/repugnance
     gust  n. 味觉sensation of taste
     gusto n. 喜欢,品味liking, taste
     chose vbl.choose的过去式 n.动产
pro-choice 提倡堕胎合法的
disgusted adj.厌恶的,厌烦的
disgusting adj.令人厌恶的

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☝吃11 3585: g(i̯)eu-, g̑(i̯)eu- 咀嚼 to chew
     chew  vb. 咀嚼用牙齿咀嚼、碾碎(如食物)to masticate, crush/grind (e.g. food) with teeth
834.gyeu-:咀嚼吃咬 To chew, eat.
     chewy adj.(食物)耐嚼的,不易嚼碎的

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☝吃86 3586: glag-, or glak- 牛奶 milk
     galactic adj. galaxy galaxy
     galacto- pfx. 银河系galactic
     galaxy n. 银河系(我们的星系)Milky Way (our galaxy)
     lactate vb.intrans. 分泌乳汁to secrete milk
     lettuce n. 叶菜leafy food vegetable
315.melg-:挤牛奶 To rub off ; also to milk.
   emulsion 乳状液
     milk  n.牛奶;(植物流出的)白色乳液v.挤奶
     milky a.牛奶的,乳白色的
intergalactic 星际间的

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☝工22, ☝空232 3589: gleubh- 切割、劈开、削、切 to cut, cleave, pare, slice
     cleave vb.str/wk. (,丁香,分裂,丁香,分裂)通过切割吹气分裂to split/divide via cutting blow
     cleft adj. (部分)分割(partially) split/divided
     clever adj. 显示身体技能/灵巧/足智多谋showing physical skill/dexterity/resourcefulness
     clove n. 可分离鳞茎的小部分(如大蒜)small section of separable bulb (e.g. garlic)
     hieroglyphic adj. 关于:象形文字书写系统 system of writing in pictorial characters

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☝农55, ☝感78 3590: glōgh- gləgh- 倒刺,斯派克 barb, spike
     gloss n. 对晦涩难懂的词/表达的简要说明brief explanation of obscure/difficult word/expression
     glossary n. 文本光泽集textual gloss collection
polyglot adj. 说几种语言 speaking several languages
813.glōgʰ-:刺尖 Thorn, point.

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☝吃11 3595: gras- grō̆s- 啃,吃,吞 to gnaw, eat, devour
     gastric adj. 胃 stomach
     gastro- pfx. 肚子,肚子belly, stomach
     gastrocnemius n. 最突出的小腿肌肉most prominent calf muscle
     grama n. 牧草a pasture grass
814.gras-:吞食 To devour.

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☝工31 3597: gred- grod- 磨碎,刮擦 to grate, scratch
     grate vb. 擦伤to abrade
     scratch vb. 用爪子/钉子刮/挖to scrape/dig with claws/nails
815.grat-:瘙痒 To scratch.
     scratchy adj.潦草的,凌乱的,刺痛的,发痒的,凑合的,发刮擦声的

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☝工342 3601: greut- 压碎,压榨;凝乳 to crush, press; curd
     crowd n. 人群,人群throng, multitude
     crud  n. 豆腐curd
     curd  n. 凝乳coagulated milk
     crowded adj.拥挤的,塞满的

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☝动35 3603: gru- 咕噜(指猪) to grunt (of pigs)
     grudge vb.trans. 忌妒,不愿给予/承认to begrudge, be unwilling to give/admit
     grunt vb. 发出猪一样的喉咙声to make hog-like throat sound
     grudging adj.不愿的,勉强的,吝啬的
     grudgingly adv. 吝惜地

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☝动56 3604: gha gha, ghe ghe, ghi ghi 咯咯叫(指鹅) to cackle, gaggle (of geese)
     gaggle n. (鹅群)flock (of geese)

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☝商14 3605: ghabh- 抓住,抓住,抓住 to take, grab, seize
     abl adj. 有足够的技能/力量/资源来完成目标having sufficient skill/power/resources to accomplish goal
   debenture n. 由公职人员签署的书面/证明,作为债务/货币金额权利的证据writing/certificate signed by public official as evidence of debt/rights to monetary sum
   debit n. 债务记录record of indebtedness
   deb n. 罪,罪过sin, trespass
     due    adj. 欠债owed/owing as debt
     duty  n. 对父母/上级的尊重、行为respect, conduct due to parents/superiors
 endeavor vb. 努力达到to strive to reach/achieve
 exhibit vb. 呈现to present to view
forgive vb.str. 原谅,原谅)原谅,停止怨恨to pardon, cease to feel resentment
     gavel n. 古代/中世纪英国的租税/贡品rent/tribute in ancient/medieval England
     gift  n. 杰出人才/能力notable talent/capacity
     giv vb.str. (给予,给予)赠送to make present of
     habit n. 服装clothing
     habitable adj. 适合居住的suitable for living in/on
     habitat n. 植物/动物正常/自然生活/生长的地方/地点place/site where plant/animal normally/naturally lives/grows
  inhabit vb. 居住居住,作为居住地to live in, occupy as habitat/place of residence
  inhabitant n. 居住者(一个地方)one who inhabits (a place)
  inhibit vb. 禁止/禁止做to forbid/prohibit from doing
     malady n. 身体疾病/动物疾病bodily disease/disorder of animal
prohibit vb.trans. 禁止,禁止to enjoin, forbid by authority
     duly  adv.适时地
overdue adj.过期的;迟到的;未兑的
subdue v.征服
subdued adj.屈服的,被抑制的,柔和的,减弱的
 undu adj.过度的,过分的;不适当的;未到期的
 unduly adv.不适当地,过度地,不正当地
     gav vbl.give的过去式
     giver n.送礼者
forgiveness n.宽恕,宽仁之心
unforgiving adj.不可宽恕的,不能原谅的
     gifted adj.有天才的
     ability n.能力;本领;才能,才干;专门技能,天资
     abl adv.精明强干地,灵巧地,巧妙地,熟练地
     disability n.无力,残疾
disable v.使残废,使失去能力,丧失能力
disabled adj.伤残的 v.丧失能力
 enable v.使能够,使成为可能;授予权利或方法
     inability n.无能,无力
 unable a.不能的,不会的
     habitual a.习惯的,惯常的
     habituation n.适应,习惯性
 cohabitation n.同居
 exhibition n.展览会;陈列,展览
  inhibited adj.羞怯的,内向的
  inhibition n.抑制;压抑;禁止
  inhibitor n.抑制剂,抗化剂;抑制者
  inhibitory adj.禁止的,抑制的
uninhibited adj.无限制的,无拘束的,放任的,狂放不羁,畅,不羁
prohibition n.禁止,禁令
prohibitive adj.禁止的,禁止性的;抑制的
indebted adj.负债的;感激的;受惠的
indebtedness n.受恩惠,亏欠,债务
     dutiful adj.忠实的;顺从的;守本分的
     dutifully adv.忠实地,忠贞地

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☝动36 3608: ghaido-, or g̑haido- 山羊,孩子 goat, kid
     goat  n. 中空角反刍哺乳动物hollow-horned ruminant mammal
784.gʰ(a)id-o-:山羊 A goat.

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☝空21, ☝空22 3609: ghais- 坚持,固定 to stick, be fixed to
 adhere vb.intrans. 给予支持/保持忠诚to give support/maintain loyalty
     hesitate vb.intrans. 因怀疑/犹豫不决而退缩to hold back due to doubt/indecision
 adherence n.坚持;依附;忠诚
 adherent adj.粘着的,附着的n.追随者,信徒
 adhesion n.粘附;支持;固守
 adhesive adj.有粘性的n.粘合剂
     hesitation n.犹豫
  inherent a.固有的,内在的,天生的
 coherence n.一致;连贯性;凝聚
 coherent adj.连贯的,一致的,粘在一起的,凝聚性的
 coherently 建 结合地
 cohesion n.凝聚;结合;内聚力
 cohesive adj.有结合力的,有粘附性的,紧密结合的
 cohesiveness 粘结性,内聚性
incoherence n.不连贯,语无伦次,无内聚力,不连贯性
incoherent adj.语无伦次的;不连贯的;不合逻辑的

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☝战25 3610: g̑haiso-, or g̑həiso- g̑hēiso- 飞镖;棍子,棍子 dart; staff, stick
garlic n. 欧洲球根草European bulbous herb
     gore  n. 小三角片small triangular piece
786.gʰaiso-:尖棍长矛 A stick, spear.
     Edgar
     Gerald
     Gerard
     Gertrude

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☝农55 3613: g̑halg(h)- 柔韧的细枝 flexible twig
     gallows n. 绞刑架(两根立柱/横梁)frame (two upright posts/crossbeam) for hanging criminals
     gauge n. 使用某些标准/系统进行测量measurement using some standard/system
787.gʰalgʰ-:树枝棍棒 Branch, rod.

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☝动56 3615: g̑han-s- 鹅 goose
     gonzo adj. 怪异的,主观的,夸张的,非传统的bizarre, subjective, exaggerated, unconventional
     goose n.str. (,鹅)体型介于鸭子/天鹅之间的水禽waterfowl intermediate in size between ducks/swans
     gunsel n.sl. 枪手gunman
177.gʰans-:鹅 Goose.
     geese 鹅肉,雌鹅,[贬]犹太人,傻瓜

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☝农55, ☝工51 3616: 1. g̑hasto-, g̑hazdho- 竿,竿,竿 pole, rod, gad; twig
     gad    n. 用于松动矿石/岩石的尖头金属棒/凿子pointed metal bar/chisel for loosening ore/rock
     yard  n. 计量单位(=3英尺)unit of measurement (= 3 feet)
788.gʰazdʰ-o-:棒条支架 Rod, staff.

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☝说41 3618: g̑hau-, g̑hau̯ə- 打电话 to call
     gawk  n. 笨蛋,傻瓜,傻瓜lout, fool, simpleton
     giddy adj. 轻浮的,轻松的愚蠢的frivolous, lightheartedly silly
     godsend n. 所需之物,所需之事needed thing, desirable event
191.gʰeu(ə)-:敬酒召唤 To call, invoke.
     godless adj.不信神的,不敬神的,无神论者的

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☝天21, ☝天212 3620: g̑hðem-, g̑hðom-, genitive-ablative g̑h(ð)m-és 土,土,土,腐殖质 earth, ground, soil, humus
bonhomie n. 和蔼可亲,和蔼可亲geniality, good-natured easy friendliness
     bridegroom n. 男子新婚/即将结婚man newly married/about to be married
     chameleon n. 东半球蜥蜴,具有改变皮肤颜色的特殊能力Old World lizard with unusual ability to change skin color
     chamomile n. 欧洲多年生芳香草本植物aromatic perennial European herb
     homage n. 向主承认附庸的仪式ceremony where one acknowledges vassalship to lord
     homicide n. 杀人者杀害他人的人one who kills another person
     hominid n. 两足灵长类哺乳动物:人类/直系祖先/相关形式bipedal primate mammal: mankind/immediate ancestors/related forms
     hom n. 灵长类哺乳动物:人类作为一个新物种primate mammal: mankind as single recent species
     human adj/n. ()人,人类() man, mankind
     humane adj. 以同情/同情/体谅他人为特点marked by sympathy/compassion/consideration for others
     humble adj. 不骄傲/傲慢,不傲慢/自信not proud/haughty, not arrogant/assertive
     humiliate vb.trans. 屈辱,降低社会地位to mortify, reduce to lower social position
     humility n. 谦虚being humble
126.dʰgʰem-:糊泥造人 Earth.
     humbly adv.谦逊地,恭顺地,卑微地,卑贱地
     humiliating adj.丢脸的;羞辱性的
     humiliation n.丢脸,耻辱;蒙羞;谦卑
 exhumation n.掘尸,发掘,剥璐
     homicidal adj.嗜杀成性的
     humanism n.人道主义adj.人道主义的
     humanist n.人道主义者,人文主义者adj.人道主义的
     humanistic adj.人文主义的
     humanitarian n.人道主义者,慈善家,博爱主义者adj.人道主义的,博爱的
     humanity n.人类,人性,人情;(pl.)人文科学
     humanize vt.赋予人性,使通人情,教化 vi.变为有人性,变为有情,有教化
     humanly adv.像人地,用人力
  inhuman adj.野蛮的
  inhumanity 非人性,不人道
  inhumane 不人道的

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☝时49 3621: g̑hði̯és, zero-grade g̑hðis, simplified to g̑hðés, g̑hi̯és, g̑hés 昨天 yesterday
     yesterday adv/n. 前天(on) day before today
127.dʰgʰ(y)es-:昨天 Yesterday.
     ichthyo- pfx. 鱼fish

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☝说26 3623: ghe-, gho- (强调性的?)粒子) (enclitic (emphatic?) particle)
     encore n. (观众要求)重复/再现(demand by audience for) repetition/reappearance
804.gʰo-:代词ko- ko-指示代词

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☝空18, ☝算22 3624: 1. g̑hē-, g̑hēi- 缺少,空虚;离开,出去 to lack, be empty; leave, go out
   ago    adj/adv. 在现在之前,已经过去了gone by, before present time
    -chore n.sfx. 某机构经销的植物plant distributed by some agency
forego  vb.anom. 走在前面,走在前面to precede, go before
forgo  vb.anom.tra 抛弃to forsake
     gait  n. 步行的方式manner of walking/moving on foot
     gat n.arch. 路,路way, path
     gauntlet n. 两排持枪歹徒袭击来往人员double file of armed men striking person running between
     go    vb.anom. (,消失)继续,继续前进to proceed, move on course
     heir  n. 有权继承财产的人one entitled to inherit property
     heredity n. 继承inheritance
     heritage n. 传给继承人的财产property that descends to heir
  inherit vb. 接受,占有to receive, come into possession of
178.gʰē-:传球射门 To release, let go ; (in the middle voice) to be released, go.
     goes  动词go的第三人称单数现在时,去,前往
     going n.去,离去,地面(或道路)的状况,工作情况,[复]行为 adj.进行中的,流行的,现存的
     went vbl.go的过去式
foregoing adj.在前的,前述的
     hereditary adj.遗传的,世袭的,世代相传的n.遗传类
  inheritance n.继承,遗传,遗产
     gated 医选通的,门控的

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☝身52 3625: 2. g̑hē- ghə-, and g̑hēi- g̑hī- 张嘴打哈欠 to gape, yawn
     chasm n. 峡谷,深深的裂缝gorge, deep cleft in earth
     gap    n. 冲破墙/篱笆/军事防线break in wall/hedge/line of military defense
     gasp  vb. 喘息to catch breath with shock/other emotion
     gig    n. 轻型船/马车light boat/carriage
     giggle vb. 暗笑to laugh secretly/mockingly
     gill  n. 峡谷、狭窄溪流/溪流ravine, narrow stream/rivulet
     hiatus n. 间隙,插入对象gap, break in object
     yawn  vb. 张嘴,张开to gape, open wide
783.gʰāi-:张嘴瞪眼 To yawn, gape.

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☝住27 3626: ghebh-el-, ghebh-el-, ghebh-elo- 山墙,头 gable, head
     cephalo- pfx. 头head
     -cephalous sfx. 头head
     encephalo- pfx. 脑brain
     gable n. 从檐口/屋檐到屋脊的垂直三角形端部vertical triangular end of building from cornice/eaves to ridge
179.gʰebʰ-el-:头.抓 Head.

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☝身66, ☝空24, ☝空85 3627: ghed- 排便;洞,口 to defecate; hole, opening
     gate  n. 墙/围栏开口opening in wall/fence

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☝工16, ☝空22 3628: ghedh-, ghodh- 联合,联合,聚集,结交 to join, unite, gather, make a bond
     gather vb. 收集,汇集to collect, bring together
     good  adj. 性格/倾向好的of favorable character/tendency
 together adv. 一个地方/群众/团体/集合in(to) one place/mass/group/collection
183.gʰedʰ-:聚集联合 To unite, join, fit.
 togetherness n.亲密无间,和睦,患难与共,团结
     gathering n.聚集,收款

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☝行25, ☝行65, ☝商28 3631: 1. g̑hei-, g̑hēi- 刺激,开车;投掷,伤害 to goad, drive; to throw, wound
     goad  n. 用来刺/赶动物的尖杆pointed rod used to prod/herd animal
789.gʰei-1:推荐刺激 To propel, prick.

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☝天76, ☝时74 3632: 2. g̑hei- g̑hi- 雪;冬天 snow; winter
     chimera n. 她怪物:狮子头,山羊身,蛇尾(希腊神话)she-monster: lions head, goats body, serpents tail (Greek mythology)
180.gʰei-2:冬天 Theoretical base of *ghyem-, *ghiem-, winter.
     hibernation 冬眠,蛰伏
     chimeric adj.妄想的,荒诞不经的

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☝情15, ☝情16 3635: gheis-, and g̑heiz-d- 震惊、震惊、困惑 shocked, aghast, confused
     aghast adj. 震惊,惊骇shocked, struck with horror/terror/amazement
     ghastly adj. 可怕的frightful
     ghost n. 灵魂,灵魂,生命之所在soul, spirit, seat of life
790.gʰeis-:惊恐刺激 Used of the emotion of fear or amazement
     ghostly a.可怕的,幽灵的

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☝情37, ☝说41 3636: ghel- 喊,叫,哭 to yell, call, cry
     cichlid n. 热带淡水刺鳍鱼tropical freshwater spiny-finned fish
nightingale n. 东半球以夜间鸣叫而闻名的鸫Old World thrush noted for nocturnal song
     yell  vb. 大声呼喊to utter loud cry/scream/shout
     yel vb. 发出尖利的尖叫to utter quick sharp shrill cry
181.gʰel-1:喊叫发声 To call.

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☝感56 3637: 1. g̑hel-, and ghel-?, also as i-, u-, or n-stem; g̑helə-, g̑hlē-, g̑hlō-, g̑hlə- 发光,耀眼,发光;金色,黄色,明亮的颜色 to shine, glare, glow; gold, yellow, bright color
     arsenic n. 剧毒金属元素highly poisonous metallic element
     chlorine n. 黄绿色卤素气体greenish-yellow halogen gas
     chloro- pfx. 绿色;氯green; chlorine
     chole- pfx. 胆汁,胆汁bile, gall
     cholera n. 以严重胃肠道不适为特征的疾病disease marked by severe gastrointestinal distress
     felon adj. 残忍,邪恶cruel, evil
     gal n. 胆汁;怨恨,苦涩bile; rancor, bitterness
     glad  adj. 性格开朗/快乐的having naturally cheerful/happy disposition
     glance n. 金属光泽矿物硫化物mineral sulfide with metallic luster
     glare vb. 光线刺眼/刺眼to shine with uncomfortably harsh/brilliant light
     glass n. 无定形透明/半透明无机物amorphous transparent/translucent inorganic substance
     glaze vb. 装玻璃to fit/furnish with glass
     gleam n. 弱光/部分遮蔽光的短暂出现transient appearance of subdued/partly obscured light
     gli adj. 光滑,光滑smooth, slippery
     glide vb. 平稳地/毫不费力地/连续地移动to move smoothly/effortlessly/continuously
     glimmer vb.intrans. 微弱地/不稳定地发光to shine faintly/unsteadily
     glimpse vb. 闪烁to glimmer
     glint vb. 扫视to glance off
     glisten vb.intrans. 反射光以温和的光泽/闪耀的光辉反射光线to reflect light with mild luster/sparkling radiance
     glitch n. 小事故/问题/故障minor mishap/problem/malfunction
     glitter vb.intrans. 反射具有明亮/金属光泽的光to reflect light with brilliant/metallic luster
     glitz n. 浮华,浮华flashiness, ostentatious showiness
     glitzy adj. 华而不实showy, flashy
     gloat vb.intrans. 羡慕地/深情地注视to look/gaze admiringly/affectionately
     gloom n. 黑暗,黑暗的地方darkness, dark place
     gloss n. 抛光,表面光泽/亮度polish, superficial luster/brightness
     glow  vb.intrans. 酷热to shine with intense heat
     glower vb. 愁眉苦脸to frown, look/stare sullenly
     gold  n. 用于硬币/珠宝等的可延展金属。malleable ductile metal used in coins/jewelry/etc.
     golden adj. 黄金 gold
melancholy n. 以抑郁/易怒为特征的异常状态abnormal state characterized by depression/irascibility
     yellow adj. 黄色的of color yellow
182.gʰel-2:闪亮发光 To shine ;; colors, bright materials, gold
     glee  n.欢乐,高兴
     gleeful adj. 快乐,光明。兴高采烈 merry, lit. full of glee
     yellowish adj.微黄色的
     gilded adj.镀金的
     galling 令人恼怒
     glittery adj.闪光的,闪烁的
     glassy a.象玻璃的
     glazed adj.光滑的,像玻璃的
     glaring adj.耀眼的
     glancing adj.粗略的
     gleefully adv.高兴地
     glowing adj.炽热的,容光焕发的,生气勃勃的
     glider n.滑行(或物),滑翔机
     gloomily adv.阴暗地,阴沉地,阴郁地,忧郁地
     gloomy a.阴暗的,阴沉的,令人沮丧的,阴郁的

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☝工22 3638: 2. g̑hel- 切割? to cut?
     gelding n. 阉割动物、太监castrated animal, eunuch
     gilt  n. 幼母猪young female pig
791.gʰel-3:切割刺激 To cut.

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☝商65, ☝商72 3646: ghel-tō, Germanic and ghel-dhō Slavic 付出代价,付出,值得 to cost, pay, be worth
     guild n. 与志同道合的追求/共同的目标/兴趣association with kindred pursuits/common aims/interests
     yield vb. 报答to reward, recompense
792.gʰeldʰ-:付钱忍痛 To pay.
 unyielding adj.坚硬的,不能弯曲的,不屈的
     yielding adj.出产的,易弯曲的,柔顺的,屈从的,易受影响的 n.让步

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☝身207 3647: ghelunā 下巴,吉尔 jaw, gill
     gill  n. 从水中提取氧气的鱼器官fish organ for extracting oxygen from water
796.gʰel-unā-:腮下颚 Jaw.

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☝身58, ☝吃56, ☝空24 3648: ghen- 碾碎,撕开,啃成碎片 to grind, crack open, gnaw to pieces
     gnat  n. 双翅小苍蝇small two-winged fly
     gnaw  vb. 用牙齿咬to bite/chew with teeth
     nag    vb. 抱怨,不断地找缺点to complain, find fault constantly
     nosh  n. 小吃、便餐snack, light meal
797.gʰ(e)n-:啃 To gnaw.
     natter 唠叨,闲聊
     nagging adj.唠叨的,挑剔的 n.唠叨,挑剔

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☝商14 3649: ghend-, and ghed- 得到,抓住,抓住 to get, grasp, seize
apprehend vb. 抓住,逮捕;学习,察觉to seize, arrest; learn, perceive
 apprentice n. 见习生,一个契约服务另一个trainee, one indentured to serve another
 beget  vb.str.tran (生,生,生)为父系,生为父to sire, procreate as father
     begin vb.str. (开始,开始)开始,做第一部分,迈出第一步to commence, do first part, take first steps
comprehend vb.trans. 要理解,把握意义to understand, grasp meaning of
comprise vb.trans. 包含,包括to contain, include
enterprise n. 风险/困难/复杂的项目/任务risky/difficult/complicated project/undertaking
entrepreneur n. 管理/组织/承担商业/企业风险的人one who manages/organizes/assumes risks of business/enterprise
forget vb.str. (忘了,忘了)失去记忆to lose memory of
     get    vb.str. (得到,得到)占有to take/gain possession of
     guess vb. 无证据形成意见to form opinion with little/no evidence
 impresario n. 歌剧/音乐会公司经理/指挥manager/conductor of opera/concert company
 osprey n. 食鱼鹰fish-eating hawk
     predatory adj. 捕食他人preying on others
     pre n. 战利品,战利品spoil, booty
     prison n. 监禁/监禁状态state of confinement/captivity
     prize n. 用武力/威胁/策略夺取的东西thing taken by force/threat/stratagem
     pry    vb.intrans. 仔细观察to peer, look closely/inquisitively
 reprieve vb.trans. 缓刑,缓刑to respite, delay punishment of
 reprisal n. 使用武力而不是战争来解决冤情的行为/做法act/practice of using force less than war to redress grievances
 reprise n. 每年从庄园/地产中扣除的费用charge/deduction taken yearly out of manor/estate
   spree n. 放纵unrestrained indulgence/outburst of activity
surprise n. 毫无预兆地攻击attack made without warning
184.gʰend-:手抓拿到 To seize, take.
     got    vbl.get 的过去式
forgetful adj.健忘的,好忘事的,<正>疏忽的,不经心的
forgetfulness 健忘,忘性
forgettable adj.容易被忘的,可忘记的
forgot vbl.forget的过去式
unforgettable adj.忘不了的,令人难忘的
     prisoner n.囚犯
 apprehension n.理解;恐惧;逮捕;忧惧
 apprehensive adj.忧虑的;不安的;敏悟的;知晓的
 apprenticeship n.学徒的身份,学徒的年限
comprehensible adj.可理解的
comprehension a.理解(力),领悟;包含,包含力
comprehensive a.内容广泛的,总括性的,综合的
comprehensiveness 详尽,综合性
incomprehensible a.费解的,不可思议的
incomprehension 无法理解
     understandably ad.可理解地
enterprising adj.有事业心的;有进取心的;有魄力的
entrepreneurial a.企业家的,企业性质的,承包人
 reprehensible adj.应斥责的;应该谴责的
surprised adj.感到惊讶的,出人意料的
surprising adj.令人惊讶的;意外的
surprisingly adv.惊人地,出人意外地
unsurprising adj.不令人吃惊的
unsurprisingly n. 并不令人惊奇地;并不奇怪地
     predator n.捕食者;[动]食肉动物;掠夺者
     began vbl.begin的过去式
     beginner n.初学者
     beginning n.开始,开端;起源,早期阶段

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☝行45 3651: g̑hengh- 迈步,大步,前进 to step, stride, march
     gang  n. 路,路,路way, path, journey
     gangway interj. 让开!离开通道!step aside! leave clear passage!
     gangster n.[美俗]歹徒,士匪,强盗

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☝感44 3652: 1. gher- (拟声词:咆哮、嘎嘎声等) (onomatopoeic: to snarl, rattle, etc.)
     greet vb.intrans. 哭泣,哀叹to weep, lament
799.gʰer-2:呼喊问候 To call out.
     greeting n.问候,致敬

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☝情62 3655: 1. g̑her- 渴望,渴望 to desire, yearn for
     charisma n. 非凡的力量(如治疗)extraordinary power (e.g. of healing)
 exhort vb. 通过劝告/争论煽动to incite by advice/argument
     greed n. 贪婪,贪婪avarice, rapacity
     greedy adj. 对食物/饮料有强烈的欲望having strong desire for food/drink
     yearn vb.intrans. 渴望to feel longing/craving
186.gʰer-5:爱不释手 To like, want.
     yearning n.向往 adj.怀念的,向往的
     greedily adv.贪心地,贪婪地,贪吃地
 exhortation n.讲道词,训词;劝告
     charismatic adj.神赐能力的,超凡魅力的

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☝工22, ☝工31 3656: 2. g̑her- 划伤,割伤,刮伤,刮伤 to gash, slit, scrape, scratch
     character n. 对象上的图形标记/设备,指示来源/所有权/关系graphic mark/device on object indicating origin/ownership/relationship
     gash  vb. 深切to make long deep cut
801.gʰer-4:刮抓碾压 To scrape, scratch.
     characteristic a.(of)特有的,独特的n.特征,特性
     characteristically adv.典型地,有代表性地
     characterization n.描述,人物之创造
     characterize v.(characterise)表示…的特性;描述…特性
 uncharacteristic adj.不典型的,无典型特征的
 uncharacteristically 不典型的;无典型特征的

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☝感56 3657: 3. g̑her-, and g̑herə-, g̑hrē- 发光发光 to beam, shine, shimmer
     gray  adj. 灰色 color gray
     greyhound n. 高瘦狗(品种):敏捷,优雅,皮毛光滑tall slender dog (breed): swift, graceful, smooth-coated
800.gʰ(e)r-3:闪光黄灰 To shine, glow ; gray.
     grizzled 头发灰白的
     grizzly a.灰(白)色的

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☝商14 3658: 4. g̑her- 抓住,抓住,抓住 to grab, grip, seize
     carol n. 古老的圆舞伴着歌声old round dance with song
     choir n. 有组织的歌手团organized group of singers
     choral adj. 唱诗班/合唱团 choir/chorus
     chorus n. 希腊戏剧中的一组歌手/舞者group of singers/dancers in Greek drama
 cohort n. 古罗马军团的十分之一1/10th of ancient Roman legion
     court n. 君主要员住所/机构residence/establishment of sovereign dignitary
     courteous adj. 以英勇/优雅的举止/礼仪行为为特点marked by gallantry/polished manners/ceremonial behavior
     courtesan n. 有宫廷/有钱/上流社会客户的妓女prostitute with courtly/wealthy/upper-class clientele
     courtesy n. 礼貌行为courteous behavior
     courtier n. 皇家宫廷侍从attendant at royal court
     hor n. 圆舞round dance
     horticulture n. 种植植物的艺术/科学art/science of growing plants
185.gʰer-1:握合包围 To grasp, enclose ; with derivatives meaning enclosure.
     gird  系上
     girdle 腰带
     girth n.周长,(马等的)肚带,腰身 vt.以带束缚,围绕,包围 vi.围长为
     yard  n.院子,场地;码
 orchard n.果园,果园里的全部果树,[美俚]棒球场
     garth 庭院;中庭;鱼梁
kindergarten n.幼儿园
     garden n.(菜,花)园;公园
hangar n.飞机修理库,飞机棚
     gardener n.园丁,园艺家,花匠,菜农,园艺爱好者
     gardening n.园艺
     horticultural a.园艺的
     courtly adj.尊严而有礼貌的;奉承的;有宫廷气派的,威严的
forecourt 大片空地

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☝身46 3659: 5. g̑her-, g̑hor-nā 大便 bowels
     chord n. 音色和谐交融tones blending harmoniously
     chorion n. 脊椎动物胚胎外血管膜vascular outer embryonic vertebrate membrane
     cord  n. 几股线编织在一起several strands of string woven/twisted together
     cordon n. 服装用装饰绳ornamental cord used on costumes
harpsichord n. 通过拨动琴弦发出声音的键盘乐器keyboard instrument that produces sound by plucking wire strings
     hernia n. 破裂,器官从体壁突出rupture, protrusion of organ through body wall
     yarn  n. 编织用连续纤维/长丝continuous fiber/filament used in weaving/knitting
187.gʰerə-:深藏脏腑 Gut, entrail.
     cordless n.不用电线的
     chorionic adj.绒(毛)膜的

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☝空25, ☝空82 3662: g̑herdh-, and gherdh- 围住,包围 to gird, enclose, encompass
     garden n. 种植香草/水果/花卉/蔬菜的地块plot of ground for cultivating herbs/fruits/flowers/vegetables
     garth n. 小院/围墙small yard/enclosure
     gird  vb.wk. (,围梁)用柔性带环绕/捆绑to encircle/bind with flexible band
     girdle n. 包围/限制的衣服garment that encircles/confines
     girth n. 动物身体周围的带子/带子,用来把东西系在背上band/strap around animals body for fastening things on back
kindergarten n. 幼儿班/学校young childrens class/school
 orchard n. 果树/坚果园garden of fruit/nut trees
     yard  n. 庭院,小面积露天/毗邻建筑court, small area open to sky/adjacent to building
185.gʰer-1:握合包围 To grasp, enclose ; with derivatives meaning enclosure.
hangar n.飞机修理库,飞机棚
     horticulture 园艺学
 cohort n.军队,步兵大队,一群
     court n.法院,法庭;宫廷,朝廷;院子;球场
     courteous n.有礼貌的;谦恭的
     courtesan 高级妓女
     courtesy n.礼貌;好意;恩惠adj.殷勤的;被承认的;出于礼节的
     courtier 宫廷里的人:n.朝臣;奉承者;谄媚者
     carol n.颂歌,欢乐的歌
     choir n.唱诗班,唱诗班的席位
     choral adj.合唱队的
     chorus n.合唱(队)
     hor n.传统式圆舞,霍拉舞
     gardener n.园丁,园艺家,花匠,菜农,园艺爱好者
     gardening n.园艺
     horticultural a.园艺的
     courtly adj.尊严而有礼貌的;奉承的;有宫廷气派的,威严的
forecourt 大片空地

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☝空15, ☝感74 3665: g̑hers- 僵硬,竖起,突出 to stiffen, bristle, stand out
 abhor  vb.trans. 厌恶,厌恶to loathe, regard with repugnance
     arugula n. 火箭(沙拉作物)rocket (salad crop)
     gorse n. furze(灌木)furze (bush)
     horrible adj. 可怕,恐怖dreadful, horror
     horrid adj. 粗糙,毛糙rough, bristling
     horror n. 痛苦/极度恐惧/恐惧/沮丧painful/intense fear/dread/dismay
     rocket n. 开黄花的欧洲草本植物yellowish flowered European herb
     urchin n. 刺猬hedgehog
     horribly adv.可怕地,<口>非常,极其
     horrify vt.使恐惧,使惊骇

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☝算12 3668: g̑héslo- 一千,奇利德 thousand, chiliad
     kilo- pfx. 千thousand
     mil    n. 长度单位:1/1000英寸unit of length: 1/1000 inch
     mil n. 距离单位:5280英尺unit of distance: 5,280 feet
     milli- pfx. 第一千thousandth
     million nbr.card. 十万(1000000)1000 thousand (1,000,000)
     millennium n.千年期,千禧年;一千年,千年纪念;太平盛世,黄金时代

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☝身33 3669: g̑hesor-, g̑hesr- 手 hand
press  n. 入伍impressment into service
     presto adv. 快点,马上quickly, at once
surgeon n. 执业外科医师medical specialist practicing surgery
188.gʰes-:抓爪手 Hand.
surgery n.外科,外科学;手术室,诊疗室
surgical adj.外科的,外科医生的,手术上的 n.外科病房,外科手术

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☝工35 3671: 1. g̑heu- 涌出,倾注,发现 to gush, pour, found
confound vb.trans. 毁灭,毁灭to destroy, bring to ruin
confuse vb.trans. 毁灭to bring to ruin
diffuse adj. 倾倒/摊铺poured/spread out
     fondant n. 用于糖果/冰激凌的奶油糖制剂creamy sugar preparation used for candies/icings
     fondue n. 用葡萄酒/白兰地调味的融化奶酪melted cheese flavored with wine/brandy
     font  n. 同一尺寸/款式的各种型号assortment of type in one size/style
     found vb.trans. 熔化(金属),倒入模具to melt (metal), pour into mold
     funnel n. 空心圆锥管从点延伸hollow cone with tube extending from point
     fus n. 电线/电缆中的可燃物combustible substance enclosed in cord/cable
     fusion n. 通过加热液化/渲染塑料liquefying/rendering plastic via heat
     futile adj. 毫无用处serving no useful purpose
     geyser n. 间歇喷射蒸汽/热水的泉水spring that intermittently jets steam/hot water
     gush  vb. 大量/猛烈地发出to issue copiously/violently
     gust  n. 突然的短暂的风sudden short rush of wind
     gut    n. 肠,内脏,肠bowel, entrails, intestine
  infuse vb.trans. 灌输原则/品质to instill principle/quality in
parenchyma n. 高等植物组织:薄壁活贮藏/光合细胞higher plant tissue: thin-walled living storage/photosynthetic cells
 refund vb.trans. 归还to give/put back
 refuse n. 剩余物,无价值/无用部分leavings, worthless/useless portion
190.gʰeu-:泼浇涌流 To pour, pour a libation.
  alchemy n.炼金术。al原本是阿拉伯中的定冠词,相当于英语中的the,被欧洲人误认为是单词的一部分。
     gutsy adj.勇敢的,贪婪的
     gutted 缺乏勇气的
     gutter n.水槽,檐槽,排水沟,槽,贫民区 vt.开沟于 vi.流 n.装订线
     guttering 排水系统
confused adj.困惑的;混乱的;糊涂的
confusion n.困惑,糊涂;混淆;混乱,骚乱
diffusion n.扩散,传播;漫射
 effusion n.流出,喷出
 effusive 热情洋溢的
  infusion n.灌输;浸泡;注入物;激励
perfusion n.灌注,充满
 refusal n.拒绝,回绝
transfusion n.输血,输液,灌输
     futility n.无用;徒劳;无价值

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☝身52 3673: g̑hēu- g̑hō(u)- g̑həu- 张嘴打哈欠 to gape, yawn
     chaos n. 深渊、鸿沟;混乱、熵abyss, chasm; disorder, entropy
     gas    n. 缺乏独立形状/体积的流体fluid lacking independent shape/volume
     gum    n. 牙齿颈部周围的组织覆盖着颌骨的牙槽骨部分tissue surrounding necks of teeth covering alveolar parts of jaws
803.gʰēu-:哈欠瞪眼 To yawn, gape.
     gaseous a.气体的,气态的,无实质的
     gasification n.气化,渗碳
     chaotic a.混乱的,无秩序的

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☝情23, ☝情24 3679: ghleu- 快乐,快乐,快乐 to be happy, joyful, gleeful
     glee  n. 欢乐、欢乐、欢乐joy, mirth, merriment
     gleeful adj. 快乐,光明。兴高采烈merry, lit. full of glee
182.gʰel-2:闪亮发光 To shine ;; colors, bright materials, gold

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☝交55, ☝交56 3684: ghosti-s 客人,陌生人 guest, stranger
   axenic adj. 没有其他生物free of other living organisms
     guest n. 在私人住宅中娱乐的人one entertained in persons house
     hospice n. 为旅行者/贫困者/年轻人提供的住宿,通常由宗教秩序维持lodging for travelers/underprivileged/young persons, often maintained by religious order
     hospitable adj. 热情/慷慨地接待客人 cordial/generous reception of guests
     hospital n. 慈善机构为需要帮助的人/老年人/体弱的人/年轻人charitable institution for.needy/aged/infirm/young
     hospitality n. 热情的治疗/接待/处置hospitable treatment/reception/disposition
     host  n. 圣餐面包eucharistic bread
     hostage n. 在协议履行期间作为抵押物的人person kept as pledge pending fulfillment of agreement
     hostel n. 小酒馆inn
     hostile adj. 敌人 enemy
     hotel n. 旅游住宿酒店inn, travel-lodging
     xeno- pfx. 奇怪的,外国的,外星人的strange, foreign, alien
     xenopus n. 水生无舌爪蛙aquatic tongueless clawed frog
192.gʰos-ti-:抓握留客 Stranger, guest, host ;
     hostility n.敌意;战争行动
  inhospitable a.不好客的,不适于居住的
     hospitalization n.医院收容,住院治疗,送入医院,留诊
     hospitalize vt.就医,使住院
     hotelier 旅馆经理

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☝想17 3685: ghou̯(ē)- 目瞪口呆,意识到,注意 to gawk, be aware of, pay attention to
     favor n. 外观appearance
     favorite n. 受到特别青睐/喜爱的事物something treated/regarded with special favor/liking
     gawk  adj. 左撇子left-handed
806.gʰow-ē-:尊敬荣耀 To honor, revere, worship.
     favorable a.(favourable)赞许的,有利的,讨人喜欢的
     favorably ad.赞同地,亲切地
 unfavorable adj.不利的,相反的,令人不快的,不吉利的
     favoritism n.偏爱,得宠,偏袒

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☝空53, ☝感68 3688: ghrē- ghrō- ghrə- 成长,变绿 to grow, become green
     grass n. 适合/用于放牧动物的牧草herbage suitable/used for grazing animals
     graze vb. 吃草to eat growing herbage
     green adj. 绿色 color green
     grow  vb.str. (长大了,长大了)到了春天,发展到了成熟to spring up, develop to maturity
     herb  n. 没有宿存木质组织的绿叶植物green leafy plant without persistent woody tissue
     herbaceous adj. herb herb(s)
193.gʰrē-:抓爬长草 To grow, become green.
     grew  vbl.grow的过去式
     grower n.种植者,栽培者
     growing adj.成长的
     growth n.生长,增长,发展
overgrowth 疯长
undergrowth n.下层丛林,生于大树下的矮树,发育不全
     greenery n.温室,草木
     greenish a.呈绿色的
     grassy a.绿色的,象草的
     grazing n.放牧,牧草
     herbal adj.草药的,草本的n.植物志,草本书

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☝商14 3689: 1. ghrebh-, gherbh-, root extension ghrebhā- 抓住,抓住 to grab, grasp
     grab  vb. 抢,抓to snatch, clutch
     grapple vb. 抓住,抓住to seize, hold fast
     grasp vb. 抓紧,作出抓住的动作to clutch, make motion of seizing
194.gʰrebʰ-1:抓住握紧 To seize, reach.
     grasping adj.抓的,贪婪的,握的
     grabber n.强夺者,强取者

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☝农22, ☝工31 3690: 2. ghrebh- 挖,掘,掘,掘,刮 to dig, grub, grave, scratch
     engrave vb.trans. 切开(在木头/金属上)形成to form (on wood/metal) by incision
     grave n. 尸体掩埋挖掘excavation for burial of body
     groove n. 狭长河道/洼地long narrow channel/depression
     grub  n. 软而厚的蠕虫状幼虫soft thick wormlike insect larva
195.gʰrebʰ-2:刨坑挖墓 To dig, bury, scratch.
     engraving n.雕刻术,雕版
     grubby adj.生蛆的,污秽的,邋遢的,卑鄙

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☝行45 3691: ghredh- 大步前进 to stride, march
 aggression n. 攻击、进攻行动/程序attack, offensive action/procedure
centigrade adj. 水温标度,水的冻结/沸腾间隔分为100度 thermometric scale with waters freezing/boiling interval divided into 100 degrees
congress n. 会面/聚会的行为/行动act/action of meeting/coming together
 degrade vb. 降级,降级to demote, lower in grade/rank/status
 degree n. 楼梯、台阶stair, step
  digress vb.intrans. 撇开主要话题/论据to turn aside from main topic/argument
     grade n. 过程中的阶段stage in process
     gradual adj. 循序渐进proceeding by steps/degrees
     graduate n/adj. (一)持有学位/文凭(one) holding academic degree/diploma
  ingredient n. 化合物/混合物/混合物的组成部分constituent, component part of compound/mixture/combination
progress n. 以盛会/盛会为标志的皇家之旅royal tour/journey marked by pomp/pageant
 regress n. 退出、行动/特权withdrawal, act/privilege of going/coming back
retrograde adj. 具有类似物体的反方向运动的having opposite direction w.r.t. motion of similar bodies
 aggressive a.侵略的,好斗的,有进取心的,敢作敢为的
 aggressor n.侵略者,挑衅者,侵略国
congressional adj.国会的;会议的;议会的
  digression n.离题,岔开
progression n.前进,连续
 regression n.回归;退化;逆行;复原
 regressive adj.回归的;后退的;退化的
transgression n.海侵;犯罪;违反;逸出
     grader n.分类机,分级机
     grading n.等级,坡度缓和,分阶段
     graduation n.毕业,毕业典礼,刻度,分度
postgraduate adj.大学毕业后的n.研究生
undergraduate n.大学生,大学肆业生
 degradation n.退化;降格,降级;堕落

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☝工31 3692: ghrēi- ghrəi- ghrī-, and lit. ghrei- 涂抹 to smear over
     christen vb.trans. 洗礼仪式to baptize
     cream n. 牛奶中含有18-40%乳脂的淡黄色部分yellowish part of milk having 18-40 percent butterfat
     grime n. 粘附/嵌入表面的污垢/烟灰/污迹dirt/soot/smut adhering to/embedded in surface
     grisly adj. 可怕,可怕gruesome, horrible
197.gʰrēi-:涂抹油膏 To rub.
     Christmas n.圣诞节
     grimy adj.污秽的,肮脏的
     christening 洗礼
     creamy adj.含乳脂的,奶油色的,乳脂状的

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☝商14 3693: ghreib- 抓住,抓住 to grip, grab
     gripe vb. 抓住,抓住to grip, seize
     grope vb. 盲目地/不确定地寻找to feel about blindly/uncertainly in search

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☝天56 3695: 2. ghrem- 发牢骚;回响,雷声 to grumble; resound, thunder
     grim  adj. 凶猛,愤怒,野蛮fierce, angry, savage
     grimace n. 厌恶/不赞成的表情facial expression of disgust/disapproval
     grumble vb. 咕哝不满to mutter in discontent
     pogrom n. 有组织的破坏,对无助的人的屠杀organized devastation, massacre of helpless people
808.gʰrem-:发怒 Angry.

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☝工31 3696: ghren- 用力研磨、搓、划 to grind, rub, stroke hard
     chondro- pfx. 软骨cartilage
     grind vb.str. (,研磨)通过摩擦还原成粉末to reduce to powder via friction
     grist n. 磨粒grain for grinding
     ground n. (水体)底部bottom (of water body)
mitochondrion n. 软骨体:在细胞中发现的身体chondriosome: body found in cells
     refrain vb. 抑制,抑制to curb, restrain
198.gʰrendʰ-:磙碾磨碎 To grind.
     grinder n.磨工,研磨者
     grinding adj.磨的,磨擦的,碾的
mitochondria n.<生>线粒体,线粒体( mitochondrion的名词复数 )
foreground n.前景,最显著的位置
     grounded adj.接(好)地的
     grounder n.滚地球,沿地面跳滚的球
     grounding n.基础训练,染色的底色,[电]接地
     groundless adj.无根据的,没有理由的
underground a.地下的;秘密的n.地铁ad.在地下

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☝工31 3699: 2. ghrēu- ghrəu- ghrū- 碾碎,剧烈摩擦 to crush, rub sharply
     chromatic adj. 关于:颜色感觉/现象 color sensations/phenomena
     chromato- pfx. 颜色 color
    -chrome n.sfx. 彩色的东西colored thing
     chrome n. 铬chromium
     chromium n. 蓝白多价金属blue-white multivalent metal
congruent adj. 一致的congruous
     gravel n. 沙sand
     great adj. 大的,大的big, large in size
     grit  n. 糠chaff
     grout n. 利兹lees
     grow  vb.dial. 颤抖to shiver
     gruesome adj. 令人毛骨悚然的厌恶grisly, inspiring horror/repulsion
809.gʰrēu-:刮抓辗轧 To rub, grind.
     grits 粗玉米粉
     gritty adj.有砂砾的,坚韧不拔的
congruence n.一致;适合;[数]全等
     greatly adv.很,非常

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☝行47, ☝行48 3701: gu̯ā-, gu̯em- 来吧,去吧 to come, go
acrobat n. 表演体操特技的人one who performs gymnastic feats
 adventure n. 涉及危险/未知风险的承诺undertaking involving danger/unknown risks
anabaena n. 淡水藻freshwater algae
   avenue n. 通往某个地方的开口/通道opening/passageway to some place
     base  n. 基础,底视为支撑foundation, objects bottom viewed as its support
     basis n. 基础,主成分foundation, principal component
 become vb.str. (成为,成为)存在to come into existence
circumvent vb.trans. 包围to hem in
     com vb.str. (来了,来了)接近,朝着某物移动to approach, move toward something
contravene vb.trans. 违背to go/act contrary to
convene vb. 聚在一起to come together
convenient adj. 合适的,合适的proper, suitable
convent n. 当地房屋/宗教团体/集会local house/community of religious order/congregation
convention n. 合同、协议contract, agreement
 coven  n. (13)开关的带/装配band/assembly of (13) witches
 covenant n. 紧凑、正式/庄严/有约束力的协议compact, formal/solemn/binding agreement
diabetes n. 血糖水平异常的情况condition involving abnormal levels of blood sugar
   event n. 发生,发生的事情occurrence, something that happens
   eventual adj. 偶然的,有条件的;最终的contingent, conditional; ultimate
intervene vb.intrans. 进入/显示为无关的/无关的特征/环境to enter/appear as irrelevant/extraneous feature/circumstance
  invent vb.trans. 发现,发现to find, discover
misadventure n. 不幸,不幸mishap, misfortune
overcome vb.str. (战胜,战胜)压倒,压倒,战胜to overwhelm, overpower, get the better of
prevent vb. 为(某事件)做好准备to anticipate/be ready for (some event)
provenance n. 来源,来源source, origin
 revenue n. 投资收益income derived from investment
souvenir n. 作为纪念的东西memento, something serving as reminder
     venue n. 发生指控事件的地方/县,由此产生法律诉讼place/county where alleged events take place, from which legal action arises
welcome interj. 用于在客人/新来者到达时表示问候used to express greeting to guest/newcomer upon arrival
204.gʷā-:来去骨碌 To go, come.
  inventory 所发现之物:n.存货,存货清单;详细目录;财产清册
     juggernaut n.Krishna 神像,使人盲目崇
     cam vbl.come的过去式
     comer n.来者,新来者,有成功希望的人
     comes [天]伴星;[动]伴引血管
     coming n.来达 adj.就要来的,将来的,大有前途的
 became vbl.变得
 becoming adj.合适的,适当的
 adventurer n.冒险家,投机商人
 adventurous adj.爱冒险的;大胆的;充满危险的
contravention n.违反,违背;矛盾;违法
conventional a.惯例的,常规的
conventionalism n.传统主义,墨守成规
conventionally ad.照惯例
unconventional a.非传统的,不合惯例的
convenience n.便利,方便;(pl.)便利设备
conveniently ad.方便地,合宜地
inconvenience n.麻烦,不方便之处
inconvenient a.不便的,打扰的
   eventful adj.充满大事的,多事故的,多变故的
uneventful adj.无特别事件的,无惊人事件的,平静的,平凡的
   eventuality n.<正>可能发生的事情(尤指坏事情),偶然性,不测事件
   eventually ad.终于,最后
intervention n.介入;调停;妨碍
  invention n.发明,创造,发明物
  inventive 发明的;有发明才能的;独出心裁的
  inventor n.发明人;创造者
reinvent vt.(在不知他人以发明的情况下)从复发明,彻底改造,从新使用
preventable adj.可阻止的,可预防的
preventative adj.预防性的
prevention n.预防;阻止;妨碍
preventive adj.预防的,防止的n.预防药;预防法
     basal adj.基部的,基础的
     based v.立基于,基于...,以...为基础,vbl.建立,装置
     baseless adj.无根据的,胡枝扯叶
     bases base的复数,见base
overcame overcome的过去式

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☝行33, ☝空67 3702: gu̯ā̆dh- 潜水、下沉、沉没 to dive, sink, submerge
     bathos n. 情绪低落,情绪低落,突然变得平淡无奇letdown, anticlimax, sudden commonplace in elevated style/manner
     bathy- pfx. 深,深deep, depth
819.gʷādʰ-:下沉 To sink.
818.gʷābʰ-1:沉浸下沉 To dip, sink.
     Baptist n.施洗约翰,施洗者,浸信会教友
     baptism n.浸洗,[喻]洗礼,严峻考验
     baptismal adj.洗礼的
     baptistery n.洗礼池,洗礼用桶

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☝动11 3704: 2. gu̯ēb(h)- 粘液的;青蛙的 slimy; frog
     quack n. 庸医quacksalver

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☝身74 3708: 3. gu̯ei̯-, and gu̯ei̯ə- 为了生存,生存 to live, survive
amphibian n. 两栖生物amphibious organism
amphibious adj. 水陆兼备adapted to both land and water
     bio pfx. 生命,生命有机体life, living organism
     biota n. 区域动植物群flora/fauna of region
     biotic adj. 生活 life
     cod    n. 袋子,袋子bag, sack
convivial adj. 宴请/喝酒/好朋友 feasting/drinking/good company
microbe n. 细菌、微生物germ, microorganism
     quick adj. 活着,活着,有活力,而不是死alive, living, animate, not dead
     quiver vb. 颤抖,轻微颤抖地移动to shake, move with slight tremble
 revive vb. 恢复生命/意识,重新活跃/繁荣to return to life/consciousness, become active/flourishing again
rhizobium n. 异养土壤细菌heterotrophic soil bacterium
survive vb. 活着,活着to live on, remain alive/in existence
symbiosis n. (不同的有机体)以或多或少的紧密联系生活在一起(dissimilar organisms) living together in more/less close association
     viable adj. 能够生活的capable of living
     vital adj. 作为生命的表现而存在的existing as manifestation of life
     vitamin n. 微量必需营养物质nutritional substance essential in minute quantity
     viv interj. 用来表示赞同/善意used to express approval/good will
     vivacious adj. 性情/行为活泼活泼sprightly, lively in temper/conduct
     vivid adj. 活泼、活泼:表现出旺盛的生命力/新鲜感lively, showing vigorous life/freshness
     zodiac n. 以黄道为中心线的空中假想带imaginary belt in sky with ecliptic as central line
    -zoic adj.sfx. 动物的再存在方式 animal mode of existence
    -zoon n.sfx. 动物 animal
205.gʷeiə-1:快生动物 To live.
     viper 蝰蛇
     whiskey n.威士忌酒 adj.威士忌酒的
     quicken v.加快,鼓舞,刺激,生长,加速
     quickly ad.快速地
 revival n.复兴;复活;苏醒;恢复精神;再生效
survival n.幸存,生存;幸存者,残存物
survivor n.生还者,残存物
     viability n.生存能力,发育能力;可行性
     vie    v.竞争
 revitalization n.新生复兴,复苏
 revitalize vt.使…复活;使…复兴;使…恢复生气
     vitality n.活力,生气;生命力,生动性
     vitally adv.生死攸关地,极其,紧要地
antibiotic n.抗生素adj.抗生的,抗菌的
     antimicrobial n.抗菌剂,杀菌剂 adj.抗菌的
     microbial a.微生物的,由细菌引起的
     symbol n.符号,标志;象征
     symbolic a.象征的,符号的
     symbolism n.象征,象征主义;符号论;记号
     symbolize vt.象征;用符号表现vi.采用象征;使用符号;作为…的象征

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☝身81 3711: gu̯ei̯ə- 胜利,征服,强大 to prevail, overpower, be mighty
     quench vb. 扑灭,扑灭(火/光)to extinguish, put out (fire/light)

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☝身75, ☝工23, ☝工342, ☝情31 3712: 1. gu̯el- 刺伤;痛苦、死亡、平息 to stab; pain, death, quell
     kill  vb. 剥夺生命to deprive of life
     quell n. 杀戮,屠杀killing, slaughter
     quill n. 大羽毛;编织线轴large feather; weaving spool
206.gʷelə-1:掼投滴流 To throw, reach, with further meaning to pierce.

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☝行25, ☝行32 3713: 2. gu̯el-, gu̯elə-, gu̯lē- 流,滴;扔 to flow, drip down; throw
     ball  n. 大型社交舞会聚会large gathering for social dancing
     ballad n. 舞曲dance song
     ballet n. 与轻盈流畅的身影/动作共舞dance with light flowing figures/movements
     bayadere n. 对比色条纹面料fabric with stripes in contrasting colors
     boule n. 古希腊立法会ancient Greek legislative council
 devil  n. 最邪恶的存在,例如撒旦supreme evil being, e.g. Satan
 devilish adj. 邪恶,邪恶,魔鬼evil, sinister, devil
 embolism n. 嵌入intercalation
hyperbole n. 夸张用作比喻extravagant exaggeration used as figure of speech
metabolism n. 建立/破坏生命附带的原生质的过程processes of building up/destroying protoplasm incidental to life
parable n. 比较comparison
     parliament n. 讨论公共事务的正式会议formal conference for discussing public affairs
     parlor n. 主要用于交谈/接待客人的房间room primarily used for conversation/reception of guests
     parole n. 以荣誉保证作出的承诺promise made with/confirmed by pledge of honor
problem n. 提出供考虑/解决的问题question raised for consideration/solution
     quail vb. 凋谢,衰落to wither, decline
symbol n. 曲式creedal form
206.gʷelə-1:掼投滴流 To throw, reach, with further meaning to pierce.
diabolical 糟糕透顶的
     quell v.镇压
     kill  vt.杀死,消灭;破坏,毁灭;消磨(时间)
     quill n. 大羽毛;编织线轴 large feather; weaving spool
hyperbolic 双曲线的,夸张的
metabolic adj.变化的;新陈代谢的
metabolically 代谢的(metabolic的副词形式)
metabolize 发生新陈代谢
parabolic 比喻的,寓言的,抛物线的
     parliamentary adj.议会的;国会的;议会制度的
problematic adj.问题的;有疑问的;不确定的
problematical adj.问题的,有疑问的
     killer n.杀手,凶手,杀人魔
     killing n.杀害,猎护品,赚得的一笔大钱 adj.致死的,使人疲乏的 v.杀害
anabolic adj.合成代谢的

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☝农61, ☝农66 3714: 3. gu̯el-, gu̯el-, gu̯lā- 橡子,瓦隆尼亚;橡树? acorn, valonia; oak?
     gland n. (一组)细胞选择性地处理血液中的物质(group of) cells selectively processing materials in blood
     glandular adj. 压盖 gland
824.gʷelə-2:栗子坚果 An acorn.

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☝身47 3715: gu̯elbh- 子宫;子宫;幼兽 womb, uterus; young animal
     dolphin n. 小齿鲸small, toothed whale
823.gʷelbʰ-:子宫 Womb.

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☝人22, ☝人32 3717: gu̯ē̆nā 妻子,王后,女人 wife, queen, woman
    -gyne n.sfx. 女人,女人woman, female
     gynecology n. 女性卫生/疾病研究study of womens hygiene/diseases
     queen n. 妻子/国王遗孀wife/widow of king
207.gʷen-:女王家眷 Woman. *gʷen-ā-.
     gynecologist n.妇科医生

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☝身29 3718: 1. gu̯er-, gu̯erə- 吞咽;峭壁、峡谷、喉咙 to swallow; craw, gorge, throat
     bronchial adj. 支气管 bronchi
     broncho- pfx. 支气管,支气管bronchus, bronchial
carnivore n. 肉食动物flesh-eating animal
     devour vb.trans. 狼吞虎咽to eat greedily/ravenously
     gorge n. 喉咙throat
 regurgitate vb. 倒回to be thrown/poured back
     voracious adj. 贪婪的,有巨大胃口的ravenous, having huge appetie
827.gʷerə-4:吞咽 To swallow.

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☝感81 3719: 2. gu̯er-, gu̯erə-, gu̯erəu-, gu̯erī- 严肃,沉重 grave, heavy
 aggravate vb.trans. 使负担沉重to burden, make heavy
    -bar  sfx. 重量/压力 weight/pressure
     bar    n. 气压单位(气压)unit of (barometric) pressure
     baritone n. 男低音和男高音之间的男声male singing voice between bass and tenor
     baro- pfx. 重量weight
     brig  n. 布里甘丁brigantine
     brigade n. 大军large body of troops
     brute adj/n. ()野兽() beast
     brutish adj. 粗糙,兽性,动物crude, beastly, animal
     grave adj. 有分量,权威weighty, authoritative
     gravitate vb. 通过万有引力运动to move via gravitation
     gravity n. 庄重/庄重dignity/sobriety of bearing
     grief n. 冤屈grievance
     grieve vb. 使痛苦,使受苦to distress, cause to suffer
     guru  n. 私人宗教老师,精神导师(印度教)personal religious teacher, spiritual guide (Hinduism)
208.gʷerə-2:沉重骨碌 Heavy.
     gravely adv.严肃地,庄重地,严重地,沉重地
     gravitational adj.重力的,引力的
 aggravation n.加重(病情、负担、罪行、危机等的),更恶化,恼怒,愈益严重
 aggrieved adj.愤愤不平的,受委屈的,悲痛的,<律>(在合法权利方面)受侵害的 v.令委屈,令苦恼,侵害( aggriev
     barred adj.有木栅的,隔绝的,被禁止的
     barring prep.不包括,除非

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☝情79, ☝说13 3721: 4. gu̯er(ə)- 赞扬、祝贺、提高嗓门 to praise, congratulate, raise one's voice
   agree vb. 承认,承认to concede, admit
congratulate vb.trans. 向…表示高兴:成功/好运to express pleasure to, success/good fortune
disgrace n. 失宠/失宠/失宠loss of grace/favor/honor
     grace n. 为重生/成圣而给予人类的不应得的神的帮助unmerited divine assistance given to man for regeneration/sanctification
     grate adj. 高兴,感激pleasing, thankful
     grateful adj. 感谢收到的好处appreciating benefits received
     gratify vb.trans. 报酬to remunerate
     gratitude n. 感恩,感恩的状态thankfulness, state of being grateful
     gratuitous adj. 无偿/无偿given unearned/without recompense
     gratuity n. 小费,自愿给予的东西tip, something given voluntarily
  ingratiate vb.trans. 通过刻意的努力获得好感to gain favor by deliberate effort
209.gʷerə-3:庄重感恩 To favor.
disgraceful adj.可耻的,不名誉的
     graceful a.优美的,文雅的,大方的
     gracefully adv.优美地,优雅地,雅致地,温文地
     gracious adj.亲切的;高尚的;和蔼的;雅致的
     gratefully adv.感激地,感谢地,令人快意地,舒适地
     grating n.门窗的栅栏,[物理]光栅,摩擦,摩擦声 adj.刺耳的
 ungrateful adj.不感激的,不领情的,忘恩负义的,讨厌的
     gratification n.满意;喜悦;使人满意之事
     gratifying adj.悦人的,令人满足的
   agreeable a.符合的;一致的;欣然同意的;令人愉快的
   agreeably adv.令人愉快地,惬意地,同意地,一致地
   agreement n.协定;协议;契约;达成协议;同意,一致
disagree vi.不一致,不适宜,不同意,争执
disagreeable adj.<正> 不合意的,令人不快的,讨厌的,(人)不友善的
disagreement n.不一致,争论,意见不同
congratulation n.(on)祝贺,(pl.)祝贺词
congratulatory adj.祝贺的

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☝天81, ☝农55, ☝农56, ☝时28 3724: gu̯es-, zgu̯es- 熄灭,熄灭 to quench, extinguish
     asbestos n. 耐热纤维矿物heat-resistant fibrous mineral
828.gʷes-:被扑灭 To be extinguished.

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☝农6 3726: 1. gu̯et- 树脂 resin
     quid  n. 切碎的东西cut/wad of something chewable
829.gʷet-1:树枝 Resin(?).
     bituminous adj.含沥青的

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☝说21 3727: 2. gu̯et- 说话,说话 to speak, talk
     bequeath vb.trans. 依遗嘱给予/离开to give/leave by will
     bequest n. 遗赠,遗赠legacy, action of bequeathing
210.gʷet-2:说出 To say, speak. *gʷet-.

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☝空53 3728: gu̯et- 肿胀 的 swelling
     botulism n. 肉毒杆菌急性食物中毒acute food poisoning from botulin
     bowel n. 肠,肠gut, intestine(s)
830.gʷet-3:心肠 Intestine.

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☝动22, ☝动23 3734: gu̯ou- 牛,牛,高卢人 cow, ox, gaur
     beef  n. 成年家牛肉flesh of adult domestic bovine
     bovine adj/n. ()牛/牛() ox/cow
     buffalo n. 东半球象牛的哺乳动物oxlike Old World mammal
     bugle n. 带杯形吹口的铜管乐器(如小号)brass instrument with cupped mouthpiece (like trumpet)
     bulimia n. 贪得无厌insatiable appetite
     butter n. 搅拌牛奶/奶油制成的固体食品乳液solid food emulsion made by churning milk/cream
     cow    n. 成年母牛mature female of cattle
     proboscis n. 象鼻(如大象的鼻子)trunk (e.g. of elephant)
217.gʷou-:圈养牛 Ox, bull, cow.
     cowslip 野生报春花
     bucolic 牧牛的adj.牧歌的,乡下风味的n.农夫,田园诗
     boy    n.男孩子,儿子;男性服务员
     butt  n.粗大的一端,靶垛,笑柄 v.以头抵撞,碰撞
     buttery n.食品室,酒贮藏室 adj.像黄油样的,奉承的
     boyhood n.少年时代
     boyish adj.男孩的,孩子气的,(女孩)像男孩的

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☝身41 3739: gu̯rendh- 膨胀;乳房 to swell; breast
     grand adj. 伟大,庄严,最重要great, stately, foremost

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☝空55, ☝空63 3740: gu̯retso- 又大又厚,很恶心 big, thick, gross
 engross vb.trans. 用大字抄写to copy/write with large letters
     grocer n. 食品/其他大宗商品交易商dealer in foodstuffs/other staple commodities
     gross adj. 立即明显/明显immediately obvious/noticeable
832.gʷres-:肥胖厚重 Thick, fat.
     grocery n.食品杂货店

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☝情61, ☝说35 3744: gu̯hedh- 乞求,乞求,祈求 to ask, beg, wish for
manifest adj. 易被感官察觉的,尤指通过视觉readily perceived by senses, esp. by sight
211.gʷʰedʰ-:祷告 To ask, pray.
     bid v.祝愿;命令,吩咐;报价,投标n.出众,投标
     bead  n.珠子,水珠
     beaded adj.饰以珠的,珠状的
  infestation n.(害虫、盗贼等)群袭,出没,横行
manifestation n.表现;显示;示威运动

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☝身11, ☝身15, ☝工19 3746: gu̯heiə- gu̯hī- 静脉、肌腱、肌腱 vein, sinew, tendon
     filament n. 单线程,细线状对象/进程/附件single thread, thin threadlike object/process/appendage
     fil n. 把东西放整齐的文件夹/柜子/容器folder/cabinet/container to keep things in order
     fillet n. 带状/窄条材料ribbon/narrow strip of material
profile n. 轮廓表示法representation in outline
214.gʷʰī-:丝线脉腱 Thread, tendon.
     filigree 金银丝饰品
     filamentous adj.细丝状的,纤维所成的,如丝的
     filing n.整理成档案,文件归档,锉

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☝工21 3753: 2. gu̯hen(-ə)- 打、打、挡 to hit, strike, fend
 defend vb. 防止to prevent
 defense n. 防御/预防行为act of defending/preventing
     fence n. 防御,保护手段defense, means of protection
     fend  vb. 保卫to defend
     gun    n. 具有高初速/平弹道的弹药piece of ordnance with high muzzle velocity/flat trajectory
 offend vb. 犯了罪,违反了道德/神的律法to sin, transgress moral/divine law
 offense n. 绊倒act of stumbling
212.gʷʰen-:嘭嘭击打 To strike, kill.
     bane 造成困扰的事物
     gunner n.炮手,炮长,带枪猎人,管理军械(库)的准尉
 defence n.防卫,防御,防卫设备,答辩
 defendant n.被告adj.辩护的,为自己辩护的
 defender n.防卫者,守卫者;辩护者;拥护者;卫冕者
 defensible a.可防御的
 defensive n.|a.防御(的)
indefensible 难以防守的,无可争辩的
 defenseless a.无防备的
self-defense n.正当防卫,自卫
     fencing n.剑术,击剑
     fender defender的缩写:n.挡泥板,防护物,碰垫
inoffensive 不冒犯人的
 offender n.罪犯;冒犯者;违法者
 offensive a.冒犯的,攻击的n.攻势,进攻

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☝动11 3754: g̑hu̯ē̆r- 野生动物 wild animal
     feral adj. 野人,野兽savage, wild beast
     ferocious adj. 野蛮,凶猛savage, fierce
     fierce adj. 性情极端敌对/好斗violently hostile/aggressive in temperament
     treacle n. 以前用作毒药的化合物medicinal compound formerly used as poison remedy
199.gʰwer-:猛兽 Wild beast.
     fiercely ad.猛烈地,厉害地
     ferocity n.凶猛,残忍,暴行

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☝感85 3755: gu̯her- 热的,热的 warm, hot
     forceps n. 抓握/保持/施加牵引力的仪器instrument for grasping/holding/exerting traction
     furnace n. 产生热量的封闭结构enclosed structure for producing heat
     gore  n. (凝结的)血液(clotted) blood
    -therm n.sfx. 有(规定)体温的动物animal having (specified) body temperature
    -thermy n.sfx. 热状态state of heat
     war adj. 适度加热moderately heated
213.gʷʰer-:嘭烹发热 To heat, warm.
     burn  v.燃烧,烧着;烧毁;灼伤n.烧伤,灼伤
     brimstone 硫磺
     brand n.商标,标记,牌子v.使铭记;打火印,打烙印
     brandy n.白兰地酒,(夹心)糖果
     brandish vt.挥舞 n.挥舞
hypothermia n.降低体温
     burner n.火炉,烧火的人
     burning adj.燃烧的,强烈的,极严重的 v.燃烧
     warmer n.使热的人,温热装置
     warmly adv.温暖地,亲切地,热烈地,热心地
     warmth n.暖和,温暖;热心,热情

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☝身4, ☝情11, ☝想11 3759: gu̯hren- 隔膜;思想、灵魂 diaphragm; mind, soul
     frantic adj. 精神错乱mentally deranged
     frenetic adj. 疯狂的,疯狂的frantic, frenzied
     frenzy n. 一时的疯狂temporary madness
paraphrase n. 重述文本/作品/段落,以另一种形式赋予意义restatement of text/work/passage, giving meaning in another form
     phrase n. 措辞、特色风格/表达方式diction, characteristic style/manner of expression
    -phrastic adj.sfx. 复杂思想 complex of ideas
     -phrenia n.sfx. 精神功能紊乱状态condition of disordered mental functions
     phreno- pfx. 意识,隔膜mind, diaphragm
216.gʷʰren-:狂想 To think.
     frantically adv.疯狂地,狂热地
     phrasing n.措词

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☝说14 3760: hā̆ (惊喜:哈!哦!) (surprise: ha! oh!)

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☝说14 3761: ha ha! (笑声) (laughter)
     cackle vb. 发出母鸡般的声音to emit hen-like sound/noise

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☝情42, ☝法37 3764: i̯ā- i̯ō- 惩罚,生气,激动 to punish, be angry, excited
     jealous adj. 不容忍竞争/不忠intolerant of rivalry/unfaithfulness
     zeal  n. 热情、急切、热烈的兴趣fervor, eagerness, ardent interest
     zealot n. 狂热的(古犹太)教派的成员member of fanatical (ancient Judaean) sect
1187.yā-:寻求 To seek, request, desire.
     zealous adj.热心的,热情的,积极的
     jealousy n.嫉妒;猜忌;戒备
     hagio- pfx. 神圣的holy
1188.yag-:敬拜崇敬 To worship ; reverence.
     Agnes
     dinner n.正餐,宴会
     dine v.吃饭,进餐
     diner n.用餐者
     dining n.吃饭

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☝工11, ☝行25 3771: i̯ē- i̯ə- 做,扔,投射 to do, throw, project
 abject adj. 沉入低状态sunk to low condition
 adjacent adj. 近在咫尺,不远nearby, not distant
 adjective adj. 形容词 adjective
catheter n. 插入管道/血管/通道/体腔的管状医疗器械tubular medical device inserted into canals/vessels/passageways/body cavities
conjecture n. 预兆解读interpretation of omens
   ejaculate vb. 从活体排出to eject from living body
   eject vb.trans. 用体力驱赶to drive out by physical force
     enema n. 经肛门向肠内注射液体injection of liquid into intestine by way of anus
     gist  n. 诉讼依据basis for legal action
  inject vb.trans. 投入/推动/强迫to throw/drive/force into
interject vb.trans. 插入,插入to interpolate, throw in between/among other things
     jess  n. 短皮带固定在老鹰的腿上short strap secured on hawks leg
     jettison n. 自愿牺牲货物以减轻船舶遇险时的负荷voluntary cargo sacrifice to lighten ships load when in distress
     jetty n. 延伸至海/湖/河中的结构物,以影响潮汐/水流和/或保护港口structure extended into sea/lake/river to influence tide/current and/or protect harbor
 object n. 看到的/触摸到的/以其他方式感觉到的东西something seen/touched/otherwise sensed
project n. 方案、具体方案/设计scheme, specific plan/design
 reject vb.trans. 拒绝提交/默许/承认to refuse to submit/acquiesce/acknowledge
subject n. 一个(置于)控制/授权之下one (placed) under control/authority
476.yē-:投扔挤喷 To throw, impel.
     jet    n.喷气发动机,喷气式飞机;喷口v.喷出,喷射
     jut    v.(使)突出,(使)伸出,突击 n.突出部分,伸出部分
     eas v.减轻;使舒适,使安心n.容易;舒适,悠闲
 adjectival adj.形容词的,形容词性的,(作家或作品)以堆砌形容词为特点的,<婉>该死的 n.<语>形容词性词语
 dejected 沮丧的
   ejaculation n.射出,突然的喊出
   ejection n.喷出,排出物,抛出,出坯,射出
  injection n.注射,注射剂,(毛细血管等的)充血,(人造卫星,宇宙飞船等的)射入轨道
  injector n.注射器,喷嘴
interjection 感叹词
 objectification 人格物化
 objection n.(to)反对,异议,不喜欢,反对的理由
 objectionable adj.引起反对的,讨厌的
 objector 反对者
projection n.投射;规划;突出;发射;推测
projector n.投影仪;放映机;探照灯;设计者
 rejection n.抛弃;拒绝;被抛弃的东西
subjection n.征服,制伏,臣服,顺从

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☝说21 3775: i̯ek- 说话 to speak
     jeopardy n. 危险,面临死亡/损失/伤害的危险/迫在眉睫danger, exposure to/imminence of death/loss/injury
     jewel n. 宝石饰品precious stone ornament
     jok n. 使人发笑的言行something said/done to provoke laughter
     juggle vb. 对物体进行物理戏法to perform physical tricks with objects
478.yek-1:讲话戏谑 To speak.
     jeweler n.珠宝商,宝石匠,钟表商,钟表匠
     jeweller n.珠宝商,珠宝店,钟表匠,宝石匠
     jewelry n.珠宝
     joker 百搭,王牌
     jokingly adv.开玩笑地,打趣地
     jeopardize v.危害

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☝身83, ☝商23 3776: i̯ēk- i̯ək- 治愈 to heal
     panacea n. 包治百病cure-all, remedy for all ills/difficulties
1191.yēk-:治愈 To heal.

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☝身45 3777: i̯ē̆ku̯-r̥(t-), genitive i̯eku̯-n-és 肝脏 liver
     heparin n. 多糖硫酸酯polysaccharide sulfuric acid ester
     hepatic adj. 肝脏 liver
     hepatitis n. 肝脏炎症liver inflammation
     hepato- pfx. 肝脏liver
     liver n. 分泌胆汁的腺性脊椎动物器官。glandular vertebrate organ secreting bile etc.
479.yē̆kwr̥:肝脏生命 Liver.

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☝商15 3779: i̯em- 配对,配对,击败,双生;孪生 to hold, match, defeat, geminate; twin
     even  adj. 平整、光滑、平整、均匀flat, smooth, level, uniform
1192.yem-:配对 To pair.

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☝行31 3782: i̯es- 沸腾,起泡 to boil, foam up
 eczema n. 炎症性皮肤病inflammatory skin condition
     yeast n. 用于烘焙/酿造的真菌细胞fungal cells used in baking/brewing
481.yes-:沸腾冒泡 To boil, foam, bubble.

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☝吃17 3784: 1. i̯eu- 混合,混合 to mix, mingle (of meal preparation)
 enzyme n. 复合蛋白质生产物质通过活细胞complex proteinaceous substance.produced by living cells
     juice n. 细胞/组织的液体含量fluid contents of cells/tissues
    -zyme n.sfx. 酶enzyme
1194.yeuə-:混合食物 To blend, mix food.
     juicy a.多汁(液)的
coenzyme n.辅酶
 enzymatic adj.酶的,酶促,酶催化

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☝行78, ☝空22 3785: 2. i̯eu-, i̯eu̯ə-, i̯eu-g- 把…绑在一起 to yoke, join, tie together
 adjoin vb. 通过连接来添加/附加to add/attach by joining
 adjust vb. 使达到更令人满意的状态to bring to more satisfactory state
     adjutant n. 助手,参谋aide, staff officer
     adjuvant adj. 帮助/贡献serving to aid/contribute
     aid    vb. 帮忙,帮忙to help, assist
     aide  n. 助理助理assistant, aide-de-camp
conjugal adj. 婚姻/已婚状态/婚姻关系 marriage/married state/matrimonial relations
conjugate adj. 成对连接在一起coupled, joined together as pair(s)
 enjoin vb.trans. 以权威的命令指挥/施加to direct/impose by authoritative order
  injunction n. 训诫、命令、禁止的行为/实例admonition, order, act/instance of enjoining
     join  vb. 组合成一个整体to put/bring together to form unit
     joint adj. 联合,联合combined, united
     joust vb.intrans. 骑马作战to fight on horseback
     jugular adj. 喉咙/颈部 throat/neck
     junction n. 加入的行为/状态act/state of joining/being joined
     junta n. 政治/政府委员会council/committee for political/governmental purposes
 rejoin vb. 回答原告的复制to answer replication of plaintiff
 rejoinder n. 被告应诉复制原告defendants answer to plaintiffs replication
     yog n. 印度教有神论哲学:抑制身心活动Hindu theistic philosophy suppression of body/mind activity
     yok n. 把吃草的动物连接在一起工作的木条/框架wooden bar/frame by which draft animals are joined to work together
     zygote n. 由两个配子结合形成的细胞cell formed by union of 2 gametes
483.yeug-:约合生长 To join.
     jostle v.挤,推,争夺 n.挤拥,推撞
     juxtapose vt.并列;并置
     juxtaposition n.并置,并列;毗邻
     juncture n.连接,结合,接缝
conjugation n.结合
 adjustable adj.可调整的
 adjuster n.调停者,调节器
 adjustment n.调整,调节
     joiner 细木工
disjointed 支离破碎的
     jointly adv.共同地,联合地,连带地,旅

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☝时14 3786: 3. i̯eu- 年轻的 young
     junior adj. 较年轻的younger
     juvenile adj. 年轻,生理上不成熟/未发育young, physiologically immature/undeveloped
 rejuvenate vb. 为了重振旗鼓,使年轻/年轻to reinvigorate, make young/youthful again
     young adj. 生命/生长/发育的第一/早期阶段 first/early phase of life/growth/development
     youngster n. 儿童、青少年child, young person
     youth n. 生长发育的生命阶段life phase of growth/development
482.yeu-:幼年活力 Vital force, youthful vigor.
     Jun 朱诺
     younger adj. 较年轻的; n. 少年;儿童
     youngest adj. 年纪最小的; n. 年纪最小的人
     youthful adj.年轻的,青年的
     youths 名词youth的复数形式. n. 青少年
 rejuvenation n.返老还童,恢复活力,回春,复壮

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☝法12 3792: i̯eu̯os- 规则、权利、正义、法规 rule, right, justice, statute
conjure vb. 恳请to charge/entreat earnestly/solemnly
  injury n. 错误的,造成伤害的行为wrong, act that damages/hurts
     juridical adj. 法官办公室/司法行政 office of judge/administration of justice
     jurisdiction n. 适用/解释法律的权利/权力/权力right/power/authority to apply/interpret law
     jurist n. 通晓法律知识的人one having thorough knowledge of law
     jur n. 人们宣誓对提交给他们的问题作出裁决men sworn to give verdict on matter submitted to them
     just  adj. 合理的,符合事实/理由的reasonable, conforming to/having basis in fact/reason
     justice n. 公平,公正的品质fairness, quality of being just
484.yewes-:约法合理 Law.
     jurisprudence n.法律体系;法学及其分支;法律知识;法院审判规程
  injure v.损害,损伤,伤害
  injured adj.受伤的,受损害的,受委屈的
  injurious 伤害的
perjury n.伪证;伪誓;背信弃义
     justly adv.公正地,正当地,应得地,恰当地
 unjust adj.不公平的,不公正的;非正义的
  injustice n.不公正,非正义,不讲道义

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☝穿57 3797: i̯ō[u]s- i̯ūs- 腰带;腰带 belt; to gird
     zon n. 地球表面w.r.t.纬度/温度的划分division of earths surface w.r.t. latitude/temperature
1199.yōs-:束腰 To gird.
     zoning n.(城市规划中分成工厂区、住宅区等的)分区制,成区,分带

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☝人1 3798: 1. i̯u- 你(复数) you (plural)
     rendezvous n. 会议/集会指定地点place appointed for meeting/assembling
     ye    pron.2. 你you
     you    pron.2. (一个正在处理)(one(s) being addressed)
486.yu-:你们 You.

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☝情22, ☝说14 3799: 2. i̯ū̆ 嚎叫 yowl (exclamation of joy/wonder)
     jubilant adj. 兴高采烈,表现出极大的喜悦exultant, expressing great joy
     jubilation n. 欢欣鼓舞rejoicing, being jubilant

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☝情61, ☝情62 3800: kā- 喜欢、希望、渴望 to like, wish, desire
     caress n. 亲昵、友好/友爱的行为/表达endearment, act/expression of kindness/affection
     charity n. 爱love
     cherish vb.trans. 珍爱,感受/表现出对to hold dear, feel/show affection for
     whore n. 妓女,妓女prostitute, woman who whores
     charitable adj.慈善事业的;慷慨的,仁慈的;宽恕的

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☝商24 3803: kadh- 守卫、掩护、保护 to guard, cover, protect
     hat    n. 帽檐/冠形头罩head covering with brim/shaped crown
     heed  vb. 注意to pay attention
     hood  n. 头部/颈部柔性覆盖物flexible covering for head/neck
     hooded adj.戴头巾的,有罩盖的

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☝行23 3804: 1. k̑ad- 倒下 to fall
 accident n. 偶然发生/原因不明的事件event occurring by chance/from unknown causes
 accidental adj. 不重要,事故nonessential, accident
     cadaver n. 尸体(用于解剖)corpse (intended for dissection)
     cadence n. 有节奏的语声序列rhythmic sequence/flow of language sounds
     cascade n. 陡坡,多次落水steep, multiple fall of water
     case  n. 环境/条件集set of circumstances/conditions
     casual adj. 偶然发生的subject to/resulting from/occurring by chance
     casualty n. 灾难、严重/致命事故disaster, serious/fatal accident
     chance n. 无缘无故地发生的事情something happening unpredictably, without apparent cause
     chute n. 瀑布waterfall
 deca vb. 衰败to decline from sound/prosperous condition
 deciduous adj. 落叶(如秋天的叶子)falling off (e.g. of leaves in autumn)
  incident n. 事件、发生、发生event, happening, occurrence
 occasion n. (有利)环境/机会(favorable) circumstance/opportunity
 recidivism n. 复发倾向tendency to recidivate
219.kad-:天降事变 To fall.
     casing n.包装,保护性的外套
 accidentally a.意外的,偶然(发生)的
  incidence n.影响程度,影响范围;发生率
  incidental adj.附带的;偶然的;容易发生的
  incidentally adv.附带地,顺便提及
 occasional a.偶然的,非经常的,特殊场合的;临时的
 occasionally adv.偶尔;间或

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☝情41 3806: k̑ād- k̑ədes- k̑əd-s- 憎恨、不快、不安 hate, displeasure, uneasiness
     hate  n. 由于恐惧/愤怒/伤害而产生的强烈厌恶/敌意intense aversion/hostility due to fear/anger/injury
     heinous adj. 可恶的,可恶的abominable, hatefully/shockingly evil
835.kād-:遗憾悔恨 Sorrow, hatred.
     hatred n.憎恨,憎恶,怨恨
     hateful adj.可恨的,讨厌的,可恶的

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☝穿35, ☝工75 3808: kagh- kogh- 缝纫、编结等。 to sew, plait, etc.
     cay    n. 低礁/珊瑚岛/沙滩low reef/islet of coral/sand
     colander n. 食物引流穿孔器具perforated utensil for food drainage
     hag    n.arch. 妖精,女魔,邪恶/可怕的灵魂hobgoblin, female demon, evil/frightening spirit
     haggard adj. 不驯服not tamed
     hawthorn n. 春花刺灌木spring-flowering spiny shrub
     hedge n. 密集灌木/树木成排围栏/边界dense shrub/tree row forming fence/boundary
     key    n. 珊瑚礁cay
percolate vb. 过滤,使通过可渗透的物质to filter, cause to pass through permeable substance
     quay  n. 装卸船通航水域旁铺砌/固体人工堤paved/solid artificial bank beside navigable water for loading/unloading ships
837.kagʰ-:围住篱笆 To catch, seize ; wickerwork, fence.
     keys n. 【计】密钥;键;关键;钥匙;关键帧

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☝天44 3809: kaghlo- 白垩、卵石 chalk, pebble
     chalk n. 软灰色/白色钙质石灰岩soft gray/white calcitic limestone
     hail  n. 成层球状/块状的冰沉淀ice precipitation as layered balls/lumps
     chalky adj.白垩的

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☝感85 3812: 3. kā̆i-, kī̆- 热 heat
     heat  n. 温暖,炎热的状态warmth, condition of being hot
     hoarse adj. 声音粗糙/刺耳/刺耳rough/harsh/grating in sound
     hot    adj. 有高温的having high temperature
221.kai-:烤火加热 Heat.
     hotly adv.暑热地,热心地,激烈地
     heated adj.热的,激昂的,兴奋的
     heater n.加热器
preheat vt.预先加热
 reheat vt.再热,将…重新加热

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☝身83, ☝感57 3816: kai-lo-, kai-lu- 聪明,健壮,健康 bright; hale, whole, healthy
     hail  interj. [用来表示]喝彩[used to express] acclamation
     hale  adj. 健康,无缺陷/疾病/虚弱sound, free from defect/disease/infirmity
     heal  vb. 使/变得健全/完整to make/become sound/whole
     health n. 一般身体状况general bodily condition
     holiday n. 点燃。圣日lit. holy day
     hol adj. 神圣的,专门为神服务的sacred, set apart to service of deity
     whole adj. 没有受伤,没有受伤unhurt, free of wound/injury
     wholesome adj. 促进健康/福祉promoting health/well-being
222.kailo-:神明囫囵 Whole, uninjured, of good omen.
     halibut n.大比目鱼
     wholly ad.完全地,全部,一概
     healthful a.有益健康的
     healthy a.健康的,健壮的;有益健康的,卫生的
 unhealthy adj.不健康的,对健康有害的
     healer n.医治者,治病术士
     healing n.康复,复原 adj.有治疗功用的
     holiness n.神圣,(对教皇的尊称)陛下
 unholy adj.不神圣的,不洁净的,邪恶的,不合理的
     holidays 名词holiday的复数形式. n. 假日
     hallowed adj.神圣化的,神圣的

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☝天41 3819: kaito- 切特,森林,森林 chet, woods, forest
     chet  n. 森林/森林(地名)woods/forest (in place names)
     heath n. 灌木状双子叶常绿植物shrubby dicotyledonous evergreen plant(s)
     heathen adj. 异教徒宗教/习俗 pagan religion/customs
     heather n. 健康heath

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☝身66 3821: kakka- 咯咯,大便(托儿所词) to cack, defecate (nursery word)
     caco- pfx. 坏的bad
     cacophony n. 不和谐,刺耳的不和谐的声音dissonance, jarring discordant sound

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☝交58 3824: 2. k̑ak-, k̑ek-? 为了帮助您,请启用 to help, enable
     hatch vb. 孵卵,孵化繁殖to brood, reproduce by incubation
840.kak-:有助 To enable, help.
     hatchery n.孵卵所

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☝感74 3827: 1. kal- 硬的,无情的;起泡的 hard, callous; blister
     callous adj. 硬化、加厚hardened, thickened
     callus n. 皮肤/树皮增厚区thickened area of skin/bark
843.kal-3:坚硬的 Hard.

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☝身83, ☝情81 3828: 2. kal-, kali-, kalu- 英俊,美丽;健康 handsome, beautiful; healthy
     calligraphy n. (制作艺术)笔迹优美(art of producing) fair/elegant handwriting
842.kal-2:美丽的 Beautiful.
     kaleidoscope 万花筒

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☝工14 3831: kam-er- 弯曲,弯曲 to bend, curve
     chamber n. 房间;卧室;隔间room; bedroom; compartment
     comrade n. 伴侣、密友/合伙人companion, intimate friend/associate

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☝工14 3834: kam-p- 弯曲 to bend
     campaign n. 向着目标的行动operations toward a goal
     campus n. (学校)场地/建筑物(school) grounds/buildings
     champion n. 最终胜利者final victor
     gambit n. 国际象棋开局:棋手冒着小棋子争夺位置chess opening: player risks minor pieces for position
844.kamp-:弯曲 To bend.
     campaigner n.从军者,出征者,竞选者
     championship n.锦标赛;冠军称号;冠军的地位

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☝感44, ☝说12 3835: kan- 唱,唱,唱 to sing, chant, sound
 accent n. 独特的口头表达方式distinctive manner of oral expression
     cant  n. 受影响的单曲演讲affected singsong speech
     canto n. 长诗大部major division of long poem
     cantor n. 歌手、团长、合唱团团长singer, precentor, choir leader
     chant vb. 唱歌,发出悦耳的声音to sing, make melodic vocal sounds
     chantry n. 群众歌咏基金endowment for chanting of masses
     charm n. 咒语、吟诵/背诵咒语incantation, chanting/reciting of magic spell
     hen    n. 母鸡(家禽)female chicken, (domestic) fowl
  incantation n. 咒语/口头咒语作为魔法仪式的一部分spells/verbal charms sung/spoken as part of magic ritual
  incentive n. 倾向于煽动行动/决心的东西something tending to incite action/determination
 recant vb. 正式地/公开地放弃、撤回/否认to renounce, withdraw/repudiate formally/publicly
 accentuate vt.强调,重读
disenchanted 不再着迷的
disenchantment n.觉醒,清醒
 enchanting adj.迷人的;妩媚的
 enchantment n.魅力;魔法;着迷;妖术
disincentive 遏制因素
     charmer n.对异性有吸引力的人
     charming adj.迷人的
     charmingly adv.迷人地,愉悦地

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☝感56, ☝感57 3836: kand-, skand-, and Indo-Iranian (s)kend- 发光,发光;明亮,明亮 to glow, shine; bright, candent
     candelabrum n. 带几盏灯的枝形灯/烛台branched lamp/candlestick with several lights
     candid adj. 白色white
     candida n. 酵母样真菌yeast-like fungus
     candidate n. 提供职位/荣誉/会员资格的人one who offers for office/honor/membership
     candle n. 圆柱形蜡/兽脂块,用棉/亚麻灯芯点燃cylindrical wax/tallow mass with cotton/linen wick burned to give light
     candor n. 光彩,洁白brilliance, whiteness
  incandescent adj. 明亮、明亮、明亮bright, candent, luminous
  incendiary n. 纵火者纵火焚烧建筑物/其他财产的人one who sets fire to building/other property
  incense n. 燃烧时产生芳香气味的材料material used to produce fragrant odor when burned
226.kand-:发光蜡烛 To shine.
     candidacy n.候选资格;候选状态

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☝空76 3838: kan-tho- 曲线、角度、角 curve, angle, corner
     canteen n. 交换后post exchange
     canton n. 部门、部门section, division
863.kemb-:回转交换 To bend, turn, change, exchange.
     Cambridge
     change n.改变,变化;零钱v.更换,调换,交换;改变
 exchange v./n.(for)交换,兑换;交流,交易;交换台
     hump  n.驼峰,峰丘.v.(使)隆起
interchange vt.(指两人等)交换 v.相互交换
     changeable a.可改变的,无常的
     changer n.改变者,动摇者
interchangeable a.可互换的,可交换的
interchangeably adv.可交换地,可交替地
 unchanging a.不变的
 decanter 雕花玻璃酒瓶
 exchanger n.交换器机,剂,换放,散热器

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☝商14 3839: kap- 抓住,抓住,抓住;拥有? to cop, grab, grasp; have?
 accept vb. 同意接受to receive with consent
anticipate vb. 预先考虑/治疗/讨论to give thought/treatment/discussion in advance
 behave vb. 以特定的方式忍受(自己)to bear/comport (oneself) in particular way
 behoove vb. 适当/必要/有利to be proper/necessary/advantageous
     cable n. 结实的绳子,特别是直径超过3英寸的绳子strong rope, esp. 3+ inches in diameter
     capable adj. 易感,能做susceptible, able to do
     caption n. 法律文书的一部分part of legal instrument
     captive adj. 作为囚犯taken/held as prisoner
     captor n. 抓到人/物的人one who has captured person/thing
     capture n. 用武力/诡计/策略抓住/控制catching/gaining control by force/guile/stratagem
     catch vb.str. (被抓住)追捕后抓住to seize/capture after pursuit
     cater n. 供应品买方buyer of provisions
     chase n. 追逐,追逐的行为pursuit, act of chasing
     conceit n. 虚荣vain pride
conceive vb. 怀孕to become pregnant
concept n. 概念,抽象的形象notion, abstract figuration
conception n. 怀孕开始onset of pregnancy
     cop    n. 铜copper
     copper n. 警察,警察policeman, one who cops
 deceive vb. 诱捕to ensnare
 except prep. 排除/例外with exclusion/exception of
     forceps n. 抓握/保持/施加牵引力的仪器instrument for grasping/holding/exerting traction
     gaf n. 捕鱼/海龟用的矛(头)spear(head) for taking fish/turtles
     hav vb.irr. 作为财产持有/占有to hold/possess as property
     haven n. 港口,港口port, harbor
     hawk  n. 昼食鸟diurnal bird of prey
     heave vb.str/wk. (hove)举起、升起、升起to lift, raise, elevate
     heavy adj. 很重的having great weight
     heft  n. 体积、重量、重量bulk, weight, heaviness
  inception n. 开始,开始beginning, commencement
  incipient adj. 开始,开始(明显)commencing, beginning to be (apparent)
intercept vb.trans. 停止/中断进程/进程to stop/interrupt course/progress
municipal adj. 国家内部事务/其他政治单位 internal affairs of nation/other political unit
 occupy vb.trans. 吸引注意力/精力to engage attention/energies of
participate vb. 分享to partake
perceive vb.trans. 了解to attain awareness/understanding of
precept n. 作为一般规则的命令/原则command/principle intended as general rule
 receive vb. 获得、占有/占有to get, take/come into possession of
 receptor n. (感觉刺激)接收器(sensory stimulus) receiver
 recipe n. 处方prescription
 recover vb. 要重获胜利,就得回去to regain, get back
 recuperate vb. 要重获胜利,就得回去to regain, get back
susceptible adj. 提交行动/流程/操作 submitting to action/process/operation
     has vbl.have 的第三人称单数现在式
     hath vbl.[废]have的第三人称单数现在式
 behaved v. (使)守规矩;工作;(行为或举止)表现
 behavior n.(behaviour)行为,举止;(机器等)运转情况
     heavily adv.在很大程度上,沉重地,大量地,缓慢又高声地
     heaviness n.沉重,重量,可称性
     hawker 小贩
     hawkish 鹰派的
     hefty adj.重的,肌肉发达的
     cabling n.卷缆柱,卷绳状雕饰
     capability n.才能,能力;性能,容量
  incapable adj.不能干的,不胜任的
     capacity n.容量,容积;能量,能力;接受力
  incapacity n.无能力,伤残,(法律上)无行为能力
     captivating adj.迷人的,有魅力的
     captivity n.囚禁;俘虏
 recapture n.取回,夺回,政府对公司超额收益或利润的征收 vt.拿回,夺回,再体验,政府征收再经历,再体验
     catcher n.捕手,捕捉者;接球手
     catching adj.(接触)传染的,有魅力的,迷人的
     catchment n.排水,集水
     catchy adj.引人注意的;容易记住的;易使人上当的
     caterer n.提供外烩服务者,承办酒席者
     chaser n.猎人,驱逐舰
 acceptability n.可接受性
 acceptable adj.可接受的,合意的
 acceptance n.接受,接收,验收,接纳;承认,认可
 accepting 接受
unacceptable a.不能接受的,不受欢迎的
unacceptably 不能接受的;不受欢迎的
anticipation n.希望;预感;先发制人;预支
anticipatory adj.期待着的,提早发生的
unanticipated a.不曾预料到的
conceivable a.可能的,想得到的
conceivably ad.可想到地,想象中,令人信服地
conceptual adj.概念上的
conceptualization n.化为概念,概念化
conceptualize v.使有概念
conceptually adv.概念地
inconceivable adj.不能想像的,难以相信的
preconception n.预想,偏见
 deception n.欺骗,诡计
 deceptive adj.欺诈的;迷惑的;虚伪的
 exception n.例外,除外;反对;异议
 exceptional adj.异常的,例外的
 exceptionally ad.格外地,特别地
interception n.拦截,截住;截断,截取;侦听,窃听
interceptor n.拦截机
municipality n.市民;市政当局;自治市或区
 occupancy n.占有,居住期间
 occupant n.占有者,居住者
 occupation n.占领,占据;占用;职业,工作
 occupational a.职业的
 occupier n.占有人,占用者
preoccupation n.全神贯注,入神;当务之急;关注的事物;抢先占据;成见
preoccupied adj.被先占的,全神贯注的
preoccupy 预先占据,忧心,担心
unoccupied a.空闲的,未占领的
participation n.参加,参与
participatory adj.供人分享的;吸引参与的
imperceptible 无法感知的
imperceptibly adv.无感觉地,感觉不到地,不知不觉地,极微地
perceptible adj.可察觉的,显而易见的,感觉得到的
perception n.观念,洞察力,认识能力
perceptive adj.感知的,知觉的;有知觉力的
 receivable 应收款项
 received adj.被一般承认的,被认为标准的
 receiver n.接受者,接收器,收信机
 receivership 接管
 reception n.接待,招待会;接收,接受,接收效果
 receptionist n.招待员,传达员
 receptive adj.善于接受的;能容纳的
 receptivity n.感受性,接受能力
 recipient adj.容易接受的,感受性强的n.容器,接受者
     cover v.覆盖,包括,涉及n.盖子,套子;(书的)封面
     coverage n.覆盖,覆盖范围;新闻报道;保险范围
     covered adj.隐蔽着的,掩藏着的,有屋顶的
     covering n.遮盖物
 recoverable adj.可收回的;可恢复的;可补偿的
 recovery n.痊愈,复元;重获,恢复
 uncover v.揭开,揭露
 uncovered adj.无盖的,未保险的
undercover adj.秘密的,秘密从事的;从事间谍活动的
susceptibility n.易感性,敏感性;感情;磁化系数

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☝动37 3842: kapro- 他是山羊 he-goat
     caper n. 地中海矮多刺灌木low prickly Mediterranean shrub
     chevron n. 纹章押记:斜纹相交成一定角度heraldic charge: diagonal stripes meeting at angle
846.kap-ro-:公羊 He-goat, buck. 公羊,雄鹿

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☝身2 3843: kap-ut 头 head
   achieve vb. 为了完成,取得成功的结论to accomplish, bring to successful conclusion
 behead vb. 斩首,断头to decapitate, sever head from body
  biceps n. 有两个头的肌肉muscle having two heads
     caddie n. 等待零工的人等待零工的人one who waits for odd jobs
     cadet n. 弟弟/弟弟younger son/brother
     cap n. 伸入水中的陆地点/半岛point/peninsula of land jutting into water
     capital adj. 可判死刑punishable by death
     capitation n. 人头税、直接个人统一税poll tax, direct personal uniform tax
     capitulate vb.intrans. 谈判,谈判to parley, negotiate
     capitulum n. 解剖部圆形突起rounded protuberance of anatomical part
     cap n. 微动仪器指梁上的活动杆movable bar attached to fingerboard of fretted instrument
     caprice n. 突然不可预知的转变sudden unpredictable turn/change
     captain n. 军事机构/部队指挥官commander of military establishment/body of troops
     cattle n. 家养牛四足动物domesticated bovine quadrupeds
     chapter n. 书的主要部分main division of book
     chef  n. 熟练的男厨师管理厨房skilled male cook managing kitchen
     chief n. 纹章场上部upper part of heraldic field
     chieftain n. 乐队/部族/部落首领leader of band/clan/tribe
     corporal n. 最低军衔的应征军人enlisted military man of lowest noncommissioned rank
forehead n. 眼睛上方的面部facial part above eyes
     head  n. 包含大脑和主要感觉器官的身体上部/前部upper/anterior division of body containing brain and chief sense organs
mischief n. 人为因素造成的损害/伤害damage/injury caused by human agency
precipitate n. 从化学溶液/悬浮液中分离出的固体物质solid substance separated from chemical solution/suspension
 recapitulate vb. 总结一下,简单地重复一遍to summarize, repeat briefly
triceps n. 三头肌muscle arising from three heads
228.kaput-:头领 Head.
     header n. 装桶盖的工人;割穗机;顶梁;集管;[体]头球;头朝下一跳;[计]页眉
     heading n.标题
     headless adj.无头的,无领导者的,无头脑的,无知的
     heads 名词head的复数形式. n. (硬币的)正面
     headship 主管职位
     heady adj.鲁莽的,顽固的,任性的,性急的,猛烈的
overhead a.在头顶上的;架空的ad.在头顶上
     capitalism n.资本主义
     capitalist n.资本家,资本主义者adj.资本家的,资本主义的
     capitalistic adj.资本主义的,资本家的
     capitalization n.资本化
     capitalize v.(使)资本化,大写
     capitulation n.(有条件的)投降,概要,协议,一系列条款
     capricious adj.反复无常的
     captaincy n.舰长(上尉)的地位,队长职位
     chiefly ad.首要,主要地
   achievable a.做得成的,可完成的
   achievement n.成就,功绩
   achiever n.有成就的人,获得成功的人
underachievement 低成就
 decapitation n.斩首,杀头,断头术,大辟
mischievous adj.淘气的;恶作剧的;有害的
precipitation n.沉淀,沉淀物;冰雹;坠落;鲁莽

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☝身37 3844: kā̆pho-, or k̑ō̆pho- 蹄 hoof
     hash  vb.trans. 切成小块to chop in small pieces
     hatchet n. 轻型锤头短柄斧头light short-handled ax with hammerhead
     hoof  n. 角/指甲保护有蹄类哺乳动物的手指horn/nail protecting ungulate mammal digits
899.kop-:打击敲打 To beat, strike.
     comma n.逗点,逗号
 rehash 稍作改动,旧瓶装新酒
847.kar-2:赞扬 To praise loudly, extol.
     Robert
     Roderick
     Roger
     Roland
     Rudolph

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☝感74 3847: 3. kar-, reduplicated karkar- 坚硬的 hard
    -ard  n.sfx. 以某种表现/占有/联想为特征的人one characterized by some performance/possession/association
     cairn n. 一堆石头(作为地标/纪念物)heap of stones (as landmark/memorial)
     carcino- pfx. 蟹;肿瘤crab; tumor
     carcinoma n. 恶性上皮性肿瘤malignant epithelial tumor
     careen n. 倾斜的状态state of careening/being careened
     carr  n. 石头,石头,巨石rock, stone, boulder
    -cracy n.sfx. 政府形式form of government
     hard  adj. 不易穿透/屈服于压力not easily penetrated/yielding to pressure
     hardly adv. 只是,勉强just, barely
     hardy adj. 勇敢,勇敢brave, bold
standard n. 作为标志的显眼的物体(旗帜)conspicuous object (banner) serving as emblem
229.kar-1:硬癌艰难 Hard.
     harden v.(使)变硬
     harder 形容词;副词hard的比较级. adj. 更硬的;更坚固的;更困难的; adv. 更努力地
     hardness n.硬度
nonstandard adj. 不标准的;非标准语的
standardization n.标准化,标定,规格化,规范化
standardize vt.使标准化;用标准检验
     cancerous adj.癌的,像癌的,得癌症的,不治的
precancerous 癌前的
autocracy 独裁政体
     autocratic adj.独裁的,专制的

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☝工31 3849: kars- 擦,刮 to rub, scratch
     card  n. 织物起毛装置device for raising nap on cloth
     chard n. 甜菜茎/叶beet stalks/leaves

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☝感62, ☝感64 3850: k̑as-, k̑as-no- 灰色 gray
     hare  n. 敏捷、胆小、长耳朵的哺乳动物swift timid mammal with long ears
230.kas-:灰色兔 Gray.

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☝战11, ☝战12 3854: k̑at- 战斗,斗争;战斗 to fight, struggle; battle
     kern  n. 中世纪爱尔兰/苏格兰轻武装步兵medieval Irish/Scotish light-armed foot soldier
851.kat-2:战斗 To fight.

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☝工21, ☝工22 3856: kāu-, kəu- 砍,砍,打 to hew, cut, hit
     hag    n. 泥沼,泥潭bog, quagmire
     haggle vb. 对迪克,讨价还价:价格to dicker, bargain price
     hay    n. 刈草/腌草料grass mowed/cured for fodder
     hew    vb. 用重器械敲击/切割to strike/cut with heavy instrument
     hoe    n. 农具farm/garden implement
232.kau-:敲凿锄草 To hew, strike.

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☝身16, ☝空72 3859: kau-l-, ku-l- 洞,洞;骨 hole, hollow; bone
     cauliflower n. 园林植物garden plant
     cole  n. 油菜、草本植物rape, herbaceous plant
     coleslaw n. 生白菜沙拉salad of raw cabbage
     hobbit n. 托尔金的半身人:霍比特人,指环王halfling in Tolkien: The Hobbit, The Lord of the Rings
     hol n. 打开或穿过某物opening into/through something
     hollow adj/n. 凹的,凹的;凹的sunken, concave; cavity
238.kel-2:洞窟房屋 To cover, conceal, save.

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☝天83 3862: ked- 抽烟 to smoke
     cedar n. 常绿针叶树evergreen needle-leaved conifer
     citrus n. 芸香科的树/果(如橘子)tree/fruit of rue family (e.g. orange)

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☝工5, ☝空75 3863: keg-, keng-, and kek-, kenk- 栓,手柄,(抓)钩 peg, handle, (grappling) hook
     hack  vb. 用不熟练的或不规则的打击来切割to cut with repeated unskillful/irregular blows
     heckle vb.trans. 用嘲笑/问题/挑战来纠缠、骚扰/扰乱to badger, harass/disconcert with gibes/questions/challenges
     hook  n. 用于抓/抓/拉的弯曲/弯曲工具bent/curved implement for catching/holding/pulling
     hooker n. 单桅渔船one-masted fishing boat
234.keg-:钩牙黑客 Hook, tooth.
     hacker 电脑黑客

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☝行11 3864: kēi- 移动,启动 to move, set in motion
 behest n. 命令,命令demand, command
     cinema n. 电影摄影机cinematograph
     cit vb.trans. 传唤出庭to summon to appear in court
 excite vb.trans. 调用活动to call to activity
  incite vb.trans. 鼓动/激励/采取行动to stir up/spur on/move to action
    -kinesis n.sfx. 分开division
     kinetic adj. 物体运动 motion of material bodies
resuscitate vb. 从昏迷中苏醒to revive from unconsciousness/apparent death
236.keiə-:激起启动 To set in motion.
solicitous 焦急的,操心的,关心的,关切的
     citation n.引用,引证;传票
 excitability n.可激发性,兴奋性
 excitable adj.容易激动的
 excitation n.刺激,兴奋,激动
 excitatory adj.有刺激性的,兴奋的
 excited 兴奋的
 excitedly adv.兴奋地,激动地,勃然,兴冲冲
 excitement n.刺激,激动,兴奋
 exciting a.令人兴奋的,使人激动的
  incitement n.煽动,鼓动
resuscitation n.恢复知觉,苏醒
     cinematic adj.电影的,影片的

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☝住122, ☝空14 3865: 1. k̑ei- 躺着,躺着;露营,回家 to lie, recline; camp, home
     cemetery n. 墓地burial ground
     city  n. 居住区面积/重要性/人口大于城镇/村庄inhabited area greater in size/importance/population than town/village
     civic adj. 城市/市民(船舶)/民政 city/citizen(ship)/civil affairs
     civil adj. 公民 citizens
     hamlet n. 小村庄small village
     hangar n. 棚、棚、覆盖区shed, shelter, covered area
     haunt vb. 要常去,常去to frequent, visit often
     hide  n. 旧英语单位。120英亩)old English areal unit (usu. 120 acres)
     hind  n. 英国农场主British farmhand
     hom n. 住所,家庭住所domicile, familys residence
     homey adj. 舒适,温馨,亲切cosy, homelike, intimate
     site  n. 地点,位置,(占用)位置place, position, (occupied) location
     situate adj. 位置,有场地 location, having a site
154.tkei-:躺睡住家 To settle, dwell, be home.
     homeless a.无家的,无家可归的
     homely a.家常的,平凡的,相貌平庸的
     homing adj.自导引的
     haunted adj.闹鬼的,鬼魂出没的,受到折磨的
     haunting adj.常浮现于脑海中的,不易忘怀的
     hauntingly 萦绕于心头地;常浮现于脑中
     situated adj.位于,被置于境遇,处于...的立场
     situation n.形势,处境,状况;位置,场所;职位,职务

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☝感63 3866: 2. k̑ei- (深色:棕色、灰色) (dark color: brown, gray)
     hoary adj. 灰色/白色(随年龄增长)gray/white (with age)
     hue    n. 形状、形状shape, aspect
853.kei-2:火光多彩 Refer.

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☝感78 3867: k̑ē(i)- k̑ō(i)- k̑ə(i)- 磨砺磨砺 to hone, whet, sharpen
     con n. 胚珠/花粉结鳞/苞片的质量mass of ovule/pollen-bearing scales/bracts
     conical adj. 锥形cone-shaped
     conifer n. 圆锥形树/灌木(如松树)cone-bearing tree/shrub (e.g. pine)
     hon n. 磨刀用细砂石fine-grit stone for tool sharpening
258.kō-:尖锐松针 To sharpen, whet.

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☝时21 3868: k̑ēi-bh- 快,急,猛 fast, hasty, violent
     haste n. 快,快,快speed, swiftness, celerity
     hasty adj. 快,快,快fast, swift, with haste

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☝行23 3869: keid- 倒下 to fall
     hit    vb.str. 击打,击打to strike, deliver blow

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☝时21 3870: k̑ēi-gh- 快,急,猛 fast, hasty, violent
     hie    vb. 加速to hasten
883.kīgʰ-:快速暴力 Fast, violent.

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☝工5 3872: k̑eipo-, k̑oipo- 木桩、木桩、尖木/石屑/块 peg, stake, sharp wood/stone chip/piece
     chip  n. 由木头/石头制成的有棱角的小碎片small angular piece struck from wood/stone

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☝天22 3878: 1. kel-, kelə- 突出,高耸;小山 to project, tower up; hill
     colonel n. 中校/准将军衔commissioned officer ranking between lieutenant colonel/brigadier general
     colonnade n. 每隔一定间隔的柱子。支承顶板columns at regular intervals, usu. supporting roof
     column n. 支柱supporting pillar
     culminate vb. 到达最高高度to reach highest altitude
 excel  vb. 超越,超越to outdo, surpass
     hol n. 内陆/近岸小岛small inland/inshore island
239.kel-4:卷列柱山 To be prominent ; hill.
     hilly a.多小山的,多坡的
 excellence n.优秀,卓越
 excellent a.卓越的,极好的
 excellently adv.优秀地,杰出地,卓越地,极好地
     culmination n.顶点
     columnar adj.柱形的,筒形的,分纵栏印刷或书写的
     columnist n.专栏作家

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☝工23, ☝工342 3879: 2. kel- 捅、粘、刺 to stab, stick, sting
     holly n. 乔木/灌木,叶厚而有光泽tree/shrub with thick glossy spiny leaves
857.kel-5:刺痛 To prick.
     holm 湖心岛

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☝工21, ☝工22, ☝工45 3880: 3. kel-, kelə-, klā-, extended klād- 打,砍,砍 to hit, hew, cut down
     calamity n. 损失/不幸造成的极度痛苦deep distress/misery caused by loss/misfortune
     clade n. 具有共同祖先特征的有机体organisms sharing features derived from common ancestor
     clematis n. 藤本植物vine/herb
     cleric n. 神职人员(牧师以下)clergy member (below priest)
     clerical adj. 文员/神职人员 clerk/clergy
     clerk n. 牧师cleric
     clone n. 无性繁殖后代asexually produced progeny
     cope  vb. 战斗,打击to fight, strike
     coup  n. 突然,聪明,通常。成功的中风sudden, brilliant, usu. successful stroke
     gladiator n. 为公众娱乐而打架的人person engaged in fight, for public entertainment
     halt  adj. 瘸的lame
     hilt  n. 剑/匕首柄handle of sword/dagger
     holt  n. 小树林小树林copse, grove, small woods
     matilda n. 床单,一捆东西bedroll, bundle of possessions
     osteoclast n. 生长中的大多核细胞large multinucleate cell in growing bone
855.kel-1:敲打切断 To strike, cut.
     Hilda
     limp a.柔软的,易曲的v./n.蹒跚,跛行
     Maud
     clonal adj.无性(繁殖)系的,无性(繁殖)系般的
     coping n.顶部,顶盖,墙的顶部
     calamitous 灾难性的

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☝行65 3882: 5. kel- 快速驾驶、迫使、加速、快速移动 to drive, compel, accelerate, move quickly
 accelerate vb. 在较早的时间点实现to bring about at earlier point in time
 behold vb.str. (看)看,通过视觉/恐惧感知to see, perceive via sight/apprehension
     celebrate vb. 用仪式公开地进行(圣礼/庄严的仪式)to perform (sacrament/solemn ceremony) publicly with rites
     celebrity n. 出名的状态state of being famous/celebrated
     halt  n. 停止stop
     hold  vb.str. (持有)保留、控制、占有to retain, control, possess
 uphold vb.str. (支撑)给予支持,保持抬高to give support, keep elevated
 upholstery n. 用于制作软覆盖物的材料materials used to make soft covering
withhold vb.str. 保留,抑制,抑制to retain, restrain, hold back
856.kel-3:加油加速 To drive, set in swift motion.
     holder n.持有人;所有人;固定器;(台、架等)支持物
     holding n.保持,固定
 beholder n.旁观者;观看者
     celebrated adj.著名的;有名望的
     celebration n.庆典,庆祝会;庆祝;颂扬
     celebratory adj.庆祝的;庆贺的;快乐的
 upholstered adj.经过布置的,装软垫的,稳重的 v.为…装上垫子
 acceleration n.加速,加速度
 accelerator n.加速者,加速器

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☝说41 3883: 6. kel-, k(e)lē-, k(e)lā-, or kl̥̄-? 打电话,哭 to call, cry
 acclaim vb. 赞扬,鼓掌to praise, applaud
     calendar n. 民事年度天数/周/月的固定/安排制度system for fixing/arranging days/weeks/months of civil year
     claim n. 要求得到应有的东西demand for something due
     clamor n. 嘈杂的叫喊声noisy shouting
     class n. 社会经济地位相同的群体group sharing same social/economic status
     clear adj. 明亮,明亮bright, luminous
council n. 会议/集会征求意见/讨论/协商meeting/assembly for advice/discussion/consultation
 declare vb. 弄清楚to make clear
 exclaim vb. 激动地说/喊to speak/cry out in strong/sudden emotion
     hale  vb.trans. 拖to haul
     haul  vb. 用力/暴力拉/拉to pull/draw with force/violence
     low    vb.intrans. 到穆奥to moo
proclaim vb.trans. 通过口头/书面公开宣布to announce, declare publicly via speech/writing
 reclaim vb.trans. 改过自新to reform, recall from wrong/improper conduct
reconcile vb.trans. 恢复和谐/友谊/交流to restore to harmony/friendship/communion
241.kelə-2:喊喇叭 To shout.
     claimant n.原告;索赔人;提出要求者
counterclaim 反索赔
 reclamation n.开垦,开拓,改造,废物回收利用
 exclamation n.感叹;惊叫;惊叹词
proclamation n.公告;宣布;宣告;公布
self-proclaimed adj.自称的
     haulage 货运费
conciliation n.调解,安抚,说服,迎合,调和主义,调和主义者
conciliatory adj.抚慰的,调和的
irreconcilable 不能调和的,无法化解的
reconciliation n.和解,调和,顺从
     clearance n.清除;空隙
     clearer a.更清楚的
     clearing n.结算;空地;清扫
     clearly adv.清晰地;明显地;无疑地;明净地
 declaration n.宣言,宣布,声明
 declarative adj.宣言的,公布的
 declared adj.公告的,公然的
     classes 名词classis的复数形式.;名词class的复数形式.;阶级;长老监督会 n. 阶级;长老监督会
     classification n.分类,分级
     classified adj.分类的;类别的;机密的n.分类广告
     classifier n.分类者,分类器
     classify v.分类,分等(级)
     classless adj.无阶级的,无阶级差别的,“class”的派生
     classy adj.优等的;上等的;漂亮的
 unclassified adj.未经分类的,不保密的
underclass n.一、二年级学生,下层阶级

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☝吃35 3884: 7. kel-, kol-, kol- 杯、圣杯、高脚杯、烧杯 calix, chalice, goblet, beaker
     chalice n. 杯子、高脚杯、酒杯cup, goblet, drinking vessel
841.kal-1:杯子 Cup.

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☝情68 3889: kēl-, kōl-, kəl- 欺骗,愚弄,迷惑 to deceive, dumbfound, enthrall
     challenge vb. 要求,要求作为权利to require, demand as right
858.kel-6:欺骗 To deceive, trick.
     challenger n.挑战者

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☝感85, ☝感86 3890: 1. k̑el- 冷的;热的,高热量的 cold; warm, caloric
     caloric adj. (产生)热量 (generating) heat
     calorie n. 热量测量measure of heat
     cauldron n. 大水壶/锅炉large kettle/boiler
     chafe vb. 取暖to warm
     chauffeur n. 受雇驾驶机动车辆的人person employed to drive motor vehicle
     chowder n. 海鲜浓汤/炖菜(如蛤蜊)thick soup/stew of seafood (e.g. clams)
     lee    n. 防护棚protective shelter
     lukewarm adj. 温热的,温和的tepid, moderately warm
nonchalant adj. 明显不关心/漠不关心apparently unconcerned/indifferent
   scald vb. 用蒸汽/热液体燃烧to burn with steam/hot liquid
240.kelə-1:卡路里热 Warm.
nonchalance n.漠不关心,无动于衷,冷淡
   scalding 滚烫的,灼热的

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☝空27 3893: 4. k̑el- 隐藏,隐藏 to hide, conceal
     cel n. 依修道院而建的小型宗教住宅small religious house depending on convent/monastery
     cellar n. 地下室basement
     clandestine adj. 秘密的,秘密进行的surreptitious, held in/conducted with secrecy
     color n. 光/视觉现象phenomenon of light/visual perception
conceal vb.trans. 隐藏,防止披露/承认to hide, prevent disclosure/recognition of
     eucalyptus n. 澳大利亚桃金娘科常绿乔木Australian evergreen tree in myrtle family
     hal n. (国王/贵族的)房子/城堡house/castle (of king/noble)
     hel n. 冥府,死亡存在的幽冥世界hades, nether world where dead exist
     helmet n. 覆盖/封闭装甲头罩covering/enclosing armor headpiece
     hold  n. 货舱,船内下部cargo deck, lower interior part of ship
     holster n. (皮革)手枪盒(leather) case for pistol
     housing n. 装饰马鞍套ornamental saddle cover
     hull  n. 水果/种子外层outer covering of fruit/seed
 occult adj. 秘密,不透露secret, not revealed
238.kel-2:洞窟房屋 To cover, conceal, save.
     Hel   
     hol n.洞,孔
     hollow a.空的,中空的;空洞的,空虚的v.挖空,凿空
     cauliflower n. 园林植物 garden plant
     cole  n. 油菜、草本植物 rape, herbaceous plant
     coleslaw n. 生白菜沙拉 salad of raw cabbage
     hellish adj.地狱般的
     house n.房屋;商业机构;[H-]议院v.给...房子住
     houses n. 住宅;议院;(英国)下议院;(从事某种生意的)公司
     apocalyptic adj.启示录的,天启的
     coloration n.着色;染色
     colored adj.有色的;着色的;有色人种的
     colorful adj.华美的;有趣的;富有色彩的
     coloring 色彩
     colorless adj.无色的;苍白的;无趣味的
discoloration n.变色,褪色,污染
multicolored 多色的
     cellular 小蜂窝的:细胞的;多孔的;由细胞组成的n.移动电话;单元
intracellular adj.<生>细胞内的
unicellular 单细胞的
     ciliary adj.睫毛的,纤毛的,毛状的
concealment n.隐藏,隐蔽,隐蔽处

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☝交58 3894: k̑elb-, k̑elp- 帮助 to help
     help  vb. 帮助,帮助to aid, give assistance to
859.kelb-:帮忙 To help.
     helper n.帮忙者,助手
     helpful a.(to)有帮助的,有益的,有用的
     helpfully adv.有益地,有用地
     helping n.帮助,协助,(食物)一份
     helpless a.无助的,没用的
     helplessly ad.无能为力地
self-help 自助

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☝行72 3895: keleu- 漫游;路、路 to wander; way, path
     clue  n. 问题/谜题解答指南guide to problem/mystery solution
890.kl̥ə-wo-:秃顶 Bald.
     Calvary

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☝工342, ☝空22 3899: 1. kem- 挤,卷边,挤在一起 to squeeze, hem in, press together
     hamper vb. 阻碍、阻碍、限制运动to hinder, impede, restrict movement
     hem    n. 布边向后折了/缝好了border of cloth doubled back/stitched down
862.kem-2:压缩 To compress.

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☝感44 3900: 2. kem- 哼,嗡嗡,低吟 to hum, buzz, croon
     hum    vb. 发出低沉连续的声音to drone, make low continuous sound

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☝动11 3902: 2. k̑em- 无角(通常有角)动物 hornless (normally horned) animal
     hind  n. 雌性马鹿female red deer
     scant adj. 节俭的,过分节俭的parsimonious, excessively frugal
861.kem-1:无角者 Hornless.

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☝行14, ☝空26, ☝空27 3903: 3. k̑em- 包裹、遮盖、隐藏 to wrap, cover, conceal
     hammer n. 重击用实心头手柄handle with solid head used for pounding
     heaven n. 苍穹,穹顶般的天空覆盖大地firmament, dome-like expanse of sky over earth
     scant adj. 谨慎,贫乏,不满/大/多chary, meager, not full/large/plentiful
   shame n. 耻辱、耻辱、痛苦的情感:内疚disgrace, dishonor, painful emotion guilt
546.ak-:尖酸刻薄 Sharp.

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☝工342 3908: 1. ken- 捏、压等。 to pinch, press, etc.
     neck  n. 动物头部与身体连接的部位part of animal connecting head with body
     nook  n. 直角rectangular corner
     nucleus n. 彗星头的小/亮/密部分small/bright/dense part of comet head
     nut    n. 硬壳干果/种子,有可分离的果皮/外壳和内部果仁hard-shelled dry fruit/seed with separable rind/shell and interior kernel
892.kneu-:坚果 Nut.
     nuclei n. 细胞核;原子核;核心
     nut adj.热衷的,发狂的 int.呸,胡说
     nutty adj.多坚果的,产坚果的,坚果般的,[口]狂热的

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☝天84, ☝工31 3909: 2. ken-, kenə-, keni-, kenu- 擦、刮、刮;灰烬 to rub, scrape, scratch off; ashes
     nip    vb. 捏,捏;啜,尝to pinch, squeeze; sip, taste
     nod    vb. 打瞌睡,打瞌睡,作快速的头向下运动to doze, snooze, make quick downward head motion

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☝时14, ☝时25 3910: 3. ken- 开始,出生,重生;年轻,新近 to begin, be born, come forth anew; young, recent
 recent adj. 新的,关于:不久过去的时间new, time not long past
 recently adv. 新的,新的,最近的anew, afresh, in recent times
242.ken-2:新颖生嫩 Fresh, new, young.

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☝工12 3911: 4. ken- 努力,努力 to strain, strive eagerly
deacon n. 基督教会下属subordinate officer in Christian church
865.ken-1:开始行动 To set oneself in motion, arise, make an effort.
archdeacon n.[宗]执事长(教会中神职人员的一种职位)

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☝感69 3913: kenəkó- 金色,蜂蜜色 golden, honey-colored
     honey n. 蜜蜂从花蜜中提取的甜的粘性物质sweet viscid material produced by bees from flower nectar
868.k(e)nəko-:蜜月黄金 Yellow, golden.

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☝工16 3915: 1. kenk- 绑起来,束腰 to bind, gird
     cinch n. 背包/马鞍围度高strong girth for pack/saddle
precinct n. 有明确界限/功能的地区district, territory with definite bounds/functions
     shingles n. 带状疱疹herpes zoster
succinct adj. 束腰girded
243.kenk-1:结网捆绑 To gird, bind.

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☝天85, ☝吃14, ☝吃15 3916: 2. kenk- 灼伤;干燥感:干渴、饥饿 to burn, hurt; dry feeling: thirst, hunger
     hunger n. 对食物/营养的迫切需求urgent/craving need for food/nutrient(s)
870.kenk-2:饥渴难耐 To suffer from hunger or thirst.
     hungrily adv.饥饿地,渴望地,贪婪地
     hungry a.饥饿的,渴望的

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☝身36 3917: 3. kenk- 脚跟、飞节、膝盖后部 heel, hock, back of knee
     heel  n. 脚踝以下/足弓后面back of human foot below ankle/behind arch
     hock  n. 四足动物(如马)后肢的跗骨关节/区域,类似于人的脚踝tarsal joint/region in hind limb of quadruped (e.g. horse) akin to mans ankle
871.kenk-3:脚后跟 Heel, bend of the lmee.

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☝行24 3918: k̑enk-, k̑onk- 吊、摇、晃 to hang, sway, dangle
     hang  vb.str/wk. (悬挂)悬挂,固定在高处,无需下部支撑to suspend, fasten to elevated point without lower support
     hinge n. 门/盖/摆动部件转动的连接/柔性装置jointed/flexible device on which door/lid/swinging part turns
261.konk-:掐脖吊死 To hang.
     hanged v.悬( hang的过去式 ),(被)绞死,贴,逗留
     hanger n.绞刑执行者,衣架
     hanging n.绞死,绞刑,悬挂,(通常用复数)帘子、幔帐
overhang v.悬于...之上,悬垂.n.屋檐
 unhinge 精神错乱

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☝说21 3919: k̑ens- 正式宣布、宣布、正式发言 to announce, proclaim, speak formally
     censor n. 早期罗马治安官:评估员、人口普查员、道德/行为检查员early Roman magistrate: assessor, census taker, inspector of morals/conduct
     census n. 早期罗马人口统计/财产评估early Roman population count/property evaluation
244.kems-:宣布喊唱 To proclaim, speak solemnly.
     censorship n.审查制度;审查机构
     encomium 颂词

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☝工23, ☝工342 3921: k̑ent- 刺伤,粘住 to stab, stick
     center n. 与圆/球体等外部点等距的点。point equidistant from exterior points of circle/sphere/etc.
 eccentric adj. 没有相同的中心not having same center
     centered 冷静的
     central a.中心的,中央的,中枢的;主要的
     centrality n.中心,中央,向心性
     centralization n.集中,中央集权化
     centralize v.(使)集中,使成为中心,(使)集权
     centrally ad.在中心,在中央
     centric adj.中心的,中央的
 decentralization n.分散
self-centered adj.自我为中心的,利己主义的
 eccentricity n.反常,怪癖

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☝感44 3922: 1. ker-, kor-, kr- (拟声:沙哑的声音) (onomatopoeic: hoarse sound)
     creak vb. 发出长时间的摩擦声/吱吱声to make prolonged grating/squeaking sound
     crevice n. 裂缝、裂缝造成的狭窄开口fissure, narrow opening caused by split/crack
     cricket n. 跳跃直翅目昆虫leaping orthopterous insect
     decrepit adj. 因年老体弱而消瘦wasted/weakened by infirmities of age
     heron n. 长颈涉禽long-necked wading bird
     raven n. 乌鸦glossy black corvine bird
     ring  vb.str. (响,响)发出共鸣to sound resonantly
     rook  n. 旧大陆群居鸟Old World gregarious bird
     scream vb. 突然大叫to make sudden loud/sharp cry
     screech vb. 高声尖叫to make high shrill piercing cry
872.ker-2:拟音咔咔 Echoic root, base of various derivatives indicating
     cricketer n.板球队员,玩板球者
     creaky adj.嘎吱作响的,老朽的,破旧的

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☝天85 3924: 3. ker(ə)- 燃烧 to burn
     carbon n. 非金属四价元素,生命的基础nonmetallic tetravalent element, the basis of life
     ceramic adj. 关于:由非金属矿物经高温烧制而成的产品(如陶器) product (e.g. earthenware) made from nonmetallic mineral by high-temperature firing
     crash n. 毛巾/衣服/窗帘用的粗纤维coarse fabric used for towels/clothing/draperies
     hearth n. 壁炉前的砖/石/水泥区域brick/stone/cement area fronting fireplace
248.ker-4:炭火热 Heat, fire.
  bicarbonate 碳酸氢盐
     carbonate 碳酸盐
     carbonation n.碳酸饱和,碳酸化作用
     cremation n.火葬,火化
     ceramics n.制陶术,陶器制造,陶瓷工艺,陶瓷制品( ceramic的名词复数 ),陶瓷器,制陶艺术,陶瓷装潢艺术

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☝吃71 3925: 4. ker- 樱桃 cherry
     cherry n. (蔷薇科乔木/灌木,有)小的光滑的球形果实(tree/shrub of rose family with) small smooth-skinned globular fruit
     cornel n. 灌木/树木shrub/tree
873.ker-5:樱桃 A kind of cherry.

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☝身17, ☝身2 3929: 1. k̑er-, k̑erə- k̑rā-, k̑erei-, k̑ereu- 角,头,身体上部 horn, head, upper part of body
     carat n. 重量单位(黄金/珠宝)unit of weight (for gold/jewels)
     carotene n. 橙色/红色结晶烃颜料orange/red crystalline hydrocarbon pigment
     carotid adj. 通过颈部到头部的主动脉(对) chief artery (pair) through neck to head
     carrot n. 二年生草本植物biennial herb/root vegetable
     cerebellum n. 大脑背大部large dorsal part of brain
     cervix n. 脖子neck
     cheer n. 欢乐,欢乐joy, gaiety, lightness of mood/spirits
     corn  n. 表皮局部硬化/增厚local hardening/thickening of epidermis
     cornea n. 眼球透明部分覆盖虹膜/瞳孔transparent part of eyeball covering iris/pupil
     corner n. 边/边相交处angle, point where lines/edges/sides meet
     hart  n. 雄鹿,雄性马鹿stag, male red deer
     hornet n. 大型群居蜂large social wasp
longhorn n. 德克萨斯牛品种Texas cattle breed
 migraine n. 反复剧烈头痛recurrent severe headache
     rhinoceros n. 厚皮食草动物thick-skinned herbivorous perissodactyl mammal
unicorn n. 前额有单角的传说中的动物fabulous animal depicted with single horn in forehead
246.ker-1:牛角墙角 Horn, head ; with derivatives referring to horned animals,
     reindeer n.驯鹿
     horned adj.有角的,角状的
     horny adj.角状的
     cervical adj.[解]颈的,子宫颈的
     corneal adj.角膜的
     cornered adj.有角的,被逼至绝路的
     cheerful a.愉快的,高兴的
     cheerfulness n.高兴,快活
     cheerily adv.快活地,兴高采烈地,爽快地
     cheers int.举杯敬酒之用语
     cheery adj.愉快的

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☝空53 3930: 2. k̑er-, k̑erə-, k̑rē- 增长,增长 to grow, increase
 accretion n. 通过逐渐的外部增加而增长growth through gradual external addition
 accrue vb. 成为法律上可强制执行的要求to become legally enforceable claim
     cereal adj. 谷物 grain
concrete adj. 关于:颗粒结合成固体质量 coalition of particles into solid mass
     create vb.trans. 使存在to bring into existence
     creature n. 创造的东西something created
     crescendo n. 膨胀声量swelling volume of sound
     crescent adj. 增加的increasing
     crew  n. 武装部队band/force of armed men
 decrease vb. 减少生长to grow less
  increase vb. 成长,变得更伟大to grow, become greater
 recruit n. 新鲜/额外供应fresh/additional supply
sincere adj. 诚实,不虚伪,不掩饰honest, not hypocritical, free of dissimulation
247.ker-3:抓爬生长 To grow.
     creation n.创造,创作物
     creationism n.创造宇宙说,特别创造说,神创论
     creative a.有创造力的,创造性的
     creativity n.创造(力)
     creator n.创建者,创作者
re-create vt.改造,改制,重新创造
 recreate 再创造
 recreation n.娱乐,消遣
 recreational a.娱乐的,消遣的
procreation n.生产,生殖
concretely adv.具体地
  increasingly ad.不断增加地,日益
 recruitment n.征募新兵,补充
insincere 不真诚的
sincerely adv.真诚地;由衷地,诚恳地
sincerity n.真实,诚挚

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☝商28, ☝商29 3932: 4. k̑er-, and k̑erə- k̑rē- 伤害,伤害;毁坏,宠坏 to harm, injure; ruined, spoiled
     caries n. 进行性骨/牙齿破坏progressive bone/tooth destruction
876.kerə-2:伤害分裂 To injure, break apart.

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☝空84, ☝算19 3936: k̑erdho-, k̑erdhā 排,排,群 line, row, herd
     herd  n. 一类动物(一起)animals of one kind (together)
shepherd n. 看护羊的人one who tends/guards sheep
875.kerdʰ-:畜群 Row, herd.

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☝身44 3937: k̑ered- k̑erd-, k̑ērd-, k̑r̥d-, k̑red- 心 heart
 accord n. 协议、一致性agreement, conformity
     cardiac adj. 心脏 heart
     cardio- pfx. 心heart
concord n. 和谐,协议状态harmony, state of agreement
     cordial adj. 生命,心脏vital, heart
     courage n. 承受恐惧/危险/困难的精神/道德力量mental/moral strength to withstand fear/danger/difficulty
     credence n. 信仰,精神接受belief, mental acceptance
     credible adj. 能够被相信的capable of being believed
     credit n. 以个人为受益人的账户余额account balance in ones favor
     credo n. 信仰、信仰creed, belief
     credulous adj. 准备/渴望相信ready/eager to believe
     creed n. (简述)宗教信仰(brief statement of) religious belief
discord vb.intrans. 反对,反对to clash, disagree
     grant vb.trans. 使…实现to allow/bring about fulfillment of
     heart n. 脊椎动物中泵血的中空肌肉器官hollow muscular organ that pumps blood in vertebrate animals
     miscreant adj. 异端的,不信的heretical, unbelieving
myocardium n. 心壁中间肌层middle muscular layer of heart wall
     quarry n. 一堆猎物在狩猎中被杀heap of game killed in hunt
 record vb. 写下来to set down in writing
249.kerd-1:心跳热信 Heart.
     heartily adv.热忱地
     heartless adj.无情的,无勇气的
     hearty adj.衷心的,亲切的,精神饱满的,丰盛的,强烈的
     courageous adj.有胆量的,勇敢的
 encourage v.鼓励,怂恿
 encouragement n.鼓励,奖励
 encouragingly adv.鼓励地,勉励人地
 accordance n.一致,和谐,符合
 according ad.依照(to)
 accordingly ad.相应地,照着办,按照;于是,因此
concordance n.和谐,一致性
discordant adj.不和的,不一致的,不调和的,不谐和的
 recorder n.记录员;录音机
 recording adj.记录的,记录用的 n.录音带,唱片
     credibility n.可信性
     credibly adv.可信地,由可靠方面
  incredible a.不可相信的,惊人的,不可思议的
  incredibly adv.不能相信地
     creditable adj.值得称赞的,带来荣誉的,声誉好的,可信任的
     creditor n.债权人,贷方
discredit vt.不信,使失去权威n.怀疑,无信用
     credulity n.轻信,易受骗
  incredulity n.怀疑
  incredulous adj.不轻信的
     grantee n.受让人,受颁赠者
     grants n. (来自私人或公共授予机构的)基金;补助金;授给物(如财产、授地、专有权、补助、拨款等); v. 准许;(退一步)承认;让渡;(尤指正式地或法律上)同意

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☝吃68, ☝农53, ☝农6 3938: kerem-, krem- krom-, and kerm- 洋葱或大蒜;灰(树) onion or garlic; ash (tree)
     ramp  n. (,ram(p)s)ramson,类似韭菜/洋葱的植物ramson, plant akin to leek/onion
907.krem-:大蒜洋葱 Wild garlic, onion.
     ramps 斜坡;坡道;敲诈;加速;横冲直撞;移动舷梯
     rampage n.乱闹,暴跳 vi.发怒,乱闹,狂暴
     rampant a.猖獗的,蔓生的

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☝吃21 3941: k̑erə-, k̑rā- 做饭 to cook
     crater n. 火山口周围的碗状凹陷bowl-shaped depression around volcano orifice
     idiosyncrasy n. 习惯/结构的特点characteristic peculiarity of habit/structure
     rar adj. 未煮熟,未煮熟underdone, not thoroughly cooked
     rear  adj. 稀有的rare
 uproar n. 骚动/兴奋/剧烈骚乱的状态state of commotion/excitement/violent disturbance
250.kerə-1:翻炒动 To mix, confuse, cook.
     idiosyncratic adj.乖僻的,怪异的
877.kers-1:黑暗肮脏 Dark, dirty.

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☝身14, ☝感74 3946: 1. k̑er(s)- 刚毛,硬毛 bristle, stiff hair
     hair  n. 覆盖在大多数哺乳动物皮肤上的细丝fine filament(s) covering skin of most mammals

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☝行46 3947: 2. k̑ers- 跑吧,当然 to run, course
     car    n. 车轮上的车辆vehicle on wheels
     career n. 通道,航道passage, course
     cargo n. 车内/车上运输的货物/商品freight, goods/merchandise conveyed in/on vehicle
     caricature n. 通过零件/特性失真进行夸大exaggeration via distortion of parts/characteristics
     carpenter n. 建造/修理木结构/结构部件的工人workman who builds/repairs wooden structures/structural parts
     carry vb. 搬运,边支撑边移动to transport, move while supporting
     charge vb. 装载,装载to load, lay/put load on/in
     chariot n. 轻型2/4轮马车light 2/4-wheeled carriage
concourse n. 合并/合并merging/coming together
concur vb.intrans. 相见,相聚to meet, come together
     corral n. 圈养/捕捉牲畜的围栏/围栏pen/enclosure for confining/capturing livestock
     corrida n. 斗牛bullfight
     corridor n. 通向房间/隔间的通道passageway into which rooms/compartments open
     courier n. 信使messenger
     course n. (移入)路径连接点(moving in) path connecting points
     current adj. 流动,奔跑flowing, running
     cursive adj. 跑,跑running, coursing
     cursor n.obs. 跑步者runner
discharge vb. 减轻负担to relieve of charge/load/burden
discourse n. 理性、有序思维/程序的能力rationality, capacity of orderly thought/procedure
 excursion n. 远征,外出expedition, going out/forth
     horse n. 快速的,有蹄的食草动物fast, solid-hoofed herbivorous mammal
  incur  vb.trans. 遇到(如丢失/不便)to meet with (e.g. loss/inconvenience)
intercourse n. 团体/个人之间的沟通、联系communication, connection between groups/persons
 occur  vb.intrans. 出现,被发现/遇见to appear, be found/met with
precursor n. 先于/指示另一个人接近的人one that precedes/indicates approach of another
 recourse n. 向某人/某物寻求帮助/保护turning to someone/something for help/protection
 recur  vb.intrans. 求助,求助to resort, have recourse
252.kers-2:成长生涯 To run.
     coursing 追踪狩猎
     currency n.流传,流通;通货,货币
     currently adv.当前;一般地
undercurrent n.潜流
concurrence n.同意,一致,同时发生或出现
concurrent adj.并发的;一致的;同时发生的
concurrently adv.同时地
  incursion n.侵犯,入侵
 occurring n.<美口>事变,事件,事故
 recurrence n.再发生;循环;重现;重新提起
 recurrent adj.复发的;周期性的,经常发生的
     carriage n.(四轮)马车;(火车)客车厢
     carrier n.搬运人;载体
miscarriage n.失败,误送,[医]流产
undercarriage n.(飞机的)起落架,车盘,着陆装置
     chargeable adj.可以控诉的,可记在某项帐目上的,可充电的
     charged adj.充满感情的,紧张的,可能引起激烈反应的 v.填充
     charger n.充电器,控告者,委托者
overcharge 多收钱
 recharge vt.再充电,再进攻,恢复精力
 rechargeable adj.可再充电的
     carpentry n.木工手艺,木匠业

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☝行12, ☝行14, ☝行15 3948: kert-, kerət-, krāt- 翻滚,转动,吹风 to roll, turn, wind
     crate n. 木条做的盒子box made of wooden slats
     grate n. 凯奇,监狱cage, prison
     grid  n. 栅栏grating
     griddle n. 平面烹饪面flat cooking surface
     grill n. 在火上烹饪食物的双杠parallel bars for cooking food over fire
     hoarding n. 临时板墙temporary board fence
     horst n. 地壳隆起块raised block of earths crust
     hurdle n. 用于围住土地/牲畜的带木条/木桩的便携式面板portable panel of wattled withes/stakes for enclosing land/livestock
878.kert-:转弯缠绕 To turn, entwine.

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☝穿91, ☝工31 3949: kes- 梳理、搔痒、搔痒 to comb, itch, scratch
     snug  adj. 绷紧、整齐、紧凑、适于航海taut, trim, compact, seaworthy
879.kes-1:抓挠 To scratch.

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☝工22 3950: k̑es- 切割 to cut
     cashier n. 资金负责人person in charge of money
     caste n. 世袭社会/职业阶层(印度教)hereditary social/occupational class (Hinduism)
     castigate vb.trans. 严厉地惩罚/责备/批评to punish/reprove/criticize severely
     castle n. 大型设防建筑large fortified building
     chaste adj. 没有非法性交 lack of unlawful sexual intercourse
     chastise vb. 责骂to scold
     chateau n. 法国庄园/城堡French manor/castle
  incest n. 近亲之间的性行为禁止结婚sexual intercourse between closely-related persons forbidden to marry
     quash vb.trans. 完全平息、压制/熄灭to quell, suppress/extinguish completely
253.kes-2:割据城邦 To cut.
     castration n.阉割
     chastity n.贞洁;纯洁;简洁
  incestuous 乱伦的

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☝住122, ☝住21 3951: kē̆t-, kot- 房间、住所 room, dwelling place
     kettle n. 煮沸锅boiling pot

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☝感41, ☝感42, ☝感51 3952: 1. keu-, skeu-, lengthened grade kēu- 看,听,看,听,听 to see, hear, observe, hearken, attend to
     acoustic adj. 器官/听觉 sense/organs of sound/hearing
     caution n. 告诫、警告admonishment, warning
     caveat n. 禁止某些行为/做法的警告warning prohibiting certain acts/practices
     hear  vb. 用耳朵感知/理解to perceive/apprehend by ear
     hearken vb. 倾听,倾听to listen, give ear
     kudos n. 因行为/成就而获得的荣誉、名声/名声glory, fame/renown resulting from act/achievement
precaution n. 先见之明,未雨绸缪foresight, care taken in advance
     scavenger n. 被雇来清除街道上的灰尘/垃圾的人one employed to remove dirt/refuse from street
     scone n. 干锅上烤的燕麦片/大麦粉快速面包quick bread of oatmeal/barley flour baked on griddle
     sheen adj. 美丽,辉煌beautiful, resplendent
     show  vb. 看,看,看;展示,展示to see, behold, look at; display, exhibit
1098.s)keuə-:警告 To pay attention, perceive.
     scavenge v.打扫,在(废物中)寻觅
     showed v. 上演;表现出;给…看;显露出
     showing n.放映
     showy adj.浮华的,(过分)艳丽的,炫耀的,卖弄的
     cautionary adj.警告的;劝诫的
     cautious a.(of)小心的,谨慎的
precautionary adj.预先警戒的,小心的

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☝工14 3953: 2. keu-, keu̯ə- 弯曲 to bend
     high  adj. 升高、升高/向上延伸elevated, raised/extending up
     hip    n. 骨盆处腿体关节leg-body joint at pelvis
     hobble vb. 跛足to limp, be lame/unsteady
     hoop  n. 带环、环带band, circular strip

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☝空53 3954: 1. k̑eu-, k̑eu̯ə- k̑ū-, k̑u̯ā- 膨胀 to swell
 accumulate vb. 堆积,堆积to amass, heap/pile up
     cav n. 天然地下洞室natural underground chamber
     cavern n. 洞穴,大型地下洞室cave, large underground chamber
     cavity n. 质量中未填充的空间unfilled space within mass
    -cele n.sfx. 肿瘤,疝tumor, hernia
     celiac adj. 腹部/腹腔 abdomen/abdominal cavity
     church n. 公共礼拜建筑building for public worship
     codeine n. 结晶生物碱鸦片crystalline alkaloid opiate
concave adj. 中空/向内圆形,像碗的内部hollowed/rounded inward like inside of bowl
 excavate vb. 创建孔/型腔的步骤to create hole/cavity
     kirk  n. 教堂church
     pan-  pfx. 全部的all
     panacea n. 包治百病cure-all, remedy for all ills/difficulties
     pancreas n. 复总状脊椎动物腺compound racemose vertebrate gland
     pandemic adj. 广泛的,影响大部分人口widespread, affecting large fraction of population
     panorama n. 旋回cyclorama
254.keuə-:孔洞教堂 To swell ; vault, hole.
     cav 卡瓦酒
     cavernous adj.似巨穴的
 excavation n.挖掘,发掘
     cumulative adj.累积的
 accumulation n.积聚,累积;堆积物

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☝天85, ☝天86 3957: 2. k̑ēu- k̑əu-, k̑ū- 燃烧,点燃(火) to burn, light (a fire)
     calm  n. 无风暴/大风/狂风absence of storm/high wind/rough water
     caustic adj. 腐蚀性,能够通过化学作用破坏/侵蚀corrosive, able to destroy/eat away via chemical action
     holocaust n. 火焚祭sacrifice consumed by fire
     ink    n. 流体彩色书写/印刷材料fluid colored writing/printing material
852.kāu-:燃烧 To burn.
     calmly adv.平静地,宁静地,冷静地,沉着地
     calmness n.平静,冷静,镇静
     inky adj.墨黑的,漆黑的,沾有墨水的,被墨水弄脏的

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☝天83, ☝吃21, ☝吃22 3960: keu̯əp- ku̯ēp-, ku̯əp-, kū̆p-, and occasionally keu̯(e)p-, k(e)u̯ep- 煮、煮、烟 to boil, cook, smoke
     covet vb. 羡慕地盼望to wish for enviously
   evaporate vb.trans. 以蒸汽/不可见的微小颗粒形式散发to emit in vapor/invisible minute particles
     vapid adj. 平淡、无趣、缺乏力量/活泼/活泼flat, uninteresting, lacking force/briskness/liveliness
     vapor n. 蒸汽/扩散物质漂浮在空气中,影响透明度steam/diffuse matter floating in air, impairing transparency
923.kʷēp-:快动翻炒 To smoke, cook, move violently, be agitated
   evaporation n.蒸发,消失

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☝天72, ☝空47 3961: k̑ēu̯ero-, k̑ōu̯ero-, also sk̑ūro-? 北(风) north (wind)
     scour vb. 快速移动(如在搜索中)to move about quickly (e.g. in search)
     shower n. 短时降雨rainfall of short duration
882.kēw-(e)ro-:北风 North, north wind.

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☝空12 3971: klā- 装载、放置、堆起来、躺下 to lade, place, heap up, lay down
     ballast n. 用于提高稳定性的重质量heavy mass used to improve stability
     last  n. 重量/数量/容量单位unit of weight/quantity/capacity

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☝说41 3974: klēg-, klōg-, kləg-, klang-, kleg-, klōg-, kleig-, kleik- 哭,喊,叫 to cry, shout, scream
     clang vb. 发出响亮的金属铃声to make loud metallic ringing sound
     clock n. 计时装置time-keeping device
     cluck vb. 听起来像母鸡to sound like hen
     laugh vb. 笑/大声地笑/大声地笑/笑to show mirth/joy/scorn with chuckle/loud sound
     laughter n. (声音)笑(sound of) laughing
886.kleg-:哭声 To cry, sound.
     laughable adj.可笑的,有趣的
     laughably adv.可笑,有趣
     laughing adj.带笑的,可笑的 n.笑

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☝空14 3975: k̑lei- 倾斜、倾斜、倾斜 to lean, incline, tip (over)
 acclimate vb. 适应,习惯to adapt, become accustomed
     client n. 附庸、家属、被保护人vassal, dependent, person under protection
     climate n. (地球上有)特定的长期天气的区域(region of earth having) specified long-term weather
     climax n. 用升序修辞法排列短语/句子arrangement of phrases/sentences by ascending rhetorical force
    -clinal adj.sfx. 倾斜的sloping
     cline n. 相关生物群表现出的一系列等级差异graded series of differences exhibited by group of related organisms
    -clinic adj.sfx. 倾斜,倾斜dipping, inclining
     clinic n. 讨论/检查患者的医疗指导medical instruction with patients discussed/examined
     clitoris n. 外阴与阴茎同源的小器官small organ in vulva homologous to penis
 decline vb. 要偏离正道,就要偏离正道to stray, turn from straight course
  incline vb. 鞠躬时,头部/身体向前弯曲to bow, bend head/body forward
     ladder n. 攀爬结构:两个横向台阶连接的长边structure for climbing: 2 long sidepieces joined by crosswise steps
     lean  vb.wk. (倾斜)弯曲/倾斜/偏离垂直方向to bend/incline/deviate from vertical
     lid    n. 空心结构(如箱体)开孔活动盖movable cover for opening of hollow structure (e.g. box)
proclivity n. 对某物的倾向/倾向inclination/predisposition toward something
 recline vb. 向后倾斜to incline backwards
 declination n.倾斜,下倾,赤纬,磁偏角
disinclined 不乐意
  inclination n.倾向,爱好;斜坡
  inclined 倾向...的
 recliner n.斜躺者,可躺式椅
     leaning n.倾斜,倾向
 acclimation n.服水土,顺应,适应环境,服习,驯化
     climatic a.气候上的,由气候引起的
     clinical a.临床的,诊所的
     clinically adv.冷静地,客观地
preclinical adj.潜伏期的
     climactic adj.高潮的;顶点的;渐层法的

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☝工14, ☝行14 3978: kleng-, and klenk- 弯曲,风 to bend, wind
     flank n. 肋骨/臀部之间侧面的肉质部分fleshy part of side between ribs/hip
     flinch vb.intrans. 畏缩,畏缩to wince, shrink (as if) from pain
     link  n. 连接结构connecting structure
     links n.pl. 海滨沙山sand hills along seashore
887.kleng-:连接转弯 To bend, turn.
     linkage n.联接,连锁
     flanker n.侧面部队,侧冲,侧面堡垒,两侧的东西

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☝空75 3983: klēu-, also klĕu-?, and klāu- 钩子,钩子 hook, crook
     clause n. 语篇/写作的独立部分separate section of discourse/writing
     claustrophobia n. 对封闭/狭窄空间的异常恐惧abnormal fear of closed/narrow spaces
     cloister n. 寺院monastic establishment
     close adj. 没有封闭的,没有开口的closed, having no openings
     closet n. 公寓/私密小房间apartment/small room for privacy
     closure n. 封闭,封闭方式enclosure, means of enclosing
     clove n. 热带树种的干花蕾dried flower bud of tropical tree
conclude vb. 封闭,闭嘴to enclose, shut up
 enclave n. 外国领土内的文化/领土不同单位culturally/territorially distinct unit inside foreign territory
 exclude vb.trans. 拒绝to shut out
  include vb.trans. 封闭,闭嘴to enclose, shut up
preclude vb.trans. 结束to close
 recluse adj. 孤独,远离社会solitary, withdrawn from society
     sluice n. 闸门、阀门导管water gate, valved conduit
885.klāu-:靠拢完结 Possibly hook, peg.
     clo 发腻的
conclusion n.结论,推论;结尾;缔结,议定
conclusive adj.决定性的;最后的;确实的;确定性的
inconclusive a.非决定性的,不确定的
 occlusion n.闭塞,锢囚锋,咬合,堵塞
     cloying adj.<正>(食物、气味等)甜得发腻的,使人腻烦的,(感情过于外露而) 令人腻烦的 v.<正>发腻,
  including vbl.包括
  inclusion n.包含;内含物
  inclusive adj.包含的,包括的
 exclusion n.排除;排斥;驱逐;被排除在外的事物
 exclusive a.独占的;排他的;孤高的;唯一的;高级的
     closed adj.关闭的,限于少数人的
     closely adv.紧密地;接近地;严密地;亲近地
     closeness n.紧闭,狭窄,亲密
     closer adj.靠近的 n.关闭者,砌墙边之砖石,最后的节目
     closing n.结束 adj.结束的
 enclose v.围住,圈起,封入
 enclosure n.附件;围墙;围场

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☝感41, ☝感42 3984: 1. k̑leu-, k̑leu̯ə- k̑lū- 听,听 to hear, listen
     list  vb. 听,听to hear, listen (to)
     listen vb. 听,听to hear, give ear to
     loud  adj. 以高音量/高强度为特点marked by high sound volume/intensity
     slave n. 奴隶,作为动产被奴役的人bondman, one held in servitude as chattel
     umlaut n. 元音变化change of vowel sound
256.kleu-:耳廓收听 To hear.
     leer  色迷迷的看,奸笑
     leery adj.机敏的,送秋波的,狡猾的
     listener n.收听者,听众
 enslavement n.奴役,强制
     slavery n.奴隶身分,奴隶制度

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☝空43 3990: k̑o-, k̑e-, with the particle k̑e, k̑(e)i-, k̑(i)i̯o- 这个;这里 this; here
 behind adv/prep. 出发地点/时间/情况in place/time/situation departed from
     cis-  dem.pfx. 在这边on this side
     he    pron.3.sg.m 那个男的that male
     hence adv. 离开,离开这个地方away, from this place
     her    adj. 女性作为占有人、代理人/诉讼标的 female as possessor, agent/object of action
     her adv. 在这个地方at/in this place
     him    pron.3.sg.m 那个男的that male
     hind  adj. 后部,re:后面/后面的部分rear, part that follows/is behind
     hinder vb. 阻碍,使进展缓慢/困难to hamper, make progress slow/difficult
     hindrance n. 妨碍的行为/情况act/instance/condition of hindering
     his    adj/pron.3. 男性作为占有人、代理人/诉讼标的 male as possessor, agent/object of action
     it    pron.3.sg.n 那个that one
257.ko-:其他这那 Stem of demonstrative pronoun meaning this.
     harass v.烦恼
     hinterland n.内地,穷乡僻壤
     himself pron.[反身代词]他自己;他本人
     harassment n.骚扰,扰乱,折磨人的东西,烦恼,忧虑,袭扰

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☝情18 3991: kob- 为了健康,过得好,快乐/成功 to fit, fare well, be happy/successful
     hap    n. 发生happening
     hapless adj. 不幸的,不幸的luckless, unfortunate
     happen vb.intrans. 偶然发生to occur by chance
     happy adj. 幸运的,幸运的fortunate, favored by luck/fortune
mishap n.arch. 不幸,厄运misfortune, bad luck
     happening n.事件,意外发生的事
     happily adv.幸福地
     happiness n.幸福
 unhappily adv.不幸地
 unhappy adj.不幸福的,不快乐的

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☝情14 3995: kois- 治疗、担心、照料 to cure, worry, care for
 accurate adj. 无误errorless
     cur n. 关怀,牧养/精神上的负担care, pastoral/spiritual charge
pedicure n. 足部/脚趾甲的美容护理cosmetic care of feet/toenails
 secure adj. 安全,舒适safe, snug
     sur adj. 毫无疑问not in doubt
920.kʷei-3:感知观察 To perceive, observe, with derivatives referring
 assure vt.使确信,使放心(of);向…保证
     curate 助理牧师
     curator n.(博物馆,艺术展的)馆长,管理者
     curio n.小件珍奇物品
     curious a.好奇的,求知的,古怪的,爱挑剔的
 ensure v.确保,保证;使安全
  insure vt.保险,给…保险;保证
manicure n.v.手部护理,美甲
     proctor 考官,监考人员
procurator 代表,管家,代理人,发言人,地方行政长官
procure 为某种目的而关注:v.(想方设法)获得,取得,导致
     proxy n.代理人
   scour vt.四处搜索,洗涤
     curative adj.医疗的 n.药品
  incurable adj.不能治愈的
 accuracy n.准确(性);精确;准确度
 accurately adv.正确无误地,准确地,精确地,如实
inaccuracy n.不准确,误差,不准确的说法
inaccurate a.不准确的,错误的
inaccurately adv.不精密地,不准确地
     curiosity n.好奇心;古董,古玩
     curiously ad.好奇地
 assurance n.保证;保险;确信;断言
 assured adj.确定的;自信的n.被保险人
 assuredly adv.确实地,确信地,管教
reassurance n.安慰,再保证
reassure vt.使…安心,使消除疑虑
reassuringly adv.安慰地,鼓励地
self-assured adj.有自信的
procurement n.采购;获得
     curatorial adj.馆长的,管理者的,评议员的
  insurance n.保险,保险费,保险业
  insured n.被保险者,保户 adj.加入保险的
  insurer n.保险公司;承保人
reinsurance 再保险

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☝身37 3997: kok̑sā 身体部位:脚、髋等。 body part: foot, coxa, etc.
     cushion n. 柔软的垫子/枕头soft pad/pillow to rest on/against
895.koksā-:臀部 Body part ; hip, thigh.
     cushioning 减震,缓冲

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☝农51 3999: k̑oləmo-s, k̑oləmā 芦苇、茎、茎、秆 reed, stalk, stem, culm
     caramel n. 加热糖产生的无定形脆褐色残渣amorphous brittle brown residue from heated sugar
896.kolə-mo-:芦苇草 Grass, reed.

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☝空22 4000: kol(ē̆)i̯- 胶 glue
     protocol n. 公务规则official rules

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☝空36 4002: kom 在,在,在,在,在,在旁边 at, by, cum, with, alongside
     cata- pfx. (,卡塔-)下来down
     catapult n. 古代投掷导弹的军事装置ancient military device for hurling missiles
     co(m)- pfx. (共同的,共同的)with, jointly, together
     contra- pfx. 相反的,相反的,对比的against, contrary, contrasting
     contrary adj. 截然相反diametrically opposite
     counter- pfx. 相反,不同contrary, different
     counter vb. 反对,反对to oppose, act in opposition
     country n. 区域,无限广阔的土地region, indefinite expanse of land
     cum    prep. (同/合/合)与(along/combined/together) with
 encounter vb.trans. 对敌to meet as enemy/adversary
   enough a.(for)足够的n.足够,充分ad.足够地
     handiwork n.手工,手艺,手工
     cons  n. 欺骗,骗局; v. 诈骗,哄骗
     contrarian n.& adj.采取相反态度(或立场)者(的),背道而驰者(的),(股票买卖中)多数人抛售时反而吃进(或多数人吃进时反而

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☝身16 4003: konəmo-, knāmo-, or kenəmo- 胫骨 shinbone
     ham    n. 膝关节凹陷hollow of knee
897.konə-mo-:腿骨 Shin, leg, bone.
     gastrocnemius n.腓肠肌(小腿后方的一块大肌肉)

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☝动11, ☝动65 4005: k̑onkho- 海螺、蛤蜊(壳)、贻贝 conch, clam(shell), mussel
     cochlea n. 包含耳神经末梢的螺旋形内耳腔spiral-shaped inner ear cavity containing aural nerve endings
     conch n. 大型螺旋壳腹足软体动物large spiral-shelled gastropod mollusk
898.ko(n)kho-:贝壳 Poss ible word for mussel, shell fish.

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☝情31 4011: k̑ormo- 伤害、痛苦、折磨、痛苦 harm, pain, torment, suffering
     harm  n. 伤害、身体/精神损害injury, physical/mental damage
     harmful a.有害的,伤害的
     harmless a.无害的

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☝战13, ☝战15, ☝战17 4012: koro-s, kori̯o-s 战争,军队,战士 war, army, warrior
     harangue n. 在公众集会上的演说speech addressed to public assembly
     harbinger n. 被派来安排住宿的人person sent ahead to arrange lodging
     harbor n. 避难所,安全/舒适的地方refuge, place of security/comfort
     harry vb.trans. 抢劫/破坏性袭击to make pillaging/destructive raid
     herald n. 在武器锦标赛上发表声明的官员official making announcements at tournament of arms
     hurry vb. 仓促to carry/cause to go with haste
262.koro-:战乱慌忙 War ; also war-band, host, army.
     heriot n. 佃户死亡时应向地主缴纳的封建税/贡品feudal duty/tribute due to lord upon death of tenant
     harness v.治理,利用n.马具,挽具
     harrier
     hurried v.催促 adj.匆忙的
     hurriedly adv.仓促地,匆忙地,草率地,七手八脚,匆猝,遽
 unhurried adj.从容不迫的,不慌忙的,缓,逍遥

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☝天42, ☝农6 4013: kos(e)lo- 榛(树) hazel (tree)
     hazel n. 桦树科灌木/小树shrub/small tree in birch family
901.koselo-:棒子 Hazel.

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☝身16, ☝身162, ☝身35 4014: kost- 腿,骨头,科斯塔 leg, bone, costa
     coast n. 海岸;边界,边界seashore; border, frontier
     coastal adj. 海岸 coast
     costa n. 肋状,肋部rib, riblike part
intercostal adj. 位于肋骨之间situated between ribs
     coaster